Abubakar Imam

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Alhaji Abubakar Imam, shahararren marubucin Hausa ne wanda ya wallafa littatafan Hausa da dama, cikinsu akwai irinsu Magana Jari Ce, Ruwan Bagaja da sauransu. Marubucin ya samu shahara a Duniyar Nazarin Harshen Hausa. Ya zamo edita na farko na jaridar Arewa, Gaskiya Ta Fi Kwabo yanzu haka a na nazarin wallafe-wallafen da ya yi a manya da kananan makarantu a Nijeriya. Abubakar Imam shine marubuci littattafan Hausa na farko a karni na 20, A tsakanin watan Aprilu zuwa Ogusta na 1934,

Yabon fiyayyen halitta kammalalle

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Alhaji Dr. Abubakar Imam, O.B.E; C.O.N.; LL.D (Hon.) N.N.M.C. a Cikin shekarar 1911 a cikin garin Kagara sa'an nan tana cikin lardin Kwantagora, yanzu kuwa Jihar Neja. [1]Ya yi makarantar horarwa wato Katsina Training College.kuma ya kama aikin malanta a Makarantar Midil ta Katsina a shekarar 1932. Yana da shekara 22 ya rubuta 'Ruwan Bagaja'. Ganin kwazonsa wajen kaga labari mai ma'ana ya sa Dr. R.M. East, shugaban Ofishin Talifi na Zariya, ya roki a bada shi aro daga Katsina ya yi aikin rubuce-rubuce a Zariya. A zaman sa na Zariya ne Abubakar Imam ya wallafa littafin Magana Jari Ce 1-3, Ikon Allah 1-5 da Tafiya Mabudin Ilimi.[2] Nothern Privinces Newsheet ne kamfani na farko dake buga rubutun ajami a kasar hausa, wanda aka kafa a kano.[3] Daga baya kuma an kafa Nothern Nigeria Publishing Company (NNPC) waɗanda suke wallafa litttatafai a cikinn harshen hausa.[4] Sannan aka kafa gidan jarida ta farko mai suna “Gaskiya Tafi Kwabo”Ma’ana “ Truth is Worth More than a Penny” wacce aka ƙirƙira a shekarar 1939, wanda a lokacin Abubakar Imam shine mai kula da harkokin rubutu a kamfanin.[4]Abubakar Imam ne mutum na farko da yafara walafa littafin labarin hausa a ƙasar hausa mai suna “Ruwan Bagaja” a shekarar 1934.[5]() a lokacin yana da shekara 23, sai Bello kagara, wanda yaya ne ga Abubakar Imam.[6] wanda ya wallafa littafin Ganɗoki littafi mai shafi 45. Sai littafi mai suna “Idon Matambayi” na Muhammadu Gwarzo a shekarar (1911-1971). Littafi na biyar shine “Jiki Magayi”, amman littafain Magana Jari ce tafi kowanne littafi karbuwa a karnin.

1-     Ruwan Bagaja                     Abubakar Imam

2-     Shaihu Umar                        Tafawa Ɓalewa

3-     Idan Matambayi                 Muhammadu Gwarzo

4-     Ganɗoki                                Bello Kagara

5-     Jiki Magayi                           John Tafida da Rupert East

6-     Magana Jari ce                    Abubakar Imam

Abuabakr Imam yace ya dauke shi kimanin wata shida yan rubuta littafin magana jari ce.[7][8] yawancin labaran dake cikin littafin magana jari ce ya samo ne daga labarun tatsuniya na Grimon, labarun larabawa da ƴan Indiya kuma kimanin labarai 80 ya samo su daga wasu lttatafan da Rupert East ya ara mai,[9] Shi kanshi Abubakar Imam Yace “shi kanshi Rupert East ya tattaro bayanai daga cikin littatafai daban-daban na turawa da tatsuniyan larabawa, domin yin amfani dasu a matsayin abun amfani na sharan fage”.[10] Magana Jari ce ta kasance babban littafin da tafi kowanne a jadawalin tsarin rubuta littafi ga hausawa har ila yau.[11][12]

Ruwan Bagaja[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ruwan Bagaja yana daya daga cikin shahararrun littafin da Abubakar Imam ya wallafa, littafin labari ne a cikin labari, inda Alhaji Imam ke bada tarihin rayuwarsa da kansa. Inda yake tara mutane yana basu labarinsa, su kuma suna jinsa. Labarin littafin ya kunshi inda Imam ke barin gida wajen neman Ruwan Bagaja domin neman ma wanda ya rike shi magani da kuma fitar dashi daga kunya. Inda ya fita gida tin da kuruciyar shi inda yawo yakai shi har India, inda daga bisani yake dawowa gida.

Gyara Ruwan Bagaja[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Rupert East ya sanya gasar littattafai inda aka kai ‘Ruwan Bagaja’ dan gyare-gyare a lokacin ta hanyan Katsina Middle School. A watan Aprilu 30th, 1934, Rupert East ya rubutawa Mr. Allen, Shugaban Makarantar Katsina Middle School ga Mallam Abubakar Imam. Cewa suna godiya, da turo takardan Abubakar Imam da akayi zuwa wajen su amma a wannan lokacin baza su iya wallafa littafin ba domin littafin ya ruwaito labarinsa dayawa daga wasu littattafan inda kuma babu wasu canje canje. Duk da cewa littafin ya tsaru kuma sun yabe shi. Inda ya bashi shawaran da ya rubuta wasu labaran da kanshi domin a sanya su domin samun daman wallafa littafin da sunanshi shi Abubakar Imam. A watan Ogusta East ya sake rubutawa Abubakar Imam wasika inda yake sanar dashi cewa sun kusa gama gyare-gyaren littafin nasa a cikin littafin.

Aiki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ya fara nazarin littafin shi wanda ya same suna ‘RUWAN BAGAJA’ a wanna shekaran. Inda shekara mai zuwa baturen mulkin mallaka ’Rupert East’ ya sanya gasan littattafai inda aka kai Ruwan Bagaja domin gyare-gyare. Masana Harshen Hausa sun tabbatar da cewar har ya zuwa yanzu babu wani marubuci da ya baiwa Adabin Hausa gudunmowa ta musamman fiye da Alhaji Abubakar Imam, domin kasancewarsa marubuci mai cikakkiyar basira da fasahar shirya labarai iri daban-daban. Duba da muhimmancinsa ne ma, ya sa masana su ka sanya talifinsa cikin jadawalin darussan Hausa a Makarantun Sakandire da kuma Jami'o'i. Wadansu littatafan da Alhaji Abubakar Imam ya rubuta sun hada da Tarihin Annabi (S.A.W) Kammalalle da kuma Karamin Sani Kukumi.Hakika,Alhaji Abubakar Imam yana sahun gaba a manyan taurarin adabin Hausa Kuma wanda Har ila yau bashida tamka A Fannin Kaga Labarai

Nagarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Duba ga irin gudunmowa da ya bayar ga Tallafi da Aikin Jarida, Masarautar Burtaniya ta girmama Alhaji Abubakar Imam da lambar girma ta O.B.E, Order of British Empire. Daga bisani kuma gwamnatin Nijeriya ta girmama shi da tata lambar makamanciyar O.B.E, wato C.O.N. Yanzu haka gwamnatin Jihar KanoTa sanya sunan shi a Babban Asibitin Kula da ma su Yoyon Fitsari, wato Abubakar Imam Urology Hospital, da ke Birnin Kano.

Shafin Waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bibiliyo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Furniss, Graham. (1996). Poetry, prose and popular culture in Hausa. International African Institute. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for the International African Institute. ISBN 978-1-4744-6829-9. OCLC 648578425.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Abba Musa (2009-02-15). "ABB MUSA: Gundarin Tarihin Alhaji Dr. Abubakar Imam Kagara". abbamusa.wordpress.com. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  2. Bashir Ahmad (2011-07-13). "DANDALIN BASHIR AHMAD: Takaitaccen Tarihin Dr. Abubakar Imam". Dandalinbashir.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2013-11-08.
  3. Furniss, Graham. (1996). Poetry, prose and popular culture in Hausa. International African Institute. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for the International African Institute. p.12
  4. 4.0 4.1 Furniss, Graham. (1996). Poetry, prose and popular culture in Hausa. International African Institute. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for the International African Institute. p.13
  5. Furniss, Graham. (1996). Poetry, prose and popular culture in Hausa. International African Institute. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for the International African Institute. p.20-21
  6. Furniss, Graham. (1996). Poetry, prose and popular culture in Hausa. International African Institute. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for the International African Institute. p.26
  7. Furniss, Graham. (1996). Poetry, prose and popular culture in Hausa. International African Institute. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for the International African Institute. p.33
  8. (mora1989)(p26)
  9. pilaszawicz (1985)(p222)
  10. mora (1987)(26)
  11. Furniss, Graham. (1996). Poetry, prose and popular culture in Hausa. International African Institute. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for the International African Institute. p.34
  12. Furniss, Graham. (1996). Poetry, prose and popular culture in Hausa. International African Institute. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for the International African Institute. p.56-59