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Airtel Africa

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Airtel Africa
Bayanai
Iri kamfani
Masana'anta Masana'antar sadarwa
Aiki
Mamba na Bridge Alliance (en) Fassara
Ƙaramar kamfani na
Mulki
Hedkwata Amsterdam
Mamallaki Bharti Airtel (en) Fassara
Stock exchange (en) Fassara London Stock Exchange (en) Fassara da Kasuwar Hannun Jari Ta Nigeriya
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1998
africa.airtel.com
Taswirar da ke nuna inda ake amfani da layin kafamfanin a nahiyar Afirka, a launi ja.
hoton tambarin airtel

Airtel Africa plc, wanda aka fi sani da (d/b/a) Airtel, kamfani ne na Burtaniya wanda ke ba da sadarwa da sabis na kuɗi na hannu a kasashe 14 a Afirka, da farko a Gabas, Tsakiya da Yammacin Afirka. Airtel Africa ta fi mallakar kamfanin sadarwa na Indiya Bharti Airtel. Airtel Africa tana ba da sabis na murya da bayanai da kuma sabis na kuɗi na hannu a cikin ƙasa da ƙasa. Airtel Najeriya ita ce mafi yawan riba a Airtel Afirka, saboda shirye-shiryen bayanai masu arha a Najeriya. Ya zuwa Maris 2019, Airtel yana da masu biyan kuɗi sama da miliyan 99 a nahiyar. An jera shi a kan Kasuwancin Kasuwancin London kuma yana cikin FTSE 100 Index.[1]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tattaunawar hadewar MTN Group[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Mayu na shekara ta 2008, ya bayyana cewa Airtel yana bincika yiwuwar sayen MTN Group, kamfanin sadarwa na Afirka ta Kudu tare da ayyuka a kasashe 21 a Afirka da Gabas ta Tsakiya.[2]

Jaridar Financial Times ta ruwaito cewa Bharti tana la'akari da bayar da dala biliyan 45 don hannun jari 100% a MTN, wanda zai zama mafi girman sayen kasashen waje da kamfanin Indiya ya taba samu.[3] Koyaya, bangarorin biyu sun jaddada yanayin gwaji na tattaunawar.[4] Mujallar Economist ta lura, "Idan wani abu, Bharti zai yi aure", kamar yadda MTN ke da ƙarin masu biyan kuɗi, kudaden shiga mafi girma da kuma fadada yanayin ƙasa.[5] Koyaya, tattaunawar ta rushe yayin da MTN Group ta yi ƙoƙarin juyar da tattaunawar ta hanyar sanya Bharti kusan reshe na sabon kamfanin.[6]

A watan Mayu na shekara ta 2009, Airtel ta tabbatar da cewa ta sake tattaunawa da MTN kuma kamfanonin biyu sun amince da tattauna yiwuwar ma'amala ta 31 ga Yuli 2009. Airtel ya ce "Bharti Airtel Ltd yana farin ciki da sanar da cewa ya sabunta kokarinsa na haɗin gwiwa tare da MTN Group".[7] An tsawaita lokacin keɓancewa sau biyu har zuwa 30 ga Satumba 2009. Tattaunawar ta ƙare ba tare da yarjejeniya ba.[8]

An gabatar da mafita inda za a lissafa sabon kamfanin a kan musayar hannun jari 2, daya a Afirka ta Kudu kuma daya a Indiya. Koyaya, dokar Indiya ba ta ba da izinin lissafin kamfanoni biyu.[9]

Samun Zain Afirka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Yunin 2010, Bharti ya kulla yarjejeniya don sayen ayyukan Zain na wayar hannu a kasashe 15 na Afirka don dala biliyan 8.97, a cikin sayen Indiya na biyu mafi girma a kasashen waje bayan sayen Amurka na dala biliyan 13 na Corus a 2007. Bharti Airtel ta kammala sayen a ranar 8 ga Yuni 2010, wanda ya sa Airtel ya zama mai ɗaukar mara waya na biyar mafi girma a duniya ta hanyar masu biyan kuɗi. Airtel ta ba da rahoton cewa kudaden shiga na kwata na huɗu na 2010 sun karu da kashi 53% zuwa dala biliyan 3.2 idan aka kwatanta da shekarar da ta gabata. Sabon rukunin Afirka da aka samu ya ba da gudummawar dala miliyan 911 ga jimlar. Koyaya, ribar riba ta ragu da kashi 41% daga dala miliyan 470 a cikin 2009 zuwa dala miliyan 291 a cikin 2010 saboda karuwar dala miliyan 188 a cikin cajin bakan rediyo a Indiya da kuma karuwar dala dala miliyan 106 a cikin bashin bashi.[10]

Sabuntawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

HQ na Airtel Tanzania

A ranar 18 ga Nuwamba 2010, Airtel ta sake sanya kanta a Indiya a matakin farko na dabarun sake fasalin duniya. Kamfanin ya bayyana sabon tambarin tare da 'airtel' da aka rubuta a cikin ƙananan shari'a. An tsara shi ta kamfanin dillancin labarai na London, The Brand Union, sabon tambarin shine harafin 'a' a cikin ƙananan kalmomi, tare da 'airtel' da aka rubuta a cikin ƙananan rubutu a ƙarƙashin tambarin.[11]

Samun Warid Uganda[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Airtel ta sami kasuwancin Uganda na Warid a cikin 2013.[12]

Samun Telecom Seychelles[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 11 ga watan Agustan shekara ta 2010, Bharti Airtel ta ba da sanarwar cewa za ta sami kashi 100% a cikin Telecom Seychelles don dala miliyan 62 da ke ɗaukar kasancewarta a duniya zuwa ƙasashe 19. Telecom Seychelles ta fara aiki a cikin 1998 kuma tana aiki da 3G, Fixed Line, jirgin ruwa zuwa sabis na tauraron dan adam, tsakanin sabis ɗin da aka kara da ƙima kamar VSAT da Gateways for International Traffic a fadin Seychelles a ƙarƙashin alamar Airtel. Kamfanin yana da sama da kashi 57% na kasuwar wayar hannu ta Seychelles.[13] Airtel ta sanar da shirye-shiryen saka hannun jari na dala miliyan 10 a cikin hanyar sadarwa ta wayar salula a Seychelles a cikin shekaru uku, yayin da kuma shiga cikin aikin kebul na Seychelles na Gabashin Afirka (SEAS). Shirin SEAS na dala miliyan 34 yana da niyyar inganta haɗin duniya na Seychelles ta hanyar gina hanyar haɗi mai sauri mai nisan kilomita 2,000 zuwa Dar es Salaam a Tanzania.[14][13]

Samun Tigo Rwanda[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bharti Airtel ta sami lasisi don gudanar da ayyukan wayar hannu ta Hukumar Kula da Ayyuka ta Rwanda a watan Satumbar 2011. Airtel Rwanda Limited ta ƙaddamar da ayyuka a ranar 30 ga Maris 2012. Airtel ta sanar da cewa ta cimma yarjejeniya tare da mai fafatawa Millicom don samun cikakken iko da Tigo Rwanda a farashin da aka ruwaito na dala miliyan 60-70 a watan Disamba na shekara ta 2017. Samun ya sanya Airtel ta biyu mafi girma a cikin kamfanin wayar hannu a Rwanda tare da kashi 40% na kasuwa. Kamfanin ya yi aiki a matsayin Airtel-Tigo bayan hadewar, har sai an sake masa suna Airtel Rwanda a watan Janairun 2020.[15][16]

IPO[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bharti Airtel ta sanar a ranar 4 ga Yuni 2019 cewa za ta nemi tara dala miliyan 750 ta hanyar gabatarwar jama'a ta farko ga Airtel Africa wanda za a jera kamfanin a kan Kasuwancin London.[17][18]

Kasashen aiki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Airtel Africa tana aiki a cikin ƙasashe masu zuwa:

Kasar Mataimakin Magana
Cadi Airtel Chadi Airtel Chad shine mai aiki na # 1 tare da kashi 43% na kasuwa.
Jamhuriyar dimokuradiyya Kwango Airtel DRC Airtel tana da abokan ciniki miliyan 1 a cikin 2014.
Gabon Airtel Gabon Airtel Gabon tana da abokan ciniki 829,000 kuma kasuwar ta ta tsaya a 61%.
 Kenya Jirgin sama na Kenya Airtel Kenya ita ce ta biyu mafi girma kuma tana da kusan abokan ciniki miliyan 9.
Madagaskar Jirgin sama na Madagascar Airtel tana da matsayi na biyu a kasuwar sadarwa ta hannu a Madagascar, tana da kashi 39% na kasuwa da kuma abokan ciniki sama da miliyan 1.4.[19]
 Malawi Airtel Malawi Airtel Malawi ita ce jagorar kasuwa tare da rabon kasuwa na 72%.[19]
Nijar Jirgin sama na Nijar Airtel Niger ita ce jagorar kasuwa tare da kashi 68% na kasuwa.[19]
 Nigeria Airtel Najeriya Airtel ita ce ta uku mafi girma tare da masu biyan kuɗi 33,376,556, bayan Globacom (37,268,483) da MTN Najeriya (61,280,293) a watan Nuwamba 2016.
Jamhuriyar Kwango Airtel Congo B Airtel Congo ita ce jagorar kasuwa tare da kashi 55% na kasuwa.[19]
Ruwanda Jirgin Ruwa Airtel ta kaddamar da ayyuka a Rwanda a ranar 30 ga Maris 2012.
 Seychelles Airtel Seychelles Airtel yana da kashi 55% na kasuwar wayar hannu a Seychelles.
Tanzaniya Jirgin sama na Tanzania Airtel Tanzania ita ce jagorar kasuwa tare da kashi 30% na kasuwa.
 Uganda Jirgin sama na Uganda Airtel Uganda tana tsaye a matsayin mai aiki na # 2 tare da rabon kasuwa na 38%.[19]
Zambiya Airtel Zambia Airtel Zambia tana da kashi 40.5% na kasuwa.

Ayyuka na baya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Burkina Faso da Saliyo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Airtel ta fara aiki a Burkina Faso da Saliyo bayan ta sami ayyukan Zain na Afirka a watan Yunin 2010. Kamfanin Airtel da kamfanin sadarwa na Faransa Orange S.A. sun sanya hannu kan yarjejeniya a watan Yulin 2015 don siyar da ayyukan tsohon a Burkina Faso, Saliyo, Chadi da Congo-Brazzaville ga na ƙarshe. A watan Janairun 2016, Airtel ta ba da sanarwar cewa ta shiga yarjejeniya don sayar da ayyukanta a Burkina Faso da Saliyo ga Orange. Ba a bayyana darajar yarjejeniyar ba, amma masu sharhi sun kiyasta cewa ya zama dala miliyan 800-900. Yarjejeniyar kan sayar da aiki a Chadi da Congo-Brazzaville ta ɓace. Orange ta dauki iko da ayyukan a Burkina Faso a watan Yunin 2016 da Saliyo a watan Yulin 2016.

Ghana[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Airtel ta fara aiki a Ghana bayan ta sami ayyukan Zain na Afirka a watan Yunin 2010. A ranar 4 ga watan Maris na shekara ta 2017, Airtel da Millicom International Cellular sun amince da hada ayyukansu a Ghana (Airtel Ghana Ltd da Tigo Ghana Ltd) don ƙirƙirar kamfanin wayar hannu na biyu mafi girma a kasar, tare da kamfanonin biyu da ke riƙe da daidaito a cikin mahaɗin. A ranar 27 ga Oktoba 2020, Airtel ta ba da sanarwar cewa tana shirin fita daga kasuwancin ta a Ghana, kuma ta shiga cikin "matakan tattaunawa" don sayar da hannun jari a AirtelTigo ga Gwamnatin Ghana. An sayar da AirtelTigo Ghana a watan Oktoba 2020 ga gwamnatin Ghana don dala miliyan 25.

Ɗaya daga cikin Cibiyar sadarwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Taswirar da ke nuna Airtel a duniya

One Network cibiyar sadarwar wayar hannu ce wacce ke bawa abokan ciniki na Airtel damar amfani da sabis ɗin a kasashe da yawa a farashi ɗaya kamar cibiyar sadarwarsa ta gida. Abokan ciniki na iya sanya kiran fita a daidai adadin da hanyar sadarwar su ta gida, kuma kiran da ke shigowa kyauta ne. As of 2021 2021[update], ana samun sabis ɗin a Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Chadi, Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo, Congo Brazzaville, Gabon, Indiya, Kenya, Madagascar, Nijar, Najeriya, Rwanda, Seychelles, Saliyo, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda, da Zambia.

Kashi na sayarwa na Airtel Money[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Maris na 2021, Airtel Africa ta sayar da wani ɓangaren 'yan tsiraru da ba a bayyana ba na kasuwancin ta na Airtel Money, ga kamfanin TPG Capital mai zaman kansa na San Francisco, a farashin kwangila na dala miliyan 200. TPG tana saka hannun jari a cikin kasuwancin Airtel Money na Airtel Africa, ta hanyar reshen ta, Asusun Arise . Ba da daɗewa ba, a farkon Afrilu 2021, Airtel Africa ta sayar da ƙarin ɓangaren ƙarancin Airtel Money ga Mastercard don dala miliyan 100.[20]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "BHP Group Plc (UK) & BHP Group Ltd (Australia): Unification of Share Structure - Update: Changes in FTSE UK Index Series". 26 January 2022. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  2. "Emerging-market telecoms: Eyes on Africa", The Economist, 6 May 2008
  3. "$50 Billion Telecom Deal Falls Apart", The New York Times, 25 May 2008
  4. "Bharti renews talks with MTN". Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  5. "Emerging-market telecoms: Eyes on Africa", The Economist, 6 May 2008
  6. "$50 Billion Telecom Deal Falls Apart", The New York Times, 25 May 2008
  7. "Topupguru.com". Topupguru.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  8. "Bharti, MTN call off merger talks". Telecoms.com. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
  9. "Bharti Airtel and MTN talks collapse again due to dual-listing disagreement | City A.M". City A.M. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  10. Tripathy, Devidutta; Goma, Eman (8 June 2010). "Bharti closes $9 billion Zain Africa deal". Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  11. "Airtel dons a new look, plans to be closer to consumers across the globe > afaqs! news & features". Afaqs.com. 2010-11-19. Archived from the original on 11 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-28.
  12. "Uganda regulator clears Airtel's Warid Telecom acquisition". Mint. 2013-05-13. Retrieved 2014-04-19.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Bharti Airtel to buy Telecom Seychelles for Rs 288 crore". Economic Times. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  14. "USD10m plan for Airtel Seychelles; Bharti announces commitment to SEAS cable". Telegeography.com. 18 August 2010. Archived from the original on 26 July 2020. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  15. "Airtel-Tigo rebrands, launches new campaign". The New Times (in Turanci). 16 January 2020. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  16. "Airtel-Tigo becomes Airtel Rwanda". telegeography.com. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  17. "Airtel Africa to raise $750 mn via IPO, eyes London listing - ET Telecom". ETTelecom.com (in Turanci). Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  18. "Airtel Africa to raise ₹5,000 cr via IPO, eyes London listing". The Hindu (in Turanci). 4 June 2019. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Zain.com
  20. Tage Kene-Okafor (1 April 2021). "Airtel Africa receives $100M for its mobile money business from Mastercard". Techcrunch. Retrieved 12 April 2021.