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Hassan Usman Katsina

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Hassan Usman Katsina
Aliyu Muhammad Gusau

Mayu 1968 - ga Janairu, 1971
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Katsina, 31 ga Maris, 1933
ƙasa Najeriya
Ƙabila Mutanen Fulani
Harshen uwa Hausa
Mutuwa Kaduna, 24 ga Yuli, 1995
Karatu
Makaranta Royal Military Academy Sandhurst (en) Fassara
Kwalejin Barewa
Mons Officer Cadet School (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Hausa
Pidgin na Najeriya
Sana'a
Sana'a soja
Kyaututtuka
Digiri Janar
Imani
Addini Musulunci

Hassan Usman Katsina An haife shi a ranar 31 ga Maris, shekarar 1933 zuwa 24 ga Yuli,1995. Ya kasance Manjo Janar na hafsoshin sojan Najeriya na ƙasa, kuma ya kasance ɗan Sarkin Katsina Usman Nagogo, wato Sarkin Katsina daga shekara ta 1944 zuwa shekara ta 1981. Ya kasance Gwamnan Yankin Arewacin Najeriya daga shekara ta 1966 zuwa shekarar alif 1967. A lokacin yaƙin basasar Nijeriya, ya taɓa kasancewa babban hafsan sojojin Najeriya da kuma mataimaki, kuma ya taɓa zama babban shugaban hedikwata na gudanarwa a ƙarkashin mulkin Janar Yakubu Gowon.

Manjo Hassan Usman Katsina, shi ne gwamnan farko ɗan ƙasa na Lardin Arewa (Northern Region). An kuma haife shi a garin Katsina a shekarar 1933. Ya fito daga gidan sarautar Katsina. Shi ɗa ne ga sarkin Katsina Usman Nagogo, shi kuma Usman Nagogo ɗan sarkin Katsina Muhammadu Dikko ne.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Hassan Usman Katsina a Birni Katsina, 31 ga watan Maris, shekarar 1933[1]. An haife shi a gidan mahaifinsa, Sarki Usman Nagoggo kuma su yan biyu ne. Sunan mahaifiyarsa Fatima, kuma an fi kiranta da “Cima” ko "Haijya Uwargida", ita yar wazirin Katsina Haruna ce, an kai shi gidan ƙanin kakansa watau Kankiya Nuhu, lokacin yana da shekara shida domin raino[2].

Farkon Rayuwa da Ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tarihi ya nuna cewa Hassan mutum ne mai ƙwazo da hazaƙa ga son mutane kuma bashi da girman kai ga son yara, amma kuma baya son wargi ko kaɗan kuma Hassan mutum ne mai son wasan motsa jini. Kamar su Langa da wasan tsere da sauransu, sannan kuma shi mutum ne mai alƙawari kuma bashi munafirci[3].

Hassan ya fara karatu ne da karatun Alqur’ani inda ya sauke Hizifi sittin gaba ɗaya. Inda ya samu haske sosai, Hassan ya fara makarantar furamare a makaranta elementary ta kankiya daga shekara ta 1940 zuwa shekara ta 1943, sai ya cigaba da Makarantar MIDIL ta katsina daga shekara ta 1944 zuwa 1947[4]. Daga nan ya halarci kwalejin Kaduna wadda aka fi sani a yanzu da kwalejin Barewa (Barewa College Dake Zaria) daga shekara ta 1948 zuwa 1951.[5] Bayan ya gama makarantar sakandare, ya tafi Kwalejin Barewa, Zariya da Makarantar Sakandare da Fasaha ta Najeriya da ke Zariya. Ya shiga rundunar sojojin Najeriya ne a cikin shekara ta 1956[5]. Bayan nan ya halarci Jami’ar Ahmadu Bello Isntitute Of Administration dake zaria a shekara ta 1952, sannan ya zarce Kwalejin Kimiyya da Fasaha ta Najeriya, watau Nigerian College Of Art, Science and Technology. Zariya a shekara ta

1953 zuwa shekara ta 1955 daga baya tazama Jami’ar Ahmau Bello[6]

Aikin Sojansa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hassan Katsina ya ƙara sama ne a matsayin kan mukamin sojojin Nijeriya, daga kan muƙamin Janar na biyu a shekara ta 1958, ya zama Manjo Janar kuma memba a Kwamitin Sojoji zuwa shekara ta 1975. Bayan haka, ya zama shahararre, kuma babban jami'in sojan Arewa, wanda ke da alaƙa da sarakunan gargajiya a arewacin da kuma hango halayen geriel ga yawancin ƴan Najeriya gaba ɗaya. Ya yi aiki a matsayin jami'in sojan siyasa, tun farkon aikinsa da kuma mukamin siyasa a ƙarƙashin gwamnatin mulkin soji daga shekara ta 1966 zuwa shekarar 1975.

Nan da nan bayan ya shiga soja a shekara ta 1956, ya samu horo a wasu cibiyoyi kamar su Mons Officer Cadet School da Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst inda yake tare da Iliya Bisalla . Ya zama Lt Conl ne a shekara ta 1966, bayan wannan, ya zama gwamnan lardin Arewacin Najeriya. Ya rasu a ranar 24 ga watan Yuli shekarar ta alif 1995.

Rukunin Sojoji[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Kwamandan platun, bataliya ta biyu .
  • Jami’in mai fikira, Kongo.
  • Kwamandan Kamfanin, Bataliya ta 5, Kano
  • Jami’in Kwamandan, Recce Squadron, Kaduna.

Lokacin Matsayi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Laftanar na 2, 19 ga watan Disamba shekarar 1958.
  • Laftanar, 26 na watan Yuli, shekarar 1959.
  • Kyaftin, watan Maris 1, shekarar 1961.
  • Manjo, watan Agusta 19, shekarar 1963.
  • Laftanar Kanal, 19 ga watan Janairu, shekarar 1966.
  • Kanar, 31 ga watan Maris, shekarar 1968.
  • Birgediya Janar, 1 ga watan Afrilu, shekarar 1969
  • Manjo Janar, 1 ga watan Yuli, shekarar 1971.

Gwamnan Soja[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 17 ga watan Janairu, shekarar1966, Laftanar Kanar Hassan Usman Katsina ya zama gwamnan mulkin soja na lardin arewacin Najeriya. Ya miƙa murabus ɗin madafun iko ne ga manjo Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu, ya miƙa madafun ikon ne hakan da ya kawo sojoji kan iko har ya haddasa mutuwan Ahmadu Bello, tsohon Firimiyan yankin Arewa . Hassan Katsina ya hau sabon matsayin da ke buƙatar shugabanci mai ƙarfi don kwantar da jijiyoyi sakamakon mamayar sojoji zuwa mulki da kuma mutuwar manyan shugabannin siyasa daga yankin. Gwamnatin sa, ta zaɓi ci gaba da marigayi Bello ta samu tare da kawo wasu manyan ma’aikatan gwamnati a yankin wadanda suka mallaki halayen gudanarwa wadanda za su iya ci gaba tare da nasarar da Ahmadu Bello ya samu. A lokacin da ya taƙaitaccen lokaci na shugabanci, da ya jagoranci gwamnatin wucin gadi a Common Services Agency, wata hukumar da gudanar da aiki na raba da gama albarkatu na yankin, a wani sabon rarraba siyasa da kuma tattalin arziki tsarin na shugabanci . Hassan Katsina, kuma revitalized siyasa hadin tare da Emirates a arewa a matsayin goyon baya tushe don ya sabuwar gwamnatin. kuma ya kusan dawo da tsohon Tsarin Mulki na tsarin mulkin mallaka, inda sarakunan suka taka rawa sosai. [7] A nasa ɓangaren, ya kuma yi alkawarin kawo sauyi ga karamar hukuma da ta kananan hukumomi. Abubuwan da suka bayyana a cikin gwamnatinsa shi ne Ali Akilu, wanda daga baya suka taka rawa wajen ƙirƙiro Jihohi a Arewa, Ibrahim Dasuki da kuma Sunday Awoniyi .

Hanyoyin Tawaye[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Koyaya, wani lokacin mulkinsa dole ne ya sarrafa ayyukan tashin hankali daga jama'a da kuma sansanin sojojinsa. A cikin watan Mayu shekara na 1966, wasu biranen Arewa suka mamaye wasu jerin kashe-kashen tashin hankali dangane da al'amuran siyasa daban-daban na wannan lokacin. Arewacin, wanda a cikin shekara ta 1952 bashi da fiye da uku (wannan ba gaskiya bane, kamar yadda a shekarun 1950 arewa ta mallaki makarantun sakandare 50) Barewa Zaria shekarar 1922, GC Bida shekarar 1914, GSS Ilorin shekarar 1914, Rumfa Kano shekara ta 1909, GC Katsina shekarar 1918, GC Keffi shekarar 1954, GC Makurdi 954, Abdulazziz Attah Okene shekarar 1918, GSS Katsina shekarar 1914, Ramat Yola shekarar 1918, GC Kangere shekarar 1954, GC Maiduguri shekarar 1954, Nigerian Military School Zaria shekarar 1954, and many more, go confirm) makarantun sakandare har yanzu suna fama da rashin cancanta a makarantun ilimi lokacin mulkin soja na Janar Ironsi sanar da wani unitary tsarin tafiyar da gwamnati. Yawancin 'yan Arewa mazauna Arewa suna fargabar za su iya mamaye su a muƙamai na mulki ta hanyar da yawa daga kudurorin ilimi musamman, Igbo, sun koma tashin hankali da aka ambata, da wasu' yan dalilai gami da ra'ayin cewa juyin mulkin ranar 15 ga watan Janairu, shekarar 1966 juyin mulkin Igbo ne. [8] Wannan ya haifar da ficewar wasu teran tsira daga yankin.

Bayan Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kodayake, wasu jami'an sojan da suka mutunta shi ya jagoranci juyin mulki a shekarar 1975, kadan daga cikin waɗanda ya inganta cikin hanzari, ya yi ritaya a shekara ta 1975, daga baya ya yi watsi da rokon da aka yi masa na neman mukamin gwamnati bayan ya yi ritaya. Daga baya ya shiga sahun wasu ƙungiyoyin siyasa kamar su National Party of Nigeria (N.P.N) da kuma Kwamitin Kula da Jama'a. Hakanan ya kasance mai goyon baya a wasannin polo . Ya zama mutum na farko da ya fito daga Katsina ya samu ɗaukaka a cikin Sojojin Najeriya.

Biblio[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers.ISBN 978-135-051-2, OCLC 43147940.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.54. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  2. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. pp.54-56. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  3. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. pp.54-57. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  4. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. pp.57-59. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. p.59. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  6. Burji, Badamasi Shu'aibu G., 1968- (1997).Gaskiya nagartar namiji : tarihin rayuwar Janar Hassan Usman Katsina. Kano: Burji Publishers. pp.59-60. ISBN 978-135-051-2.
  7. Emmanuel Ike Udogu. Nigeria In The Twenty-first Century: Strategies for Political Stability and Peaceful Coexistence. p 121-122.
  8. Stephen Vincent. Should Biafra Survive? Transition No. 32, Aug., 1967, p 54.