Kano

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Kano ( Ajami : كانو) Ne babban birnin Jihar Kano, kuma shi ne gari mafi yawan jama a 'Nijeriya dake a cikin Arewa kudu maso arewa. Garin ya kasance babban mazaunin yan Adam na shekaru dubbai. Ita ce Birni na biyu mafi yawan jama'a Ta yawan jama'a a cikin iyakokin Birni, tare da sama da 'yan kasa miliyan hudu a cikin 5,700 km . Yankin gargajiya ne na tsohuwar daular Dabo mai karni biyu wadanda tun a karni na 19 suka kasance sarakunan gargajiya na cikin gari har zuwa yakin kano lokacin da garin ya mamaye daular Biritaniya . Majalisar Masarautar Kano ita ce cibiyar masarautar yanzu a cikin iyakokin biranen Kano, kuma Karkashin ikon Gwamnatin Jihar Kano .

Garin yana karkashin Sahel, kudu da Sahara, kuma yana daya daga cikin masarautu bakwai na da na zamani a cikin hausa kuma manyan mazauna garin sune hausawa . Shekaru aru-aru kafin mulkin mallakar Birtaniyya, Kano ta kasance mai cikakken iko da yawan Larabawa, Kanuri, Berber da Fula kuma ta kasance haka tare da harshen Hausa da ake magana da shi a matsayin harshen yare da sama da masu magana da miliyan 70 a yankin. Addinin Islama ya isa garin a karni na 11 ko kuma a farkon ta hanyar kasuwancin Saharar Sahara kuma sakamakon haka ya zama mai wadata kuma cibiyar jijiyar kasuwanci ta yankin da Arewacin Najeriya, kuma har yanzu ana danganta ta a matsayin " cibiyar kasuwanci ".

Bayanin Asali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kano ta samo asali daga garin Dala, bayan tsauni, kuma ana kiran ta haka har zuwa ƙarshen karni na 15 da farkon 16 ga majiyoyin Borno .

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kafa da daular Bagauda[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

1857 lithograph na kano, wanda aka zana bayan zanen da Heinrich Barth yayi

A cikin karni na 7, Dutsen Dala, wani tsauni ne da ke kano, ya kasance wurin farauta da tara jama'ar da ke aikin baƙin ƙarfe ( al'adun Nok ); ba a sani ba ko waɗannan Hausawa ne ko kuwa masu magana da yarukan Nijar – Congo . Tarihin Kano ya nuna cewa Barbushe, jarumi ne na tsaunin Dala kuma mace mai bautar ruhi da aka sani da suna Tsumbura, Barbushe ta fito ne daga tsatson gidan mafarautan (maparauta) waɗanda suka fara zama a garin ( Elizabeth Isichei ta lura cewa bayanin Barbushe yayi kama da juna ga mutanen Sao ).

Tsarin birnin kano, Soudan, ca. 1836 daga Thomas Scott

Duk da yake a baya akwai kananan sarakuna a yankin, kamar yadda yake a Tarihin Kano, Bagauda dan Bawo da jikan jarumin almara mai suna Bayajidda, ya zama sarkin Kano na farko a shekarar 999, yana mulki har zuwa 1063. [1] Jikansa Gijimasu (1095-1134), sarki na uku, ya fara gina ganuwar gari (badala / ganuwa) a ƙasan Dutsen Dala. Sonansa, Tsaraki (1136–1194), sarki na biyar, ya kammala su a zamanin mulkinsa.

Tsakiyar Zamani: yaɗuwar Musulunci da kasuwanci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A karni na 12 Ali Yaji mai matsayin Sarkin Kano ya yi mubaya'a daga tsafin Tsumburbura, ya musulunta kuma ya yi daular Sarauta wanda zai kasance har zuwa faduwarta a karni na 19. Mulkin Yaji ya biyo bayan zamanin faɗaɗawa wanda ya ga Kano ta zama babban birni na daular Habe ta ƙarya.

A 1463 Muhammad Rumfa (yayi zamani 1463–1499) ya hau gadon sarauta. A lokacin mulkinsa, matsin lamba daga siyasa da ya tashi daga Daular Songhai ya tilasta shi ya ɗauki Auwa, ɗiyar Askiyah Mai Girma a matsayin matar sa. Ta kasance daga baya ta zama mace ta farko a garin Kano.

Rumfa sarki ne attajiri da ban nishadi. Kayan sawa na marmari da takalmin gashin jimina masu tsada sun kasance ruwan dare tsakanin jami'an gwamnati. An kuma fara amfani da kakaki a lokacin mulkinsa. Dukiyarsa tana bin bashin kasuwancin Kano a wannan lokacin. Babu shakka Kano ta samu daukaka sosai a matsayinta na muhimmiyar cibiyar kasuwanci ta kasuwancin Saharar Sahara a tsakiyar zamanai a lokacin mulkinsa. Bayanin Leo Africanus game da Kano ya yi amannar na zamanin Rumfas ne. Ya bayyana mazauna yankin a matsayin "attajirai 'yan kasuwa kuma kwararrun masu fasaha" sannan ya yaba da dokin sojojin Sarkin Musulmi. Ya kuma lura da yalwar shinkafa, masara, auduga da 'ya'yan itatuwa citrus.

Rumfa ya gyara birni, ta fadada Sahelian Gidan Rumfa (Fadar Sarki), kuma ya taka rawa wajen kara musuluntar da mutanen garin, kamar yadda ya bukaci mashahuran mazauna garin su tuba. Tarihin kano ya danganta duka "sabbin abubuwa" guda goma sha biyu zuwa Rumfa. [2] A cikin littafin Tarihin Kano, Sarki na talatin da bakwai ( Sarkin Kano ) shine Mohammed Sharef (1703–1731). Magajinsa, Kumbari dan Sharefa (1731–1743), ya shiga manyan yakukuwa tare da Sakkwato a matsayin hamayya ta dogon lokaci.

Mulkin Fulani: karkashin daular Suleiman da Dabo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sarakuna shida a wani taro a Kano (c. 1910)

A farkon karni na 19, shugaban Fulani na musulunci Usman dan Fodio ya jagoranci jihadi da ya shafi yawancin yankin tsakiyar Sudan wanda ya rusa masarautar Habe, wanda ya haifar da bayyanar Khalifanci na Sakkwato . A shekara ta 1805 Sarkin Yabe na Fulanin ya ci Sarkin Kano na karshe, kuma Kano ta zama Masarautar Khalifanci. Kano ta riga ta kasance mafi girma da ci gaba a daular.

Heinrich Barth ya kira Kano babbar masarautar tsakiyar Afirka; ya kasance masanin Bajamushe ne wanda ya kwashe shekaru da dama a arewacin Najeriya a cikin shekarun 1850 kuma ya kiyasta yawan bayi a Kano ya kai a kalla 50%, mafi yawansu suna zaune ne a kauyukan bayi. Wannan shine ɗayan manyan ƙungiyoyin bayi na ƙarshe, tare da yawan kaso mai yawa na bautar bayi tun bayan da aka yanke cinikin bayi na Atlantika.

Sarkin kano Calvary (c. 1911)

Garin ya sha fama da fari da yunwa daga 1807 zuwa 1810, a cikin 1830s, 1847, 1855, 1863, 1873, 1884, kuma daga 1889 zuwa 1890.

Daga shekarar 1893 har zuwa 1895, masu neman sarauta biyu sun yi yakin basasa, ko Basasa , tarre da taimakon bayin masarauta, Yusufu ya ci nasara a kan ɗan'uwansa Tukur kuma ya ɗauki matsayin sarki.

Mulkin mallaka na Burtaniya, mulkin bayan fage, da 'yanci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Muhammad Abbas sarki ya fara sarauta bayan yakin kano

A watan Maris na shekarar 1903 bayan wata 'yar gwagwarmaya, Turawan Mulkin Mallaka suka mamaye ganuwar Kano, nan take ta maye gurbin Lokoja a matsayin cibiyar gudanarwar Arewacin Najeriya . An maye gurbinsa a matsayin cibiyar gwamnati ta Zungeru sannan daga baya Kaduna kuma kawai ta sake dawo da mahimmancin mulki tare da ƙirƙirar jihar Kano bayan independenceancin Najeriya.

Daga 1913 zuwa 1914, yayin da kasuwancin gyada ke kara fadada, Kano ta yi fama da babban fari, wanda ya haifar da yunwa. Sauran loktan yunwa a lokacin mulkin Birtaniyya sun faru a 1908, 1920, 1927, 1943, 1951, 1956, da 1958. Zuwa 1922, dan kasuwar gyada Alhassan Dantata ya zama hamshakin attajiri a Masarautar Kano, ya zarta sauran 'yan kasuwa Umaru Sharubutu Koki da Maikano Agogo.

Kano a Disamba 1930. Hoton iska da matukin jirgin sama na Switzerland kuma mai daukar hoto Walter Mittelholzer ya ɗauka .
Sarki Ado Bayero da Robert Dewar babban kwamishinan Burtaniya, 2009

A Mayun 1953, wani fadan kabilanci da ya soma saboda kudancin jaridu misreporting a kan yanayin da bambancin ra'ayi a tsakanin arewaci da kudancin yan siyasa a majalisar wakilai . Dubun-dubatar ‘yan Najeriya‘ yan asalin kudu sun mutu sakamakon wani rikici da ya haifar da siyasa. [3]

Ado Bayero ya zama sarkin Kano a shekaran 1963. Gwamnatin soja ta Tarayya ce ta kirkiro jihar Kano a shekarar 1967 daga Arewacin Najeriya na wancan lokacin. An yabawa kwamishinan ‘yan sanda na soja na farko, Audu Bako da gina kakkarfan tushe don ci gaban zamantakewar zamani. Ya fara ayyukan ci gaba da yawa-hanyoyin hanyoyi, ingantaccen ruwan sha na birane. Shi kansa manomi ne mai son tallafi da samar da madatsun ruwa. Godiya ga manufofin sa Kano ta samar da duk nau'ikan da ake samarwa da fitar dashi zuwa jihohin makwabta. Gwamnan farar hula na farko shi ne Abubakar Rimi .

A cikin Disamba na 1980, mai wa’azi mai tsattsauran ra'ayi Mohammed Marwa Maitatsine ya jagoranci tarzoma . Jami'an tsaro sun kashe shi, amma daga baya mabiyansa suka fara tayar da kayar baya a wasu biranen arewacin.

Bayan gabatar da tsarin shari'ar musulunci a jihar Kano a farkon shekarata 2000, da yawa  Kiristoci sun bar garin. An kashe mutane 100 a cikin tarzoma kan batun shari’a a lokacin Oktoba 2001. [4]

A watan Nuwamba na 2007, rikicin siyasa ya barke a garin bayan Jam’iyyar Democratic Party (PDP) ta zargi All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) da murde zaben kananan hukumomin da aka yi a ranar 17 ga Nuwamba. (ANPP tayi nasara a kananan hukumomi 36 cikin 44 na jihar. ) Daruruwan matasa sun fito kan tituna, sama da mutane 300 aka kame; aƙalla mutane 25 aka kashe. Gine-ginen da aka cinna wuta sun hada da ofishin ‘yan sanda na sharia, da cibiyar addinin Islama, da sakatariyar karamar hukuma. An girke sojojin tarayya 280 a kewayen birnin.

A watan Janairun 2012, wasu jerin hare-haren bam sun kashe mutane 162. An kai hari kan ofisoshin 'yan sanda hudu, hedkwatar Hukumar Tsaro ta Jiha, ofisoshin fasfo da cibiyoyin shige da fice. Mayakan Jihadi da ake kira Boko Haram sun dauki alhakin hakan. Bayan tashin bama-bamai, an sanya Kano a cikin dokar hana fita. Rikicin Boko Haram ya ci gaba da kisan mutane a watan Maris din 2013, Nuwamba 2014 da Fabrairu 2015 .

A ranar 6 ga watan Yunin 2014, Sarki Ado Bayero wanda ya yi sarauta a matsayin Sarkin Kano tsawon shekaru fiye da biyar ya mutu, kuma rikicin sarauta ya barke tsakanin dangin masarautar. A ranar 8 ga Yuni 2014, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi jikan tsohon Sarki Muhammadu Sanusi I ya zama sabon Sarkin Kano. Haɗuwarsa ta haifar da zanga-zanga mai yawa daga magoya bayan Sanusi Ado Bayero na Chiroman Kano (Yariman Masarauta) kuma ɗa ga marigayi Sarki Ado Bayero, tare da zargin cewa Gwamna Rabiu Kwankwaso ya tsoma baki cikin tsarin sarauta.

A shekarar 2019, Gwamna Abdullahi Umar Ganduje ya raba masarautar Kano zuwa sabbin masarautu hudu; Bichi, Rano, Gaya da Karaye. Wannan matakin da ba a taba ganin irinsa ba ya soki dattawa. A dokar dai, daga cikin kananan hukumomi 44 da ke jihar, Sanusi a matsayin Sarkin Kano zai jagoranci kananan hukumomi 10 kawai; tare da sauran sassan da aka sassaka tsakanin sabbin masarautu. A ranar 9 ga Maris din 2020, Gwamna Abdullahi Ganduje ne ya dare karagar mulkin Sanusi. Ba tare da bata lokaci ba aka tasa keyar sarkin zuwa karkashin tsaro mai karfi zuwa wani gida cikin al'ajabi, jihar Nasarawa. Sai da babbar kotun tarayya da ke Abuja ta shiga tsakani don ba da umarnin a sake shi daga tsare a Nasarawa.

Labarin kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wuri[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Birnin Kano yana kudu da hamadar Sahara a cikin yankin Savanna na Sudan wanda ya faɗi kudu da Sahel . Garin yana kusa da inda kogunan Kano da Challawa da suke kwararowa daga kudu maso yamma suka hadu suka zama Kogin Hadejia, wanda daga karshe ya malala zuwa Tafkin Chadi zuwa gabas.

Yanayi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kano tana da 481 metres (1,578 ft) sama da matakin teku . Kano tana da yanayin savanna na wurare masu zafi . Birni yana da kusan kimanin 980 millimetres (38.6 in) na hazo a kowace shekara, yawancinsu suna faɗuwa ne daga Yuni zuwa Satumba. Kamar mafi yawan Nijeriya, Kano tana da zafi sosai a mafi yawancin shekara, tana yin sama a cikin watan Afrilu. Daga Disamba zuwa Fabrairu, garin ba shi da zafi sosai, tare da yanayin daren lokacin watannin Disamba, Janairu da Fabrairu suna da matsakaicin yanayin zafi na 14 to 16 °C (57 to 61 °F) .

Climate data for {{{location}}}
Watan Janairu Fabrairu Maris Afrilu Mayu Yuni Yuli Ogusta Satumba Oktoba Nuwamba Disamba Shekara
[Ana bukatan hujja]

Gundumomi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kano na da yankuna shida:

  • Tsohon Birni
  • - Bompai,
  • - Fagge ,
  • Sabon Gari,
  • Quasar Siriya ,
  • da Nassarawa .

Tattalin arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tarihin tattalin arzikin Kano ya samo asali ne tun daga zamanin biranen na farko lokacin da garin ya kasance mafi kudu maso kudu na shahararrun hanyoyin kasuwanci tsakanin Sahara . Kano tana da kyakkyawar alaka da birane da yawa a Arewacin Afirka da wasu biranen a kudancin Turai. [5] A shekara ta 1851, birnin Kano ya samar da takalmi miliyan 10 da fatun tan miliyan 5 kowace shekara don fitarwa, tare da wasu kayayyaki da suka haɗa da kayan yadi, fata da hatsi. Kano ta haɗu da kasuwancin Trans-Atlantic a cikin 1911 lokacin da hanyar jirgin ƙasa ta isa Kano. Kano babbar cibiya ce ta samarwa da kuma fitar da kayayyakin amfanin gona kamar fatu, fata, gyada, da auduga .

Birnin yana kula da tattalin arziƙin sa ta hanyar kasuwancin tun a ƙarni na 21 tare da samar da mutum mafi arziki a Afirka - Aliko Dangote - wanda babban mahaifin sa Alhassan Dantata shine mafi arziki a Yammacin Afirka a tsakiyar karni na 20. Tsawon shekarun da suka gabata, manufofin gwamnati da ba su dace ba da kuma samar da wutar lantarki nan da can ya kawo cikas ga masana'antu da masana'antu, ta yadda tattalin arzikin Kano ya dogara ne kacokam kan kasuwanci, tallace-tallace da aiyuka. Akwai shirye-shiryen kafa filin shakatawa na fasahar bayanai a cikin gari.

Al'adu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dawakai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bikin Durbar a Kano

A al'adance Kano tana da mahaɗan dawakai kuma ana bayyana wannan yayin bikin Durbar na shekara-shekara don nuni da kuma yin bukukuwa biyu na Musulmai na shekara Eid al Fitr (don nuna ƙarshen Watan Ramadan mai alfarma ) da Eid al-Adha (don bikin aikin Hajji) Harami Mai Tsarki). Ana fara bikin ne da kwararrun mahaya daga fadar masarauta da masu kishin alfarma tare da mawaƙa, maharba, da da'iran gargajiya a cikin jerin gwanon arziki da launuka masu kayatarwa ta cikin garin akan hanyar zuwa gidan sarki. Da zarar sun taru a kusa da fadar, mahayan dawakan sun shiga kungiyoyinsu, kowane a karkashin tutar shugaban gundumar (hakimai) ko kuma wani mai martaba daga fadar sarki (masarauta), su karba bi da bi su caji sarki, suna tafe da ƙafa kafa ɗaya a gaban manyan mutane da ke zaune don ba su girmamawa da biyayya. A lokacin bikin, sarki ya yi kyakykyawar bayyana a launuka daban-daban sanye da ado da adon sarki.

A karon farko cikin shekaru 200, an soke bikin dawaki na durban a shekarar 2012 saboda mummunan yanayin rashin lafiyar sarkin kano. Wasu masu sharhi na nuna cewa sokewar ya hada da kasancewar karuwar munanan hare-haren kungiyar Boko Haram a yankin arewacin Najeriya a wancan lokacin.

Gine-gine[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gine-ginen kano tsawon shekaru sun sama ga banbance banbance, musamman daga na gargajiya zuwa na zamani. Birnin babban yanki ne na gine-ginen Sudano-Sahelian, yana haɓaka tsarin Tubali na cikin gida wanda ya bayyana a masallatai, bango, mahaɗan gama gari, da ƙofofi.

Fassara fasalin gine-gine ya kasance kuma har yanzu ana amfani dashi sosai a cikin gine-ginen Kano, tare da garin yana dauke da ƙwararrun masu fasaha.

Tambarin kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kofar majalisar birni ta kano (2009)

Tsohon Birni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ganuwa ta mamaye, yawancin ƙofofin zuwa Old City suna rayuwa. Tsohon garin yana dauke da babbar Kasuwar Kurmi, wacce aka san ta da sana'arta, yayin da tsofaffin ramin rini-har yanzu ana amfani da su - suna nan kusa. A cikin Tsohon garin akwai Fadar Sarki, Babban Masallaci, da Gidan Tarihi na Gidan Makama.

Wuraren Bauta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daga cikin wuraren ibadar, galibi masallatan musulmai ne. [6]

Hakanan akwai majami'u na Krista don ɗariku da yawa da suka hada da :

  • Cocin na Najeriya ( Anglican Communion );
  • Roman Catholic Diocese na Kano ( Cocin Katolika );
  • Yarjejeniyar Baptist ta Nijeriya ( Baptist World Alliance );
  • Cocin Presbyterian na Nijeriya ( Commungiyar Hadin Gwiwar Ikklisiya ta Duniya );
  • Majami’un majami’ar Pentikostal da suka hada da; Majalisun Allah, Cocin Living Faith Church a Duniya ; Ikilisiyar Krista ta Allah da aka Karɓa

Ganuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An Gina Tsoffin Ganuwan Kano a matsayin katangar kariya tare da gina harsashin da Sarki Gijimasu ya kafa (r. 1095–1134), wato sarki na uku na Masarautar Kano a cikin Tarihin Kano . A tsakiyar karni na 14 a zamanin Zamnagawa, an kammala katangar kafin a kara fadada ta a karni na 16. A cewar masana tarihi, Janar-Janar na Mulkin Mallaka da Kariyar Najeriya, Fredrick Lugard, ya rubuta a cikin rahoton 1903 game da Ganuwar Kano cewa "bai taɓa ganin kamarsa a Afirka ba" bayan kama tsohon garin Kano tare Sojojin Burtaniya.

Tsoffin gidajen sarauta da wuraren zama[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yawancin tsofaffin gidajen masarauta suna rayu har zuwa yau, galibi a cikin tsohon birni da kewaye. Irin wadannan gidaje masu zaman kansu sun hada da Gidan Chiroma, Filin Chiranchi, da sauransu. Manyan fadoji, sun hada da Gidan Rumfa, Gidan Makama, da kuma lokacin sanyi na sarki.

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayero University kano harabar

Jami'ar Bayero ta Kano ita ce tsohuwar jami'a mafi tsufa a garin. Isa Kaita ne ya fara kafa jami'ar a shekarar 1962. Ta zama jami'ar jihar a cikin 1975, kuma har yanzu tana da muhimmiyar cibiyar koyarwa a yau.

Kwalejin Fasaha ta Jihar Kano an kafa ta ne a shekarar 1975.

Kano da daddare

Kano tana da tashar jirgin kasa mai dauke da jiragen kasa zuwa Legas da aka bi ta Kaduna, yayin da Filin jirgin saman Malam Aminu Kano yake kusa da nan. Challawa Gorge Dam wanda ke kusa da shi ya wadatar da garin, wanda ake la'akari da shi a matsayin tushen tushen wutar lantarki. Kasancewar Kano tana arewacin mahadar jirgin ƙasa a Kaduna, tana da damar yin daidai da tashar jirgin ruwa a Lagos da Fatakwal . Kamfanin jirgin sama Kabo Air yana da babban ofishinsa a cikin birni. [7] Har ila yau, Kano ita ce hedkwatar kamfanin jiragen sama na Azman, da Max Air da kuma wasu kamfanonin tafiye-tafiye marasa daidaito.

An sake gina Tsohuwar Kofar Garin Kano a shekarar 2014

Bayan hutu na shekaru masu yawa, an gyara layin dogo daga Kano zuwa Legas zuwa a 2013. Jirgin kasa na jirgin kasa zuwa Lagos yana ɗaukar awanni 30 kuma ya yi daidai da dalar Amurka 12, kwata kwata na kwatankwacin kuɗin bas. [8]

A shekarar 2014, ana fara aikin gina sabon layin dogo, layin ma'auni na zamani daga Legas .

Daga shekarar 2006 zuwa 2015, tare da tallafin mai da tsadar mai, manyan titunan mota, gadoji na sama da sauran kayayyakin sufuri gwamnatin jihar ce ta gina su. Mafi shaharar wadannan sune gadar gadar sama ta Jubilee a Kofar Nassarawa, babbar hanyar Kofar Kabuga da kuma manyan tituna-layi 6 a cikin garin. Kwanan nan, Mataimakin Shugaban Kasar Najeriya Yemi Osibanjo ya kasance a Kano domin kaddamar da gadar gadar Alhassan da ke kan titin Murtala Muhammad Way da Tijjani Hashim da ke Kofar Ruwa.

A shekarar 2017, Ma’aikatar Ayyukan Gidaje & Sufuri ta Jihar Kano ta sanar da hanyar jirgin kasa mai tsawon kilomita 74, mai layi hudu. tare da kwangilar dalar Amurka biliyan 1.8 da aka sanya hannu tare da kamfanin gine-ginen Railway na kasar Sin .

Sanannun mutane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Britannica, Kano, britannica.com, USA, accessed on July 7, 2019
  2. Nast, p. 61
  3. Uwazie et al., p. 73
  4. Obasanjo Assesses Riot Damage in Kano – 2001-10-16.
  5. Barau, A.S. (2007) The Great Attractions of Kano.
  6. J. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, ‘‘Religions of the World: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices’’, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2010, p. 2107
  7. "Contact Us." Kabo Air.
  8. "Trains in Nigeria: A slow but steady new chug," The Economist


Kananan Hukumomin Jihar Kano
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