Salih Muslim

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Salih Muslim
Salih Muslim 2014 in Berlin.jpg
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Ayn al-Arab/Kobanî (en) Fassara, ga Maris, 1951 (70 shekaru)
ƙasa Siriya
Yan'uwa
Siblings Mustafa Muslim (en) Fassara
Karatu
Makaranta Istanbul Technical University (en) Fassara
Harsuna Larabci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa da chemist (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Jam'iyar siyasa Democratic Union Party (en) Fassara
Salih Muslim a wani taro

Salih Musulmi Muhammad (Kurmanji Kurdish , Larabci: صالح مسلم محمد‎, romanized: Ṣāliḥ Muslim Muḥammad ) shi ne tsohon mataimakin shugaban jam'iyyar Democratic Union Party (PYD), babbar jam'iyyar da ke gudanar da mulkin kanta ta Arewa da Gabashin Siriya . A matsayinsa na mataimakin mai kula da Kwamitin Gudanar da Kasa na Canjin Dimokiradiyya, ya kasance fitaccen wakilin Kurdawa a yawancin yakin basasar Siriya.

Harkar siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ayyukan siyasa na farko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musulmin ya fara shiga kungiyar Kurdawa ne a lokacin shekaran 1970 lokacin da yake karatun injiniya a Jami'ar Fasaha ta Istanbul bayan ya samu tasirin tasiran yakin da Mustafa Barzani ke yi da gwamnatin Iraƙi, wanda gazawar tasa ta sa shi ya kara himma.

A shekara ta 1998, ya shiga Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria (KDP-S), reshen Siriya na Iraqi Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP) . Ya bar KDP-S a shekara ta 2003 bayan ya fidda rai da gazawar jam'iyyar wajen cimma burinta.

2013 VOA report about the PYD, including an interview with Salih Muslim

Jam'iyyar Democratic Union (PYD)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekarar 2003, Muslim ya shiga sabuwar jam’iyyar Democratic Union Party (PYD), ya zama memba na majalisar zartarta, kuma an zabe shi a matsayin shugaban jam’iyyar a shekarar 2010. Bayan da aka daure shi da matarsa Ayşe Efendi a Siriya, sai ya gudu zuwa sansanin Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) da ke Iraki a shekarar 2010. Ya koma Qamishli ne a cikin watan Maris na 2011, bayan fara Yakin Basasar Siriya .

A karkashin shugabancin Muslim, PYD ya zama jagorar jam'iyyar siyasa kuma dan wasan kwaikwayo a cikin bayyanar Gwamnatin Kai ta Arewa da Gabashin Siriya . A watan Yulin 2013, yayin tattaunawar sulhu tsakanin Kurdawa da Turkiya, an gayyace shi zuwa Istanbul don tattaunawa da gwamnatin Turkiyya game da makomar Siriya, ya sake dawowa a wasu lokuta uku don tattaunawa tsakanin lokacin da Oktoba 2014.

Harkokin waje na TEV-DEM[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A watan Satumba na shekarar 2017, an gudanar da babban taro na 7 na PYD a Arewacin Siriya, inda aka zabi sabbin kujeru biyu. Musulmin tun yana aiki a matsayin jami'in hulda da kasashen waje na kungiyar Movement for a Democratic Society (TEV-DEM) ta hadin gwiwar Democratic Federation of Northern Syria.

A cikin wannan damar, Muslim ya jaddada sakon cewa "matsalar Kurdawa a Turkiyya da ta Kurdawa a Syria batutuwa biyu ne daban kuma za a warware su daban. Don warware matsalarmu a Siriya, dole ne mu zauna mu tattauna da ’yan uwanmu na Siriya, tare da Larabawa, Turkmen da sauransu. Ba tare da Turkiyya ba. "

Rayuwar mutum[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musulmi, ɗan ƙasar Siriya, an haife shi a wani ƙauyen Siriya kusa da Kobani a shekara ta 1951. Bayan ya yi karatu a Siriya, ya yi karatu a tsangayar Injiniyan Injiniya ta Jami'ar Fasaha ta Istanbul daga shekara ta 1970 har zuwa kammala a shekarar 1977. Bayan wani ɗan gajeren aiki a Landan, ya yi aiki a Saudi Arabia tsakanin shekara ta 1978 da shekara ta 1990, kuma ya buɗe ofishin injiniya a shekara ta 1993 a Aleppo .

A ranar 9 ga watan Oktoba shekara ta 2013, dan Salih Muslim Shervan, wani mayaki a Kungiyoyin Kare Jama'a (YPG), an kashe shi a yammacin Tell Abyad yayin artabu da kungiyar al-Nusra ta al-Qaeda . An binne shi a garin iyayensu na Kobanê a cikin jana'izar jama'a wanda dubban mutane suka halarta.

A cewar Muslim da kansa, yana da izinin zama a cikin Finland .

Salih Muslim, tare da shugaban PYD, tare da Ulla Jelpke a Gidauniyar Rosa Luxemburg da ke Berlin

Alakarsu da kasashen waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Turai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musulmi sanannen fuska ne a manyan biranen Turai inda manyan jami'ai ke karɓar bakuncin sa. Ya kasance babban bako kuma mai magana a cibiyoyin siyasar Turai da abubuwan da suka faru, inter alia a cikin watan Satumbar shekara ta 2016 an gayyace shi don yin jawabi ga Majalisar Turai .

Da yake jawabi ga dubban mutane yayin bikin Newroz a Frankfurt, Jamus, a ranar 18 ga watan Maris shekara ta 2017, Muslim ya ce "akwai babban turjiya duk da duk hare-haren. Babu wanda ya isa ya yi shakkar cewa nasara da nasara namu ne. " Musulmi ya soki Jamus kan hana alamun Kurdawa, tana mai cewa "Yakamata Jamus ta hana tutocin Turkiyya da kungiyoyin 'yan ta'adda maimakon tutocinmu da alamominmu saboda muna fada ne a Gabas ta Tsakiya ba don kanmu kadai ba, muna fada ne da ISIS da ta'addanci ga dukkan bil'adama. . Tsayin dakanmu na Turai ne, na Yamma da kuma dukkanin bil'adama "

Turkiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tsakanin shekara ta 2012 da shekara ta 2015, Muslim ne babban mai tattaunawa a Ankara a cikin PYD na Kurdawan Siriya, wanda tsohon shugaban kungiyar Kurdistan (PKK) Abdullah Ocalan ya yi wahayi. A wata hira da ta yi da wakilin labarai na BBC Orla Guerin a watan Agustan shekara ta 2012, Muslim ya musanta duk wani "alakar aiki" da PKK. Turkiyya ta karbi Salih Muslim don tattaunawa a shekara ta 2013 da shekara ta 2014, har ma da nishadantar da ra'ayin bude ofishin wakilcin Rojava a Ankara "idan ya dace da manufofin Ankara." Koyaya, bayan watan Yunin shekara ta 2015 na zaben AKP a Turkiya, yawanci saboda hawan jam'iyyar Kurdawa HDP, Tsarin Magani (2013-2015) ya rushe a watan Yulin shekara ta 2015, wanda ya canza yanayin alaƙar AKP da batun Kurdawa. A cewar kungiyar masu goyon bayan gwamnatin Daily Sabah, "Kamar yadda ake yin sulhu da PKK tsakanin shekara ta 2012 da shekara ta 2015, Ankara ta yi kokarin shawo kan PYD da ta daina nuna kiyayya ga Turkiyya, bude hanyoyin hadin gwiwa da kawo karshen alakarta da Bashar Assad tsarin mulki. A yayin da PKK ta sake komawa kai hare-hare ba tare da bata lokaci ba a watan Yulin shekara ta 2015, PYD da reshenta na makamai, Kungiyoyin Kare Jama'a (YPG), sun bai wa PKK 'yan ta'adda, abubuwan fashewa, makamai da alburusai. Tawaye masu dauke da makamai lokaci guda sun barke a kusan dukkan garuruwa da biranen da ke kan iyaka da Syria; alhali 'yan ta'adda da aka horar a arewacin Siriya sun kai harin kunar bakin wake a biranen Turkiyya. " Ana zargin Gwamnatin Turkiyya da neman kashe Musulmi. A ƙarshen shekara ta 2016, Turkiya ta ba da sammacin kame Salih Muslim a cikin wani yunƙurin da aka yi niyyar sanya Ankara a kan hanyar karo da ƙawayenta na Yamma. A ranar 14 ga watan Fabrairun shekara ta 2018, kwana biyu bayan sanya Muslmi a cikin '' 'yan ta'adda da aka fi nema' 'daga Ma'aikatar Cikin Gida ta Turkiyya kuma an ba shi kyautar Lira miliyan 4 ta Turkiyya (kimanin dala miliyan 1.5US a lokacin) a kansa, ya gudanar da taron manema labarai a wurin zama na cibiyoyin Tarayyar Turai a Brussels. An tsare shi a taƙaice bisa buƙatar Turkiyya a ranar 25 ga watan Fabrairu shekara ta 2018 a Prague, babban birnin Jamhuriyar Czech, amma an sake shi bayan kwana 2, yana jawo zanga-zangar adawa daga Turkiyya. A ranar 17 ga watan Maris din shekara ta 2018, hukumomin Czech suka yi watsi da bukatar Turkiyya.

A wata hira da aka yi da shi a watan Fabrairun shekara ta 2018, Muslim ya ce "idan na waiwaya, sai na kammala da cewa Turkiyya ba ta taba yin gaskiya da son yin sulhu da Kurdawa ba. Da a ce Turkiyya ta yi magana da Kurdawa, ta yi aiki tare da Kurdawan, da ta zama kasa mafi karfi a Gabas ta Tsakiya ”

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]