Girgizar kasa ta Sichuan ta 2008

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Wikidata.svgGirgizar kasa ta Sichuan ta 2008
girgizar ƙasa
2008 Sichuan earthquake map no labels.svg
Bayanai
Ƙasa Sin
Kwanan wata 12 Mayu 2008
Wuri
 31°01′16″N 103°22′01″E / 31.021°N 103.367°E / 31.021; 103.367
A cikin Beichuan an sami yarinya a cikin wannan kango 102 awanni (kwanaki 4, 6 sa'o'i) bayan girgizar ƙasa.
Ginin ƙofar mai hoton Shugaban Mao

Girgizar ƙasa ta Sichuan ta 2008 ( Chinese ) wata babbar girgizar ƙasa ce a China ranar 12 ga Mayu, 2008. An kashe dubban mutane, dubunnan mutane sun bace kuma dubbai sun ji rauni. Miliyoyin mutane sun rasa matsuguni bayan da gidajensu suka rushe. An jiyo girgizar kasar daga nisan kilomita 58. [1][2][3][4][5]

Bayanin girgizar ƙasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An auna ma'aunin girgizar a 8.0 M <sub id="mwNg">s</sub> da 8.3 M <sub id="mwOg">w</sub> ta Ofishin Seismological na Sin.

Girgizar ta afku a 2: d, a zurfin 19 kilometres (12 mi) . An ji girgizar ƙasa a birnin Beijing 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) nesa da cikin Shanghai 1,700 kilometres (1,056 mi) tafi. Gine -ginen ofisoshin dogayen a cikin garuruwan sun girgiza da girgiza. An kuma ji girgizar ƙasa a ƙasashen da ke kusa.

An yi imanin cewa mutane 69,227 sun mutu, mutane 374,176 sun ji rauni, kuma mutane 18,222 aka lissafa sun ɓace. (Lambobin Yuli 2008) Girgizar ƙasa ta bar kusan 4.8 mutane miliyan ba su da matsuguni, kodayake adadin zai iya kai 11 miliyan. Kimanin mutane miliyan 15 ne ke zaune a yankin da abin ya shafa. Ita ce girgizar ƙasa mafi muni kuma mafi ƙarfi da ta taɓa faruwa a China tun girgizar ƙasa ta Tangshan ta 1976, wacce ta kashe adadin aƙalla mutane 240,000.

Taswirar cibiyar USGS
Taswirar USGS da ke nuna daruruwan girgizan ƙasa.

An yi girgiza manyan girgizar ƙasa guda 52, masu girman gaske daga 4.4 zuwa 6.0, a cikin 72 sa'o'i na babban rawar jiki.

Masana kimiyya sun yi aiki cewa ƙasa ta motsa zuwa 9 metres (30 ft) tare da Laifin Longmen Shan. Wannan kuskuren kusan 240 kilometres (149 mi) tsawo da 20 kilometres (12 mi) zurfi. Girgizar ƙasa ta sa ƙasa a saman ta motsa fiye da 3 m . Masanin kimiyyar girgizar kasar Japan, Yuji Yagi, ya ce girgizar ta afku a sassa biyu. Laifin ya tsage cikin sassan biyu, na farko yana motsawa kusan 7 yards (6 m) . A kashi na biyu na girgizar kasa laifin ya sake kai 4 yards (4 m) .

Girgizar ƙasar ta ɗauki kimanin mintuna biyu. Yana da ƙarfi saboda bai faru sosai a ƙarƙashin ƙasa ba. An kashe mutane da yawa saboda akwai mutane da yawa da ke zaune sama da girgizar ƙasa. Teruyuki Kato, masanin kimiyyar girgizar kasa a Jami'ar Tokyo, ya ce girgizar ta girgiza mai nisa. Raƙuman ruwa ba su rasa ƙarfi ba saboda taurin ƙasa a tsakiyar China.

Inda aka ji girgizar ƙasar[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jerin wuraren da suka ji girgizar ƙasa ::

  • Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China: Tremors were felt everywhere but not Xinjiang, Jilin or Heilongjiang.
  • Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Hong Kong: Tremors were felt about 3 minutes after the quake, and lasted for 30 seconds.
  • Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Macau: Tremors were felt about 3 minutes after the quake.
  • Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam: Tremors were felt about 5 minutes after the earthquake in the north of Vietnam.
  • Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand: In parts of Thailand tremors were felt 6 minutes after the quake. Office buildings in Bangkok shook for several minutes.
  • Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan: It took about 8 minutes for the quake to reach Taiwan. The tremors lasted for nearly 2 minutes.
  • Flag of Mongolia.svg Mangolia: Tremors were felt about 8 minutes after the earthquake.
  • Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladash: Tremors were felt 8 and a half minutes after the quake.
  • Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal: Tremors were felt about 8 and a half minutes after the quake.
  • Flag of India.svg India: Tremors were felt about 9 minutes after the earthquake in parts of India.
  • Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan: In Northern Pakistan tremors were felt 10 minutes after the quake.
  • Flag of Russia.svg Rasha: Tremors were felt in Tuva.

Ƙungiyoyin duniya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Girgizar ta afku ne saboda wani sashi na doron ƙasa, da ake kira farantin Indiya, a hankali yake tafiya arewa. Yana motsawa kusan 50 millimetres (2 in) kowace shekara. Ya faɗi cikin farantin Eurasian . Wannan ya ture ƙasa kuma ya yi tsaunukan Himalaya. Ana tura wasu daga cikin ɓoyayyen ƙasa zuwa Sichuan da kudancin China. Wannan turawa ya haifar da girgizar ƙasa da yawa a China. Girgizar ta afku a tsaunukan da ke gefen gabashin yankin Qing-Tibet. Wannan yana kan iyakar arewa maso yamma na yankin Sichuan. Girgizar ta faru ne sakamakon motsi a kan laifin arewa maso gabas. Wannan shine laifin Longmen Shan, wanda ke gudana a gefen ƙwarin.

Halin farko ga girgizar ƙasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

USGS girgiza taswira
Wani shago bayan girgizar ƙasa.

An kwashe gine -ginen ofisoshi a Shanghai, da suka haɗa da Jin Mao Tower da Hong Kong New World Tower, (duk an sa mutanen su fice). Ayyukan gaggawa a Chengdu ba su iya amsa duk kiran waya ba. An kwashe ma’aikatan wata masana'anta ta Ford a Sichuan kimanin 10 mintuna. An rufe filin jirgin sama na Chengdu. An aika jirgin SilkAir guda ɗaya don sauka a Kunming kusa. An dakatar da jiragen Cathay Pacific daga Hong Kong zuwa London. An bude filin jirgin sama na Chengdu yayin da ake amfani da filin jirgin don ayyukan agaji.

Masu aiko da rahotanni a Chengdu sun ce sun ga fasa a bangon wasu gine -gine. A Beijing an kwashe gine -ginen ofisoshi da yawa. Wannan ya haɗa da ginin tare da ofisoshin watsa labarai don wasannin Olympics na bazara na 2008. Babu wuraren wasannin Olympic da ya lalace. Wani jirgin ƙasa ɗauke da tankokin man fetur 13 ya fito daga hanyoyin jirgin ƙasa a gundumar Huixian, lardin Gansu, kuma ya kama da wuta. Girgizar ƙasa ta murƙushe hanyoyin jirgin.

An lalata dukkan manyan hanyoyin da suka shiga Wenchuan, da sauransu a duk fadin lardin Sichuan. Wannan ya rage jinkirin zuwan dakarun ceto. A gundumar Beichuan, kashi 80% na gine -ginen sun rushe. A Shifang, masana'antun sinadarai 2 sun lalace kuma sun tono tan 80 na ruwa mai ammoniya . Tsarin ruwan ban ruwa na Dujiangyan, cibiyar UNESCO ta Duniya ta lalace. Wannan tsohon tsarin ruwa ne wanda har yanzu ana amfani dashi. Shahararren Bakin Kifi ya tsage.

Kasuwancin hannayen jari na Shanghai da Kasuwancin Shenzhen sun daina kasuwanci a kamfanonin da ke kudu maso yammacin China. Farashin tagulla ya tashi saboda samarwa ya tsaya. Mai farashin ya ragu, saboda mutane suna tsammani kasar Sin ba za buƙatar a matsayin mai yawa da man fetur.

An rasa rabin hanyoyin sadarwa mara waya a lardin Sichuan. China Mobile ta yi asarar tashoshi fiye da 2,300 saboda rashin wutar lantarki da yawan kiran waya. An katse sabis ɗin Unicom na China a Wenchuan da yankunan da ke kusa, tare da hasarar hasumiyar waya sama da 700.

Panda guda biyu a wani wurin ajiyar Giza Panda sun ji rauni. Wasu biyu kuma sun bace bayan girgizar ƙasar.

Tashar wutar lantarki ta Zipingpu, 20 kilometres (12 mi) gabas da girgizar ƙasa, ta lalace. Gangar madatsar ta fashe, kuma gine -ginen sun rushe. Madatsar ruwa ta Tulong na cikin hatsarin fashewa. Kimanin sojoji 2,000 aka tura zuwa Zipingpu, don gwadawa da sakin matsin lamba ta hanyar kwararar ruwa . Gaba ɗaya, madatsun ruwa 391, sun lalace sakamakon girgizar ƙasar.

Ya zuwa ranar 18 ga Mayu, 2008, an kafa sabbin tafkuna 21 a Sichuan. Wannan saboda girgizar ƙasa ta toshe koguna. Dole aka kwashe ƙauyuka saboda ambaliyar ruwa .

Mutuwar mutane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gwamnatin China ta ce girgizar ƙasar ta kashe mutane 69,181, ciki har da 68,636 a lardin Sichuan. Akwai mutane 18,498 da aka lissafa sun ɓace; Mutane 374,171 sun ji rauni. Wannan ya haɗa da ma’aikata 158 da aka kashe a zaftarewar ƙasa yayin da suke ƙoƙarin gyara hanyoyi.

Wata ƙungiyar agaji ta gano mutane 2,300 da ke raye a Yingxiu . Kafin girgizar ƙasar akwai mutane kusan 9,000 a wurin. A gundumar Beichuan, mutane 3,000 zuwa 5,000 sun mutu, 10,000 sun ji rauni kuma 80% na gine -ginen sun lalace. Makarantu takwas sun faɗi a Dujiangyan . An kashe wani dan kasar Taiwan mai shekaru 56 dan yawon bude ido a Dujiangyan . Yana kokarin kubutar da masu yawon bude ido 11 da suka makale a kan Lingyanshan Ropeway. Saboda girgizar ƙasa, sun makale cikin motocin kebul .

Makarantu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dubban yara 'yan makaranta sun mutu saboda mummunan makarantun da aka gina. akalla mutane 1,700. Akalla gine -ginen makaranta 7,000 ne suka rushe. An binne wasu ɗalibai 700 a wata makaranta a Hanwang. Akalla dalibai da ma’aikata 600 ne suka mutu a makarantar firamare ta Juyuan. Kimanin yara da malamai 1,300 ne suka mutu a Makarantar Tsakiya ta Beichuan.

Wannan makarantar yara tana ɗaya daga cikin makarantu da yawa da suka lalace sosai.

Saboda manufar ƙasar Sin ɗaya tilo, iyalai da yawa sun rasa ɗansu daya tilo. Jami'ai a lardin Sichuan sun cire iyakar yaro daya ga iyalan da aka kashe ko jikkata dansu daya tilo. Abin da ake kira "yara ba bisa ƙa'ida ba" waɗanda shekarunsu ba su kai 18 ba za a iya sanya su a matsayin maye gurbin ɗan'uwansu ko 'yar uwarsu. Wannan na iya yin latti ga wasu, saboda da yawa daga cikin iyayen sun tsufa ko kuma ba sa iya sake haihuwa.

A ranar 29 ga Mayu, 2008, jami'ai sun fara duba kango na dubban makarantu da suka rushe. Suna neman alamu game da dalilin da yasa suka faɗi. Dubban iyaye sun ce gwamnati da magina ba su gina makarantu yadda ya kamata ba. Yawancin gine -ginen da ke kusa ba su lalace ba. Iyayen yaran da aka kashe a makarantun sun ce har yanzu basu samu wani rahoto ba. Jami'an yankin sun ce kada su yi zanga -zanga amma iyayen sun yi zanga -zanga kuma sun bukaci a gudanar da bincike. A gwamnati dakatar da sun tsaya labaru na mugun gina makarantu daga ana buga a cikin kafofin watsa labarai. An samu lamarin inda 'yan sanda suka kori masu zanga -zangar.

An kama Liu Shaokun (刘绍坤), malamin makarantar Sichuan, ranar 25 ga Yuni, 2008. Ya kasance yana yada "jita -jita da lalata tsarin zamantakewa" game da Girgizar Ƙasa ta Sichuan. Liu ya tafi yankin Shifang (什 邡), ya ɗauki hotunan gine -ginen makaranta da suka rushe, ya sanya su a yanar gizo. Ya kuma ce yana fushi da "gine -ginen tofu" a cikin wata hira da manema labarai. An umarce shi da ya yi aiki na shekara guda na sake karatun ta hanyar aiki (劳动 教养) (RTL). Saboda koke -koke daga sauran ƙasashe, an saki Liu don ya yi wa RTL hukuncinsa a wajen sansanin kwadago.

Za a gudanar da binciken lafiya a makarantu a duk faɗin China. Hukumar raya ƙasa da sake fasalin kasa na yin sabbin dokoki don inganta matsayin gini na makarantun firamare da na tsakiya a yankunan karkara.

Lalacewar gini[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kamfanonin inshora sun sa su hasarori a Amurka $ 1 biliyan daga cikin girgizar ƙasar. Jimlar kuɗin lalacewar na iya zama sama da dalar Amurka biliyan 20. Chengdu, birni mai mutane miliyan 4.5, yana da darajar kusan dala biliyan 115. Kaɗan ne kawai aka ba inshora.

Ruwan sama na ɗaya daga cikin matsalolin bayan girgizar ƙasar.

Lalacewar gine -gine a cikin girgizar ƙasa ya faru ne saboda ƙirar gine -ginen China. Ƙasar Sin ba ta da ka'idojin ginin girgizar kasa har sai bayan babbar girgizar kasa ta Tangshan a 1976. Tsofaffin gine -gine, waɗanda aka gina kafin 1976, ba a ƙera su don su tsaya a cikin girgizar ƙasa ba. Rahotannin labarai sun nuna cewa mafi talauci, ƙauyukan karkara sun fi fama da rauni.

Ƙoƙarin ceto[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ruwan sama, nunin faifai da laka a kan manyan hanyoyin, ya sa ya yi wuya a isa yankin.

Sakataren jam'iyyar kwaminis ta Sin janar Hu Jintao ya bayyana cewa, taimakon da taimako zai zama sauri. Firaminista Wen Jiabao, nan da nan ya tashi zuwa yankin girgizar ƙasa don tsara aikin ceton.

Ma'aikatar lafiya ta ƙasar Sin ta tura tawagogin likitoci 10 na gaggawa. Rundunar Yankin Soja ta Chengdu ta tura sojoji da 'yan sanda 50,000 don taimakawa a gundumar Wenchuan. Tawagar agaji ta mutane 184 sun bar Beijing:

  • Mutane 12 daga Ofishin Jakadancin Jihar.
  • 150 daga Kwamitin Yankin Soja na Beijing.
  • Mutane 22 daga Babban Asibitin ‘Yan Sanda.

Saboda tsaunuka, sojoji sun gagara wahalar samun taimako zuwa yankunan karkara.

Ƙungiyoyin ceto da dama, ciki har da sashen kashe gobara na Taipei daga Taiwan, sun ce a shirye suke su taimaka. Yana da wahala a tura mutane zuwa wuraren da aka fi samun rauni mafi kusa da girgizar ƙasa. Ba zai yiwu a isa yankin ba saboda hanyoyi sun lalace kuma sun toshe sakamakon zaftarewar kasa. Mutane sun buƙaci tantuna, kayayyakin kiwon lafiya, ruwan sha da abinci. .

Ƙananan ƙauyen Sier ana iya isa ta hanyar tafiya kawai. Zaftarewar ƙasa haɗari ne ga Kungiyar bincike da ceto mutane 80. Kowane mutum ya ɗauki kimanin 40 kilograms (88 lb) na kayan agaji. 4,000 metres (13,123 ft) sama da matakin teku . Matsanancin yanayin tsaunin yana nufin ba za su iya amfani da jirage masu saukar ungulu ba . Fiye da mazauna ƙauyen Tibet 300 sun makale a ƙauyen da ya lalace ba tare da abinci da ruwa ba. Ƙungiyar agaji ta Kwamandan Yang Wenyao ta isa bayan tafiya na kwanaki 5, kuma ta taimaki mutanen da suka ji rauni kuma suka maƙale a kan dutsen

Ruwan sama mai ƙarfi da zaftarewar ƙasa sun yi wahalar aikin ceto. An yi amfani da jirage masu saukar ungulu 20 a ranar farko don isar da abinci, ruwa, agajin gaggawa da ɗaukar mutanen da suka ji rauni. Kashegari, sojoji 15,600 daga Yankin Soja ta Chengdu sun shiga aikin ceto. A cikin kwanaki 2 ana gyara wayoyi a babban garin Wenchuan. 100 sojoji, tare da taimako da kayayyaki, parachuted cikin m Maoxian County, arewa maso gabashin Wenchuan.

An ceto wata tsohuwa bayan ta makale sama da awanni 50.

Kwanaki uku bayan afkuwar girgizar, Premiere Wen Jiabao na China ya ba da umarnin wasu jirage masu saukar ungulu 90. An yi amfani da jiragen sama guda 150 wajen aikin agaji. Wannan shi ne aiki mafi girma da ƙasar Sin ta taba ɗauka ba tare da yaƙi ba. Bayan girgizar ƙasa, mutane daga ko'ina cikin ƙasar Sin sun ba da gudummawa. Mutane sun ba da kuɗi a makarantu, bankuna, da gidajen mai . Mutane kuma sun ba da gudummawar jini, wanda ya haifar da dogayen layuka a yawancin manyan biranen China.

Taimakon duniya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

China ta ce za ta yi godiya da taimakon ƙasashen duniya don shawo kan girgizar kasar. Gidauniyar Tzu Chi ta zo daga Taiwan a ranar 13 ga Mayu. Wannan ita ce runduna ta farko daga wajen Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin da ta shiga aikin ceto. Tan tan 100 na kayan agaji da Gidauniyar Tzu Chi da Red Cross Society na Taiwan suka isa Chengdu zuwa ranar 15 ga Mayu

Francis Marcus na ƙungiyar agaji ta ƙasa da ƙasa ta Red Cross ya yabawa aikin ceton na ƙasar Sin a matsayin "mai sauri kuma mai inganci". Ya ce girman bala'in ya yi yawa da "ba za mu iya tsammanin cewa gwamnati za ta iya yin komai tare da magance kowane bangare na bukatun ba". Economist ya ce China ta mayar da martani ga bala'in "cikin sauri kuma tare da butde baki mara kyau". Wannan ya sha bamban da martanin da Myammar ta bayar a asirce ga guguwar Nargis, wacce ta afkawa kasar kwanaki 10 kafin girgizar Kasar.

A ranar 16 ga Mayu, ƙungiyoyin ceto daga Koriya ta Kudu, Japan, Singapore, Rasha da Taiwan sun isa don shiga aikin ceto. Amurka ta raba wasu daga cikin hotunan tauraron dan adam na yankunan da girgizar kasar ta shafa da gwamnatin China. Amurka ta aike da jiragen yaki samfurin Air Force C-17 guda biyu dauke da kayayyaki, wadanda suka haɗa da tantuna da janareto .

Taimako ta yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An yi amfani da yanar gizo don isar da bayanai don taimakawa ceto da murmurewa a China. Misali, Xinhua na hukuma ya kafa cibiyar neman ceton kan layi don nemo matsalolin dawo da bala'i. Lokacin da jirage masu saukar ungulu suka sami matsala saukowa kusa da cibiya a Wenchuan, wani dalibi ya ba da shawarar sabon wurin sauka a kan layi. Masu ba da agaji sun kuma kafa wasu gidajen yanar gizo da yawa don taimakawa adana bayanan tuntuɓar waɗanda abin ya shafa.

Makokin ƙasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A ranar 19 ga Mayu, 2008, mutane sun tuna wadanda girgizar ƙasa ta rutsa da su a dandalin Tiananmen, Beijing .

Majalisar Jiha ta ayyana zaman makoki na kwanaki 3 (baƙin ciki) ga wadanda girgizar kasa ta rutsa da su tun daga ranar 19 ga Mayu, 2008. An daga tutar kasar Sin zuwa rabin mast . Wannan shi ne karon farko da China ta yi kwanaki na makoki na kasa don wani abu ban da mutuwar wani shugaban kasa. Mutane da yawa sun ce ita ce mafi girman nuna baƙin ciki tun bayan mutuwar Mao A 14:28 CST a ranar 19 ga Mayu, 2008, mako guda bayan girgizar ƙasa, jama'ar China sun yi shiru na ɗan lokaci. Mutane sun yi shiru don 3 mintuna. Karewar iska, 'yan sanda da sautin wuta, da ƙahonin motoci, jiragen ruwa da jiragen ƙasa. Motoci akan hanyoyin Beijing sun tsaya. Bayan yin shuru, a dandalin Tiananmen, jama'a sun fara kiran "Tsawon China".

Kwamitin shirya gasar Ningbo na mika wutar tocilan wasannin Olympic ta Beijing ya dakatar da aikin na tsawon kwanaki 3.

Shafukan yanar gizo na ƙasar Sin sun canza shafukan farko zuwa baƙi da fari. Sina.com da Sohu, sun canza shafin yanar gizon su zuwa labarai kawai, kuma sun cire duk tallace -tallace . Shafukan yanar gizo na raba bidiyo na kasar Sin , youku da Tudou, sun kasance baƙar fata kuma sun nuna bidiyo kawai game da girgizar ƙasa. Sauran gidajen yanar gizo na nishaɗi, gami da rukunin wasannin caca, sun yi baƙi. Sauran gidajen yanar gizon suna da alaƙa da gudummawar girgizar ƙasa.

Tashoshin talabijin na China sun sanya tambarin su da launin toka. Sun nuna hotunan girgizar ƙasa mara tsayawa daga CCTV-1. Hatta tashoshin talabijin, kamar Channel V China, suma sun nuna hotunan girgizar ƙasa. Wasu gidajen talabijin sun daina nuna tallace -tallace. Ranar 18 ga Mayu, CCTV-1 tana da 4 na musamman shirin talabijin na awa ɗaya da ake kira Bayar da Soyayya (爱 的 奉献). Shahararrun mutane da yawa daga China, Hong Kong, Singapore da Taiwan sun kasance a cikin wasan kwaikwayon. Mutanen da ke kallo sun ba da kimanin Yuan biliyan 1.5 na China (dala miliyan 208) ga waɗanda abin ya shafa. Masu nishaɗin sun rera taken "Gobe Zai Yi Kyau", sannan Faye Wong ya bi ta yana rera " Fatan Mu Ƙare Har Abada ".

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Watts, Jonathan (August 14, 2008). "Sichuan quake: China's earthquake reconstruction to cost $150bn". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 8, 2017. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
  2. Armand Vervaeck and Dr. James Daniell (October 5, 2013). "The May 12, 2008 deadly Sichuan Earthquake – A recap – 3 years later". SOS Earthquakes. Archived from the original on March 6, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
  3. Dunbar, Paula. "Significant Earthquake". Ngdc.noaa.gov. Archived from the original on January 14, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
  4. "Magnitude 7.9 – EASTERN SICHUAN, CHINA". Earthquake.usgs.gov. Archived from the original on January 9, 2010. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  5. Jacobs, Andrew; Wong, Edward; Yuanxi, Huang (May 7, 2009). "China Reports Student Toll for Quake". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 6, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2009. Large earthquakes are common in fold and thrust belts; a recent example is the great Wench-uan earthquake that hit Sichuan, China, on May 12, 2008, killing more than 80,000 people.

Sauran gidajen yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayanan labarai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taswirar kan layi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Midiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Shafukan kimiyya da ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]