Kannywood

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Wikidata.svgKannywood
Bayanai
Nahiya Afirka
Wuri
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaNajeriya
Jerin jihohi a Nijeriyajihar Kano
BirniKano

Kannywood ko Hausa Sinima, itace masana'antar fina-finai na Harshen Hausa dake a arewacin Nijeriya. Tana da cibiyar ta ne a birnin Kano da kuma Sauran wasu jihohin Nijeriya kamar irinsu Jos, kaduna da sauransun Nijeriya.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kannywood kalma ce da'a ka gajer ce ta daga harshen Hausa sinima. Wani bangare ne na babbar siliman a Najeriya mai suna Nollywood, wanda aka fi sani da Nollywood, wanda ya hada da sauran cibiyoyin samar da fina-finai a cikin wasu yarukan Najeriya da yawa. Sunan "Kannywood" wani hadaka ne wanda aka samo asalin sa daga jihar Kano da Holl ywood, kamar dai cibiyar Hollywood . "Kannywood" ta samo asali ne a ƙarshen shekarun 1990, lokacin da Sunusi Shehu na Mujallar Tauraruwa ya ƙirƙiri kalmar Kannywood sannan kuma ta zama sanannen lokacin da ake kiran masana'antar a arewacin nigeria. Kalmar "Kannywood" an kirkireta ne a shekarar 1999, shekaru uku kafin kalmar Nollywood ta zo.[1]

Fim din hausa da sannu a hankali ya samo asali ne daga shirye-shiryen RTV Kaduna da Radiyo Kaduna a cikin shekarun 1960. Tsoffin sojoji kamar Dalhatu Bawa da Kasimu Yero sun fara gabatar da wasannin kwaikwayo wanda ya zama sananne ga masu sauraron Arewa. A shekarun 70 zuwa 80, Usman Baba Pategi da Mamman Ladan sun gabatar da Wasannin Ban dariya na Hausa ga masu sauraron Arewa.

1990s: Tasirin Bollywood[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Shekarar 1990s sun ga wani canji mai ban mamaki a finafinan harshen hausa, mai kwadayin jan hankalin masu sauraron hausa da suka ga finafinan Bollywood sun fi kyau, Kannywood; hada sinima na al'adun Indiya da na Hausawa ya samo asali kuma ya shahara matuka. Turmin Danya ("The Draw"), 1990, yawanci ana ambatarsa a matsayin fim na farko na Kannywood mai cin nasara a kasuwa. Wasu kamar Gimbiya Fatima In Da So Da Kauna, Munkar, Badakala da Kiyarda Da Ni suka bishi da sauri. Sabbin ‘yan wasa kamar su Ibrahim Mandawari da Hauwa Ali Dodo sun shahara kuma sun kafa fagen fitowar tauraruwa kamar‘ yan mata daga baya.

2000s Kannywood[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Zuwa 2012, sama da kamfanonin finafinai 2000 sun yi rajista da kungiyar Masu shirya Fina-finai ta Jihar Kano. Wani kwamitin tantancewa na gidauniya wanda Kanywood Producers and Marketers ya kirkiro ya zama kwamiti kuma Gwamna Rabiu Kwankwaso ya sanya masa suna Hukumar Tace Tace a shekarar 2001. An nada Mista Dahiru Beli a matsayin Sakataren zartarwa na farko na kwamitin.[2]

Waka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Marubuta waƙoƙi da mawaƙa waɗanda ke shirya ko yin waƙa a finafinan Hausa sun haɗa da Nazifi Asnanic,[3][4] Naziru M Ahmad,[5] Ali Jita,[6][7] da Fati Nijar.[8][9] Umar M Shareef.[10]

Suka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Suka da malaman musulunci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A 2003, tare da hauhawar kungiyar Izala da kuma hawa kan karagar mulki na Ibrahim Shekarau, gwamnatin masu tsananin kishin addini ta Kano ta fara wani kamfen na nuna adawa ga Kannywood. Yawancin finafinai da ake ganin ba sa bin addini an tantance su kuma an daure wasu masu yin fim. Wannan ya sauya wasu daga nasarorin da Kannywood ta samu kuma ya ba masana'antar fim ta Kudancin Najeriya damar yin nasara a kanta.

Matsaloli da gwamnati[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin 2007, Hiyana Affair : lokacin da faifan batsa na wata fitacciyar 'yar fim ya fito fili ya haifar da mummunan martani daga gwamnatin Islama ta wancan lokacin ta Jihar Kano a karkashin Ibrahim Shekarau . Shekarau ya ci gaba da nada Babban Darakta a hukumar tace bayanan, Abubakar Rabo Abdulkareem tare da goyon bayan kungiyar Izala da sauran kungiyoyin masu kishin Islama, Kannywood da kuma shahararren masana'antar soyayyar Hausa mai dauke da dumbin masoya, an daure su sosai, an daure jaruman, 'yan fim da marubuta gwamnatin jihar da littattafai da sauran kayan aikin yada labarai Gwamna da kansa ya kone.[11] A cikin 2011 maye gurbin gwamnatin Islama da mafi sassaucin ra'ayi karkashin jagorancin PDP ya haifar da kyakkyawan yanayi ga masana'antar. A shekarar 2019, biyo bayan sake zaben gwamna Abdullahi Umar Ganduje a matsayin gwamnan jihar Kano, hukumar kula da takunkumi karkashin Sakataren zartarwa, Isma'il Na'abba Afakallahu ta kaddamar da wani sabon kamun na makada da 'yan fim. An kama wani daraktan fim din, Sunusi Oscar, da wani mawaki, Naziru M. Ahmad tare da kai su kotu kan zargin da ake musu na cewa sun saki wakoki ba tare da izinin mai binciken ba. An bayar da belin mutanen biyu.[12] Kungiyar adawar ta Kwankwasiyya ta bayyana cewa kamun na da nasaba da siyasa saboda ana daukar wadanda ake zargin a matsayin masu nuna goyon bayan Jam’iyyar ta PDP a zaben da ya gabata.[13]

Duba[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. McCain, Carmen (9 October 2012). "Kannywood, the growth of a Nigerian language industry – Carmen McCain".
  2. Babagana M Gana (1 June 2012). "Hausa-English code-switching in Kanywood Films". International Journal of Linguistics. Archived from the original on 16 February 2013.
  3. "Nazifi Asnanic [HausaFilms.TV - Kannywood, Fina-finai, Hausa Movies, TV and Celebrities]". hausafilms.tv. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  4. "Kannywood's finest, worst moments of 2014 - Premium Times Nigeria" (in Turanci). 2015-01-01. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  5. "Kannywood singer, Naziru Ahmed, weds - Premium Times Nigeria" (in Turanci). 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  6. "Ali Jita [HausaFilms.TV - Kannywood, Fina-finai, Hausa Movies, TV and Celebrities]". hausafilms.tv. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  7. Liman, Bashir; Abuja (2018-10-27). "Ali Jita holds concert, launches war against cancer". Daily Trust (in Turanci). Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  8. "Lafiyata kalau —Fati Nijar". BBC News Hausa. Retrieved 2020-02-15.
  9. "Singer Fati Nijar turbanned 'queen of Hausa singers in Europe'" (in Turanci). 2019-11-25. Retrieved 2020-02-15.
  10. Shareef, Umar. "Why I dumped music for acting — Abdul Shareef". Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  11. "Book-Burning Nigerian Minister Of Education Explains Why He Did It As Governor Of Kano". Sahara Reporters. August 24, 2014. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
  12. "Kano singer, Sarkin Wakan arrested over alleged anti-Ganduje songs". Retrieved February 18, 2020.
  13. Muhammed, Isiyaku (September 12, 2019). "Kwankwasiyya reacts, as Police arrest popular Kano singer, Sarkin Wakar". Daily Trust. Retrieved February 18, 2020.