James K. Polk

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg James K. Polk
JamesKnoxPolk.jpg
11. shugaban Tarayyar Amurka

4 ga Maris, 1845 - 4 ga Maris, 1849
John Tyler (en) Fassara - Zachary Taylor
Election: 1844 United States presidential election (en) Fassara
10. Shugaban da aka zaɓa na Tarayyar Amurka

Disamba 1844 - 4 ga Maris, 1845
William Henry Harrison (en) Fassara - Zachary Taylor
Election: 1844 United States presidential election (en) Fassara
9. Governor of Tennessee (en) Fassara

14 Oktoba 1839 - 15 Oktoba 1841
Newton Cannon (en) Fassara - James C. Jones (en) Fassara
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (en) Fassara

7 Disamba 1835 - 4 ga Maris, 1839
John Bell (en) Fassara - Robert M. T. Hunter (en) Fassara
United States representative (en) Fassara

4 ga Maris, 1833 - 4 ga Maris, 1839
William Fitzgerald (en) Fassara - Harvey Magee Watterson (en) Fassara
District: Tennessee's 9th congressional district (en) Fassara
United States representative (en) Fassara

4 ga Maris, 1825 - 4 ga Maris, 1833
John Alexander Cocke (en) Fassara - Balie Peyton (en) Fassara
District: Tennessee's 6th congressional district (en) Fassara
Rayuwa
Cikakken suna James Knox Polk
Haihuwa Pineville (en) Fassara, 2 Nuwamba, 1795
ƙasa Tarayyar Amurka
ƙungiyar ƙabila Scotch-Irish Americans (en) Fassara
Harshen uwa Turanci
Mutuwa Nashville (en) Fassara, 15 ga Yuni, 1849
Makwanci Tennessee State Capitol (en) Fassara
Yanayin mutuwa Sababi na ainihi (cholera (en) Fassara)
Yan'uwa
Mahaifi Samuel Polk
Mahaifiya Jane Knox
Abokiyar zama Sarah Childress Polk (en) Fassara  (1 ga Janairu, 1824 -  4 ga Maris, 1849)
Yara
Karatu
Makaranta University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Harshen Latin
Ancient Greek (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa, Lauya, farmer (en) Fassara, slaveholder (en) Fassara da statesperson (en) Fassara
Tsayi 173 cm
Wurin aiki Washington, D.C.
Suna Young Hickory
Imani
Addini Methodism (en) Fassara
Jam'iyar siyasa Democratic Party (en) Fassara
James K Polk Signature.svg

James Knox Polk (Nuwamba 2, 1795 - 15 ga Yuni, 1849) shi ne Shugaban Amurka na 11. Ya yi wa'adi ɗaya kawai a matsayin shugaban ƙasa. Kafin ya zama shugaban ƙasa, ya kasance shugaban majalisar wakilai (1835-1839) da gwamnan Tennessee (1839-1841).

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

James Knox Polk an haife shi a ranar 2 ga Nuwamba, 1795 a Pineville, North Carolina . Iyayensa sune Samuel Polk da Jane Gracey Polk. Mahaifin James wani Ba'amurke ne mai bincike, mai bayi, mai shuka, kuma ɗan kasuwa. Ba a san abin da mahaifiyarsa ta yi ba. Ana tunanin matar gida ce kawai. Yayi rashin lafiya sosai tun yana yaro, don haka bai yi aikin gona da yawa ba. An yi masa tiyata yana ɗan shekara 17 don cire duwatsun mafitsara . Maganin sa barci da aka ba ƙirƙira tukuna, sai ya kasance a farke dukkan tiyata. Ya kasance a cikin ƙungiyar muhawara a kwaleji. Polk yayi karatun lauya a gaban babban lauya Nashville . Sannan ya yi aiki a matsayin lauya kuma dan jiha . Ya auri Sarah Childress a ranar 1 ga Janairu, 1824. Ba su da yara tare.

Shugabancin ƙasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

James Knox Polk ya gabatar da shi ne ta jam'iyyar Democrat kuma an zabe shi a matsayin Shugaban Amurka na 11. An ƙaddamar da shi a ranar Talata, Maris 4, 1845 kuma an rantsar da George M. Dallas a matsayin mataimakin shugaban ƙasa. Babban Jojin kasar Roger B. Taney ya rantsar da shugaban. A lokacin James na shekaru 4 akan mulki, ya kammala abubuwa da yawa. Ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan taron shine sake kafa Tsarin Baitul mali mai zaman kansa. Wani muhimmin aiki shi ne rage haraji. Polk kuma ya sami yankin Oregon zuwa na 49th a layi daya. Mafi mahimmancin nasarar James K. Polk shine haɓaka yamma. Ya mallaki fiye da muraba'in kilomita 800,000 na yankin yamma. James K. Polk ya sami wannan a cikin Yaƙin Amurka na Meziko. Andrew Jackson ya rinjayi shi. James ya goyi bayan shirin Jackson na wargaza Bankin Amurka da maye gurbinsa da tsarin banki na gwamnati. James ya cika manyan manufofin sa 4 a duk tsawon shugabancin sa.

Rayuwa daga baya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

James K Polk ya zama ɗan ƙasa mai zaman kansa a ƙarshen shekaru 4 da ya yi yana mulki. Shi da matarsa sun yanke shawarar komawa gidansu na Nashville da ke Nashville, Tennessee saboda suna so su yi ritaya kuma su yi rayuwa mai nutsuwa. Maimakon dawowa kai tsaye zuwa Tennessee, 'Yan Siyasar sun yanke shawarar zagaya jihohin Kudancin. A hanyar ya yi jawabai da yawa ga jama'a. A cikin makonni biyu, lafiyar James ta sha wahala daga matsalolin tafiya. Yayin da tafiya ta ci gaba, galibi ana tilasta wa 'yan Siyasa tsayawa kan hanya don ba James damar hutawa. Sauran basu taimaka ba. Bayan sun isa gidansu na Nashville, James Polk ya sake yin rashin lafiya kuma ya koka da mummunan ciwon ciki. A wannan karon James yana da wata mummunar cuta mai suna kwalara. Yana dan shekara 53, James Knox Polk ya mutu a ranar 15 ga Yuni, 1849. A gadon mutuwarsa James ya roki matarsa ta 'yanta bayinsu lokacin da ta mutu. Sara ta kara shekaru 42 kuma yakin basasa ya 'yanta bayin tun kafin ta mutu. An fara binne shi a makabartar Nashville City sannan ya koma gidansa na Nashville amma daga baya aka koma da shi zuwa babban birnin jihar Tennessee bayan da daga baya aka sayar da gidansa na Nashville. Yana da mafi ƙarancin ritaya daga kowane shugaban kasa, yana mutuwa watanni uku kawai bayan barin mulki.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sauran yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]