Wurare Mafiya Tsarki a Musulunci

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Wikidata.svgWurare Mafiya Tsarki a Musulunci
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Mahajjata masu dawafin Ka’aba a cikin Masallacin Al-Haram, Makka . Akwai a cikin Saudi Arabia, wannan shine mafi tsaran shafin.

Wurare Mafiya Tsarki a Musulunci sune waɗanda aka ambata ko akayi maganar su a cikin Alqur'ani, cewa suna ɗauke da alfarma mai muhimmanci a Musulunci. Makka [1] da Madina [2] [3] [4] a Kasar Saudi Arabiya su ne birane biyu mafiya tsada a cikin Islama, an yi tarayya a tsakanin dukkan mazhabobi. A cikin hadishin Islama, da Kaaba a cikin Makka ke zama waje mafi tsarki sai mai biye mata shine Masallacin Annabi a Madina, da kuma Al-Aqsa a Urushalima. Akwai wurare masu tsarki waɗanda suke a cikin Makka ; Mina, Arafat, da Muzdalifah . [5]

Anfi ittifaƙi akan cewa wuraren ibada mafiya tsarki a Musulunci guda huɗu ne ciki harda masallacin Umayyah dake a Damascus, da babban masallacin Kairouan a Kairouan, [6] [7] [8] da Sanctuary Ibrahim a Hebron, Bukhara, [9] [10] Eyüp a Kasar Istanbul, [11] [12] da Harar . [13] [14]

Hejaz[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hejaz wani yanki ne a yankin Larabawa inda Makka da Madina suke. A nan ne aka haifi Muhammadu kuma ya girma.

Makka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Makka birni ne mafi tsada a cikin Islama, kasancewar gida ne na Kaaba ('Cube') da Masjid Al-Ḥarām (Masallacin Harami ). Musulmai ne kawai aka yarda su shiga wannan wurin. [15]

Yankin Makka, wanda ya hada da Dutsen Arafah, [16] Mina da Muzdalifah, yana da muhimmanci ga Ḥajj (' Hajji '). A matsayinsa na daya daga cikin Rukunnan Musulunci guda biyar, [17] kowane baligi Musulmi wanda yake da iko dole ne yayi aikin Hajji a kalla sau daya a rayuwarsa. [18] hajji na daga cikin manya-manyan tarukan musulmai a duk duniya, na biyu kawai zuwa aikin hajji a masallatan Husayn bn Ali da dan uwansa Abbas a Karbala, Iraki, tare da halartar mutane miliyan 3 a shekara ta 2012. [19]

Madina[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masallacin Annabi yana cikin Madina, yana mai da garin ya zama wuri mafi tsada na biyu a Musulunci, bayan Makka. Madina ita ce mazaunin Annabi Muhammadu (S.A.W) na ƙarshe, kuma inda kabarinsa yake ( kabarinsa ). Baya ga Masallacin Annabi, garin yana da masallatan Qubā ' da al-Qiblatayn (" Qiblah Biyun ").

Levant ( Ash-Shaam )[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Babban Siriya ( Ash-Shām ) yanki ne da ya faro daga Kasar Siriya a arewa zuwa kasar Isra'ila a kudu. Ya hada da garuruwan Urushalima da Hebron.

Urushalima[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dangane da hadisai na sunni da na Shi'a, Al-Masjid Al-Aqṣā ("Wurin da ya [20] yana cikin Urushalima. Masallacin yana da kima da daukacin al’ummar musulmai, saboda tarihinsa a matsayin wurin bautar wanda yake hade da rayuwar annabawa masu yawa na Baibul, irin su Ibrahim (wanda kuma yake da alaka da haramin Makka), Dawud ( David ), Sulaimon ( Solomon ), Ilyas ( Iliya ) da ibnsā ibn Maryam ( Jesus, dan Maryama ), da kuma matsayinsu na musamman. Masallacin ya kunshi 4,600 square metres (50,000 sq ft) a girma, tare da damar saukarwa a yankin masu ibada 5,000. Masallacin shi ne shugabanci na farko na addu’a a rayuwar Muhammadu, gabanin Ka’aba a Makka, kuma an yi imanin cewa an dauki Muhammad din ne ta hanyar banmamaki, wannan shi ne Buraq, don ziyartar Masallacin Al-Aqsa, inda ya yi addu’a, sannan kuma a lokacin ɗauka zuwa sama, a cikin dare ɗaya a shekara ta 620 CE wanda aka fi sani da Al-Isrāʾ wal-Miʿrāj ("The Night-Journey and the Hawan Yesu zuwa sama"). Bayani a kansa ya kasance a cikin surat Al-Ma'idah (5), [21] Al-Isra '(17), Al-Anbiya [22] da Saba' (34): [23] a cikin Kur'ani .

Ga marubutan Islama waɗanda suka ba da gudummawa ga ilimin adabi na Fada'il, suna yabon kyawawan wurare masu tsarki (a wannan yanayin: na Kudus), duba al-Wasiti .

Dimashƙu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wasu Musulmai suna ganin Dimashƙ, musamman Masallacin Umayyad a cikin Old City, a matsayin wuri mafi tsarki na huɗu a cikin Islama. Wasaya daga cikin kwafin Alƙur'ani huɗu da aka ba izini an ajiye su a nan, kuma an yi imanin cewa kan Yahya bn Zakariyya (Yahaya Maibaftisma, ɗan Zakariya ) yana cikin wurin bautar. Ofaya daga cikin minarets ɗin an sadaukar da shi ga Yesu, kuma an yi imanin zai dawo wurinta don yin hukunci a duniya, kuma ya taimaka wa wani mutum da ake kira Al- Mahdi . An yi amannar cewa bayan an gama duniya za a ci gaba da addu’o’i tsawon shekaru arba’in a cikin masallacin, kuma ana ganin cewa addu’o’in a masallacin daidai yake da wanda ake yi a Kudus.

Hebron[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hebron birni ne na Falasɗinu a kudu maso Yammacin Gabar, 30 kilometres (19 mi) kudu da Kudus, wanda Musulmai da yawa suka ɗauka a matsayin birni na biyar mafi tsarki a cikin Islama. Sunayen larabci , Khalil Ar-Rahman ("Abokin Mai Rahama") da Al-Khalil ("Abokin (Allah)"), sun samo asali ne daga gaskatawa cewa ita ce garin da Ibrahim ya zauna. A cikin garin akwai hurumin Ibrahim, wurin binnewa na gargajiya na Manyan Iyaye da Litattafai, da Masallacin Ibrahimi da aka gina a saman kabarin don girmama annabin. [24] [25]

Musulmai sun yi imani cewa Muhammad ya ziyarci Hebron a tafiyarsa ta dare daga Makka zuwa Urushalima don tsayawa kusa da kabarin don girmama shi. A cikin masallacin a cikin karamin gurbi akwai sawun hagu, wanda aka yi imanin daga Muhammad ne.

Tsibirin Sina'i[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masallaci a saman Dutsen Sinai, a yankin Asiya na ƙasar Misira ta yanzu

Kungiyar Sinai tana da alaƙa da Haruna da Musa, waɗanda suma ana ɗaukarsu Annabawa. [26] Musamman, nassoshi da yawa game da Dutsen Sinai sun wanzu a cikin Alqurani, inda ake kiranta īr Sīnāʾ, [27] īr Sīnīn, [28] da a -Ṭūr [29] [30] da al-Jabal duka ma'anar "Dutsen"). [31] Amma ga Wād Ṭuwā ( Kwarin Tuwa), ana ɗaukarsa a matsayin muƙaddas [32] [33] ( mai alfarma ), kuma wani sashi ana kiransa Al-Buqʿah Al-Mubārakah ("The Wuri Mai Albarka ").

Turai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Masallacin Eyüp Sultan, wanda ke dauke da kabarin Eyüp ( Abu Ayyub al-Ansari Sahabin Muhammad), a Unguwar Eyüp, a yankin Turai na Birnin Istanbul , Turkiyya

A Eyüp gundumar a Turkish birnin Istanbul an dauke ta huɗu holiest site da wasu kafofin. [11] [12] Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (Eyüp Ensari), aboki kuma mai ɗauke da matsayin Muhammad, an ce za a binne shi a Masallacin Sultan na Eyüp . Muminai Ottoman sun dauki wannan shafin a matsayin na uku mafi tsarki a duniya, bayan Makka da Madina. [34] Sultan / Khalifofin Daular Usmaniyya sun amince da taken su a wani biki a masallacin Ey ,p, saboda wannan wurin ya fi kowane wuri a cikin babban birni tsarki, kasancewar kabarin sahabban annabi ya samar da "kyauta ta alheri" daga mafi kusa da Muhammadu . Eyüp, wanda ya mutu a harin da bai yi nasara ba a kan Constantinople, ya ba da tunatarwa cewa Ottomans sun yi nasara inda sojojin Islama na farko, ƙarƙashin sahabin annabi, ya gaza.

Afirka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Harar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cewar UNESCO, ana kallon Harar a gabashin Habasha 'birni mai tsarki na hudu na Islama' tare da masallatai guda 82, uku daga cikinsu sun fara ne daga karni na 10 da kuma wuraren bautar gumaka guda 102.

Babban masallaci a Kairouan ( Tunisia ) shine Babban Masallacin Sidi-Uqba (Uqba ibn Nafi '). An ce mahajjata bakwai a wannan masallacin ana ɗaukarsu dai-dai da aikin hajji ɗaya a Makka. Bayan kafuwarta, Kairouan ya zama cibiyar koyon addinin Musulunci da Alkur'ani a Arewacin Afirka . Wata kasida daga Farfesa Kwesi Prah [35] bayyana yadda a zamanin da, aka ɗauki Kairouan birni na huɗu mafi tsada a cikin Islama bayan Makka, Madina da Kudus. [36] A yau, da yawa suna ɗaukar garin a matsayin na huɗu mafi tsarki a addinin Islama.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Mafi kyawun wurare a musulinci na Sunni
  • Mafi kyawun wurare a cikin Shia Islama
  • Mafi kyawun wurare a cikin Sufi Islam
  • Ḥ-RM
    • Haram (site)
  • Jerin masallatai
    • Jerin manyan masallatai
    • Jerin masallatai
  • Gabas ta Tsakiya
  • Kusa da Gabas

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kudus a cikin Alkur'ani

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. [Al Kur'ani 48:22]
  2. [Al Kur'ani 9:25]
  3. [Al Kur'ani 33:09]
  4. [Al Kur'ani 63:1]
  5. Geomatika Advanced Solutions (6 June 2016). Atlas of MAKKAH, Dr. Osama bin Fadl Al-Bahar: Makkah City. Bukupedia. pp. 104–. GGKEY:YLPLD6B31C2.
  6. Berger, Roni. "Impressions and thoughts of an incidental tourist in Tunisia in January 2011." Journal of International Women's Studies 12.1 (2011): 177-178.
  7. Nagel, Ronald L. "Jews of the Sahara." Einstein Journal of Biology and Medicine 21.1 (2016): 25-32.
  8. Harris, Ray, and Khalid Koser. "Islam in the Sahel." Continuity and Change in the Tunisian Sahel. Routledge, 2018. 107-120.
  9. Jones, Kevin. "Slavs and Tatars: Language arts." ArtAsiaPacific 91 (2014): 141.
  10. Sultanova, Razia. From Shamanism to Sufism: Women, Islam and Culture in Central Asia. Vol. 3. IB Tauris, 2011.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Okonkwo, Emeka E., and C. A. Nzeh. "Faith–Based Activities and their Tourism Potentials in Nigeria." International Journal of Research in Arts and Social Sciences 1 (2009): 286-298.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Mir, Altaf Hussain. Impact of tourism on the development in Kashmir valley. Diss. Aligarh Muslim University, 2008.
  13. Desplat, Patrick. "The Making of a ‘Harari’ City in Ethiopia: Constructing and Contesting Saintly Places in Harar." Dimensions of Locality: Muslim Saints, Their Place and Space 8 (2008): 149.
  14. Harar - the Ethiopian city known as 'Africa's Mecca', BBC, 21 July 2017
  15. Tucker & Roberts 2008.
  16. [Al Kur'ani 2:124]
  17. Musharraf 2012.
  18. Peters 1994.
  19. Blatt 2015.
  20. [Al Kur'ani 17:1]
  21. [Al Kur'ani 5:12]
  22. [Al Kur'ani 21:51]
  23. [Al Kur'ani 34:10]
  24. Aksan & Goffman 2007: 'Suleyman considered himself the ruler of the four holy cities of Islam, and, along with Mecca and Medina, included Hebron and Jerusalem in his rather lengthy list of official titles.'
  25. Honigmann 1993
  26. Jewish Encyclopedia
  27. Al Kur'ani 23:20 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)
  28. Al Kur'ani 95:2 (Translated by Yusuf Ali)
  29. Al Kur'ani 2:63
  30. Al Kur'ani 28:3
  31. Al Kur'ani 7:103
  32. Al Kur'ani 20:9
  33. Al Kur'ani 79:15
  34. Lords of the Horizons: A History of the Ottoman Empire, Jason Goodwin, Picador
  35. Director, Centre for Advanced Study of African Societies, Cape Town, South Africa.
  36. This was originally a paper submitted to the African Union (AU) Experts’ Meeting on a Strategic Geopolitic Vision of Afro-Arab Relations. AU Headquarters, Addis Ababa, 11–12 May 2004 Towards a Strategic Geopolitic Vision of Afro-Arab Relations. "By 670, the Arabs had taken Tunisia, and by 675, they had completed construction of Kairouan, the city that would become the premier Arab base in North Africa. Kairouan was later to become the third holiest city in Islam in the medieval period, after Mecca and Medina, because of its importance as the centre of the Islamic faith in the Maghrib".