Rundunonin Sojin Najeriya

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Rundunonin Sojin Najeriya

Bayanai
Iri armed forces (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Najeriya
Mulki
Hedkwata Abuja
Subdivisions
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1960
hedkwatar Rundunar sojin Najeriya
logon sojojin saman Najeriya
sojojin ruwan Najeriya tareda takwarorinsu na waje
jirgin saman yaƙin sojojin lanjeriya
wani barikin sojan saaman Najeriya a legas
sojojin Najeriya suna tirenin
Marigayi Tsohon shugaban rundunar sojojin Najeriya Leu Gen Ibrahim Attahiru
sojojin Najeriya na shirin zuwa fagen daga
bataliyan sojojin Najeriya a wani camp a sambisa
logon sojojin ruwa Najeriya

Sojojin Najeriya su ne sojojin tarayyar Najeriya . Asalinta ya ta'allaka ne da gundumar Royal West African Frontier Force wacce ta zama Najeriya lokacin da aka ba da 'yanci a shekara ta 1960. A shekarar 1956 da Nigeria Regiment na Royal West African Frontier Force (RWAFF) aka sake masa suna da Nigerian Military Forces, RWAFF, kuma a watan Afrilu na shekara ta 1958 da mulkin mallakan gwamnatin Nijeriya ya hau kan daga Birtaniya War Office iko da Nigerian Military Forces tasa mu. [1]

Tun daga lokacin da aka kirkiro sojojin Najeriya suka yi civil war – da conflict with Biafra a shekarar 1967 - 70 - kuma sun tura sojojin kiyaye zaman lafiya kasashen waje tare da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kuma a matsayin kashin bayan Kungiyar Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Cease-fire Kungiya ta Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) a Laberiya da Saliyo . Hakanan ta ƙwace mulki sau biyu a gida ( 1966 & 1983 ). 

Bayan yakin basasa, an fadada yawan sojoji, kusan 250,000 a 1977, sun cinye yawancin albarkatun Najeriya a karkashin mulkin soja domin samun koma baya. hakan ya fadada a cikin soja a lokacin yakin basasa hakan na kunshene da data kasance soja ya riƙe Nijeriya. jama'a dauki kansu a tsarin mulki soja . A yayin hakan, ya taka rawar gani wajen karfafa matsayin soja na farko-tsakanin-daidai a tsakanin al'ummar Najeriya, da kuma raguwar tasirin soja. Olusegun Obasanjo, wanda a shekarar 1999 ya zama Shugaban kasa, ya nuna bacin ransa a jawabinsa na farko a waccan shekarar: '. . . An Rasa Kwarewar ma sana ... zuciyata tana jini don ganin lalacewa cikin kwarewar sojoji. ' [2]

Cibiyoyin horarwa a Najeriya sun hada da shahararren jami'in da ya shiga makarantar horar da sojoji ta Najeriya da ke Kaduna, da Kwamandan Sojoji da Kwalejin Ma'aikata, Jaji, da Kwalejin Yaƙin Kasa da ke Abuja . [3] Contractan kwangilar soja na Amurka dan kwangilar Sojan Sama da Kayan Kasuwanci ya kasance daga kusan 1999-2000 ya ba da shawara kan alaƙar soja da soja ga sojojin. [4]

Tsayayyar doka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Matsayin rundunar sojojin ƙasa ya kafu a cikin Tsarin Mulkin ta. Kare mutuncin yanki ta da sauran manyan bukatun kasa shine babban jigon a wannan matsayin. Sashe na 217-220 na Kundin Tsarin Mulkin Nijeriya na 1999 ya yi jawabi ga Sojojin Najeriya:

  • (1) Za a sami rundunonin sojan Tarayya wadanda za su kunshi sojojan kasa, da sojan ruwa, da sojan sama, da sauran bangarorin rundunonin sojojin tarayyar kamar yadda dokar kasa ta kafa wato National Assembly .
  • (2) Tarayya za ta kasance, a karkashin Dokar Majalisar Dokoki ta Kasa da aka sanya a madadin hakan, ta wadata da kuma kula da dakaru kamar yadda ake ganin ya wadatar kuma ya yi tasiri saboda -
  • (a) kare Najeriya daga ta'addancin waje;
  • (b) kiyaye mutuncin yankinta da kiyaye iyakokinta daga keta doka a kan kasa, da teku, ko ta sama;
  • (c) Dakushe tawaya da kuma yin aiki da taimakon hukumomin farar hula don dawo da tsari yayin da Shugaban kasa ya kira shi yin hakan amma bisa wasu sharudda kamar yadda Dokar Majalisar Dokoki ta tanadar.
  • (d) Aikata wasu ayyukan wadanda dokar kasa ta gindaya.
  • (3) kungiyar sojoji da sauran rukunin rundunonin soja na Tarayyar za su nuna halin tarayyar Najeriya.

Sojojin kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sojojin Najeriya (NA) reshen ƙasa ne na Sojojin Najeriya kuma mafi girma a cikin sojojin. Manyan tsare-tsare sun hada da Runduna ta 1, Runduna ta biyu, Runduna ta 3 masu sulke, runduna ta 81, rukuni na 82, da kuma sabbin masu kafa 8, 7 da 6, Raba.

Sojojin Ruwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Rundunar Sojan Ruwa ta Najeriya (NN) reshen teku ne na Sojojin Najeriya. Tsarin rundunar sojojin ruwan Najeriya a yau ya kunshi Hedikwatar Sojan Ruwa a Abuja, kwamandoji uku masu aiki tare da hedkwatarsu a Lagos, Calabar, da Bayelsa . Hedikwatar kwamandan horarwa suna cikin Lagos, babban birnin kasuwancin Najeriya, amma tare da wuraren horo sun bazu a duk fadin Najeriya. Akwai sansanonin aiki guda biyar, sansanonin aiki biyar na gaba (tare da wasu biyu nan ba da dadewa ba), da mashigai biyu da ke Lagos da Fatakwal da jiragen ruwa biyu da ke Legas da Calabar.

Sojan Sama[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Zagayen sojojin saman Najeriya

An kafa rundunar Sojan Sama ta Najeriya a watan Janairun 1964 tare da taimakon taimakon fasaha daga Yammacin Jamus . Sojojin sama sun fara rayuwa ne a matsayin masu jigilar kayayyaki tare da horarwa ta sama kasashen Canada, Habasha da Pakistan . Sojojin sama ba su sami damar fada ba har sai da Tarayyar Soviet ta gabatar da wasu jirage masu lamba MiG-17 a 1966.

A cikin 2007 Sojan Sama suna da ƙarfin 10,000. suna da jirgin shawagi da jigila, mai bada horo, mai saukar ungulu, da jirgin yaƙi. shekarar 2020, yawan ma'aikatan Sojan Sama ya karu zuwa 18,000.

Sojojin saman suna daukar Nauyin Air Force Military School, Jos, Nigeria, da Cibiyar Fasaha ta Sojan Sama wato. Air Force Institute of Technology.

Har ila yau, Nijeriya ta bi manufofin da jirgin yaƙi. shekarar 2020, yawan ma'aikatan Sojan Sama ya karu zuwa 18,000. [5]

Sojojin saman suna daukar Nauyin Air Force Military School, Jos, Nigeria, da Cibiyar Fasaha ta Sojan Sama wato. Air Force Institute of Technology.

Har ila yau, Nijeriya ta bi manufofin bunƙasa horo a cikin gida da ƙwarewan samar da sojojin. Nijeriya ci gaba da tsaurara manufofin tana faɗaɗa hanyoyin ciga ban sojoji daga ƙasashe daban-daban.

Sauran abubuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Akwai Rundunar Hadin Gwiwa a yankin Neja Delta da aka ayyana "Maido da" Wannan tawaga ce ta hadin gwiwa wacce ta kunshi Sojoji, Sojojin ruwa, da Sojan Sama don yakar ta'addanci a yankin Neja Delta. [6] JTF HQ yana a Yenagoa .

Sojojin Najeriya a kasashen waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Disambar 1983, sabon mulkin Manjo Janar Muhammadu Buhari ya ba da sanarwar cewa Nijeriya ba za ta iya sake daukar nauyin wani mai fafutukar adawa da mulkin mallaka a Afirka ba. Membobin kungiyar Anglophone ECOWASta kafa ECOMOG, wanda Sojojin Najeriya suka mamaye a 1990 don tsoma baki a civil war in Liberia. Sojojin kasar sun nuna karfin su na tattarawa, girke su, da kuma tallafawa dakaru masu girman brigedi domin tallafawa ayyukan wanzar da zaman lafiya a Laberiya . A baya an aika da kananan sojoji a kan tura UN da ECOWAS a tsohuwar Yugoslavia, da Guinea-Bissau, da Saliyo.[7][8][9] Wannan koyarwar gami da katsalandan din sojan Afirka da Najeriya wani lokaci ana kiranta Pax Nigeriana.[10]

Wannan bayanan manufofin bai hana Najeriya tsaya waba a karkashin Janaral Ibrahim Babangida a 1990 da Sani Abacha a 1997 daga tura sojojin kiyaye zaman lafiya na ECOMOG karkashin inuwar ECOWAS zuwa Laberiya kuma daga baya Saliyo lokacin da yakin basasa ya barke a wadannan kasashen. Shugaba Olusegun Obasanjo a watan Agustan na shekara ta 2003 ya sake tura sojojin Najeriya cikin Laberiya, bisa roƙon Amurka, da su ba da lokaci na wucin gadi har sai Ofishin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a Laberiya wato United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) ya iso. [11] Daga baya Charles Taylor ya samu sauka daga mulki kuma akai raki yarsa zuwa Najeriya.

A watan Oktoba 2004, sojojin Najeriya suka sake turawa zuwa Darfur, wadda take Sudan don jagorantar rundunar Tarayyar Afirka don dakatar da kisan kare dangin Darfur. [12] Nijeriya ta ba da gudummawar sojoji / ‘yan sanda sama da 20,000 ga wasu ayyukan Majalisar Dinkin Duniya tun 1960. Rundunar 'yan sanda ta Najeriya da sojoji sun shiga cikin:

Jami'an Nijeriya sun yi aiki a matsayin Manyan hafsoshin tsaro a wasu kasashen, inda Birgediya Janar Maxwell Khobe ya yi aiki a matsayin Shugaban Hafsun Sojojin Saliyo a 1998 - 1999, [19] da kuma jami'an Nijeriya da ke aiki a matsayin Babban Jami'an Kwamandan Sojojin Liberia daga aƙalla 2007.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Library of Congress Country Studies, Nigeria". loc.gov. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  2. Obasanjo, quoted in Herbert M. Howe, Ambiguous Order: Military Forces in African States, Lynne Rienner, Boulder/London, 2001, p.54. Obasanjo has also been accused of misuse of his personal position for profit.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-02-15. Retrieved 2009-10-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. http://news.biafranigeriaworld.com/archive/2003/dec/11/0097.html, accessed October 2009 and Peter Singer, 'Corporate Warriors,' Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London, 2003, p.131-2. 08033994793.ABA
  5. The Military Balance 2020 (in Turanci). Routledge, Chapman & Hall, Incorporated. 14 February 2020. p. 494. ISBN 9780367466398.
  6. "JTF operations increased oil production output to 2 million barrel per day". Nigerianewsworld. Retrieved 14 September 2020.[permanent dead link]
  7. "Former Yugoslavia: UNPROFOR". Department of Public Information, United Nations. 31 August 1996.
  8. "United Nations Official Document". www.un.org. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  9. "The 5 previous West African military interventions". www.yahoo.com (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 2020-11-28. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  10. Adebajo, Adekeye. (2007). Liberia's Civil War : Nigeria, ECOMOG, and Regional Security in West Africa. Lynne Rienner Publishers. ISBN 978-1-62637-112-5. OCLC 1027486570.
  11. "Military". UNMIL (in Turanci). 2015-09-02. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  12. Ebegbulem, Joseph C (2011-07-01). "Nigeria and conflict resolution in Africa: The Darfur experience". Civilizar. 11 (21): 69. doi:10.22518/16578953.34. ISSN 1657-8953.
  13. "UNITED NATIONS INDIA-PAKISTAN OBSERVATION MISSION (UNIPOM) - Facts and Figures". peacekeeping.un.org. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  14. "UNIFIL Troop-Contributing Countries". UNIFIL (in Turanci). 2016-03-14. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  15. "UNITED NATIONS IRAN-IRAQ MILITARY OBSERVER GROUP (UNIIMOG) - Background (Full text)". peacekeeping.un.org. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  16. "Former Yugoslavia: UNPROFOR". Department of Public Information, United Nations. 31 August 1996.
  17. "UNMISET: United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor - Facts and Figures". peacekeeping.un.org. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  18. "MONUC Facts and Figures - United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo". peacekeeping.un.org. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  19. "MONUC Facts and Figures - United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo". peacekeeping.un.org. Retrieved 2020-03-05.

Kara karantawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Idang, Gordon J. "Siyasar Manufofin Kasashen Waje na Najeriya: Tabbatarwa da Sake Yarjejeniyar Tsaron Anglo da Najeriya." Nazarin Afirka 13, a'a. 2 (1970): 227-251.
  • Robin Luckham, Sojojin Najeriya; nazarin zamantakewar al'umma na iko & tawaye 1960-67, Cambridge [Eng. ] Jami'ar Press, 1971.
  • NJ Miners, 'The Nigerian Army 1956-66,' Methuen and Co. Ltd, London, 1971
  • Jimi Peters, 'Sojojin Najeriya da Jiha,' 1997, 
  • kungiyar Ilimin Sojojin Nijeriya da Makaranta, Tarihin Sojojin Nijeriya 1863–1992, Abuja, 1992

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ma’aikatan Tsaron Najeriya

Sojojin Najeriya Archived 2020-12-04 at the Wayback Machine

Sojojin Ruwan Najeriya

Sojojin Sama na Najeriya