Sabuwar Shekarar Sinawa

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Infotaula d'esdevenimentSabuwar Shekarar Sinawa
Nouvel an chinois 2015 Paris 13 autel.jpg
Iri public holiday (en) Fassara
spring festival (en) Fassara
Rana Chinese New Year's Day (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Sin
Wani shago da ke siyar da kayan adon Sabuwar Shekarar Sinawa a Wuhan, China (2006 ) .
A wasan wuta a Singapore 's River Hongbao a lokacin bikin, a shekarar 2015

Sabuwar Shekara ta kasar Sin, wacce aka sani a ƙasar Sin da bazara Bikin kuma a Singapore a matsayin Lunar Sabuwar Shekara, hutu ne a kusa da sabon wata a ranar farko ta shekara a kalandar gargajiya ta ƙasar Sin . Wannan kalandar ta dogara ne akan canje -canje a cikin wata kuma wani lokacin ana canza shi don dacewa da lokutan shekara bisa la’akari da yadda Duniya ke zagaya rana . Saboda wannan, Sabuwar Shekara ta China ba ta taɓa yin Janairu ba.

Sabuwar Shekara ta Sin tana ɗaya daga cikin muhimman bukukuwa ga Sinawa a duk faɗin duniya. An yi amfani da ranar sa ta 7 maimakon ranar haihuwa don ƙidaya shekarun mutane a China. Har yanzu ana amfani da hutun don gaya wa mutane wanne “dabba” na zodiac na Sinawa suke ciki. Hutu shine lokacin kyauta ga yara da kuma tarurrukan iyali tare da manyan abinci, kamar Kirsimeti a Turai da sauran yankunan Kiristoci. Ba kamar Kirsimeti, da yara yawanci samun kyautar tsabar kuɗi a cikin ja envelopes ( hongbao ) da kuma ba toys ko tufafi .

Sin Sabuwar Shekara amfani ga karshe 15 kwana har sai da bikin a shekara ta farko da cikakken watã . Yanzu, hutu ne na kasa a Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin, Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, da Indonesia . Hakanan ana yin bikin a wasu yankuna na Thailand . A wasu wurare, ranar farko ko kwana uku ne kawai ake yin bikin. A cikin Jamhuriyar Jama'ar Sin, ana canza ƙarshen ƙarshen mako don ƙirƙirar "Makon Zinariya " na kwanaki 7.

Sabbin shekarun gargajiya a Vietnam ( Tet ) da Koriya ( Sabuwar Shekara ta Koriya ) kusan koyaushe suna rana ɗaya da Sabuwar Shekara ta China amma wani lokacin daban. Sabuwar Shekarar Jafananci ta kasance tana yin aiki iri ɗaya amma ya bambanta sosai tunda wasu canje -canje a cikin ƙarni na 19 . Losar da Tsagaan Sar , sabbin shekarun Tibet da Mongoliya na gargajiya, suna da kusanci da Sabuwar Shekara ta China amma hanyoyi daban -daban na tunani game da sauye -sauyen wata da ƙara watanni na iya sa su faru makonni ban da bikin Sinawa.

Suna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Chūn Jié a rubutun gargajiya na kasar Sin (saman) da hanya mafi sauƙi

Sunan Mandarin Sinawa na hutu shine Chūn Jié wanda[lower-alpha 1] ke nufin "Bikin bazara". Wannan shi ne dalilin da ya sa shi ne sau da yawa ake kira "Spring Festival" ta ƙasar Sin jawabai na Turanci, ko da yake hutu ko da yaushe yakan faru a cikin hunturu watanni na Janairu ko Fabrairu . [lower-alpha 2] An rubuta 春節cikin 春节 gargajiya na Sinanci da 春节a cikin mafi sauƙin rubutu yanzu manyan ƙasashen China da Singapore ke amfani da su . Jamhuriyar China ta fara amfani da wannan suna a cikin shekarun 1910, bayan da ta fara amfani da kalandar Turai don yawancin abubuwa.

Kafin hakan, galibi ana kiran wannan biki da "Sabon Shekara ". Saboda kalandar gargajiya ta ƙasar Sin galibi ta dogara ne kan sauye -sauyen da ke faruwa a cikin wata, ita ma Sabuwar Shekara ta Sin ana kiranta da Ingilishi da "Sabuwar Shekara" ko "Sabuwar Shekarar Lunar Sin". Wannan sunan ya fito ne daga " Luna ", tsohon sunan wata . Sunan Indonisiya don hutun shine Imlek, wanda ya fito daga kalmar Hokkien don tsohuwar kalandar China kuma saboda haka shima yana son "Sabuwar Shekara ta Lunar".

Wani tsohon sunan bikin shine Lìchūn, ma'ana "farkon bazara". A cikin Sinanci, wannan ma suna ne na musamman don wurin rana daga kusan Fabrairu 4 zuwa 19 kowace shekara, lokacin da rana take 45 zuwa 30 ° gaba da wurin sa a ranar 1 ga wata ranar bazara. Ba a yawan amfani da sunan don yin magana game da Sabuwar Shekarar China. A Taiwan, ana kiran ainihin Lichun " Ranar Manomi " tun 1941 . Shekara tsakanin Sabuwar Shekaru biyu na China ba tare da ita ba ana tsammanin ba sa'ar aure bane.

Ranar Sabuwar Shekara[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dabba Sinanci Kwanan wata
Trad. PRC
Bera colspan="2" Template:Ts | Ƙari Fabrairu 19, 1996 Fabrairu 7, 2008 Janairu 25, 2020
Tumaki



</br> Saniya
colspan="2" Template:Ts | Ƙari 7 ga Fabrairu, 1997 Janairu 26, 2009 Fabrairu 14, 2021
Tiger colspan="2" Template:Ts | Ƙari Janairu 28, 1998 Fabrairu 14, 2010 Fabrairu 25, 2022
Zomo colspan="2" Template:Ts | Ƙari Fabrairu 16, 1999 Fabrairu 3, 2011 Janairu 27, 2023
Dragon Template:Ts | Ƙari Template:Ts | Ƙari Fabrairu 5, 2000 Janairu 23, 2012 Fabrairu 14, 2024
Maciji colspan="2" Template:Ts | Ƙari Janairu 24, 2001 Fabrairu 10, 2013 Janairu 19, 2025
Doki Template:Ts | Ƙari Template:Ts | Ƙari Fabrairu 12, 2002 Janairu 31, 2014 Fabrairu 21, 2026
Awaki colspan="2" Template:Ts | Ƙari Fabrairu 1, 2003 Fabrairu 19, 2015 26 ga Fabrairu, 2027
Biri colspan="2" Template:Ts | Ƙari Janairu 22, 2004 8 ga Fabrairu, 2016 Janairu 14, 2028
Zakara



</br> Kaza
Template:Ts | Ƙari Template:Ts | Ƙari Fabrairu 9, 2005 Janairu 28, 2017 2 ga Fabrairu, 2029
Kare colspan="2" Template:Ts | Ƙari Janairu 29, 2006 Fabrairu 16, 2018 Fabrairu 17, 2030
Alade Template:Ts | Ƙari Template:Ts | Ƙari Fabrairu 18, 2007 Fabrairu 5, 2019 20 ga Janairu, 2031
Hoton da zaku iya taɓawa don nuna kwanakin shekaru daban -daban na Sabuwar Shekarar China

Sabuwar Shekarar sin ko da yaushe yana farawa a kan wani sabon wata, a lokacin da wata ne tsakanin Duniya da kuma Rana da shi ya dubi duk duhu a cikin dare sama . Domin sabbin watanni suna faruwa kusan kowane kwanaki 29.53 amma shekarar da Paparoma Gregory ya kafa. tsawon kwanaki 365.2425 ne, hutun kasar Sin yana tafiya zuwa kwanaki daban -daban a kowace shekara. Kalandar kasar Sin tana kara wata 13 a kowane lokaci don kiyaye yanayi a wurin da ya dace, don haka ranar farko ta sabuwar shekara koyaushe tana faruwa tsakanin Janairu 21 da Fabrairu 20 a ranar 2 ko 3 sabon wata bayan ranar 1 na hunturu . [lower-alpha 3] Ginshiƙi a dama yana ba da ranar kowace Sabuwar Shekara ta China daga AD 1996 zuwa 2031 .

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wani irin rawa na rawa a ƙarƙashin Waƙar
Yao Wenhan 's hoto na kasar Sin Sabuwar Shekara a 18th-karni , kasar Sin
Wani dan kasuwa Manchu a Yingkou yana maraba da Allah na Kudi Cai Shen zuwa gidansa a ranar kafin Sabuwar Shekara ta China wani lokaci a cikin shekarun 1910

Ado[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Envelopes ja ( hongbao ) don siyarwa a Taipei akan Taiwan
Gidan da aka yi wa ado da ma'aurata na gida da hoton jaririn lafiya da farin ciki
Iyali sun taru don maraba da Sabuwar Shekara da hayaniya (1910s )
Bukukuwan addini sun kasance na kowa, musamman ga Kitchen God da Cai Shen, allahn kuɗi (1910s ) .

Mutane suna rataye kayan ado, musamman nau'i -nau'i na waƙoƙin Sinanci ( ma'aurata ) a kowane gefen ƙofofinsu. Wasu suna sanya hotunan allolin Taoist a ƙofar don tsoratar da munanan abubuwa. Tsirrai masu rai suna ba da shawarar ci gaba, kuma furanni suna ba da shawarar 'ya'yan itatuwa masu zuwa. Wuslow na farji ya zama ruwan dare a wasu wurare saboda sunan sa na China yana kama da "kuɗi yana shigowa". Yana da yawa don manyan kayan ado su yi kama da dabba don sabuwar shekara, ta yadda 2017 ta sami hotuna da mutum-mutumin Zakara da Kaza kuma 2018 za ta sami Karnuka .

Mutane sun kasance suna maraba da Sabuwar Shekara tare da duk abin da ke yin ƙara mai ƙarfi, gami da ganguna, kuge, ko ma aiyuka da tukwane . Ainihin al'adun sun bambanta a sassa daban -daban na kasar Sin . Wutar wuta da kashe gobara ta zama ruwan dare a ko'ina, amma kwanan nan wurare da yawa sun daina barin yawancin mutane suna amfani da su saboda haɗarin mutane na cutar da kansu, da wuta, da datti a cikin iska wanda zai iya sa mutane rashin lafiya . Akwai har yanzu babban aikin wuta aka nuna a mafi manyan birane da yawa na kasar Sin mutane, amma birni gwamnati za ta yi duk abin da kuma sauran mutane kawai suna kallo.

Abinci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ƙaramin abincin sake haduwar dangi a ranar kafin Sabuwar Shekara ta China a 2006 .

Abincin sake haɗuwa a ranar kafin Sabuwar Shekara ta China galibi ita ce mafi girma kuma mafi tsada a shekara. Wasu iyalai suna amfani da abinci na musamman da tsada don samun fuska ; wasu suna amfani da abinci mai ma’ana don kawo sa’a . Jiaozi (wani nau'in juji ) ya zama ruwan dare a arewacin China. Mutane suna tunanin suna kama da tsoffin sandunan azurfa na China kuma suna riƙe sa'a a ciki. [1] Rolls kwai da bazara suna birgima kamar lumpia [1] kuma ana iya yin su kamar sandunan zinari, kuma ana tunanin lemu da tangerines suna kama da tsabar zinare. Taliyar yara kamar yīmiàn ko Filipino pansit ana cin su ba a yanke don yin fatan tsawon rai. [1] Ana cin wasu jita-jita saboda sunayen Sinawa suna kama da kalmomi masu sa’a, kamar “kifi” da “wadata”. [1] A cikin Cantonese, " kayan lambu " yayi daidai da "samun kuɗi " ( choy ) da " albasa " sauti iri ɗaya da "ƙidaya-da-tsarawa" ( suan ). Saboda wannan mutanen Cantonese a China da wasu ƙasashe suna ƙoƙarin samun wasu yayin bukukuwan Sabuwar Shekara. Niangao, wanda ake kira "tikoy" a Philippines, wani irin waina ne da aka yi da soyayyen shinkafa da sukari . [2] Yana da yawa a kudancin China. A cikin Sinanci, sunansa yana kama da nián gão ("shekara ta fi kyau") ko niánnián gāoshēng ("samun ingantacciyar shekara bayan shekara"). [3] Wasu mutane kuma suna tunanin tsarinta kamar manne ne kuma suna amfani da shi azaman burin haɗa danginsu tare. [4] 'Yan Indonesiya suna kiran niangao da "wainar kwandon" saboda suna ƙera nasu a cikin kwandunan bamboo . Hakanan suna da wasu abubuwan dandano na musamman ban da vanilla da cakulan kamar pandan, itace mai ganye mai ƙamshi. Wasu mutane suna soya tikoy da ƙwai ; [1] sau da yawa ana yin burodi da guntun nama na kwakwa. [5] Saboda yawancin mutanen China a Philippines suna magana da Hokkien ba Mandarin Sinawa ba, suma suna son cin abarba . A cikin Hokkien, kalmar "abarba" tana kama da kalmar "samun kuɗi mai yawa". [1]

Wasu Sinawa kuma sun fitar da " Trays of Tare", jita -jita tare da sassa daban -daban guda takwas da nau'ikan nau'ikan abinci iri -iri. Wasu na kowa abubuwa a saka a cikin wadannan trays ne kumquats, longans, guda na kwakwa nama, gujiya, alawa, kuma kankana da latas tsaba . Takwas lambobi ne masu sa'a ga Sinawa da yawa, kamar bakwai a Turai da sauran wurare. Waɗannan jita -jita sun zama ruwan dare tsakanin Malaysian [2] da Sinawa na Indonesiya.

Don bikin Lantern, abinci na musamman shine yuanxiao, ƙananan ƙwallaye na shinkafa mai tsami a cikin miya mai daɗi . Lichun koyaushe yana faruwa kusa da Sabuwar Shekarar China ma. Ana yin bikin ta cin kek na bazara ( chūnbǐng ).

 

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

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