Bushiya

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Bushiya
Igel01.jpg
Scientific classification
KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata (en) Chordata
Classmammal (en) Mammalia
OrderEulipotyphla (en) Eulipotyphla
DangiErinaceidae (en) Erinaceidae
subfamily (en) Fassara Erinaceinae
Fischer von Waldheim, 1814
General information
Movement rolling (en) Fassara da quadrupedalism (en) Fassara
Bushiya mai farin ƙafa
bushiyoyi a cikin jeji (cage)

Bushiya jam'in ta Bushiyoyi Fulani suna kiranta da Shangalde da turanci kuma (hedgehog). Bushiya dai tana daga cikin dabbobi waɗanda suke rayuwa a cikin daji ko kuma a karkara, tana kuma daga cikin dabbobi masu ƙaya a bayan ta. [1] Bushiya kusan kala uku (3) ce akwai baƙa sosai, sai fara-fara, da wadda take ruwan ƙasa, wannan idan ana duba da ƙayoyinta kenan. Sai kuma tanada jinsuna kusan guda 17. (17 species) ana samun bushiya a ƙasashe irin su Yurop, Asiya da kuma yankunan Afirka sai kuma ƙasar Niwuziland (New Zealand) bayan da aka gabatar da ita a can, wato bayan an kai irin ta a dazukan chan (by introduction).[2][3][4].

Bayani akan bushiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bushiya Mai baƙin ƙaya
wata farar bushiya a cikin ciyayi

Bishiya dai kamar yadda ya gabata tana daga cikin dabbobi masu ƙayoyi kuma masu tafiya da Ƙafafuwa 4. Wani lokaci tana amfani da ƙayoyin ta don kare kanta daga harin wasu dabbobin ko kuma mutane duk da shi Ɗan Adam yanada baiwar (dabara) da zai iya ɗaukar ta koda ta dunƙule. Misali idan kare yaga bushiya to fa sai dai ya tsaya ya dinga haushi don ko duƙulewa take yadda bazai iya sa bakin shi ya kamata ba sai dai ya tsare ta. A taƙaice dai bushiya daga taji motsin da bata yarda dashi ba to zata gudu ko kuma ta dunƙule ta yadda baza a iya cuttar da ita ba. Sai dai duk da hakan abun mamaki shaho da Mikiya duk suna kaima ta hari kuma su kamata su cinye ta. Masana sun bayyana cewa ana gane bushiya ne daga ƙwayoyin ta na baya wato a turance (spine) sai dai kuma ƙwayoyin bushiya sun sha bamban dana ƴar'uwar ta Beguwa saboda su ƙwayoyin beguwa sunada dafi da kuma tsawo sannan kuma sunada haɗarin gaske, kuma ita beguwa tana harbi dasu wato tana zubar dasu a duk lokacin da yaga dama, sai wasu su fito bayan wasu sun zube. Ita kuma bushiya nata basa zuba, sai dai kamar lokacin da take ƙarama idan girma yazo takan yi wani zuba ƙaya daga nan sai ƙayar girma ta fito wata abinda Hausawa suke cewa fita ko kuma hira suma dabbobi akwai masu hira ta haƙora ko gashin jikinsu ko ƙaya. Ana kiran dabbobi masu ƙaya da turanci (quilling) wato lokacin da su fira/hira duk da cewa na bushiya basa zuba. Amma idan bushiya ta samu wani rashin lafiya ko zazzaɓi ko kuma damuwa (stress) sukan zuba sai wasu sababbi su fito. Bincike ya nuna dukkan jinsunan bushiya sukanyi amfani duƙulewa a matsayin kariya wato self-defense a turance kenan, idan suka dunƙule zaka ga sunyi kamar ƙwallo (ball). Bushiya tanada wasu tsoka/tsokoki biyu waɗanda sune suke da iko gurin yadda zasu gudanar da ƙwayoyin bayanta (controlling of the quills) wato dai tana amfani da waɗannan tsokoki sai juya ƙayoyin ta duk yadda take so tana kuma amfani da ƙayoyin ta wajen kare fuskar ta, ƙafafuwan ta da kuma bindin ta (wutsiya) tunda su waɗannan guraren babu ƙaya. Bincike ya nuna cewa bushiya da take a sahara basa girma sosai har sukanyi amfani da ƙayar su wajen kaiwa abokan gaba hari haka sukan yi gudu kamar zasu tashi sama mulmula wata tsalle tsalle. Akwai kuma wasu jinsunan bushiya masu cin nama saɓanin sauran sukan ci ciyawa ne da ƙari (insects). Bushiya tana fita neman abincin ga ne da dare a taƙaice bushiya tana walwala ne da dare wato "nocturnal" a turance kenan duk da cewa akwai kaɗan daga cikin su masu kiwo da rana. [5] Bushiya tana yin baccin kusan rabi da kwatan wuni a cikin ciyayi, [dutse]] ko kuma cikin gidan ta da take haɗawa a lokacin damana gana haɗa gidan ne da ganyaye busassu da ciyayi ta yadda koda anyi ruwan sama bazata jiƙe ba. Amma a lokacin rani tana zama ne cikin karmamin dawa ko kara da kogon bishiya amma ta ƙasa don bata iya hawa sama da kuma rami na ƙasa. Bushiya tana magana ta hanyar yin nishi da sauran motsa jiki. [6][7].

Abincin Bushiya wato (Diet)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Bushiya tana daga cikin dabbobi masu cin abinci kala biyu ko ciyayi ko kuma nama da ƙwari ana kiran kalan waɗannan dabbobin da turanci da (Omnivorous) takanyi kalaci da irin su Dodon koɗi, kwaɗo, Gara, ƙwai da sauransu.

A lokacin hunturu wato a turance (hibernation) ma'aunin zafin jikin bushiya yakan ragu da kusan 2°c (36°f) haka sauran dabbobi indai lokacin hunturu ne ma'aunin zafin jikin su (Temperature) ya kan kai kusan 2-5°c (36-4°f) wannan a lokacin da suka tashi kenan idan kuma suka wartsake sai su koma daidai. [8][9][10].

Yadda bushiya take haihuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Bushiya dai yanayin haihuwar ta ya dogara ne da yanayin jinsin ta. Kuma bushiya tana daga cikin dabbobi masu haihuwa ba ƙwai wato bushiya na samun ciki ne ta hanyar yin jima'i kamar da mutane da wasu dabbobin. Bayan bushiya ta samu cikin takan ɗauka ciki na tsawon kwanaki 35-58 kafin ta haifeshi, bushiya takan haifa ƴaƴa daga 3-4 manyan jinsin bushiya kenan amma ƙananan sukan haifa har 5-6 a lokaci guda. Sai dai ita bushiya mazajensu basa kashe ƙananan yara su, saɓanin sauran wasu dabbobin ko su cinye ko su kashe.
  • Bushiya tana haihuwar ƴaƴanta ne makahi/makafi bayan ɗan wani lokaci sai su buɗe idon su. [11][12] Sati ko abinda ya kasa hakan ko sama da hakan kamar dai mage.
  • Bushiya tana rayuwa ne ko kuma tsawon rai na bushiya ya dogara da yanayin ta, girman ta da kuma jinsin ta. Babban jinsunan bushiya suka rayu tsawon shekaru 4-7 sai dai wasu masana suna ganin bushiya na kaiwa har tsawon shekaru 16. Ƙananan jinsin ta shekara biyu huɗu (2-4) saɓanin ɓera da shi yake rayiwa ƙasa da shekaru uku. Dukda dai bata wani daɗewa sosai tana zama ne a cikin ganyayen bishiyoyi busassu da kuma ramin ƙasa

Cutukan Bushiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Bushiya tana yin ciyyo Kamar yadda mutane suke, wato har irin cutukan da mutane keyi bushiya tana yinsu, bushiya tana yin cutar kansa (cancer) da kuma cutar hanta, kamar yadda mutane suma suna yin waɗannan cutukan.[13] Amma cutar kansa tafi raina bushiya ma'ana bushiya tana yin wannan cutar akai-akai kuma ta warke , haka akwai wasu daga cikin cutukan da bushiya takan iya shafawa Ɗan Adam misali cutar yatsu (fungal deseases) bushiya tana shafa wa mutane wannan cutar wato mutum na iya kamuwa da wannan cutar idan yayi mu'amala da ko yaci naman ta a lokacin da take wannan cutar. Haka kuma masana harkar lafiya sunyi hani akan sumbatar (kissing) bushiya saboda wasu dalilai na kiyaye lafiya ga ɗan Adam.[14]
  • Akan ci naman bushiya musamman wasu yaruka a Afirka.[15] Haka kuma masu maganin gargajiya suna amfani da waɗansu sassan jiki na bushiya don yin magunguna, yayin da wasu ƙabilun suka maida bushiya wani nama mai muhimmanci.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Hedgehogs". BBC News.UK.Com. 12 July 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  2. "Ana iya rayuwa da cin naman daji da 'ya'yan itace kawai?". BBC Hausa.com. 27 July 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  3. Khalid, Aisha (23 August 2021). "Amou Haji: Mutumin da yafi kowa kazanta a duniya, ya yi shekaru 67 babu wanka, yana kwana a rami". legit hausa.ng. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  4. Olusegun, Mustapha (5 January 2018). "Labarin Zomo Da Bushiya Da Zaki". Aminiya.dailytrust.com. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  5. "Kashi na 32 – Tsakanin zomo da bushiya". DW.hausa.com. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  6. "Bushiya". HausaDictionary.com. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  7. "Yadda Za A Shirya Domin Hunturu Bushiya? Abin Da Ya Aikata Wani Bushiya A Cikin Hunturu?". ha.birmiss.com. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  8. Garba, Isyaku (7 February 2018). "Fassarar sunayen wasu dabbobi da Hausa". www.isyaku.com. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  9. "Wannan Ci Bushiya A Cikin Gida Da Kuma A Cikin Daji?". ha.delachieve.com. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  10. "How to feed hedgehogs". BBC NEWS.UK.COM. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  11. "Hamor Hollow Hedgehogs". web.archieved.org. 19 April 2004. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  12. "Babies & Reproduction". hedghogz.co.uk.archirved from the original. 6 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  13. "LIST OF HEDGEHOG DISEASES". wildlifeinmformation.org.archeved from the original. 26 March 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  14. Wolfson, Sam (28 January 2019). "Don't kiss your hedgehog: US health officials' warning after salmonella spike". The Guidian. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  15. Pidd, Helen (14 September 2007). "Roast hedgehog and nettle pud - a slap-up feast for ancient Britons". The Guidian.London. Retrieved 7 September 2021.