Haƙƙin Dijital na Turai

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Group half.svgHaƙƙin Dijital na Turai
Edri logo-new.png
How the internet works.jpg
Bayanai
Suna a hukumance
European Digital Rights (EDRi)
Gajeren suna EDRi
Iri international organization (en) Fassara da advocacy group (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Beljik
Mulki
Shugaba Anna Fielder (en) Fassara
Babban mai gudanarwa Claire Fernandez (en) Fassara
Mamba na board
Hedkwata Brussels (en) Fassara
Subdivisions
Tsari a hukumance international association without lucrative purpose (en) Fassara
Financial data
Haraji 1,131,657 € (2020)
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira ga Yuni, 2002
Founded in Berlin

edri.org


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Haƙƙin dijital na Turai (EDRI) ƙungiyar bayar da shawarwari ce ta ƙasa da ƙasa wacce ke da hedkwata a Brussels, Belgium . EDRi wata ƙungiya ce ta hanyar sadarwa ta ƙungiyoyin sa-kai, ƙwararru, masu ba da shawara da masana ilimi waɗanda ke aiki don kare da haɓaka haƙƙin dijital a duk faɗin nahiyar. Kusan shekaru ashirin da suka gabata, ta kasance ƙashin bayan fafutukar kare haƙƙin dijital a Turai. A cikin Maris 2021, EDRi yana da ƙungiyoyi masu zaman kansu 44, da masana, masu ba da shawara da malamai daga ko'ina cikin Turai.[1]

Manufar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manufar EDRi ita ce ta kalubalanci masu zaman kansu da masu zaman kansu wadanda ke amfani da ikonsu don sarrafawa ko sarrafa jama'a. Suna yin haka ta hanyar ba da shawara ga ƙaƙƙarfan dokoki da tilastawa, sanar da jama'a, haɓaka kasuwan fasaha mai lafiya da lissafi, da gina ƙungiyoyi da ɗaiɗaikun mutane waɗanda suka himmatu ga haƙƙin dijital da yanci a cikin duniyar da ke da alaƙa.[2]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Haƙƙin dijital na Turai (EDRI) ƙungiya ce mai zaman kanta mai rijista a Belgium .

An kafa EDRi a watan Yuni na shekara ta 2002 a Berlin ta kungiyoyi masu zaman kansu guda goma daga kasashe bakwai, sakamakon karuwar fahimtar mahimmancin manufofin Turai a cikin yanayin dijital. An ƙirƙiri Haƙƙin Dijital na Turai don amsa wasu ƙalubale na farko a wannan yanki na manufofin. Mambobin hukumar da suka kafa ta sune Maurice Wessling daga Bits of Freedom, Andy Müller-Maguhn daga Chaos Computer Club da Meryem Marzouki daga Imaginons un Réseau Internet Solidaire. Tun daga farkon, EDRi ya girma sosai.

A cikin Oktoban shekara ta 2014, 34 keɓancewa da ƙungiyoyin kare hakkin jama'a daga ƙasashe 19 daban-daban a Turai sun sami membobin EDRi, kuma ƙungiyar ta ci gaba da haɓaka. Bukatar haɗin kai tsakanin ƙungiyoyin haƙƙin dijital da ke aiki a Turai yana ƙaruwa yayin da ƙarin ƙa'idodi game da Intanet, haƙƙin mallaka da sirri ke samarwa ta cibiyoyin Turai, ko ta cibiyoyin ƙasa da ƙasa waɗanda ke da tasiri mai ƙarfi a Turai.[1]

A cikin Maris na shekara ta 2021, EDRi yana da ƙungiyoyi masu zaman kansu 44, da masana, masu ba da shawara da malamai daga ko'ina cikin Turai.

Shugabar Hukumar EDRi na yanzu ita ce Anna Fielder, Mataimakin Shugaban ƙasa shine Thomas Lohninger .

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Littafin EDRi - Yadda Intanet ke Aiki

Manufar EDRi ita ce haɓaka, karewa da kuma kiyaye haƙƙin jama'a a fagen watsa labarai da fasahar sadarwa. Wannan ya haɗa da batutuwa da yawa da suka shafi keɓancewa da haƙƙin dijital, daga riƙe bayanai zuwa haƙƙin mallaka da haƙƙin mallaka na software, daga haƙƙin kariyar bayanai da keɓantawa zuwa ƴancin magana akan layi, daga tilastawa ƙetare zuwa tsaro ta yanar gizo.[3][4]


EDRi yana ba da murya mai ƙarfi na ƙungiyoyin jama'a da dandamali don tabbatar da cewa manufofin Turai, wanda ke shafar yanayin dijital, yana cikin layi tare da haƙƙoƙin asali.

Kwanan nan, EDRi ya bayyana muhimman batutuwan haƙƙoƙi a cikin tsarin kula da haƙƙin gama kai na yanzu da kuma abubuwan sirri na bin diddigin kan layi. Ƙungiyar ta ci gaba da kare haƙƙin 'yan ƙasa na yin kwafin sirri, sirrin matafiya da ' yancin faɗar albarkacin baki a cikin sanarwa da muhawarar takedown a Turai. Yana goyan bayan haɓaka damar ƴan ƙasa zuwa abun ciki na kan layi na audiovisual kuma yana haɓaka kariyar doka ta tsaka tsaki na Net a Turai. EDRi kuma yana gwagwarmaya don sabunta haƙƙin mallaka a zamanin dijital da kuma adawa da riƙe bayanan sadarwa. Muhimman abubuwan EDRi a halin yanzu sune keɓantawa, sa ido, tsaka tsaki da sake fasalin haƙƙin mallaka.[5]

Baya ga wallafe-wallafe na yau da kullun, irin su ƙasidu da aka sani da "Takardun EDRi", EDRi na buga rahotanni na shekara da wasiƙar mako-mako game da haƙƙin ɗan adam na dijital a Turai, EDRi-gram.[6][7][8]

Yaƙin neman zabe[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

EDRi ya ƙaddamar da kamfen don ƙara wayar da kan jama'a game da batutuwan da suka shafi bayanai da fasahar sadarwa da aka tattauna duka a cikin cibiyoyin Turai da kuma a matakin duniya.[9]

Maida Fuskar Ka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An ƙaddamar da shi a cikin Oktoba 2020 kuma EDRi ya daidaita shi, ReclaimYourFace motsi ne na Turai wanda ke kawo muryoyin mutane cikin muhawarar dimokiradiyya game da amfani da bayanan mu na halittu. Ƙungiyoyin haɗin gwiwar sun yi kira da a haramta amfani da mahimman bayanan mu don sa ido kan jama'a a wuraren jama'a saboda tasirinsa ga 'yancinmu da 'yancinmu.[10][11]

Wannan yunƙurin ya ƙaddamar da Ƙaddamarwar Jama'ar Turai a cikin Fabrairun shekara ta 2021 kuma ya yi kira ga Hukumar Tarayyar Turai da ta tsara ƙayyadaddun amfani da fasahar sa ido kan halittu.

Kamfen na baya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daga cikin mahimman kamfen ɗin da Haƙƙin Dijital na Turai suka ƙaddamar akwai, a cikin shekara ta 2003 da 2011, a kan Fasinjan Sunan Records (PNR), a cikin 2005, a kan riƙe bayanai da kuma a cikin 2010 da kuma goyon bayan sake fasalin haƙƙin mallaka. EDRi ya taka rawar gani sosai a cikin babban yaƙin neman zaɓe da ACTA wanda ya ƙare cikin nasara tare da kin amincewa da shawarar da Majalisar Turai ta yi a watan Yuli 2012. A lokacin zaɓen Turai na 2014, EDRi ya jagoranci yaƙin neman zaɓe don tada martabar batutuwan haƙƙin dijital. Don haka, membobin EDRi sun tsara Yarjejeniya ta Haƙƙin dijital mai maki 10 wanda 'yan takarar da ke neman Majalisar Turai za su iya yin alkawarin kare su. Daga cikin waɗannan ƙa'idodin da ke biyowa sun haɗa da: haɓaka gaskiya da sa hannu na ƴan ƙasa, tallafi don kariyar bayanai da keɓantawa, shiga Intanet mara iyaka, sabuntawa don dokokin haƙƙin mallaka, haɓaka ɓoyewar kan layi da ɓoyewa, yawan masu ruwa da tsaki, da software na buɗe ido.[12]

Hakkokin Dijital na Turai da membobin sa sun yi yaƙi don Dokokin Kariyar Bayanan Turai. Ta hanyar wani muhimmin kamfen na wayar da kan jama'a, 'yan ƙasa sun sami damar tuntuɓar Membobin Majalisar Tarayyar Turai da ke wakiltar ƙasarsu don neman su kare muhimman haƙƙoƙin sirri da kariyar bayanai .

Yakin da ACTA

Membobi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kasancewar memba na doka yana iyakance ga ƙungiyoyi masu zaman kansu waɗanda ba sa riba ba, waɗanda manufofinsu sun haɗa da tsaro da haɓaka haƙƙin ɗan adam a fagen watsa labarai da fasahar sadarwa. Ƙungiyoyin membobi na Haƙƙin Dijital na Turai sune kamar haka:

Membobin da ba na Turai da na duniya ba[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tsoffin mambobi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Taimako[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ana samun kuɗin EDRi ta kuɗin membobinsu da gudummawar jama'a. Ƙungiyar tana karɓar kuɗi daga Buɗaɗɗen Jama'a Foundations da Adessium Foundation, da kuma wasu kudade na kamfanoni.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Digitalcourage was previously named FoeBuD

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "The EDRi network".
  2. "EDRi's mission".
  3. "Issues". 16 August 2004.
  4. "Romanian version of EU cybersecurity directive allows warrantless access to data". PCWorld. 2014-12-24. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  5. "EU "e-evidence" proposals turn service providers into judicial authorities". EUBusiness. 2018-04-17. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  6. "about". EDRi. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
  7. "About EDRI-gram". 27 February 2006.
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-05. Retrieved 2013-05-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. "RYF launch".
  10. "Reclaim Your Face: Ban Biometric Mass Surveillance!". Reclaim Your Face (in Turanci). Retrieved 2021-03-22.
  11. "Passenger Name Record: EU to harvest more data to stop crime". BBC. 2014-12-24. Retrieved 2016-04-16.
  12. "D3 torna-se membro da European Digital Rights (EDRi)".

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]