Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah
تخطيط اسم أبو عبيدة بن الجراح.png
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Makkah, 581
ƙasa Khulafa'hur-Rashidun
ƙungiyar ƙabila Larabawa
Mutuwa Emmaus Nicopolis (en) Fassara, 639 (Gregorian)
Makwanci Deir Alla cemetery (en) Fassara
Yanayin mutuwa natural causes (en) Fassara (plague (en) Fassara)
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa, military leader (en) Fassara da condottiero (en) Fassara
Aikin soja
Ya faɗaci Badar
Yakin Yarmuk
Kewaye da Urushalima (636-637)
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Shine na Abu Ubayda a Kwarin Kogin Urdun cikin Kogin Urdun

Abu Ubaidah bn al-Jarrah, cikakken suna Abū 'ubaydah' Amir ibn 'Abdillāh ibn al-Jarah ( Larabci 583-66   CE), yana daga cikin Sahabban annabin musulinci Muhammadu . Mafi yawa da aka sani da kasancewa ɗaya daga "Tenan Watan alkawalin Aljanna". Ya kasance kwamandan babban runduna na rundunar Rashidun a lokacin Rashid Halifa Umar kuma yana cikin jerin halifofin da Umar ya nada a matsayin Khalifanci .

Farkon rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Abu Ubaidah a shekara ta 583 EC a gidan 'Abdullah bn al-Jarrah, dan kasuwa mai sana'a. Abu Ubaidah dan asalin Qurayshawa ne daga Banu al-Harith bn Fihr. Kafin ya musulunta, an dauke shi daya daga cikin mashahuran Quraishawa kuma ya shahara a cikin Quraysh na Makka saboda girman kai da jaruntakarsa.

Shiga Musulunci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 611, Muhammadu yayi wa'azin akan tauhidi Allah ga mutanen Makka. Ya fara kira ne da kiran mafi kusanci da sahabbansa da dangi a asirce zuwa ga addinin Musulunci. Ya musulunta kwana daya bayan Abubakar a shekara ta 611 yana dan shekara 28.

Hijira zuwa Abisiniya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Abu Ubaidah ya rayu cikin mummunan yanayin da musulmai suka shiga ciki a Makka tun daga farko har karshe. Tare da sauran musulmai na farko, ya jure wulakanci da zalunta na Quraishawa. Kamar yadda hijira ta farko zuwa Abisiniya ( Habasha ) ta yi nasara, wannan cin zarafin da aka yi wa musulmai ya yi nasara sosai.

Hijira zuwa Madina[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin 623 AZ, lokacin da Muhammadu yayi hijira daga Makka zuwa Madina, Abu Ubaidah shi ma yayi hijira. Lokacin da Muhammad ya'isa Madina, ya hada kowane baƙi ( Muhajir ) tare da ɗaya daga cikin mazaunan Madina ( Ansari ), tare da Muhammad bin Maslamah tare da Abu Ubaidah da ke sanya su 'yan uwan juna cikin imani. Musulmai sun kasance cikin kwanciyar hankali a Madina kusan shekara guda kafin Quraysh ta ɗibi dakaru don kai wa Madina hari.

Yaƙin a zamanin Muhammad[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yaƙin Badr[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 624, Abu Ubaidah ya shiga cikin babban yaqin farko tsakanin musulmai da Qurayshawa na Makka, a yakin Badr . A wannan yaƙin, ya yi yaƙi da babansa Abdullah bn al-Jarrah, wanda yake yaƙi tare da rundunar Quraysh. Daga baya Abu Ubaidah ya kai masa hari kuma ya kashe shi.

An saukar da ayar Alqur’ani mai girma game da wannan halin da Abu 'Ubaidah yayi:

Yaƙin Uhudu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 625, ya shiga yakin Uhud . A kashi na biyu na yakin, lokacin da sojojin Khalid bin al-Walid suka fatattaki musulmai daga baya, suna canza nasarar Musulunci zuwa ga shan kashi, mafiya yawan sojojin musulmin sun fatattake su daga fagen daga, kuma mutane kalilan ne suka dage. Abu Ubaidah daya ne daga cikinsu kuma ya tsare Muhammad daga farmakin sojojin Qurayshi. A wannan rana, Abu Ubaidah ya rasa biyu daga cikin hakoran gabansa yayin da yake kokarin cire wasu alamomin makamai biyu na Muhammad wadanda suka shiga kumatunsa. [1]

Rikici tare da kabilun yahudawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daga baya a shekara ta 627 ya shiga Yakin Trench da kuma mamayewar Banu Qurayza . An kuma sanya shi kwamandan wata karamar balaguron da ta tashi don kai farmaki da kuma lalata kabilun Tha'libah da Anmar, waɗanda suke washe duk wasu ƙauyuka na kusa.

A shekara ta 628 ya shiga cikin yarjejeniyar Hudaybiyyah kuma yana daga cikin shaidu kan wannan yarjejeniya. [1] Daga baya a wannan shekarar, ya kasance wani ɓangare na yaƙin Musulmi zuwa yakin Khaybar .

Yaƙe-yaƙe a ƙarshen zamanin Muhammadu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 630, lokacinda sojojin musulmai suka Kwace Makka, Abu Ubaidah ya kasance yana yin umarni da daya daga cikin rukunoni hudu wadanda suka shiga cikin birni daga hanyoyi daban-daban guda hudu. Daga baya a wannan shekarar, ya halarci yakin Hunayn da Zirin Ta'if . Shima yana cikin yakin Tabuk karkashin umarnin Muhammad da kansa. Da dawowar su daga yakin Tabuk, wakilan kirista daga Najran suka isa Madina suka nuna sha’awar shiga addinin Musulunci kuma suka roki Muhammad ya aiko musu da wani mutum da zai jagorance su a al'amuran addini da kuma sauran al'amuran kabilanci kamar yadda dokokin Musulunci suka fada, Abu Ubaidah Muhammadu ya naɗa shi ya tafi tare da su. Shi kuma Muhammad ya aiko shi mai karbar haraji ( 'aamil ) zuwa kasar Bahrain . Ya kasance a Makka lokacin da Muhammadu ya mutu a shekara ta 632.

Yaƙi a matsayin kwamandan[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 629 Muhammad ya aika da 'Amr ibn al-'As zuwa Daat al-Salaasil daga inda ya yi kira da a karfafa shi, wannan sanannu ne yawon shakatawa na Abu Ubaidah ibn al Jarrah . Muhammadu ya aiki Abu Ubaidah a cikin rundunar rundunar da ta hada Abu Bakr da Umar. Sun kai hari kuma suka ci abokan gaba. Daga baya a wannan shekarar, an sake tura wani balaguro a karkashin umarnin sa ya nemo hanyoyin masu safarar Qurayshi. [2]

A zamanin halifa Abubakar[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lokacin da Muhammadu ya mutu a shekara ta 632 batun maye ya faru a Saqifah na Banu Sa'ida, Abu Ubaidah yana nan tare da Abu Bakr da Umar. Umar ya ce wa Abu Ubaidah ya miqa hannunsa don halifan, amma ya ki, ya ce wa Abubakar ya mika hannu ya dauki amanar. Bayan yaƙin Ridda lokacin da Abu Bakr ya aika Khalid ibn al-Walid zuwa Iraq don cinye shi, ya tura sojojin musulmai huɗu zuwa cikin Levant, ya sanya Abu Ubaidah kwamandan ɗayansu. An zaɓi maƙasudinsa don zama Emessa kuma an umurce shi da ya tafi yankin Tabuk bayan rundunar Sharjeel ibn Hassana .

A zamanin Umar[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Nada shi a matsayin Babban Kwamandan[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A 22 Agusta 634, Halifa Abubakar ya mutu Umar ya zama kalifa. Umar ya sauke Khalid bn al-Walid daga umurnin rundunar islama ya kuma nada Abu Ubaidah a matsayin sabon kwamandan. An yi wannan don korar tunanin cewa nasarar da aka samu ya kasance ne sakamakon Khalid . Bugu da ƙari, Khalid mutum ne mai karimci, wanda a cewar wasu mutane galibinsu zai ɓata kuɗinsa wajen bayar da kyaututtuka ga sojojinsa a matsayin ladabtar da jaruntakarsu a cikin yaƙe-yaƙe. Bayan alƙawarin Abu Ubaidah, Khalid ya ce, "Ya ku mutane, an naɗa wakilinku a kan ku." Wannan tunatarwa ya kasance a cikin hasken maganar Annabi (SAW), "Akwai mai tsaro ga kowane Uma kuma Abu Ubaidah shi ne mai lura da wannan al'ummar."

Saboda nau'ikan umarni daban-daban, an sami raguwa cikin sauƙin yadda ake gudanar da abubuwa, yayin da Abu Ubaida ya yi tafiya a hankali a hankali, ya bambanta da Khalid wanda aka ce yana guduwa 'kamar hadari daga yaƙi zuwa yaƙi'; ta yin amfani da mamaki, zagi da karfin gwiwa don cin nasarar yaƙe-yaƙe. Nasarar Siriya ta ci gaba a karkashin sabon kwamandan. Abu Ubaida ya kasance mai dogaro da shawarar Khalid, wanda ya kiyaye shi da shi gwargwadon iko.

Nasarar tsakiyar Bala'in[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taswirar bayanai kan yadda Khalid ibn al-Walid ya mamaye tsakiyar Syria.

Jim kadan bayan nadin Abu-Ubaidah a matsayin babban kwamandan, sai ya aika karamin ragowa don halartar bikin shekara-shekara da akeyi a Abu-al-Quds, ranar yau ta Abla, kusa da Zahlé ; gabashin Beirut . Akwai wani jami'in soja Byzantine da kiristocin larabawa da ke kare wannan adalci, musulmai ne suka sanya girman garkuwar sannan kuma aka rufe ta da hanzarin 'yan ta'adda musulmai. Tun kafin a lalata shi gaba daya, Abu Ubaidah, da ya sami sabon leken asiri, ya aika Khalid don ya ceci sojojin musulmai. Khalid ya isa can ya ci su a yaƙin Abu-al-Quds a ranar 15 ga Oktoba 634 kuma ya dawo da tarin ganima daga alfarma da ɗaruruwan fursunoni na Byzantine.

Lokacin da aka kame tsakiyar Siriya, musulmin sun yi wa Tozantines mummunan rauni. Yanzu an katse sadarwa tsakanin arewacin Siriya da Palestine . Abu Ubaidah ya yanke shawarar tafiya Fahl ( Pella ), wanda kusan 500 feet (150 m) a kasa matakin teku, kuma inda tsaffin sojoji na Byzantine da wadanda suka tsira daga yakin Ajnadayn suka kasance. Yankin yana da mahimmanci saboda daga nan sojojin Byzantine na iya buge gabas kuma su yanke layin sadarwa tare da Arabia . Haka kuma, tare da wannan babbar runduna ta baya, ba za a iya mamaye Falasdinu ba.

Don haka sojojin musulmai suka koma Fahl. Runduna ta Byzantika an ci nasara a yaƙin Fahl a ranar 23 ga Janairu 635 AD

Yakin yaƙi na Emesa da yaƙi na biyu na Dimashƙu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayan yaƙin, wanda zai zama babbar mabuɗin Falasdinu da Jordan, sojojin musulmai suka rarrabu. Sharjeel da gawawwakin Amr sun tafi kudu don kama Falasdinu. A halin da ake ciki, Abu Ubaidah da Khalid tare da manyan katanga sun koma arewacin Lebanon don cinye Lebanon da arewacin Siriya.

While the Muslims were occupied at Fahl, Heraclius, sensing the opportunity, quickly sent an army under General Theodore Trithyrius to recapture Damascus, where a small Muslim garrison had been left. Shortly after Heraclius dispatched this new army, the Muslims having finished the business at Fahl, were on their way to Emesa. The Byzantine army met the Muslims half way to Emesa, at Maraj-al-Rome. During the night Theodras sent half of his army towards Damascus to launch a surprise attack on the Muslim garrison

Khalid dan leken asirin Khalid ya sanar da shi matakin, Khalid da ya samu izini daga Abu Ubaidah, ya tsallaka zuwa Damascus tare da mai tsaron gidan sa . Yayin da Abu Ubaidah ya yi yaƙi kuma ya ci sojojin Byzantine a yaƙin Maraj-al-Rome, Khalid ya koma Damaskus tare da sojan dokinsa ya kuma kai hari da cin nasarar Theodras a yaƙin na biyu na Damascus .

Mako guda baya, Abu Ubaida da kansa ya tashi zuwa Ba'albek (Heliopolis), inda babban haikalin Jupiter yake tsaye. Ba'albek ya mika wuya ga sarautar musulinci bayan da aka samu juriya sosai sannan ya amince da bayar da haraji. Abu Ubaidah ya aika Khalid kai tsaye zuwa Emesa.

Yaƙin Yarmouk[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musulmi da Rashin Tazarar Motsa jini kafin yakin Yarmouk.

Bayan sun kama Emesa, musulmai sun koma arewa don karbe arewacin Siriya. Khalid, wanda ke matsayin mai tsaron gaba ya dauki mai tsaron nasa ya fatattaki arewacin Siriya. A wajen Shaizer, Khalid ya kama wani mai ɗaukar hoto da ke ba da abinci ga Chalcis. An yi wa fursunonin tambayoyi tare da sanar da shi game da babban burin Emperor Heraclius don dawo da Siriya. Sun gaya masa cewa wataƙila sojoji, mai yiwuwar 200,000 masu ƙarfi, za su fito don karɓe yankinsu. Khalid ya tsaya anan. Bayan abubuwan da ya gabata, Heraclius, yanzu an guji fadace fadace tare da musulmai. Yayi niyyar tura manya manyan garuruwa kuma ya ware gawarwakin musulmai daga kowane bangare, kuma ta haka ya kewaya da hallaka sojojin musulmai. An ƙaddamar da dakaru 5 masu yawa a watan Yuni na 636 don dawo da Siriya.


</br> A ƙarshe a ranar 15 ga Agusta, an yi yaƙin Yarmouk, ya ɗauki tsawon kwanaki 6 kuma ya ƙare a cikin mummunan rauni ga Rundunar Soji. Yakin Yarmouk ana ɗaukar shi ɗayan yaƙin yaƙi na tarihi. Rashin nasara ne na tarihi wanda ya rufe makasudi na Byzantines, girman shan kashi ya yi matukar ta'asar da Byzantine ba zai taba murmurewa daga hakan ba. Hakan ya sanya dukkan Daular Byzantine ta zama mai rauni ga Musulmai. Yaƙi shi ne mafi girma yaƙi har abada aka yi yaƙi a kan ƙasar Siriya har zuwa wannan kuma ya kasance wata dabara mai ban mamaki na Abu Ubaidah.

Kama Urushalima[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Da sojojin Byzantine suka rushe kuma suka fatattaka, da sauri musulmai suka karbe yankin da suka ci kafin Yarmouk. Abu Ubaida ya yi wani taro tare da babban kwamishina, wanda ya hada da Khalid, don yanke hukunci kan nasarar da za a samu nan gaba. Sun yanke shawarar cinye Urushalima. Yankin Kudus ya dauki tsawon watanni hudu bayan haka birnin ya amince da mika wuya, amma kawai ya sami kalifa Umar a cikin mutum. 'Amr ibn al-'As ya ba da shawarar cewa a aika Khalid a matsayin kalifa, saboda tsananin kamanninsa da Umar. An san Khalid kuma daga ƙarshe, Umar ya zo kuma Urushalima ta mika wuya a ranar Afrilu 637. Bayan Urushalima, sojojin musulmai sun sake farfaɗowa. An sa gawawwakin Yazidu zuwa Dimashƙu don su ci Beirut. Sojojin Amr da Shurahbil sun ci gaba da mamaye sauran Falasdinu, yayin da Abu Ubaidah da Khalid, a ƙarshen mayaƙan mayaƙan 17,000 suka ƙaura zuwa arewacin don cinye arewacin Siriya duka.

Abu Ubaida ya tura kwamandojin 'Amr ibn al-'As, da Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan, da Shurahbil ibn Hassana suka koma yankunan su don sake kwato su. Yawancin wuraren da aka ƙaddamar ba tare da faɗa ba. Abu Ubaida da kansa, tare da Khalid, ya koma arewacin Siriya don sake cinye su da dakaru mayaƙa 17,000. Khalid tare da mahaya dawakai aka aika zuwa Hazir sai Abu Ubaidah ya koma Chalcis.

Taswirar bayanai kan yadda Khalid ibn al-Walid ya mamaye arewacin Siriya.

Tare da Emesa tuni, Abu Ubaidah da Khalid sun matsa zuwa Chalcis, wanda shine babban mahimmancin sansanin Byzantine. Ko da yake Chalcis, da Byzantines za su tsare Anatolia, Heraclius ta mahaifarsa Armenia kuma akwai Asia yankin babban birnin Antakiya. Abu Ubaidah ya aika Khalid tare da sojan dawakansa, mai tsaron lafiya, zuwa ga Chalcis. Sojojin Girka suna tsaron sansanin sojojin ƙarƙashin kwamandansu, Menas, wanda aka ce yana da babban matsayi, na biyu ga sarki kansa kawai. Menas, yana jujjuya daga dabarun na zamanin Byzantine, ya yanke shawarar fuskantar Khalid da kuma halakar da manyan jagororin sojojin musulmai kafin babban rukunin su shiga su Hazir, 5 kilometreகள் (3.1 mi) gabashin Chalcis. Wannan shi ne aka sani da Yaƙin Hazir, wanda har ma ya tilasta wa Umar yaba wa mashahurin soja na Khalid. An ruwaito Umar ya ce:

Yaƙin neman zaɓe a cikin Armeniya da Anatolia[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taswirar bayanai kan yadda Khalid ibn al-Walid ya mamaye Siriya.

Bayan yaƙin Umar Umar ya ba da umarnin kwace Al-Jazira, wanda aka kammala a ƙarshen bazara 638 AD Bayan nasarar, Abu Ubaidah ya aika Khalid da Iyad bn Ghanm (magabcin Al-Jazira) don mamaye yankin Byzantine da ke arewacin Al-Jazira. Sun yi tafiya ba tare da izini ba kuma suka kama Edessa, Amida (Diyarbakır), Malatya da duka Armeniya har zuwa Ararat kuma sun kai hari arewacin da tsakiyar Anatolia. Heraclius ya riga ya yi watsi da duk wata hanyar da ke tsakanin Antakiya da Tartus don ƙirƙirar yankin mai saiti ko kuma ƙasa ta mutum tsakanin yankunan da ke ƙarƙashin ikon musulmai da kuma yankin Anatolia.

Umar har zuwa lokacin da aka dakatar da sojojin nasa daga kara mamayewa cikin zurfi cikin Anatolia amma maimakon haka ya umarci Abu Ubaidah, wanda yanzu shine gwamnan Syria, da ya karfafa mulkinsa a Syria. A wannan karon, an ruwaito Umar ya ce:

Babban yunwar[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daga baya a waccan shekarar ta Arab ta fada cikin matsanancin fari, kuma mutane da yawa sun fara halaka daga yunwar da cututtukan annoba iri daya, duk sakamakon fari da rikicewar sa. Saboda haka, mutane da yawa marasa yawa (a cikin ɗaruruwan dubbai), daga ko'ina cikin Arabia, sun taru a Madina kamar yadda ake raba abinci. Ba da daɗewa ba, kayan abinci na Madina ya ƙi zuwa matakan tsoro. A wannan karon, Halifa Umar ya riga ya rubuta wa gwamnonin lardunansa cewa suna neman duk wata taimakon da za su taimaka da shi. Daya daga cikin irin wannan wasika an garzaya wurin Abu Ubaidah, wanda ya amsa nan da nan:

Gaskiya zuwa ga tabbacin, Abu Ubaidah ta tafiyar da abinci da kayayyaki kasance na farko da ya isa Madina, tare da 4,000 raƙuma isa cike da abinci. Don magance adadin mai yawa, Umar ya nada Abu Ubaidah don raba wannan tsakanin dubban mutane da ke zaune a wajen Madina. Bayan taimakon Abu Ubaidah da kokarin sa, Umar ya ba da sadaki 4,000 a matsayin mai sauƙin kai ko godiya, wanda ya ƙi saboda dalilan cewa aikin ya yi saboda Allah ne.

Bala'i na 'Amwas[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Watanni tara sun shude tunda fari da sabuwar matsala ta fara yin kiwo. Annobar annoba ta barke a Siriya da Iraki ta Yamma; Ya yi tsanani sosai a cikin Suriya. Lokacin da labarin bullar cutar Umar ya kama hanyarsa don tafiya Siriya, amma ya dawo daga kan iyakar Siriya kamar yadda sahabbansa suka shawarce shi. Abu Ubaidah ya gamu da shi a inda yace:

Umar ya dawo daga Siriya saboda sau daya Muhammadu ya yi umarni cewa kada mutum ya shiga wurin da cutar ta warke sai dai idan yana da lafiya. Don haka Abu Ubaidah ya koma wurin sojojinsa a Emesa. A wannan lokacin ne annoba ta mamaye ƙasar Suriya, wacce ba a taɓa yin irin sa ba. Ya lalata yawan jama'a. Kamar yadda Halifa Umar yake so ya sanya Abu Ubaidah a matsayin magajin nasa bai so ya ci gaba da zama a yankin da annoba ta ke ba. Umar ya aika da manzo ga Abu Ubaidah da wata wasika yana cewa:

Lokacin da Abu Ubaydah ya karɓi wasiƙar Umar, sai ya ce, '' Na san dalilin da ya sa Umar yake buƙata. Yana son tabbatar da rayuwar wanda, har abada, ba madawwami ba ne. " Don haka ya rubuta wa Umar:

Lokacin da Halifa Umar ya karanta wannan wasiƙar hawaye ya cika idanunsa waɗanda suke tare da shi suka ce, "Shin Abu Ubaidah ya mutu?" ya amsa ya ce "A'a, amma mutuwa na kusa da shi." . Halifa Umar ya aika masa da wani manzo yana cewa idan ba ka dawo ba ko kaɗan ka koma ƙasar tuddai mai ƙarancin yanayi kuma Abu Ubaidah ya koma Jabyia.

Wani dalili kuma da yasa Abu Ubaydah bai fita daga Siriya ba shine saboda sau daya ne Muhammad ya ba da umarnin cewa idan wata annoba ta kamu da ita, babu wani daga jihar da zai tsere kuma babu wani daga cikin jihar da zai shiga ta (keɓe kai). [3]

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Da zaran Abu Ubaidah ya koma Jabyia ya kamu da cutar. Lokacin da mutuwa ta rataye shi, sai ya yi magana da sojojinsa:

Sannan ya nada Muadh bn Jabal a matsayin magajinsa kuma ya umurce shi da jagorantar mutane da addu'o'i; bayan salloli Muadh ya tafi wurinsa, a wannan lokacin ransa ya tashi.

Muadh ya tashi ya ce wa mutane:

Ya mutu a shekara ta 639 AZ, aka binne shi a Jabiya. An ba da labarin cewa Janaza din shi ne jagorancin Muadhad bn Jabal .

Legacy[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Fuskarsa kyakkyawa ne, siriri da tsayi kuma fuskarsa mai haske kuma tana da gemu mai ƙoshin gaske. Yayi matukar farin ciki da dube shi da sanyaya zuciya yayin haduwa da shi. Ya kasance mai ladabi sosai da tawali'u kuma ya kasance mai jin kunya. Amma duk da haka a cikin mawuyacin hali zai zama mai ɗaukar nauyi da faɗakarwa. An bashi taken Amin ko kuma Majibincin jama’ar Muhammad ( Ummah ). 'Abd Allah ibn' Umar ya taba fada game da shi:

Ya zaɓi rayuwa mai sauƙi, yana zaɓar mafi kyawun tufafi idan aka kwatanta shi da wasu sahaba (sahabban Muhammadu). A lokacin da, yayin mamayar Kudus, Halifa Umar ya zo Syria, Khalid bn al-Walid da Yazid bin abu Sufyan sun hadu da shi; Halifa Umar ya tsallake daga raƙinsa kuma ya jefa musu yashi yayin da yake yi musu gargaɗi da cewa “Bai cika shekara ɗaya ba tun da kun fito daga yunwar da wahalar Arabia kuma kun manta da sauƙi duk lokacin da kuka ga alhinin Siriya. Sarakuna? " Duk mutanen biyu suna sanye da kyawawan tufafi sannan a baya sun saba; Khalid ibn al-Walid ya lura cewa a karkashin tufafinsu har yanzu suna da isasshen makamai, yana mai nuna cewa har yanzu sun saba da halayen rayuwar ƙaƙƙarfan ƙaya, suna kawo sauƙi ga Halifa. A kwatankwacin haka, Abu Ubaidah shima ya kasance, amma ya kasance mai kula da rigar sa da tsarin rayuwarsa koyaushe. Umar ya yi farin ciki da ganinsa, a wannan maraice kuwa, lokacin da Umar ya isa gidansa, ya ga cewa Abu Ubaidah, mutumin da ya yi nasara a fagen yaƙi (yana samun haƙƙin ganima), ba shi da dukiya a gida sai guda ɗaya. gado, takobi da garkuwa. Sai Umar ya ce masa:

Kiristocin Levant sun musulunta kuma Abu Ubaidah ya yi wahayi zuwa gare su; dukkan membobin kabilun Kiristocin guda biyu, Banu Tanookh da Banu Saleej, sun musulunta bayan mamaye birnin Qasreen. Haka kuma, akwai babban taimako da Abu Ubaidah ya ba wa wadanda ba musulmai ba wadanda ke rayuwa a matsayin darajojinsa a Syria. Musulmai suna ɗaukarsa ɗaya daga cikin sahabbai goma na Muhammadu waɗanda Allah yayi musu alkawarin aljanna a duk rayuwarsu. [4]

Filin Jirgin sama na Ubaydah Bin Al Jarrah kusa da Kut, Iraq ansa masa sunansa dan girmama shi.

Iyali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kaɗan kawai aka sani game da dangin Abu Ubaidah. Yana da mata biyu. Daga matarsa Hind bint Jabar yana da dansa Yazid da Ubaidah. Daga matarsa Warja yana da dansa Umair, amma dukkansu sun mutu tun suna yara. Ba a san shi ba idan yana da 'ya'ya mata, amma an ba da labarin zuriyarsa masu ƙare. Duk da wannan, dangin Al-Jarrah a cikin Aligarh na yau (a Uttar Pradesh na Indiya), Jordan da Lebanon sun ce zuriyarsu daga Abu Ubaidah da dangin Alqayem waɗanda aka san su da Falasdinawa ne.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Tabqat ibn al-Saad book of Maghazi, page no:62
  2. Sahih al-Bukhari book of Maghazi, Ghazwa Saif-al-Jara
  3. Sahih Bukhari 624
  4. John Esposito, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Yaƙin Ajnadein

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]