ملالا يوسفزي

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
ملالا يوسفزي
Shinzō Abe and Malala Yousafzai (1) Cropped.jpg
Yousafzai in 2019
Native name ملاله یوسفزۍ
Born Template:Birth date and age
Mingora, Swat, Pakistan
Citizenship Template:Ubl
Education Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford
Occupation Activist for female education, former blogger for BBC Urdu and student
Organisation Malala Fund
Known for Activist for the right to education, especially female education
Parent(s)
Awards
Website {URL

Malala Yousafzai ( Urdu ; Pashto   ; haife ta a 12 Yuli 1997), wanda kuma aka fi sani da suna Malala, ta kasance yar gwagwarmayar Pakistan ce don ilimin mata kuma itace mace mafi karancin shekaru data samu lambar yabo ta Nobel. [1] An san ta ne don bayar da kariya ga 'yancin ɗan adam, musamman ilimin mata da yara a cikin mahaifarta ta Swat Valley a Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, arewa maso yammacin Pakistan, inda Taliban a koyaushe ta hana yara zuwa makaranta . Batun bayar da tallafin nasa ya zama wani yunkuri na kasa da kasa, kuma a cewar tsohon Firayim Minista Pakistan Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, ta zama "shahararren dan kasa" na kasar.

Yousafzai an haife ta ne a cikin dangin Pashtun a Mingora, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Iyalinta sun zo ne don gudanar da jerin makarantu a yankin. Ta yin la'akari da Muhammad Ali Jinnah da Benazir Bhutto a matsayin misalai na mata, musamman tunanin mahaifinta da aikin dan adam ya karfafa mata gwiwa. A farkon shekara ta 2009, lokacin tana shekara 11-12, ta rubuta wani shafin yanar gizo mai taken ga Urdu ta BBC wacce ke bayyana rayuwar ta a lokacin da kungiyar Taliban ta yi garkuwa da Swat . A lokacin bazara mai zuwa, ɗan jarida Adam B. Ellick ya yi wani ɗan jaridar New York Times game da rayuwarta yayin da rundunar sojan Pakistan ta sa baki a yankin. Ta tashi a cikin martaba, inda ta ba da tambayoyi a cikin bugu da talabijin, kuma mai fafutuka Desmond Tutu ne ya ba ta lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta duniya .

A ranar 9 ga Oktoba 2012, yayin da suke cikin wata bas a gundumar Swat, bayan sun gama yin jarrabawa, wani ɗan bindiga na Taliban ya harbe Yousafzai da wasu 'yan mata biyu a wani yunƙurin kisan gilla don ramuwar gayya; dan bindigar ya gudu daga wurin. Bullet din ya bugi Yousafzai a kai inda ta kasance a cikin mawuyacin hali a Cibiyar Rawalpindi na Cardiology, amma daga baya yanayin ta yayi sauki haryasa yadda za a tura ta zuwa asibitin Sarauniya Elizabeth a Birmingham, UK. Yunkurin rayuwarta ya haifar da zubar da jini na kasa da kasa don Yousafzai. Deutsche Welle ta ba da rahoto a cikin Janairu 2013 cewa Yousafzai mai yiwuwa ta zama "shahararren matashiya a duniya". Makonni bayan yunƙurin kisan, ƙungiyar manyan malamai guda hamsin a Pakistan suka ba da fatwā a kan waɗanda suka yi ƙoƙarin kashe ta. Gwamnati, kungiyoyin kare hakkin dan adam da kungiyoyin mata sun musanta kungiyar Taliban a duniya. Jami'an kungiyar Taliban sun mayar da martani ga Allah wadai da kara yin Allah wadai da Yousafzai, tare da nuna tsare-tsaren wani yunƙurin kisan na biyu, wanda aka ɗauka a matsayin wajibin addini. Bayanin su ya haifar da ƙarin la'antar ƙasashen duniya.   [ <span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (August 2018)">Lissafi da ake bukata</span> ] Bayan murmurewarta, Yousafzai ta zama fitacciyar mai fafutukar neman ' yancin ilimi . An kafa ta ne a Birmingham, ta haɗu da Asusun Malala, ƙungiyar ba da riba tare da Shiza Shahid, kuma a cikin 2013 2013 ta wallafa ni Am Malala, babbar kasuwa ce ta duniya. A shekarar 2012, ita ce ta karba lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta farko ta kasar Pakistan da lambar yabo ta Sakharov ta 2013. A shekarar 2014, ita ce ta hadin-kai da lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta Nobel ta 2014, tare da Kailash Satyarthi na Indiya. Tana da shekaru 17 a lokacin, ita ce mafi ƙaramar shekaru mafi kyautar lambar yabo ta Nobel. A shekara ta 2015, Yousafzai ya kasance batun aikin Jaridar Oscar wanda aka zaba mai suna He Named Me Malala . Labaran 2013, 2014 da 2015 na mujallar Time sun bayyana shi a matsayin daya daga cikin mutanen da suka fi tasiri a duniya. A shekara ta 2017, an ba ta kyautar zama 'yar asalin Kanada ta girmamawa kuma ta kasance mafi ƙaramin mutum da zai yi magana da Gidan Gidan Gidan Kanada . Yousafzai ya halarci Sakandaren Edgbaston a Ingila daga 2013 zuwa 2017, kuma a halin yanzu yana karatun digiri na farko a Falsafa, Siyasa da kuma tattalin arziki a dakin Margaret Hall, Oxford .

Farkon rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yaro[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yousafzai tare da mahaifinta Ziauddin a 2013

An haifi Yousafzai ranar 12 ga Yulin 1997 a gundumar Swat ta lardin Khyber Pakhtunkhwa na arewa maso yammacin Pakistan, a cikin dan karamin aji. Ita ce 'yar Ziauddin Yousafzai da Tor Pekai Yousafzai. Iyalinta Sunni Muslim ne na kabilar Pashtun . Iyalin ba su da isasshen kuɗi don haihuwar asibiti kuma a sakamakon haka, an haife Yousafzai a gida tare da taimakon maƙwabta. An ba ta sunanta na farko Malala (ma'ana "mai baƙin ciki") bayan Malalai na Maiwand, sanannen mawaƙi Pashtun kuma mace jarumi daga kudancin Afghanistan. Sunanta na ƙarshe, Yousafzai, na babban Pashtun ne wanda ke da rinjaye a cikin kwarin Swat na Pakistan, inda ta girma. A gidanta da ke Mingora, ta zauna tare da brothersan uwanta biyu, Khushal da Atal, iyayenta, Ziauddin da Toor Pekai, da kaji guda biyu.

tana magana sosai da harshen Pashto, Urdu da Turanci, Yousafzai ta kasance tayi mafi yawan karatun ta ne daga mahaifinta, Ziauddin Yousafzai, wanda mawaki ne, malamin makaranta, kuma mai fafutukar neman ilimi, yana gudanar da jerin makarantu masu zaman kansu da aka sani da Khushal Public School. A cikin hirar, Yousafzai sau daya ta ce ta yi fatan ta zama likita, ko da yake daga baya mahaifinta ya karfafa mata gwiwar shiga siyasa. Ziauddin ya kira 'yarsa a matsayin wani abu na musamman, wanda ya ba ta damar bacci da daddare kuma ya yi magana game da siyasa bayan an tura' yan uwanta su kwana biyu.

Yousafzai ta samu kwarin gwiwa ne daga Muhammad Ali Jinnah da Firayim Minista Benazir Bhutto, Yousafzai sun fara magana game da haƙƙin ilimi tun daga farkon Satumba na 2008, lokacin da mahaifinta ya kai ta Peshawar don yin magana a kulob ɗin ' yan jaridu na gida. "Me zai hana kungiyar Taliban kawar da hakkina na na ilimi?" Yousafzai ta tambayi masu sauraron ta a cikin jawabin da jaridu da tashoshin talabijin suka mamaye duk yankin. A shekara ta 2009, Yousafzai ya fara a matsayin ɗan farauta sannan kuma malamin ƙwararraki a Cibiyar Yaki da Peacean Jarida na Shirin Raunin Mwararrakin Pakistan na Open Minds Pakistan, wanda ke aiki a makarantu a yankin don taimakawa matasa su shiga tattaunawa mai ma'ana kan al'amuran zamantakewa ta hanyar kayan aikin na aikin jarida, muhawara ta jama'a da tattaunawa.

A matsayina na mai tallata shafin BBC[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daga hagu zuwa dama: Martin Luther King Jr, Nelson Mandela da Muhammad Ali Jinnah sun rinjayi Yousafzai

A karshen shekarar 2008, Aamer Ahmed Khan na shafin intanet na BBC Urdu tare da abokan aikinsa sun bullo da wata sabuwar hanya ta rufe tasirin kungiyar Taliban a Swat . Sun yanke shawarar nemar wata budurwa don sanya rubutu game da rayuwar ta a yanar gizo ba tare da sanya sunanta ba. Wakilinsu a Peshawar, Abdul Hai Kakar, ya kasance tare da wani malami da ke makarantar, Ziauddin Yousafzai, amma bai samu wata dalibar da ke son yin hakan ba, saboda iyalai sun dauke su da hadari sosai. A ƙarshe, Yousafzai ya ba da shawarar ɗiyarsa, Malala mai shekaru 11. A wannan lokacin, Mayakan Taliban karkashin jagorancin Maulana Fazlullah suna karbe kwarin Swat, hana talabijin, kide kide, karatun mata, da mata daga siyayya. An nuna gawarwakin 'yan sanda da aka fille a farfajiyar birni. Da farko, wata yarinya mai suna A'isha daga makarantar mahaifinta ta amince da rubuta takarda, amma daga baya iyayen yarinyar sun hana ta yin hakan saboda suna tsoron daukar fansa daga kungiyar Taliban. Onlyayan kaɗai shine Yousafzai, ɗan shekara huɗu da ƙarancin masu hidimar, kuma a aji na bakwai a lokacin. Editoci a BBC gaba daya sun yarda. Template:Quote box "Mun dade muna tauye tashe-tashen hankula da siyasa a cikin Swat dalla-dalla amma ba mu da masaniya kan yadda talakawa ke rayuwa a karkashin kungiyar Taliban", in ji Mirza Waheed, tsohon Editan Editan BBC na Urdu. Saboda sun damu da amincin Yousafzai, editocin BBC sun dage kan cewa ta yi amfani da gurbataccen rubutun. An buga adireshin ta ne ta hanyar layi na "Gul Makai" (" masara masara " a cikin Urdu), sunan da aka karɓa daga halayya a cikin rubutun almara.

A ranar 3 ga Janairu, 2009, Yousafzai ya fara shiga shafin yanar gizo na BBC Urdu. Ta na rubuta bayanan bayanan sannan ta mika wa ɗan jaridar da ke bincika da kuma yi musu imel. Blog din ya yi tunanin tunanin Yousafzai lokacin Yaƙin Swat na Farko, yayin da ake gudanar da ayyukan soji, ƙarancin girlsan mata sun nuna zuwa makaranta, kuma a ƙarshe, makarantarta ta ƙare.

A Mingora, 'yan Taliban sun kafa doka cewa babu' yan matan da za su iya zuwa makaranta bayan 15 ga Janairu 2009. Tuni kungiyar ta rusa makarantun ‘yan mata sama da dari. A daren da aka fara amfani da dokar an cika makil da tashin manyan bindigogi, a tashin Yousafzai sau da yawa. Kashegari, Yousafzai ita ma ta karanta a karon farko labarai daga shafinta wanda aka buga a wata jaridar gida.

Bayan bin dokar, kungiyar ta Taliban ta lalata wasu makarantun yankin. A ranar 24 ga Janairun 2009, Yousafzai ya rubuta cewa: "Jarrabawarmu ta shekara-shekara ta fito ne bayan hutu amma hakan zai yiwu ne kawai idan kungiyar Taliban ta ba 'yan matan makaranta. An gaya mana cewa mu shirya wasu surori don jarrabawa amma bana jin karatuna. " Template:Quote box A watan Fabrairun 2009, har yanzu makarantun 'yan mata sun kasance rufe. A cikin haɗin kai, makarantu masu zaman kansu na yara sun yanke shawarar ba za su buɗe ba har zuwa 9 ga Fabrairu, kuma sanarwa ta bayyana suna cewa. A ranar 7 ga Fabrairu, Yousafzai da ɗan'uwanta sun koma garinsu na Mingora, inda tituna suka zama ba kowa, kuma an sami "saɓo mai zafi". "Mun je babban kanti don sayowa mahaifiyarmu kyauta amma an rufe, yayin da a baya ta kasance ta kasance har yanzu a bude. An kuma rufe sauran shagunan ", ta rubuta a cikin shafinta. An sace gidansu kuma an saci gidan talabijin din su.

A ranar 15 ga Fabrairu, ana iya jin karar harbe-harben bindiga a titunan Mingora, amma mahaifin Yousafzai ya sake ta ta cewa: "Kada ku ji tsoro - wannan yana harbi ne don neman zaman lafiya." Mahaifinta ya karanta a cikin jaridar cewa gwamnati da 'yan bindigan za su rattaba hannu kan yarjejeniyar zaman lafiya gobe. A daren ranar da ta gabata, lokacin da kungiyar Taliban ta ba da sanarwar yarjejeniyar samar da zaman lafiya a cikin gidan rediyon FM nasu, an sake wani mummunar harbe-harben bindiga a waje. Yousafzai ya yi magana da 'yan Taliban game da al'amuran kasa na nuna Babban Maganar a ranar 18 ga Fabrairu. Kwana uku daga baya, na gida Taliban shugaban Maulana Fazlulla sanar a kan FM rediyo tashar cewa ya aka dage haramcin da mata ilimi, da kuma 'yan mata za su yarda su halarci makaranta har jarrabawa da aka gudanar a ranar 17 Maris, amma suka yi sa burqas .

A ranar 25 ga Fabrairu, Yousafzai ya rubuta a shafin ta cewa ita da abokan karawarta "sun yi wasa da yawa a aji kuma muna jin daɗin rayuwarmu kamar yadda muke yi a da". Kasancewa aji na Yousafzai ya kasance yara 19 daga cikin 27 har zuwa 1 Maris, amma har yanzu kungiyar Taliban tana cikin yankin. Har ila yau ana ci gaba da fashewa, kuma aka kwashe kayayyakin taimako da aka tanada don mutanen da suka rasa muhallinsu. Bayan kwanaki biyu kacal, Yousafzai ya rubuta cewa akwai artabu tsakanin sojoji da Taliban, kuma za a iya jin karar harbe-harbe: “Mutane na sake fargabar cewa zaman lafiya na iya dorewa. Wasu mutane suna cewa yarjejeniyar zaman lafiya ba ta dindindin ba ce, karya ce kawai ta yin fada. ”

A ranar 9 ga Maris, Yousafzai ya rubuta game da takarda ta kimiyya wanda ta yi aiki mai kyau, kuma ya kara da cewa Taliban ba ta binciken motocin kamar yadda suke yi a da. Blog ɗin ya ƙare a 12 Maris 2009.

Bayan kammala kundin tarihin na BBC, wakilin New York Times, Adam B. Ellick ya kusanta da Yousafzai da mahaifinta game da yin fim din. A cikin watan Mayu, Sojojin Pakistan sun ƙaura zuwa yankin don karɓar iko a lokacin Yaƙin Swat na biyu . An kori Mingora kuma an bar dangin Yousafzai kuma suka rabu. Mahaifinta ya tafi Peshawar don yin zanga-zanga da zauren neman goyon baya, yayin da aka tura ta zuwa cikin gari don zama tare da dangi. "Da gaske na dame saboda bani da litattafai da zan karanta," An yi fim din Yousafzai a cikin shirin.

A wannan watan, bayan da ya soki masu tayar da kayar baya a wani taron manema labarai, mahaifin Yousafzai ya sami barazanar kisa ta rediyon wani kwamandan kungiyar Taliban. Yousafzai mahaifinsa ya yi wahayi sosai a gwagwarmayar mahaifinta. A wannan bazara, a karon farko, ta yi alƙawarin zama ɗan siyasa kuma ba likita ba, kamar yadda ta taɓa fatan kasancewa. Template:Quote box A farkon watan Yuli, sansanin yan gudun hijirar ya cika sosai. Firayim Minista ya yi sanarwar da aka dade ana jira yana mai cewa ba shi da wata matsala idan an koma rafin Swat. Sojojin Pakistan sun kori ‘yan kungiyar Taliban daga biranen da kuma cikin gari. Iyalin Yousafzai sun sake haduwa, kuma a ranar 24 ga Yuli, 2009 suka kama hanyar gida. Sun yi tsayawa ne farko - don ganawa da wasu gungun masu fafutukar ganin an gayyaci shugaban wakilin musamman na Shugaban Amurka Barack Obama a Afghanistan da Pakistan, Richard Holbrooke . Yousafzai ya roki Holbrooke da ya sa baki a lamarin, ya ce, "Jakadan da aka mutunta, idan zaku iya taimaka mana a iliminmu, don haka ku taimaka mana." Lokacin da dangin ta suka dawo gida, sun tarar ba ta lalace ba, kuma makarantar ta ba da matsala kawai.

Firayim Minista Benazir Bhutto, daya daga cikin hanyoyin Yousafzai ya samu kwarin gwiwa

Bayan aiwatar da shirin, an yi wa Yousafzai hira a tashar ta Pashto -language ta AVT Khyber, da harshen Urdu ta Daily Aaj, da ta Toronto Star . Ta sake fitowa karo na biyu a kan Babban Maganar Babban Magana a ranar 19 ga Agusta 2009. An bayyana asalin ayyukanta na rubutun ra'ayin kanka a yanar gizo a labaran daga Disamba 2009. Ta kuma fara bayyana a talabijin don tallata a bainar Jama'a game da ilimin mata. Daga shekarar 2009 zuwa 2010 ta kasance shugabar majalisar gundumar yara ta Gidauniyar Khpal Kor har zuwa shekarar 2009 da 2010.

A shekarar 2011 Yousafzai ta sami horo tare da kungiyar ba da karfi ga 'yan mata ta gida, Aware Girls, wanda Gulalai Ismail ke jagoranta wanda horon ya hada da shawarwari kan hakkin mata da karfafawa juna gwiwa ta hanyar kwantar da hankula ta hanyar kawar da akasi ta hanyar ilimi.

A watan Oktoba na 2011, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, wani mai fafutukar kare hakkin Afirka ta Kudu, ya zabi Yousafzai a matsayin lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta Duniya ta theungiyar Dutchungiyar Yaƙin Duniya na Yaren mutanen Holland na ƙungiyar KidsRights . Ita ce yarinyar 'yar Pakistan ta farko da aka zaba domin bayar da kyautar. Sanarwar ta ce, "Malala ta yi yunƙurin tashi tsaye don kanta da sauran matan kuma ta yi amfani da kafofin watsa labarai na ƙasa da na duniya don sanar da duniya cewa 'yan mata su ma suna da' yancin shiga makaranta." Wannan kyautar ta sami kyautar ta Micela Mycroft ta Afirka ta Kudu.

Bayaninta na jama'a ya tashi sama lokacin da aka ba ta lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta kasa da kasa ta Pakistan watanni biyu bayan haka a watan Disamba. A ranar 19 ga Disamba 2011, Firayim Minista Yousaf Raza Gillani ya ba ta lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta kasa. A yayin gabatar da karar ta, Yousafzai ta bayyana cewa ita ba memba ce ta kowace jam’iyya ba, amma tana fatan samun wata jam’iyya ta kasa da za ta bunkasa ilimi. Firayim Minista ya umarci hukumomi da su kafa harabar IT a Swat Degree College for Women bisa bukatar Yousafzai, sannan aka sake sunan makarantar sakandare saboda girmamawa. Zuwa shekarar 2012, Yousafzai na shirin tsara Gidauniyar Malala, wacce za ta taimaka wa yara mata marasa galihu shiga makaranta. A cikin 2012, Malala ta halarci Makarantar Harkokin Ciniki ta Marxist ta kasa da kasa.

Kokarin kisan kai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yayin da Yousafzai ya zama sananne, haɗarin da ke fuskanta yana ƙaruwa. An buga barazanar kisa a cikin jaridu kuma ta zame a karkashin ƙofarta. A Facebook, inda ta kasance mai amfani da aiki, ta fara karɓar barazanar. A ƙarshe, wani mai magana da yawun Taliban ya ce an tilasta musu "su yi aiki." A ganawar da aka yi a lokacin bazara na shekara ta 2012, shugabannin kungiyar ta Taliban baki daya sun yarda a kashe ta. Template:Quote box A ranar 9 ga Oktoba 2012, wani dan bindiga dan Taliban ya harbe Yousafzai yayin da ta hau kan wata yarinya bayan ta yi jarrabawa a kwarin Swat na Pakistan. Yousafzai yana dan shekara 15 a lokacin. A cewar rahotanni, wani dan bindiga mai dauke da bindiga ya yi ihu: "Wanene a cikinku Malala? Yi magana, in ba haka ba zan harbe ku duka. ” Bayan an gano shi, an harbe Yousafzai da harsashi guda daya, wanda ya yi tafiyar inci 18 daga gefen idonta na hagu, ta hanyar wuyansa ya sauka a kafada. An kuma raunata wasu 'yan mata guda biyu a cikin harbi: Kainat Riaz da Shazia Ramzan, dukkansu sun aminta da kansu bayan harbe-harben, don yin magana da manema labarai tare da ba da cikakken bayani game da harin.

Kiwon lafiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayan harbin, an kayar da Yousafzai zuwa asibitin sojoji a Peshawar, inda likitocin suka tilasta su fara aiki bayan kumburin da ya samu a sashin kwakwalwar ta, wanda harsashi ya lalata lokacin da ta shiga kanta. Bayan awanni biyar da aka yi, likitoci sun samu nasarar cire harsashin, wanda ya kwana a kafada kusa da igiyar kashin ta. Kashegari bayan harin, likitoci sun yi aikin tilas, wanda aka cire wani sashin kwananta don ba da damar kumburi.

A ranar 11 ga Oktoba 2012, wani kwamiti na likitocin Pakistan da na Biritaniya sun yanke shawarar tura Yousafzai zuwa Kwalejin Sojojin Sama na Kimiyyar Zuciya a Rawalpindi . Mumtaz Khan, likita, ta ce tana da damar samun kashi 70 cikin dari na rayuwa. Ministan cikin gida Rehman Malik ya ce za a tura Yousafzai zuwa Jamus, inda za ta iya karbar magani mafi inganci, da zaran ta natsu ta yi balaguro. Ofungiyar likitoci za su yi tafiya tare da ita, kuma gwamnati za ta ɗauki nauyin maganin ta. Likitocin sun rage ragewar Yousafzai a ranar 13 ga Oktoba, kuma ta motsa dukkan gabobin guda hudu.

Bayar da gudummawar kula da Yousafzai ya zo daga ko'ina cikin duniya. Ranar 15 ga Oktoba, Yousafzai ya yi tafiya zuwa Ingila don neman magani, likitoci da danginsa sun yarda da shi. Jirgin saman nata ya sauka a Birmingham, England inda aka yi mata jinya a Asibitin Sarauniya Elizabeth, daya daga cikin kwarewar wannan asibitin shine kula da sojojin da suka jikkata a rikici. Dangane da rahotannin kafofin watsa labarai a lokacin, Gwamnatin Burtaniya ta bayyana cewa "[t] shi gwamnatin Pakistan tana biyan duk safarar sufuri, ƙaura, likita, masauki da tallafin abinci don Malala da ƙungiyarta."

Yousafzai ta fita daga cikin kwayar cutar ta ne a ranar 17 ga Oktoba 2012, tana mai da martani da kyau a jiyya, kuma an ce tana da kyakkyawar damar murmurewa gaba daya ba tare da wata lahani ta kwakwalwa ba. Updatesaukakawar daga baya a 20 da 21 Oktoba sun bayyana cewa ta kasance mai kwanciyar hankali, amma har yanzu tana fama da kamuwa da cuta. Ya zuwa 8 Nuwamba, aka ɗauke ta hoto zaune a gado. A ranar 11 ga Nuwamba, Yousafzai ta yi tiyata tsawon awa takwas da rabi, domin gyara farjin fuska .

Ranar 3 ga Janairun 2013, an sallami Yousafzai daga asibiti don ci gaba da murmurewa a gidanta na wucin gadi na dangi a West Midlands, inda ta yi karatun likita na mako-mako. An yi aikin na tsawon awanni biyar a ranar 2 ga watan Fabrairu don sake gyara kwanyar ta kuma maido da jinta da kwayar halittar cochlear, bayan daga nan ne aka ba ta rahoton cewa tana cikin kwanciyar hankali. Yousafzai ya rubuta a watan Yulin 2014 cewa fuskarsa ta warke har zuwa kashi 96%.

Barack Obama, Michelle Obama da 'yarsu Malia sun hadu da Yousafzai a Ofishin Ofis, 11 Oktoba 2013

Yunkurin kisan ya karɓi ɗaukacin kafofin watsa labaru na duniya kuma ya haifar da watsuwar juyayi da fushi. An gudanar da zanga-zangar adawa da wannan harbi a biranen Pakistan da dama kwana guda bayan harin, kuma sama da mutane miliyan biyu suka sanya hannu kan takaddamar neman 'yancin Ilimi, wanda ya haifar da amincewa da na farkon Hakkin Ilimin Ilimi a Pakistan.   Jami'an Pakistan sun bayar da kyautar rupee miliyan 10 ($ 105,000) ga bayanan da suka kai ga kama maharan. Da yake mayar da martani game da damuwar sa, mahaifinta Yousafzai ya ce: "Ba za mu bar kasarmu ba idan 'yata ta rayu ko ba ta kubuta ba. Muna da akidar da ke karfafa zaman lafiya. Taliban ba za ta iya dakatar da duk muryoyin masu zaman kansu ba ta hanyar amfani da harsasai. "

Shugaban Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari ya bayyana harbin a matsayin hari kan "mutane masu wayewa". Sakatare-janar na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya Ban Ki-moon ya kira shi "mummunan aiki da tsoratarwa". Shugaban Amurka Barack Obama ya gano wannan harin "abin zargi ne, abin kyama ne kuma abin ban tausayi", yayin da Sakatariyar Harkokin Wajen Amurka Hillary Clinton ta ce Yousafzai "ya kasance mai karfin gwiwa wajen tsayar da 'yancin' yan mata" kuma cewa maharan sun "barazana waccan irin karfafawa ”. Sakataren Harkokin Waje na Biritaniya William Hague ya kira harbi "da ban tsoro" kuma ya "ba da mamaki ga Pakistan da duniya".

dukda cewa harin anyi Pakistan, "some fringe Pakistani political parties and extremist outfits" have aired conspiracy theories, such as the shooting being staged by the American Central Intelligence Agency to provide an excuse for continuing drone attacks. The Pakistani Taliban and some other pro-Taliban elements branded Yousafzai an "American spy".

United Nations petition[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

On 15 October 2012, UN Special Envoy for Global Education Gordon Brown, the former British Prime Minister, visited Yousafzai while she was in the hospital, and launched a petition in her name and "in support of what Malala fought for". Using the slogan "I am Malala", the petition's main demand was that there be no child left out of school by 2015, with the hope that "girls like Malala everywhere will soon be going to school". Brown said he would hand the petition to President Zardari in Islamabad in November.

  • Muna kira ga Pakistan da ta amince da wani shiri na isar da ilimi ga kowane yaro.
  • Muna kira ga dukkan kasashe da su haramta nuna wariya ga 'yan mata.
  • Muna kira ga kungiyoyin kasa da kasa da su tabbatar da cewa yara miliyan 61 na makarantu daga waje suna cikin ilimi a karshen shekarar 2015.

Kashegari bayan harbin, Ministan cikin gida na Pakistan Rehman Malik ya bayyana cewa an gano dan bindigar Taliban wanda ya harbe Yousafzai. ‘Yan sanda sun bayyana Atta Ullah Khan, dan shekara 23, dalibin sakandaren digiri a fannin sunadarai, a matsayin dan bindigar a harin. As of 2015 ya ci gaba da kasancewa a manya, watakila a Afghanistan.

Yousafzai ya sha yin Allah wadai da zaluncin Rohingya a Myanmar . A watan Yuni na shekarar 2015, Asusun na Malala ya fitar da wata sanarwa wacce Yousafzai ya bayar da hujjar cewa, 'yan kabilar Rohingya sun cancanci "zama' yan kasa a kasar da aka haife su kuma sun rayu tsawon tsararru" tare da "daidaitattun hakkoki da dama." Ta yi kira ga shugabannin duniya, musamman a Myanmar, da su "dakatar da zaluncin da ake yi wa 'yan kabilar Rohingya Musulmai marasa rinjaye na Burma." A watan Satumbar 2017, lokacin da yake magana a Oxford, Yousafzai ya ce: "Wannan ya kamata ya zama batun batun 'yancin ɗan adam. Yakamata gwamnatoci suyi ma ta. Mutane suna gudun hijira, suna fuskantar tashin hankali. " Yousafzai ya kuma sanya wani sanarwa a shafinsa na Twitter yana mai kira ga Aung San Suu Kyi wacce ta samu lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta Nobel da ta yi Allah wadai da yadda mutanen Rohingya ke yi wa Myanmar. Suu Kyi ta nisanta kanta daga bangarorin da ke rikici, ko yin Allah wadai da cin zarafin da ake yiwa ‘yan kabilar Rohingya, lamarin da ke haifar da sukar da ake musu .

A shekarar 2014, Yousafzai ta bayyana cewa, tana fatan dawowa Pakistan sakamakon karatun ta a Burtaniya, kuma Benazir Bhutto ya yi wahayi, ta ce za ta nemi Firayim Minista: "Idan zan iya taimakawa kasata ta hanyar shiga gwamnati ko zama Firayim Minista, Tabbas zan tashi cikin wannan aiki. " Ta maimaita wannan manufar a cikin 2015 da 2016. Koyaya, Yousafzai ya lura a cikin 2018 cewa burinta ya canza, yana mai cewa "yanzu da na hadu da shugabanni da firayim minista da yawa a duniya, da alama dai abubuwa ba su da sauƙi kuma akwai wasu hanyoyi da zan iya kawo canjin Ina so in gani". A cikin wata hira da David Letterman, don nunin Netflix ya nuna My Guest Needs Babu Gabatarwa, an tambayi Yousafzai: "Shin kun taɓa son riƙe matsayin siyasa?" ya amsa "Ni? A'a?"

Tsohon Firayim Ministan Burtaniya Gordon Brown ya shirya fitowar Yousafzai a gaban Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a watan Yulin 2013. Brown ya kuma nemi cewa mai ba da shawara McKinsey Shiza Shahid, aboki na dangin Yousafzai, shugaban asusun bayar da agaji na Yousafzai, wanda ya sami goyon bayan Angelina Jolie . Mataimakin shugaban Google Megan Smith shi ma ya na zaune a kan kwamitin asusun.

A cikin Nuwamba 2012, kamfanin ba da shawara Edelman ya fara aiki ga Yousafzai bisa ka'ida ta musamman, wanda a cewar kamfanin "ya shafi samar da aikin ofishi ga Malala". Ofishin yana aiki da mutane biyar, kuma mai magana da yawun Jamie Lundie ne ke shugabanta. McKinsey kuma ya ci gaba da ba da taimako ga Yousafzai.

Yousafzai ya kai ziyarar musamman zuwa Strasbourg a watan Nuwamban 2013

A ranar 12 ga Yulin 2013, ranar haihuwar Yousafzai ta 16, ta yi jawabi a Majalisar Dinkin Duniya don yin kira ga kasashen duniya su sami ilimi. Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta ambaci taron "Ranar Malala". Yousafzai ya sa wando na Benazir Bhutto ga Majalisar Dinkin Duniya. Wannan shine jawabinsa na farko na jama'a tun bayan harin, wanda ya jagoranci zaman matasa na farko na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, tare da masu sauraron matasa sama da 500 masu fafutukar neman ilimi daga ko'ina cikin duniya.

Yousafzai ya sami guraben haihuwa da yawa. Ban Ki-moon, wanda shi ma ya yi jawabi a wurin taron, ya bayyana shi a matsayin "gwarzonmu". Yousafzai ya kuma gabatar da zauren tare da "Ilimin da muke so", Yanke Matasan Matasa na neman ilimi wanda Matasa don Matasa suka rubuta, a cikin wani tsari wanda Majalisar Dinkin Duniya Addinai ta Duniya ta ba da ilimi na farko, gaya wa masu sauraron sa. :

Gwamnatin Pakistan ba ta ce uffan ba game da bayyanar da UN ta Yousafzai ta yi, a wani matsin lamba da ta yi a gaban manema labarai da kafofin watsa labarun Pakistan.

An yi amfani da kalmomin daga jawaban don "Yi Magana", waƙar da Kate Whitley ta zartar ta rediyon BBC 3 da watsa shirye-shiryenta a Ranar Mata ta Duniya ta 2017.

Lambar Nobel ta zaman lafiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Template:External media

Shagon shakatawa na Yousafzai a nunin nunin kayan tarihi na Nobel Prize

A ranar 10 ga Oktoba 2014, Yousafzai ya ba da sanarwar a zaman mai cin gajiyar lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta Nobel ta 2014 don gwagwarmayar da ta yi na hana yara da matasa da kuma 'yancin dukkan yara na ilimi. Da yake ya samu kyautar tun yana dan shekara 17, Yousafzai shi ne ƙarami mafi kyautar Nobel. Yousafzai ya raba kyautar tare da Kailash Satyarthi, mai fafutukar kare hakkin yara daga Indiya. Ta shi ne na biyu a Pakistan da ya sami Nobel Prize bayan shekarar 1979 Physics yabon Abdus Salam .

Bayan da aka ba ta lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta Nobel, akwai yabo, amma kuma wasu ba su yarda da shawarar ba. Wani lauya dan kasar Norway, Fredrik Heffermehl, ya yi tsokaci game da an ba shi lambar yabo ta Nobel: “Wannan ba don kyawawan mutane ne da suka yi kyawawan abubuwa ba kuma suna farin cikin karɓar su. Duk wannan bashi da amfani. Abin da Nobel ya ke so kyauta ce da ta inganta daminar duniya. ”

Adán Cortés, a college student from Mexico City and asylum seeker, interrupted Yousafzai's Nobel Peace Prize award ceremony in protest for the 2014 Iguala mass kidnapping in Mexico, but was quickly taken away by security personnel. Yousafzai later sympathised, and acknowledged that problems are faced by young people all over the world, saying "there are problems in Mexico, there are problems even in America, even here in Norway, and it is really important that children raise their voices".

In March 2018, Yousafzai was the subject of an interview with David Letterman for his Netflix show My Next Guest Needs No Introduction. Speaking about the Taliban, she opined that their misogyny comes from a superiority complex, and is reinforced by finding "excuses" in culture or literature, such as by misinterpreting teachings of Islam. On the topic of her attackers, Yousafzai comments that "I forgive them because that's the best revenge I can have". Pointing out that the person who attacked her was a young boy, she says that "He thought he was doing the right thing".

International Poetry Festival 2013 in Argentina
Taron kasa da kasa baki daya na shekarar 2013 a kasar Argentina, don girmama Yousafzai

Littafin tunawa da Yousafzai Na Malala: Labarin Yarinyar da Ta Tsayar da Ilimi kuma Jaridar Taliban ce, wacce aka rubuta tare da yar jaridar Birtaniyya Christina Lamb, wacce Little, Brown da Kamfanin Kamfanin Amurka suka buga tare da Weidenfeld &amp; Nicolson a Burtaniya. Wani mai sharhi ga Jaridar The Guardian ya kira littafin "mara tsoro" kuma ya ce "masu kiyayya da masu ra'ayin mazan jiya zasu yi kyau su karanta wannan littafin", kodayake ta soki "mai taurin kai, sanin-duk-muryar wakilin kasashen waje" wacce aka hada baki tare da Yousafzai na. Wani mai sharhi na jaridar Washington Post ya kira littafin "riveting" kuma ya rubuta "Zai yi wuya a iya hango labarin tarihi da ke tafiya sosai, baya ga rubutaccen tarihin Anne Frank." Nishaɗin Mako-mako yana ba da littafin "B +", yana rubuta "Muryar da ta ɗumama ƙarfin Malala na iya zama ɗan ƙaramin magana a nan, a cikin Ni Ni Malala, mai yiwuwa godiya ga abokiyar marubutan, amma saƙonsa mai ƙarfi ba shi da tushe."

Yousafzai a Mitin Duniyar, 2014

Yousafzai shi ne batun shirin fim na shekarar 2015 He Named Me Malala, wanda aka zaba domin bayar da lambar yabo ta Academy don Kyauta mafi kyawu . A cikin 2017, an ba da sanarwar wani fim din Hindi Giop Makha mai suna Gul Makai, tare da Reem Sameer Shaikh wanda ya nuna mata.

Yousafzai authored a picture book, Malala's Magic Pencil, which was illustrated by Kerascoët and published on 17 October 2017. By March 2018, The Bookseller reported that the book had over 5,000 sales in the UK. In a review for The Guardian, Imogen Carter describes the book as "enchanting", opining that it "strikes just the right balance" between "heavy-handed" and "heartfelt", and is a "welcome addition to the frustratingly small range of children's books that feature BAME central characters". Rebecca Gurney of The Daily Californian gives the book a grade of 4.5 out of 5, calling it a "beautiful account of a terrifying but inspiring tale" and commenting "Though the story begins with fantasy, it ends starkly grounded in reality."

A watan Maris 2018, an ba da sanarwar cewa littafin Yousafzai na gaba Muna Rukuni: Za a buga Labarun Gaske na Rayuwa 'Yan gudun hijira a ranar 4 ga Satumba 2018 ta Little, Brown da Kamfanin Matasa Masu Karatu. Littafin ya shafi 'yan gudun hijirar ne, kuma ya hada da labarai daga rayuwar Yousafzai tare da wadanda mutanen da ta sadu da su. Da yake magana game da littafin, Yousafzai ya ce "Abin da ke neman ɓacewa a cikin rikicin 'yan gudun hijira na yanzu shine bil'adama a bayan ƙididdiga" kuma "mutane suna zama' yan gudun hijira yayin da ba su da wani zaɓi. Wannan ba zabinku na farko bane. " Riba daga littafin zai tafi zuwa asusun ba da agaji na Yousafzai Malala. Ta ziyarci Ostiraliya tare da yin Allah wadai da manufofinta na mafaka kuma idan aka kwatanta manufofin shige da fice na Amurka da Turai bai dace da na matalautan kasashe da Pakistan ba. An saki littafin a ranar 8 ga Janairu 2019.

Dubi kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayanai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. {{cite news |url=http://www.people.com/article/malala-yousafzai-wins-nobel-prize |title=Malala Yousafzai Becomes Youngest-Ever Nobel Prize Winner |date=10 October 2014 |accessdate=11 October 2014 |url-status=live |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20141010211003/http://www.people.com/article/malala-yousafzai-wins-nobel-prize |archivedate=10 October 2014 }

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]