Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi (2008 portrait).jpg
Ministan Albarkatun kasa

17 ga Augusta, 2011 - 29 Mayu 2015
Olusegun Olutoyin Aganga
shugaba

1 Disamba 2007 - 17 ga Augusta, 2011
Ministan harkan kasan waje

21 ga Yuni, 2006 - 30 ga Augusta, 2006
Oluyemi Adeniji (en) Fassara - Joy Ogwu (en) Fassara
Ministan Albarkatun kasa

15 ga Yuli, 2003 - 21 ga Yuni, 2006
Adamu Ciroma - Nenadi Usman
Mataimakin shuga

2003
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Ogwashi-Uku, Delta da Najeriya, 13 ga Yuni, 1954 (66 shekaru)
ƙasa Najeriya
ƙungiyar ƙabila Inyamurai
Harshen uwa Harshen Ibo
Yan'uwa
Yara
Karatu
Makaranta Harvard University (en) Fassara Digiri
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (en) Fassara Doctor of Philosophy (en) Fassara : economic development (en) Fassara
MIT School of Architecture and Planning (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a Mai wanzar da zaman lafiya, Mai tattala arziki, ɗan siyasa da finance minister (en) Fassara
Employers World Bank Group (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
Mamba Global Financial Integrity (en) Fassara
World Resources Institute (en) Fassara
American Academy of Arts and Sciences (en) Fassara
Imani
Jam'iyar siyasa Peoples Democratic Party (en) Fassara

Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala yar siyasan Nijeriya ce. An haife ta a shekara ta 1954 a garin Ogwashi Ukwu, a cikin karamar hukumar Aniocha ta Kudu, a jihar Delta, Nijeriya. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala ministar Tattalin Arziki da Kasafin ce daga Agusta 2011 zuwa Mayu 2015, bayan Olusegun Olutoyin Aganga (Tattalin Arziki) da Adamu Ciroma (Kasafin). A baya, Okonjo-Iweala ta shafe tsawon shekaru 25 a Bankin Duniya a matsayin masanin tattalin arziki na ci gaba, tare da sanya mukamai zuwa matsayin Darakta mai lamba 2 na Daraktan Gudanarwa, Ayyuka (2007-2011). Ta kuma yi aiki sau biyu a matsayin Ministan Kudi na Najeriya (2003-2006, 2011-2015) a karkashin jagorancin Shugaba Olusegun Obasanjo da Shugaba Goodluck Jonathan bi da bi. [1][2]

Rayuwa da ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haife Okonjo-Iweala a Ogwashi-Ukwu, jihar Delta, Najeriya inda mahaifinta Farfesa Chukwuka Okonjo shine Eze (King) daga Obahai Royal Family na Ogwashi-Ukwu. Okonjo-Iweala was educated at Queen's School, Enugu, St. Anne's School, Molete, Ibadan, and the International School Ibadan. She arrived in the US in 1973 as a teenager to study at Harvard University, graduating magna cum laude with an AB in Economics in 1976.[3] In 1981, she earned her Ph.D in regional economics and development from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with a thesis titled Credit policy, rural financial markets, and Nigeria's agricultural development.[4] She received an International Fellowship from the American Association of University Women (AAUW), that supported her doctoral studies.[5] She is married to Dr. Ikemba Iweala, a neurosurgeon. They have four children[6] - one daughter, Onyinye Iweala (AB, MD, PhD, Harvard) and three sons, Uzodinma Iweala (AB, Harvard, MD, Columbia),[7][8] Okechukwu Iweala (AB, Harvard) and Uchechi Iweala (AB, MD, MBA, Harvard).

Aiki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Okonjo-Iweala ta yi aiki na tsawon shekaru 25 a Bankin Duniya a Washington DC a matsayin masanin tattalin arziki na ci gaba, wanda ya hau matsayin lambar 2 na Daraktan Gudanarwa. [9] A matsayinta na Darakta, ta kasance tana lura da nauyin dala biliyan 81 na bankin duniya a Afirka, Kudancin Asia, Turai da tsakiyar Asiya. Okonjo-Iweala ta shugabanci wasu shirye-shirye na Bankin Duniya don taimakawa kasashe masu karamin karfi a tsakanin shekarun 2008 - 2009, rikicin abinci, daga baya kuma lokacin rikicin kudi. A shekara ta 2010, ta kasance shugabar bankin IDA, nasarar da bankin duniya ya tara dala biliyan 49.3 na bayar da tallafi da karancin bashi ga kasashe mafi talauci a duniya. [10] A cikin lokacinta a Bankin Duniya, tana kuma memba a cikin Kungiyar a kan Haɗin Kai Haɓaka Haɓakawa tare da Afirka, wanda Firayim Minista Anders Fogh Rasmussen na Denmark ya kafa, kuma ya gudanar da tarurruka tsakanin Afrilu da Oktoba 2008. [11]

Aiki da gwamnati[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Okonjo-Iweala ta yi aiki sau biyu a matsayin Ministan Kudi na Najeriya sannan kuma a matsayin Ministan Harkokin Waje. Ita ce mace ta farko da ta rike mukamai biyu. A lokacin mulkinta na farko a matsayinta na Ministan Kudi a karkashin Gwamnatin Shugaba Olusegun Obasanjo, ta jagoranci tattaunawar da kungiyar Paris Club wacce ta kai ga dakatar da bashin dalar Amurka biliyan 30 na Najeriya, gami da sokewar dala biliyan 18 na Amurka. A shekarar 2003 ta jagoranci kokarin inganta tattalin arzikin Najeriya wanda ya hada da aiwatar da dokar kasa-da-kasa a inda aka samu kudaden da suka tara kudaden da aka samu a asusun ajiyar mai a asusu, watau “Excess Crude Account” wanda ya taimaka wajen rage tasirin tattalin arziki. Har ila yau, ta gabatar da al'adar wallafa tallafin kowane wata daga Gwamnatin Tarayyar Nijeriya a cikin jaridu. Wannan aikin ya yi babban amfani wajen kara nuna gaskiya a cikin shugabanci. Taimakon tallafin bankin duniya da IMF ga Gwamnatin Tarayyar Najeriya, ta taimaka wajen gina wani tsarin hada-hadar kudi na lantarki — tsarin hada hada-hadar kudi da bayanai (GIFMIS), gami da asusun hada-hadar kudi (TSA) da kuma Hadin Albashi da Tsarin Bayanai na Jama'a (IPPIS), suna taimakawa a rage cin hanci da rashawa a tsarin. Kamar yadda a 31 Disamba 2014, IPPIS dandamali ya cire ma'aikatan fatalwa 62,893 daga tsarin kuma ya ceci gwamnatin Najeriya kusan $ 1.25 biliyan a cikin aikin. Bayan ajalinta na farko a matsayin Ministan Kudi, ta koma Bankin Duniya a matsayin Manajan Darakta a watan Disamba 2007. A shekara ta 2011, Shugaba Jonathan Jonathan ya sake nada Okonjo-Iweala a matsayin Ministan Kudi a Najeriya tare da fadada jadawalin Ministan Mai Kula da Tattalin Arziki na Shugaba Goodluck Jonathan . Kyaututtukan ta sun hada da karfafa tsarin hada-hadar kudade na Najeriya da kuma karfafa bangaren gidaje tare da kafa Hukumar Kula da Gidajen Gida na Najeriya (NMRC). Har ila yau, ta ba da iko ga mata da matasa na Najeriya tare da ingungiyar ingan andan Mata da Growan Matasa a cikin Shirin GWIN; Tsarin kasafin kudi da zai amsa jinsi, da kuma Babban Kamfanin Matasa da aka yaba da tsarin Innovation (YouWIN) ; don tallafawa 'yan kasuwa, wannan shine ya samar da dubban ayyukan yi. Bankin Duniya ya kimanta wannan shirin a matsayin daya daga cikin ingantattun shirye-shirye irin nasa a duniya. Karkashin jagorancin nata, ofishin kididdiga na kasa ya aiwatar da aikin sake yin amfani da Gross Domestic Product (GDP); na farko cikin shekaru 24, wanda ya sa Najeriya ta fito a matsayin mafi girman tattalin arzikin Afirka. Ta dauki zafi mai yawa don cire tallafin mai daga gwamnatin Najeriya, matakin da ya haifar da zanga-zangar a watan Janairu 2012. A watan Mayun 2016, sabuwar gwamnatin Najeriya daga karshe ta cire tallafin mai bayan da ta fito fili cewa ba za a iya jurewa ba kuma ba ta iya aiki. [12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31]

Daga bisani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Okonjo-Iweala ita ce shugabar Kwamitin Kasa da Kasa na tattalin arziki da kuma Climate, tare da Nicholas Stern da Paul Polman . A baya, Ta kasance shugabar Mata ta Partungiyar Kawancen Duniya don Developmentarfafa Haɗin Kai. A da, Okonjo-Iweala shi ma memba ne a Hukumar Kasa da Kasa kan Ba da Haɓaka Ilimin Izala a Duniya (2015-2016), wanda Gordon Brown ke jagoranta; Hukumar da ke kan Sabon Climate Economy (wanda Paul Polman da Lord Nicholas Stern suka yi aiki tare); kungiyar bunkasa tattalin arzikin matasa ta Duniya; Babban Kwamitin Babban Sakatare na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan Tsarin Bunkasa Ci gaba da Shekarar 2015 (2012-2013); da kuma Mashahurin Hukumar Ci gaban Ci Gaban (2006-2009), wanda ya lashe kyautar Nobel Prize Farfesa Michael Spence . Okonjo-Iweala ita ce wacce ta kafu da kungiyar masu binciken jin ra'ayin jama'a na asalin Najeriya, watau NOI-Polls. Ta kuma kafa Cibiyar Nazarin Ci gaban tattalin arzikin Afirka (C-SEA), wata matattara mai zurfin bincike a Abuja, babban birnin Najeriya kuma ita ce ellowan Ganawa da ke da itingan kallo a Cibiyar Ci gaban Duniya da Instungiyar Brookings.A shekarar 2012, Okonjo-Iweala ta kasance dan takarar Shugaban Bankin Duniya, wanda ya fafata da Shugaban Kwalejin Dartmouth Jim Yong Kim ; idan an zabe ta, za ta kasance shugabar mata ta farko ta kungiyar. [32]Tun daga shekarar 2019, Okonjo-Iweala ta kasance memba a Hukumar UNESCO ta Duniya kan makomar Ilimi, wacce Sahle-Work Zewde ke jagoranta . [33] A shekarar 2020, Manajan Daraktan Asusun bada lamuni na duniya Kristalina Georgieva ya nada ta ga wata kungiyar masu ba da shawara ta waje don samar da bayanai kan kalubalen manufofin. [34] Hakanan a shekarar 2020, Kungiyar Tarayyar Afirka (AU) ta nada ta a matsayin manzon musamman don neman goyon bayan kasa da kasa don taimakawa nahiyar wajen magance tasirin tattalin arziki na cutar kwalara ta shekara ta 2019 zuwa 20 . [35]

Wasu aikace aikace[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tun daga shekarar 2019, Okonjo-Iweala ta kasance memba a Hukumar UNESCO ta Duniya kan makomar Ilimi, wacce Sahle-Work Zewde ke jagoranta . [36] A shekarar 2020, Manajan Daraktan Asusun bada lamuni na duniya Kristalina Georgieva ya nada ta ga wata kungiyar masu ba da shawara ta waje don samar da bayanai kan kalubalen manufofin. [37] Hakanan a shekarar 2020, Kungiyar Tarayyar Afirka (AU) ta nada ta a matsayin manzon musamman don neman goyon bayan kasa da kasa don taimakawa nahiyar wajen magance tasirin tattalin arziki na cutar kwalara ta shekara ta 2019 zuwa 20 . [38]

aiki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kungiyoyin kasa da kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kwamitin tattaunawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kungiyoyin sa kai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lamban girma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Okonjo-Iweala ta samu yabo da yawa. An lissafta ta a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin manyan Shugabannin Duniya 50 na duniya ( Fortune, 2015), Manyan 100an 100 da suka fi Tasiri a Duniya ( KWANKWASO, 2014), Manyan 100an Wasannin Duniya 100 (Foreignasashen waje, 2011 da 2012), Manyan Mata 100 da sukafi Karfi a Duniya ( Forbes, 2011, 2012, 2013 da 2014),   Manyan Mata 3 da sukafi Karfi a Afirka (Forbes, 2012), Manyan Mata 10 da sukafi Tasiri a Afirka ( Forbes, 2011), Manyan Mata 100 a Duniya ( The Guardian, 2011)   , Manyan Mata 150 a Duniya ( Newsweek, 2011), Manyan mostari 100 da suka fi kowa kwarjini a Duniya na Bayar da Girlsan mata da (an mata (Bayar da Matar, 2011).   An ba ta cikin jerin '' kwararrun '' masu tasiri na kasuwanci a duniya ta Condé Nast International. A shekara ta 2019, an zabi Okonjo-Iweala ga Kwalejin Kimiyya da Kimiyya ta Amurka . Har ila yau, an ba ta girmamawa ga manyan masu martaba na kasa daga Jamhuriyar Cote d'Ivoire da Jamhuriyar Laberiya. Ita ce kuma ta karɓi Kwamandan Rundunar Tarayyar Najeriya (CFR)   . Sauran girmamawa sun hada da:

jadawali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Digirin girmamawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Okonjo-Iweala ta sami digiri na girmamawa daga jami'o'i 14 a duniya, ciki har da wasu daga manyan kwalejoji masu daraja: Jami'ar Pennsylvania (2013), Jami'ar Yale (2015), Amherst College (2009) Trinity College, Dublin (2007) Jami'ar Brown (2006), Kwalejin Colby (2007)., da Jami'ar Caribbean ta Arewa, Jamaica. Ta kuma samu digiri daga wasu jami’o’in Najeriya da suka hada da Jami’ar Jihar Abia, Jami’ar Delta State, Abraka, Jami’ar Oduduwa, Jami’ar Babcock, da Jami’ar Fatakwal, Calabar, da Ife (Obafemi Awolowo). A shekarar 2019, an ba Okonjo Iweala lambar girmamawa daga jami’ar Tel Aviv.[66][67][68][69][70]

Aikinta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Yaki da rashawa yana da Hadari : Labarin a kan kanun labarai - Labari na gaba daga tsohuwar ministar kudi ta Najeriya, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, kan yadda ake yaki da rashawa da darussan da aka koya don gudanar da mulki da ci gaban kasa. An buga ta MIT Press, (2018).
  • Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi. Canza marasa daidaituwa   : darussa daga Najeriya (MIT Press paperback ed.). Cambridge, Massachusetts. ISBN   Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi. Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi. LCCN   2012008453 . OCLC   878501895 . OL   25238823M .
  • Haske da Haske kan Takaitattun bayanai - kasida kan hadahadar kudade ga Manoma kananan Ma'aikata na Afirka, wanda Ministan Harkokin Wajen waje ya wallafa, (2015), tare da Janeen Madan suka yi rubutu.
  • Taimaka wa SDGs: Takaddar lasisi da Izinin Tallafi daga Developasashe Masu tasowa, wanda mujallar Horizons ta wallafa, (2016)
  • Sallah, Tijan M.; Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi (2003). Chinua Achebe, malamin haske   : tarihin rayuwa . Trenton, NJ: Labaran Duniya na Afirka. ISBN   Sallah, Tijan M.; Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi (2003). Sallah, Tijan M.; Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi (2003). LCCN   2002152037 . OCLC   50919841 . OL   3576773M .
  • Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi; Soludo, Charles Chukwuma; Muhtar, Mansur, eds. (2003). Tarkon bashi a Najeriya   : zuwa dabarar ci bashi mai dorewa . Trenton, NJ: Labaran Duniya na Afirka. ISBN   Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi; Soludo, Charles Chukwuma; Muhtar, Mansur, eds. (2003). Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi; Soludo, Charles Chukwuma; Muhtar, Mansur, eds. (2003). LCCN   2002007778 . OCLC   49875048 . OL   12376413M .
  • Kuna son Taimakawa Afirka? Yi Kasuwanci Anan - Ted Talk ya ba da Maris 2007
  • Taimakawa Kasuwancin Taimakon - Ted Ted ya ba da Yuni 2007
  • Kada Trivialize Cin Hanci da Rashawa, magance Yana - A Tedx Euston Talk tsĩrar Janairu 2013.

[71][72][73][74]

Hotunan Ingozi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

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  2. "ARC Agency Governing Board – African Risk Capacity" (in en-US).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  3. "Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, former finance minister of Nigeria and former managing director of the World Bank, will deliver the 2020 Graduation Address". www.hks.harvard.edu (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  4. Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi (1981). Credit policy, rural financial markets, and Nigeria's agricultural development (Thesis) (in English). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. OCLC 08096642.  Unknown parameter |hdl= ignored (help)
  5. "Nigeria receives its first sovereign credit ratings". Center for Global Development. February 9, 2006. Retrieved 8 May 2017. 
  6. "Ngozi Okonjo Iweala and her son Uzodinma". The Sunday Times. August 20, 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2019. 
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  13. "Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Coordinating Minister of the Economy and Minister of Finance: Interview". Oxford Business Group. 
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  23. Commission on Effective Development Cooperation with Africa Folketing.
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  25. "The African State and Natural Resource Governance in the 21st Century". The North-South Institute. 
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  28. "ICT4D Strategic Action Plan Implementation - Status Update and Illustrations Book". Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 2017-05-08.  Unknown parameter |df= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
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  31. Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi (2018-04-04). "Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala". Brookings (in en-US).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  32. Elizabeth Flock, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, World Bank presidential candidate, says she would focus on job creation, Washington Post (April 9, 2012).
  33. International Commission on the Futures of Education UNESCO.
  34. Andrea Shalal and David Lawder (April 10, 2020), IMF's Georgieva creates external advisory panel on pandemic Reuters.
  35. Emma Rumney (April 12, 2020), African Union appoints ex-Credit Suisse boss as envoy for virus support Reuters.
  36. International Commission on the Futures of Education UNESCO.
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  38. Emma Rumney (April 12, 2020), African Union appoints ex-Credit Suisse boss as envoy for virus support Reuters.
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  41. "Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala appointed Chair-elect of Gavi Board". Gavi.org. Archived from the original on 15 April 2017. Retrieved 2017-05-08.  Unknown parameter |df= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
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  43. "Tweet by @jack". twitter.com. 19 July 2018.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  44. "Twitter Appoints Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala and Robert Zoellick to Board of Directors". PR Newswire. Jul 19, 2018. 
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  47. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Board of Trustees Welcomes Five New Members Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, June 6, 2019.
  48. Advisory Board Bloomberg New Economy Forum.
  49. Board of Directors Results for Development (R4D)
  50. Nigerian Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala Joins R4D Board of Directors Results for Development (R4D), press release of May 8, 2014.
  51. African leaders commit to economic empowerment for low-income women Women's World Banking, press release of November 24, 2014.
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  54. Friends of The Global Fund Africa officially launched Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, press release of February 12, 2007.
  55. GFI Advisory Board Member, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, to Be Nominated for World Bank Presidency Global Financial Integrity (GFI), press release of March 22, 2012.
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  58. Advisory Board Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security.
  59. Advisory Board Global Business Coalition for Education.
  60. Advisory Board Mandela Institute for Development Studies (MINDS).
  61. Global Leadership Council Mercy Corps.
  62. Board of Directors Nelson Mandela Institution.
  63. Michael Elliott (June 25, 2013), The ONE campaign does not drown out African voices The Guardian.
  64. Governance Oxford Martin School.
  65. Global Advisory Council Vital Voices.
  66. "Brown University will confer eight honorary degrees on May 28". brown.edu. Retrieved 8 May 2017. 
  67. "Yale awards nine honorary degrees at Commencement 2015". Yale News. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2017. 
  68. "Vice President Biden to speak at Penn's 257th Commencement | Penn Current". penncurrent.upenn.edu (in English). March 14, 2013.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  69. "Fighting Corruption Is Dangerous by Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala". Financial Times. Retrieved 27 July 2018.  Unknown parameter |url-access= ignored (help)
  70. Okonjo-Iweala, Ngozi. Fighting corruption is dangerous : the story behind the headlines. Cambridge, Massachusetts. ISBN 978-0-262-03801-0. LCCN 2017041524. OCLC 1003273241. OL OL27372326M. 
  71. "Photo News: Okonjo-Iweala bags honorary PhD from Tel Aviv varsity". P.M. News (in en-US). 2019-05-17.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  72. "Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala | Commencement". www.colby.edu (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  73. "2009 Honorees | Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala". www.amherst.edu (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  74. "Honorary Degree Recipients". tcd.ie. Retrieved 8 May 2017.