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Babatunji Olowofoyeku

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Babatunji Olowofoyeku
head teacher (en) Fassara

Rayuwa
Haihuwa Ilesa, 21 Mayu 1917
ƙasa Najeriya
Harshen uwa Yarbanci
Mutuwa Lagos, 26 ga Maris, 2003
Ƴan uwa
Yara
Karatu
Makaranta London School of Economics and Political Science (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Yarbanci
Pidgin na Najeriya
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa, Lauya da ilmantarwa
Mamba Inner Temple (en) Fassara
Imani
Jam'iyar siyasa Majalisar Najeriya da Kamaru
Nigeria National Democratic Party

Babatunji Olowofoyeku (21 ga Mayu 1917 – 26 Maris 2003), OFR, SAN, ɗan siyasar Najeriya ne, masanin ilimi, lauya kuma shugaba, ɗan Yarbawa kuma ɗan asalin Ilesha a jihar Osun ta Najeriya, wanda siyasarsa ta fara a tsakiyar shekarun 1950.

Rayuwar farko da ilimi

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An haifi Olowofoyeku ne a watan Mayun 1917, kuma ya girma a matsayin ɗan’uwa na ƙarshe daga dangin dangi a Ilesha, wani gari da ke yamma-maso-kudu-maso-yamma na yankin da a baya ya kasance Arewacin Najeriya, mai karewa a cikin daular Burtaniya . A baya dai Ilesha yana kan iyaka da Kudancin Najeriya, kuma yana kusa da kan iyaka da Dahomey karkashin mulkin Faransa . A cikin 1914, duka masu kare Birtaniyya, tare da Mallaka na Legas, an hade su azaman Mallaka da Kariyar Najeriya . An haifi Olowofoyeku kimanin shekaru uku bayan da turawan Ingila suka kirkiro wannan sabuwar mulkin mallaka. Mahaifinsa ya rasu 'yan watanni kafin a haife shi. Mahaifiyarsa ta shigar da shi yana ɗan shekara 5 a Makarantar Methodist Otapete kuma ya yi masa baftisma a can a cikin Cocin Methodist a 1924 kuma ya ɗauki sunan Kirista " Daniel ".[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>

A makaranta a Otapete Methodist, Olowofoyeku ya sadu da abokin karatunsa, Tai Solarin, wanda aka sani da Augustus Solarin wanda ya zama aboki na rayuwa. Dukkansu sun halarci Kwalejin St. Andrew's College, Oyo, daga 1936 zuwa 1942. Daga karshe Solarin ya ce, Olowofoyeku ya rubuta a karshe ya sauya shi, inda ya lura cewa wasu daga cikin ‘ yan mulkin mallaka jahilai ne, kuma ba su da shiri sosai kan ayyukan da aka ba su, don haka ba su da wata sana’a ta tafiyar da rayuwar ‘yan Nijeriya. Don wannan makala, an hukunta shi saboda kalubalantar halin da ake ciki, kuma an dakatar da shi daga kwaleji a shekarar karatunsa ta ƙarshe. Duk da haka, ya zauna ya ci jarrabawar karshe ta malami a matsayin dalibi na waje bayan shekara guda. Daga baya ya soke sunan "Daniel" a matsayin nuna adawa da zaluncin da hukumomin mulkin mallaka suka dauka.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>

A cikin 1932, Olowofoyeku ya karɓi matsayi na farko a matsayin malamin ɗalibi a Makarantar Methodist Otapete, kafin ya fara horar da malamai a Kwalejin St. Andrew.

Sana'ar koyarwa

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Olowofoyeku ya koyar a Kwalejin Oduduwa daga Oktoba 1942 zuwa 1943. Daliban nasa sun hada da Richard Akinjide, daga bisani babban lauyan Najeriya .[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>Daga 1943 har zuwa Janairu 1947, ya kasance malamin Latin a makarantar Methodist Boys Legas . Nadin sa na farko a matsayin shugaban makarantar ya kasance a Western Boys High School, Benin, daga Janairu 1947 har zuwa Disamba 1948. A wannan lokacin a cikin 1948, ya ɗauki kuma ya sami digiri na waje na Intermediate BA na Jami'ar London ta hanyar karatu ta hanyar kwas ɗin wasiƙa .

Olowofoyeku ya koma Ijebu-Ode don daukar alƙawari a matsayin shugaban makarantar Olu-Iwa na 3 (wanda ya canza suna zuwa Kwalejin Adeola Odutola[1][2] a 1964), yana aiki daga Janairu 1949 har zuwa Disamba 1949.

Aikin shari'a

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Domin kare karar da aka shigar a kansa a shekarar 1948, Olowofoyeku ya yi bincike tare da ba da umarni ga lauyan da ke kare shi a kotu. Lokacin da aka yanke hukunci a cikin yardarsa, ya yanke shawarar canza aiki kuma ya shiga aikin lauya, kuma ya sami shiga Makarantar Tattalin Arziki ta London (LSE) don nazarin doka. Ya bar Najeriya a watan Disamba 1949 kuma ya sami digiri na biyu ( LLB ) a watan Yuni 1952. Ya ci jarrabawar Turanci Bar, kuma an gayyace shi zuwa ƙungiyar lauyoyi ( Inner Temple ) a matsayin lauya . Shine mutumin Ijesha na farko da aka fara kiransa zuwa Bar Ingila.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>

Ya dawo Najeriya kafin Kirsimeti a 1952. [ana buƙatar hujja]</link>

Sana'ar siyasa

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Olowofoyeku ya sha fama da rashin adalci da rashin iko da ke tattare da nuna kyama a lokacin da yake dalibi a Kwalejin St. Bisa koyarwar kishin kasa ta Herbert Macaulay, ya sadu da Nnamdi Azikiwe, shugaban NCNC, ta hannun Cif Odeleye Fadahunsi, wani dattijon Ijesha da ya ziyarci Landan .

Olowofoyeku ya shiga jam’iyyar NCNC ne a shekarar 1952, kuma ya zama mamban zartarwa na jam’iyyar NCNC a karkashin Azikiwe a shekarar 1954. Tarayyar Najeriya ta maye gurbin Mulkin Mallaka da Kare a watan Oktoban 1954 a hannun Tarayyar Najeriya wacce a karshe ta sami mulkin kai mai yawa a cikin Daular Burtaniya . A ƙarshe Burtaniya ta ba da ’yancin kan Tarayyar a matsayin mulkin mallaka a cikin Commonwealth of Nations a ranar 1 ga Oktoba 1960.

An zabi Olowofoyeku a matsayin shugaban karamar hukumar Ilesha Urban District (IUDC) a shekarar 1956, kuma a wannan shekarar ne ya lashe zabensa a majalisar dokokin yankin yamma. A wannan lokacin, ya yi ƙoƙari ya sabunta Ilesha zuwa matsayin da ya shaida cewa majalisar gundumar Landan ta samu a lokacin karatunsa a Landan . Abubuwan da ya samu a Ilesha sun hada da samar da ruwan famfo, wutar lantarki, bunkasa kasuwa, tsarin gari, gina titina, tsaftar muhalli da jin dadin ma'aikatan kansiloli.

Olowofoyeku mamba ne na tawagar wakilan NCNC a taron tsarin mulkin Najeriya da aka gudanar a Landan a shekarun 1957 da 1958, wanda makasudinsa shine neman ‘yancin Najeriya daga Biritaniya. An kuma zabe shi a matsayin dan majalisar wakilai ta Yamma a shekarar 1956 a karkashin jam’iyyar NCNC mai wakiltar mazabar Ilesha ta tsakiya. Olowofoyeku mamba ne a kwamitin NCNC mai kula da harkokin Afirka da kasashen waje. Ya kuma jagoranci kwamitin tsaro na NCNC, wanda ya hada da Richard Akinjide, Cif Adeniran Ogunsanya, Kehinde Sofola, da Tunji Ogunbiyi.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>

Olowofoyeku ya kasance fitaccen dan majalisar adawa duk da cewa ba dan kungiyar Action Group (AG) ba ne, jam’iyyar Obafemi Awolowo . Kima da Awolowo akan iya siyasar Olowofoyeku shine: "Shi [Olowofoyeku] yana da kyakkyawar fahimtar adalci da imani ga dimokuradiyya" .

Bayan samun 'yencin kai daga turawan Ingila a matsayin mulkin mallaka a ranar 1 ga Oktoban 1960, Tarayyar Najeriya ta ci gaba har zuwa ranar 1 ga Oktoban 1963, lokacin da ta zama jamhuriya a cikin Commonwealth da ake kira Tarayyar Najeriya . A cikin 1963, an nada Olowofoyeku Ministan Ilimi, ya maye gurbin Sanya Onabamiro. Sai dai, bayan kafa Jihar Tsakiyar Yamma a watan Yulin 1963, Olowofoyeku ya zama babban lauya kuma ministan shari’a na yankin Yamma daga 26 ga Satumba 1963. Har ila yau, a lokaci guda an nada shi mai ba da shawara ga Sarauniya (QC) ta Gwamnatin Burtaniya, a matsayin amincewa da aikinsa na shari'a ga Commonwealth .

Sakamakon rigingimun siyasa na cikin gida a cikin jam’iyyar NCNC da rashin wakilcin kasashen yamma a majalisar ministocin tarayya, Olowofoyeku da sauran mambobin NCNC ta yammacin Najeriya a majalisar sun yanke shawarar hada kansu da Akintola zuwa sabuwar jam’iyyar National Democratic Party (NNDP) a shekarar 1964. ‘Yan mazabar Olowofoyeku a Ilesha sun fusata kuma suna kallon wannan matakin a cikin shakku da rashin dacewa. Saboda haka, goyon bayan da ya yi a baya a cikinsu ya ɓace da sauri. Yanzu haka jam’iyyun NCNC da AG sun kulla sabuwar kawance ta kasa mai suna UPGA (United Progressive Grand Alliance) akan kawancen NPC/NNDP mai mulki. Lokacin da lokacin zabe ya zo a watan Disamba 1965, lokacin dawowa ne. An dai samu hargitsi a fadin kasar, musamman a kasashen Yamma musamman a Ilesha. Olowofoyeku ya tsallake rijiya da baya ne da ‘yan inci guda daga harbin wani dan bindiga a yayin wani gangamin yakin neman zabe a kusa da Ilesha.

Bayan zaben watan Disamba na shekarar 1965, an yi juyin mulkin da ya zubar da jini a ranar 15 ga watan Janairun 1966, inda aka kafa gwamnatin soja ta kasa. Gwamnatin Soja ta kama Olowofoyeku tare da tsare shi a ranar 30 ga Janairun 1966 kuma ta tsare tsawon watanni shida. An fara tsare shi ne a Agodi da ke Ibadan, daga bisani kuma aka mayar da shi Kirikiri a Legas. An ba shi haƙƙin ziyartan dangi mai iyaka a duk lokacin da yake tsare a siyasance a KiriKiri. [3]

An sake Olowofoyeku bayan juyin mulki karo na biyu a ranar 29 ga Yulin 1966 wanda sojojin da aka hako Arewacin Najeriya suka yi wanda ya maye gurbin tsohuwar mulkin soja na Manjo-Janar Aguiyi-Ironsi . Bayan an sake shi, Olowofoyeku ya sha alwashin ba zai sake shiga harkokin siyasa ba. A cikin makonni da aka sake shi a watan Yuli 1966, ya bar Najeriya ya tafi birnin Paris na Faransa don neman hutawa da mafaka.

Daga baya aikin shari'a

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Da ya dawo Najeriya a karshen shekarar 1967, Olowofoyeku ya koma Legas inda ya sake bude aikin shari’a a Western House da ke Broad Street kusa da babbar kotun Legas. Ya ci gaba da aikin shari’a tsawon shekaru, a lokacin yana daya daga cikin mutane 20 na farko da aka nada a matsayin Babban Lauyan Najeriya (daidai da Sarauniyar Sarauniya a Burtaniya).

Duk da cewa Obafemi Awolowo ya tuntube shi a shekarar 1979 ya zo ya koma sabuwar jam’iyyarsa ta Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN), Olowofoyeku ya ki yarda. Daga baya ya koma gidansa da ke Victoria Island, Legas.

A ranar 26 ga Maris, 2003, yana da shekaru 85, Olowofoyeku ya rasu. An yi jana'izar sa, wanda ya dauki kwanaki da dama, an gudanar da wani bangare ne a Babbar Kotun Tarayya da ke Legas, a babban gidansa da ke Victoria Island, da kuma gidajen sa guda biyu a Ilesha . [4]

Rayuwa ta sirri

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Olowofoyeku ya yi aure, kuma ya haifi ‘ya’ya 17 (’ya’ya maza 13 da mata 4). Yana da jikoki da yawa da kuma jikoki da yawa.

  1. "The Biography of T Adeola Odutola" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2006. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  2. "Olowofoyeku, Principal of Adeola Odutola College 1948–1949". Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2008.
  3. Empty citation (help)
  4. A celebration of life. Chief Babatunji Olowofoyeku. Mass distributed funeral poster. Lagos, Nigeria, May 2003

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje

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