Mai Neman Mafaka

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Jurisdiction Article Past and present legislation/treaties Related organizations and programs Related events and people
{{country data African Union}}
  • Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa
  • Kampala Convention
Africa Refugee Day
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Asturaliya Asylum in Australia Asylum Seeker Resource Centre
Flag of Albania.svg Albaniya Uyghur asylum in Albania
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan Refugees in Azerbaijan
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Kanada Asylum in Canada
  • Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
  • Canada–United States Safe Third Country Agreement
  • Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada
  • Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Hong Kong asylum seekers in Canada
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China

(incl. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Sin)

Refugees in Hong Kong Justice Centre Hong Kong
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba American fugitives in Cuba
Flag of Denmark (state).svg Danish Realm (en) Fassara
  • Center Sandholm
  • Danish Refugee Council
{{country data European Union}} Asylum in the European Union
  • Dublin Regulation
  • European Social Charter
  • <i id="mwAWA">Reception Conditions Directive</i>, 2003
  • Policy Plan on Asylum, 2008
  • European Pact on Immigration and Asylum, 2008
  • <i id="mwAWc">Asylum Procedures Directive</i>, 2013
  • European Asylum Support Office
  • European Asylum Curriculum
  • Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund
  • Eurodac
  • European Council on Refugees and Exiles
    • European Database on Asylum Law
European refugee crisis
Flag of Finland.svg Finland Finnish Refugee Council
Flag of France.svg Faransa Asylum in France
  • French: Code de l'Entree et du Sejour des Etrangers et du Droit d'Asile (CESEDA)
  • Law on immigration and integration, 2006
  • Law on the control of immigration, integration and asylum, 2007
Flag of Germany.svg Jamus Asylum in Germany
  • Albert Einstein German Academic Refugee Initiative Fund (offered by UNHCR)
  • Pro Asyl
Flag of Greece.svg Greek
  • METAdrasi
  • Hellenic Rescue Team
2016 Turkish military asylum incident in Greece
Flag of India.svg India Refugees in India
  • Migration and Asylum Project
  • UNHCR Representation in India
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
  • Doras
  • Irish Refugee Council
  • Movement of Asylum Seekers in Ireland
  • Nasc
  • Sanctuary Runners
  • Bulelani Mfaco
  • Lucky Khambule
Flag of Israel.svg Isra'ila Israeli policy for non-Jewish African refugees
  • Usumain Baraka
  • Eduard Stavytsky
  • Payam Feili
{{country data South America}} Latin America Cartagena Declaration on Refugees
{{country data Middle East}}
  • UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees
  • Association Najdeh
Flag of New Zealand.svg Sabuwar Zelandiya Refugees in New Zealand Refugee Status Appeals Authority
Flag of Norway.svg Norway Refugees in Norway Norwegian Refugee Council Rafał Gaweł
Flag of Russia.svg Rasha(incl. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Kungiyar Sobiyet) Refugees and asylum in Russia Edward Lee Howard
Flag of South Korea.svg Koriya ta Kudu Refugees in South Korea Refugees on Jeju Island
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland
  • Be aware and share
  • UniRef
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK Asylum in the UK
  • <i id="mwAko">Polish Resettlement Act</i>, 1947
  • <i id="mwAk0">Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act</i>, 2002
  • <i id="mwAlA">Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act</i>, 2004
  • <i id="mwAlM">UK Borders Act</i>, 2007
  • Asylum and Immigration Tribunal
  • Asylum Support Partnership
  • Refugee Council
  • Scottish Refugee Council
  • Unity
  • Welsh Refugee Council
Jews escaping to the United Kingdom
Template:Country data UN(incl. Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland)
  • <i id="mwAnA">Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees</i>, 1951
  • <i id="mwAnM">Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees</i>, 1967
Organizations:
  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
    • International Refugee Organization
    • UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador
  • International Organization for Migration
  • UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
  • Nansen International Office for Refugees

Documentation:

  • Humanitarian visa
  • Refugee identity certificate
  • Refugee travel document

Campaigns/initiatives:

  • World Refugee Day
  • Nansen Refugee Award
Flag of the United States.svg US Asylum in the United States
  • <i id="mwApw">Immigration and Nationality Act</i>, 1952
  • <i id="mwAp8">Migration and Refugee Assistance Act</i>, 1962
  • <i id="mwAqI">Immigration and Nationality Act</i>, 1965
  • <i id="mwAqU">United States Refugee Act</i>, 1980
  • <i id="mwAqg">Immigration Act</i>, 1990
  • Canada–United States Safe Third Country Agreement
  • Immigration and Naturalization Service
  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
Operation Provide Comfort

Mai neman mafaka shine mutumin da ya bar ƙasarsa ta zama wato ta (asali), ya shiga wata ƙasa kuma ya nemi mafaka (watau, kariyar ƙasa da ƙasa) a cikin wannan ƙasar. Mai neman mafaka bakin haure ne da aka tilastawa yin gudun hijira kuma mai yiwuwa ya gudu daga kasarsa saboda yaki ko wasu abubuwan da ke cutar da su ko danginsu. Idan an yarda da shari'arsu, sai su zama 'yan gudun hijira. Sharuɗɗan mai neman mafaka da ɗan gudun hijira galibi suna rikicewa.

Mutum ya zama mai neman mafaka ta hanyar gabatar da taƙaddama don neman izinin zama a wata ƙasa kuma yana riƙe wannan matsayin har sai an gama aikace-aikacen. Hukumomin shige da fice masu dacewa na kasar masu neman mafaka suna tantance ko za a baiwa mai neman mafakar kariya kuma ya zama dan gudun hijirar da aka amince da shi a hukumance ko kuma za a ki karbar mafaka kuma mai neman mafakar ya zama baƙin haure ba bisa doka ba wanda za a iya tambayar sa ya bar kasar har ma yana iya zama kora

A cikin Ingilishi na Arewacin Amurka, ana amfani da kalmar asylee . Asylee na iya zama mai neman mafaka, kamar yadda aka bayyana a sama, ko kuma mutumin da aka karɓi iƙirarinsa na neman mafaka kuma aka ba shi mafaka. [1] A matsakaita, kimanin mutane miliyan 1 ke neman mafaka a kowace shekara.

Ana iya sanin mai neman hijirar a matsayin ɗan gudun hijira kuma a ba shi matsayin ɗan gudun hijira idan halin da suke ciki ya faɗa cikin ma'anar 'yan gudun hijira bisa ga Yarjejeniyar' Yan Gudun Hijira ta 1951 ko wasu dokokin 'yan gudun hijira -kamar Yarjejeniyar Turai kan' Yancin Ɗan Adam, idan an nemi mafaka a cikin Tarayyar Turai . Koyaya, waɗanda suka sanya hannu kan yarjejeniyar 'yan gudun hijirar suna ƙirƙirar manufofinsu don kimanta matsayin kariyar masu neman mafaka, kuma yawan masu neman mafakar da aka karɓa ko aka ƙi a kowace shekara daga ƙasa zuwa ƙasa.

Haƙƙoƙin masu neman mafaka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yayin da ake jiran shawarar masu neman mafaka suna da iyakoki a cikin kasar mafaka. A mafi yawan ƙasashe ba a ba su izinin yin aiki ba kuma a wasu ƙasashen ma ba sa kai. A wasu kasashen ba a basu izinin yin walwala cikin kasar ba.[ana buƙatar hujja] Ko da samun damar kiwon lafiya yana da iyaka. A Tarayyar Turai, wadanda har yanzu ba a ba su matsayin 'yan gudun hijira ba kuma har yanzu suna cikin tsarin neman mafaka suna da wasu hakkoki na samun damar kula da lafiya. Wannan ya hada da samun damar kula da lafiya da halayyar mutum. Ko yaya, waɗannan na iya bambanta dangane da ƙasar mai masaukin. Misali, a karkashin Dokar Amfanar da Masu Neman Yan Gudun Hijira a Ƙasar Jamus, masu neman mafakar ba sa cikin kulawa ta farko kuma an iyakance su ga kulawar lafiyar gaggawa, allurar rigakafin ciki, haihuwa da haihuwa tare da iyakancewa kan kulawa ta musamman. Masu neman mafakar suna da babbar dama ta fuskantar bukatun kiwon lafiya wanda ba a cika samu ba idan aka kwatanta da na gama-gari na Jamusawa. Har ila yau masu neman mafaka suna da mafi girman rashin karbar asibiti kuma a kalla ziyara guda ɗaya zuwa masu ilimin halayyar dangi, dangane da yawan jama'ar Jamusawa.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Batutuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyoyi masu zaman kansu da ke damuwa da 'yan gudun hijira da masu neman mafaka sun nuna matsaloli ga' yan gudun hijirar don neman mafaka a ƙasashe masu ci gaban masana'antu. Kasancewar manufofin bakin haure a ƙasashe da dama galibi suna maida hankali ne kan yaƙar bakin haure ba bisa ka'ida ba da kuma karfafa kula da iyakoki, hakan yana hana 'yan gudun hijirar shiga yankin da zasu shigar da bukatar neman mafaka. Rashin dama don samun damar hanyoyin neman mafaka na doka na iya tilasta wa 'yan gudun hijirar su yi yunƙurin shiga cikin haɗari.

Jurisdiction Article Past and present legislation/treaties Related organizations and programs Related events and people
{{country data African Union}}
  • Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa
  • Kampala Convention
Africa Refugee Day
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Asturaliya Asylum in Australia Asylum Seeker Resource Centre
Flag of Albania.svg Albaniya Uyghur asylum in Albania
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan Refugees in Azerbaijan
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Kanada Asylum in Canada
  • Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
  • Canada–United States Safe Third Country Agreement
  • Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada
  • Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Hong Kong asylum seekers in Canada
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China

(incl. Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Sin)

Refugees in Hong Kong Justice Centre Hong Kong
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba American fugitives in Cuba
Flag of Denmark (state).svg Danish Realm (en) Fassara
  • Center Sandholm
  • Danish Refugee Council
{{country data European Union}} Asylum in the European Union
  • Dublin Regulation
  • European Social Charter
  • <i id="mwAWA">Reception Conditions Directive</i>, 2003
  • Policy Plan on Asylum, 2008
  • European Pact on Immigration and Asylum, 2008
  • <i id="mwAWc">Asylum Procedures Directive</i>, 2013
  • European Asylum Support Office
  • European Asylum Curriculum
  • Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund
  • Eurodac
  • European Council on Refugees and Exiles
    • European Database on Asylum Law
European refugee crisis
Flag of Finland.svg Finland Finnish Refugee Council
Flag of France.svg Faransa Asylum in France
  • French: Code de l'Entree et du Sejour des Etrangers et du Droit d'Asile (CESEDA)
  • Law on immigration and integration, 2006
  • Law on the control of immigration, integration and asylum, 2007
Flag of Germany.svg Jamus Asylum in Germany
  • Albert Einstein German Academic Refugee Initiative Fund (offered by UNHCR)
  • Pro Asyl
Flag of Greece.svg Greek
  • METAdrasi
  • Hellenic Rescue Team
2016 Turkish military asylum incident in Greece
Flag of India.svg India Refugees in India
  • Migration and Asylum Project
  • UNHCR Representation in India
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland
  • Doras
  • Irish Refugee Council
  • Movement of Asylum Seekers in Ireland
  • Nasc
  • Sanctuary Runners
  • Bulelani Mfaco
  • Lucky Khambule
Flag of Israel.svg Isra'ila Israeli policy for non-Jewish African refugees
  • Usumain Baraka
  • Eduard Stavytsky
  • Payam Feili
{{country data South America}} Latin America Cartagena Declaration on Refugees
{{country data Middle East}}
  • UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees
  • Association Najdeh
Flag of New Zealand.svg Sabuwar Zelandiya Refugees in New Zealand Refugee Status Appeals Authority
Flag of Norway.svg Norway Refugees in Norway Norwegian Refugee Council Rafał Gaweł
Flag of Russia.svg Rasha(incl. Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Kungiyar Sobiyet) Refugees and asylum in Russia Edward Lee Howard
Flag of South Korea.svg Koriya ta Kudu Refugees in South Korea Refugees on Jeju Island
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland
  • Be aware and share
  • UniRef
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg UK Asylum in the UK
  • <i id="mwAko">Polish Resettlement Act</i>, 1947
  • <i id="mwAk0">Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act</i>, 2002
  • <i id="mwAlA">Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act</i>, 2004
  • <i id="mwAlM">UK Borders Act</i>, 2007
  • Asylum and Immigration Tribunal
  • Asylum Support Partnership
  • Refugee Council
  • Scottish Refugee Council
  • Unity
  • Welsh Refugee Council
Jews escaping to the United Kingdom
Template:Country data UN(incl. Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland)
  • <i id="mwAnA">Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees</i>, 1951
  • <i id="mwAnM">Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees</i>, 1967
Organizations:
  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
    • International Refugee Organization
    • UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador
  • International Organization for Migration
  • UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
  • Nansen International Office for Refugees

Documentation:

  • Humanitarian visa
  • Refugee identity certificate
  • Refugee travel document

Campaigns/initiatives:

  • World Refugee Day
  • Nansen Refugee Award
Flag of the United States.svg US Asylum in the United States
  • <i id="mwApw">Immigration and Nationality Act</i>, 1952
  • <i id="mwAp8">Migration and Refugee Assistance Act</i>, 1962
  • <i id="mwAqI">Immigration and Nationality Act</i>, 1965
  • <i id="mwAqU">United States Refugee Act</i>, 1980
  • <i id="mwAqg">Immigration Act</i>, 1990
  • Canada–United States Safe Third Country Agreement
  • Immigration and Naturalization Service
  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
Operation Provide Comfort

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • 'Yancin mafaka
  • Coci mafaka
  • Korar mutane
  • Gudun hijira
  • Eduntatawa ga kora
  • Mutum mai gudun hijira
  • Tilastawa tilastawa a cikin sanannun al'adu
  • Takardar shaidar zama 'yan gudun hijira
  • Caca 'yan gudun hijira
  • Tsarkakakken gari
  • Rashin ƙasa

Ƙungiyoyi masu alaƙa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  

Kara karantawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/asylee
  2. Home page, ORAM.