Hazrat Umar

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Hazrat Umar

Umar ( /u m ɑːr / ), kuma rattaba kalma Omar ( /oʊ m ɑːr / ; Arabic ʻUmar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb   , "Umar, Al-Khattab"; c. 584 CE 3 Nuwamba 644 AZ), ya kasance daya daga cikin manya-manyan fasali na musulmai a tarihi. Ya kasance babban abokin sahabin Annabin Musulunci Muhammadu . Ya maye gurbin Abubakar (632-634) a matsayin halifa na biyu na Rashidun Kalifa a ranar 23 ga Agusta 634. Shi kwararre ne Musulmi masana a san shi da tsoron Allah da kuma adalci yanayi, wanda sanã'anta shi da epithet Al-Farooq ( "wanda ke bambanta (a tsakanin dama da ba daidai ba)"). Malaman tarihi na Islama wani lokaci suna kiransa Umar I, tunda wani marubuci Umayyawa, Umar II, ya kuma da suna.

A karkashin Umar, kalifancin ya fadada ne a wani matakin da ba a bayyana shi ba, yana mulkin daular Byzantine. Hakarin da ya yi wa Daular Sasanawa ya haifar da mamaye Farisa cikin kasa da shekaru biyu (642-64). Dangane da al'adun yahudawa, Umar ya sanya haramcin kirista a kan yahudawa ya ba su izinin zuwa Kudus da yin ibada. Bafarshen Piruz Nahavandi (mutumin da aka fi sani da 'Abu-Lualu'aah a cikin larabci) ya kase Umar a shekara ta 644 A.