Hassan Usman Katsina

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Hassan Usman Katsina
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Aliyu Muhammad Gusau

Mayu 1968 - ga Janairu, 1971
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Katsina, 31 ga Maris, 1933
ƙasa Najeriya
Ƙabila Fulani
Harshen uwa Hausa
Mutuwa Kaduna, 24 ga Yuli, 1995
Karatu
Makaranta Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (en) Fassara
Kwalejin Barewa
Mons Officer Cadet School (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Hausa
Pidgin na Najeriya
Sana'a
Sana'a soja
Kyaututtuka
Digiri Janar
Imani
Addini Musulunci

Hassan Usman Katsina (31 Maris 1933 - 24 Yuli, shekara ta 1995) Ya kasance Manjo janar na hafsoshin sojan Najeriya na kasa, kuma ya kasance dan Usman Nagogo, wato dan Sarkin Katsina daga shekara ta 1944 zuwa shekara ta 1981. Ya kasance Gwamnan Yankin Arewacin Najeriya daga shekara ta 1966 zuwa shekarar 1967. A lokacin yakin basasar Nijeriya, ya taba kasancewa babban hafsan sojojin Najeriya da kuma mataimaki, kuma ya taba zama babban shugaban hedikwata na gudanarwa a karkashin mulkin Janar Yakubu Gowon.

Manjo Hassan Usman Katsina, shi ne gwamnan farko ɗan ƙasa na Lardin Arewa (Northern Region). An haife shi a garin Katsina a shekarar 1933. Ya fito daga gidan sarautar Katsina. Shi ɗa ne ga sarkin Katsina Usman Nagogo, shi kuma Usman Nagogo ɗan sarkin Katsina Muhammadu Dikko ne.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Hassan usman katsina a Birni Katsina, 31 ga watan Maris, shekara ta 1933[1]. An haifeshi a gidan mahaifinsa, Sarki Usman Nagoggo kuma su ƴan biyu ne. Sunan mahaifiyarsa Fatima, kuma anfi kiranta da “Cima” ko "Haijya Uwargida", ita ƴar wazirin Katsina Haruna ce, an kaishi gidan ƙanin kakansa watau Kankiya Nuhu, lokacin yana da shekara shida domin raino[2].

Farkon rayuwa da ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tarihi ya nuna cewa Hassan mutum ne mai ƙwazo da hazaƙa ga son mutane kuma bashi da girman kai, ga son yara amma kuma bai son wargi ko kadan kuma Hassan mutum ne mai son wasan motsa jini. Kamar su Lnga da wasan tsere da sauransu, sannan kuma shi mutum ne mai alƙawari kuma bashi munafirci[3].

Hassan ya fara karatu ne da karatun Alƙur’ani inda ya sauke Hizifi sittin gaba ɗaya. Inda ya samu haske sosai, Hassan ya fara makarantar frimari a makaranta elementary ta kankiya daga shekara ta 1940 zuwa shekara ta 1943, sai ya cigaba da Makarantar MIDIL ta katsina daga shekara ta 1944-1947[4]. Daga nan ya halarci kwalejin Kaduna wanda aka fi sani a yanzu da kwalejin Barewa (Barewa College Dake Zaria) daga shekara ta 1948-1951.[5] Bayan ya gama makarantar sakandare, ya tafi Kwalejin Barewa, Zariya da Makarantar Sakandare da Fasaha ta Najeriya da ke Zariya. Ya shiga rundunar sojojin Najeriya ne a cikin shekara ta 1956[5]. Bayan nan ya halarci Jami’ar Ahmadu Bello Isntitute Of Administration dake zaria a shekara ta 1952, sannan ya zarce kwalejin kimiyya da fasaha ta Najeriya, watau Nigerian College Of Art, Science and Technology. Zariya a shekara ta

1953 zuwa shekara ta 1955 daga baya ta zama Jami’ar Ahmau Bello[6].

Aikin sojan sa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hassan Katsina ya kara sama ne a matsayi, kan mukamin sojojin Nijeriya daga kan mukaminsa na janar na biyu a shekara ta 1958, ya zama Manjo Janar kuma memba a Kwamitin Soja na Sojoji zuwa shekara ta 1975. Bayan haka, ya zama shahararre, kuma babban jami'in sojan Arewa, wanda ke da alaƙa da sarakunan gargajiya a arewacin da kuma hango halayen geriel ga yawancin Nigeriansan Najeriya gabaɗaya. Ya yi aiki a matsayin jami'in sojan siyasa, tun farkon aikinsa da kuma mukamin siyasa a karkashin gwamnatin mulkin soji daga shekara ta 1966 zuwa shekara ta 1975.

Nan da nan bayan ya shiga soja a shekara ta 1956, ya samu horo a wasu cibiyoyi kamar su Mons Officer Cadet School da Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst inda yake tare da Iliya Bisalla . Ya zama Lt Conl ne a shekara ta 1966, bayan wannan, ya zama gwamnan lardin Arewacin Najeriya. Ya mutu a 24 ga watan Yuli shekara ta 1995.

Rukunin sojoji[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Kwamandan platun, bataliya na biyu .
  • Jami’in mai fikira, Kongo
  • Kwamandan Kamfanin, Bataliya ta 5, Kano
  • Jami’in Kwamandan, Recce Squadron, Kaduna.

Lokacin Matsayi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Laftanar na 2, 19 ga Satan Disamba shekarar 1958
  • Laftanar, 26 na watan Yuli, shekarar 1959
  • Kyaftin, watan Maris 1, shekarar 1961
  • Manjo, watan Agusta 19, shekarar 1963
  • Laftanar Kanal, 19 ga watan Janairu, shekarar 1966
  • Kanar, 31 ga watan Maris, shekarar 1968
  • Birgediya Janar, 1 ga watan Afrilu, shekarar 1969
  • Manjo Janar, 1 ga watan Yuli, shekarar 1971.

Gwamnan soja[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 17 ga watan Janairu, shekara ta 1966, Laftanar Kanar Hassan Usman Katsina ya zama gwamnan mulkin soja na lardin arewacin Najeriya. Ya mika marabus din madafun iko ne ga manjo Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu, ya mika madafun ikon ne a kun da ya kawo sojoji kan iko har ya haddasa mutuwan Ahmadu Bello, tsohon Firimiyan yankin arewa yim. Hassan Katsina ya hau sabon matsayin da ke buƙatar shugabanci mai ƙarfi don kwantar da jijiyoyi sakamakon mamayar sojoji zuwa mulki da kuma mutuwar manyan shugabannin siyasa daga yankin. Gwamnatin sa, ta zabi ci gaba da Late Bello ta samu tare da kawo wasu manyan ma’aikatan gwamnati a yankin wadanda suka mallaki halayen gudanarwa wadanda za su iya ci gaba tare da nasarar da Ahmadu Bello ya samu. A lokacin da ya taƙaitaccen lokaci na shugabanci, da ya jagoranci gwamnatin wucin gadi a Common Services Agency, wata hukumar da gudanar da aiki na raba da gama albarkatu na yankin, a wani sabon rarraba siyasa da kuma tattalin arziki tsarin na shugabanci . Hassan Katsina, kuma revitalized siyasa hadin tare da Emirates a arewa a matsayin goyon baya tushe don ya sabuwar gwamnatin. kuma ya kusan dawo da tsohuwar tsarin Tsarin Mulki na tsarin mulkin mallaka, inda sarakunan suka taka rawa sosai. [7] A nasa bangaren, ya kuma yi alkawarin kawo sauyi ga karamar hukuma da ta kananan hukumomi. Abubuwan da suka bayyana a cikin gwamnatin sa shine Ali Akilu, wanda daga baya suka taka rawa wajen kirkiro jihohi a arewa, Ibrahim Dasuki da kuma Sunday Awoniyi .

Hanyoyin Tawaye[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Koyaya, wani lokacin mulkinsa dole ne ya sarrafa ayyukan tashin hankali daga jama'a da kuma sansanin sojojin sa. A cikin watan Mayu shekara ta 1966, wasu biranen Arewa suka mamaye wasu jerin kashe-kashen tashin hankali dangane da al'amuran siyasa daban-daban na wannan lokacin. Arewacin, wanda a cikin shekara ta 1952 bashi da fiye da uku (wannan ba gaskiya bane, kamar yadda a shekarun 1950 arewa ta mallaki makarantun sakandare 50) Barewa Zaria shekarar 1922, GCBida shekarar 1914, GSS Ilorin shekarar 1914, Rumfa Kano shekara ta 1909, GCKatsina Ala shekarar 1918, GCKeffi shekarar 1954, GCMakurdi! 954, Abdulazziz Attah Okene shekarar 1918, GSSKatsina shekarar 1914, Ramat Yola shekarar 1918, GCKangere shekarar 1954, GCMaiduguri shekarar 1954, Nigerian Military School Zaria shekarar 1954, and many more, go confirm) makarantun sakandare har yanzu suna fama da rashin cancanta a makarantun ilimi lokacin mulkin soja na Janar Ironsi sanar da wani unitary tsarin tafiyar da gwamnati. Yawancin 'yan Arewa mazauna Arewa suna fargabar za su iya mamaye su a mukamai na mulki ta hanyar da yawa daga kudurorin ilimi musamman, Igbo, sun koma tashin hankali da aka ambata, da wasu' yan dalilai gami da ra'ayin cewa juyin mulkin ranar 15 ga watan Janairu, shekarar 1966 juyin mulkin Igbo ne. [8] Wannan ya haifar da ficewar wasu teran tsira daga yankin.

Bayan rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kodayake, wasu jami'an sojan da suka mutunta shi ya jagoranci juyin mulki a shekara ta 1975, kadan daga cikin wadanda ya inganta cikin hanzari, ya yi ritaya a shekara ta 1975 daga baya ya yi watsi da rokon da aka yi masa na neman mukamin gwamnati bayan ya yi ritaya. Daga baya ya shiga sahun wasu kungiyoyi na siyasa kamar su National Party of Nigeria da kuma Kwamitin Kula da Jama'a. Hakanan ya kasance mai goyon baya a wasannin wasan polo . Ya zama mutum na farko da ya fito daga Katsina ya samu daukaka a cikin Sojojin Najeriya.

Biblio[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers.ISBN 978-135-051-2. OCLC 43147940.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.54. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  2. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. pp.54-56. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  3. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. pp.54-57. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  4. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. pp.57-59. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.59. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  6. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. pp.59-60. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  7. Emmanuel Ike Udogu. Nigeria In The Twenty-first Century: Strategies for Political Stability and Peaceful Coexistence. p 121-122.
  8. Stephen Vincent. Should Biafra Survive? Transition No. 32, Aug., 1967, p 54.