Ƴancin Yin Taro

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"Sammankomsten" ("Taron"), zanen mai na Ester Almqvist, na asali a Gidan Tarihi na Swedishasar Sweden. Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ce ta zabi wannan zanen a matsayin dalilin tambarin tunawa da kafuwar Yarjejeniyar Kare Hakkin Dan-Adam ta Duniya, sakin layi na 20: Haƙƙin Majalisar
Ma’aikatan janjan da ke yajin aiki a gaban ginin MTV a Santa Monica, California . Kodayake yajin aiki a kungiyar kwadago wata hanya ce ta amfani da yanci na taro da yanci na walwala, sauran fannoni na halayen ma'aikatan da aka zayyana anan, kamar hana masu zirga-zirgar ababen hawa masu tafiya a kowace hanyar da ke da damar hanya a wannan siginar mai sarrafawa mahada, na iya keta dokokin gida ko na jihohi kamar su Lambar Motar California § 21950 (b). [1]
An sanya wani yanki daga Tsarin Tsarin Mulki na Amurka, a taron Occupy Oakland, na shekara ta 2011

'Yancin taro na lumana, wani lokacin ana amfani da shi tare da ' yancin yin tarayya, haƙƙin mutum ne ko ikon mutane don haɗuwa tare da bayyana ra'ayi tare, haɓakawa, bi, da kare ra'ayoyinsu ko ra'ayi ɗaya. [2] Ƴancin ƙungiya an yarda da shi a matsayin haƙƙin ɗan adam, haƙƙin siyasa da 'yancin ɗan adam .

Ana iya amfani da sharuɗɗan 'yanci na taro da kuma ' yancin yin ƙungiya don rarrabe tsakanin 'yancin taro a wuraren taron jama'a da kuma' yancin shiga ƙungiya. Ana amfani da 'yancin taro a cikin mahallin haƙƙin zanga-zanga, yayin da ake amfani da' yancin yin tarayya a cikin batun haƙƙin ƙwadago kuma a cikin Kundin Tsarin Mulki na Amurka ana nufin ma'anar 'yanci don tarawa da toancin shiga wani tarayya [3]

Kayan kare haƙƙin ɗan adam[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

'Yancin taro a cikin, da sauransu, kayan aikin haƙƙin ɗan adam sune kamar haka:

  • Sanarwar Duniya Game da 'Yancin Dan Adam - Mataki na 20
  • Yarjejeniyar Kasa da Kasa kan 'Yancin Jama'a da Siyasa - Mataki na 21
  • Yarjejeniyar Turai kan 'Yancin Dan Adam - Mataki na 11
  • Yarjejeniyar Amurkawa kan 'Yancin Dan Adam - Mataki na 15

Tsarin mulki na ƙasa dana yanki wadanda suka amince da 'yancin taro sun haɗa da:

  • Bangladesh - Labarai na 37 da 38 na kundin tsarin mulkin Bangladesh sun ba da tabbaci ga theancin yin tarayya da yin taro.
  • Brazil - Mataki na 5 na Kundin Tsarin Mulki na Brazil
  • Kanada - S. 2 na Yarjejeniyar Hakkoki da 'Yanci na Kanada wanda ya zama ɓangare na Dokar Tsarin Mulki, 1982
  • Faransa - Mataki na 431-1 na lambar Nouveau Pénal
  • Jamus - Mataki na 8 GG ( Grundgesetz, Dokar Asali)
  • Hungary - Mataki na VIII (1) na Dokar Asali
  • Indiya - Hakkoki na asali a Indiya
  • Ireland - Mataki na 40.6.1 ° na Tsarin Mulki, kamar yadda aka lissafa ƙarƙashin taken "'Yancin Asali"
  • Italiya - Mataki na 17 na Tsarin Mulki
  • Japan - Mataki na 21 na Kundin Tsarin Mulki na Japan
  • Dokar Asusun Macau - Mataki na ashirin da 27
  • Malaysia - Mataki na 10 na Tsarin Mulkin Malaysia
  • Mexico - Mataki na tara na Tsarin Mulkin Mexico
  • New Zealand - Sashe na 16 Dokar 'Yancin New Zealand Dokar 1990
  • Norway - Sashe na 101 na Tsarin Mulkin Norway
  • Philippines - Mataki na III, Sashe na 4 na Tsarin Mulkin Philippines
  • Poland - Mataki na 57 na Tsarin Mulki na Poland
  • Rasha - Mataki na 30 da 31 na Kundin Tsarin Mulki na Rasha sun ba da tabbaci ga freedomancin ƙungiya da taron lumana.
  • Afirka ta Kudu Dokar 'Yanci - Mataki na 17
  • Spain - Mataki na ashirin da 21 na Tsarin Mulkin Spain na 1978
  • Sweden - Babi na 2 na Kayan aikin Gwamnati
  • Taiwan ( Jamhuriyar China ) - Mataki na 14 ya ba da tabbaci ga 'yancin taro da haɗuwa.
  • Turkiyya - Labarai na 33 da 34 na Kundin Tsarin Mulkin Turkiyya sun ba da 'yancin walwala da taro.
  • Hadaddiyar Daular Larabawa - Tsarin Mulki na Hadaddiyar Daular Larabawa na kare 'yancin taruwa cikin lumana.
  • Amurka - Kwaskwarimar Farko ga Tsarin Mulki na Amurka

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Yankin magana kyauta
  • 'Yancin yin zanga-zanga
  • Dabara-31
  • Taron haramtacce
  • Mai ba da rahoto na Musamman na Majalisar oninkin Duniya kan 'yancin walwala da haɗuwa cikin lumana.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. California Vehicle Code § 21950(b): "No pedestrian may unnecessarily stop or delay traffic while in a marked or unmarked crosswalk."
  2. Jeremy McBride, Freedom of Association, in The Essentials of... Human Rights, Hodder Arnold, London, 2005, pp. 18–20
  3. See: NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co., 458 U.S. 898 (1982); Healey v. James, 408 U.S. 169 (1972); Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen v. Virginia, 377 U.S. 1 (1964); United Mine Workers v. Illinois State Bar Assn., 389 U.S. 217 (1967).

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]