Hukumar Kula da Mata ta Kasa

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Wikidata.svgHukumar Kula da Mata ta Kasa
Bayanai
Farawa 1992
Shafin yanar gizo ncw.nic.in
Babban tsarin rubutu National Commission for Women Act, 1990 (en) Fassara

Hukumar kula da mata ta kasa ko (National Commission for Women NCW) a turance. ita ce hukuma ta gwamnatin Indiya, gaba ɗaya ta shafi ba da shawara ga gwamnati kan duk wasu al'amurran da suka shafi manufofin mata. An kafa ta a ranar 31 ga Janairu 1992 a ƙarƙashin tanade-tanaden Kundin Tsarin Mulki na Indiya,[1] kamar yadda aka ayyana a cikin Dokar Hukumar Mata ta ƙasa ta 1990.[2] Shugaban hukumar na farko shine Jayanti Patnaik. Tun daga 30 Nuwamba 2018, Rekha Sharma ita ce shugabar.[3]

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manufar NCW ita ce wakiltar 'yancin mata a Indiya da kuma ba da murya ga al'amuransu da damuwarsu. Batutuwan yakin neman zaɓensu sun haɗa da sadaki, siyasa, addini, daidaiton wakilci ga mata a ayyukan yi, da kuma cin zarafin mata don neman aiki. Sun kuma tattauna yadda ‘yan sanda ke cin zarafin mata.[4]

Hukumar a kai a kai tana buga wasiƙar wata-wata, Rashtra Mahila, a cikin harshen Hindi da Ingilishi.[5]

Rigingimu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sashe na 497 na kundin hukunta manyan laifuka na Indiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin watan Disamba 2006 da Janairu 2007, NCW ta sami kanta a tsakiyar ƙaramin cece-kuce game da dagewarta cewa ba za a canza Sashe na 497[6] na Kundin Laifukan Indiya, ba don sanya mata mazinata su gurfanar da su daidai da mazajensu.

Amma dalilan da Ms. Vyas ta bijirewa manufar yin wannan laifin laifi - musamman ga mata, kamar yadda aka saba ba da shawarar - ba su da kwarin gwiwa. Tana ƙin riki mace mazinaciya daidai da laifinta a matsayin mazinaci saboda mata, ta yarda, ba su taɓa yin laifi ba. A koda yaushe su ne waɗanda abin ya shafa.[7]

Hukumar NCW ta bukaci kada a hukunta mata saboda yin zina, domin mace ita ce “wanda aka yi wa fyade ba mai laifi ba” a irin wadannan lokuta. Sun kuma ba da shawarar a gyara sashe na 198 na CrPC don ba wa mata damar shigar da kara a kan mazajen da ba su yi amana ba tare da gurfanar da su a gaban kuliya bisa aikata lalata. Hakan dai ya kasance a matsayin mayar da martani ga “hankali” da ke cikin dokar hukunta masu laifi ta Indiya da ta bai wa maza damar shigar da kararrakin zina a kan wasu mazan da suka yi mu’amalar da ba ta dace ba amma ba su ba mata damar shigar da karar mazajensu ba. [8]

Hukumar ta kuma yi aiki don tabbatar da tsaro ga mata a cikin mu'amalar da ba ta dace ba.[7]

Rigimar harin mashaya Mangalore[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

NCW ta fuskanci kakkausar suka game da martanin da suka bayar game da harin da wasu maza arba'in na bangaren dama na Hindu Sri Ram Sena suka kai wa mata takwas a wata mashaya a Mangalore a karshen watan Janairun 2009. Bidiyon harin ya nuna yadda aka yi wa matan naushi, ana jan su da gashin kansu, aka jefar da su daga gidan mashaya.[9]

An tura mamban kungiyar NCW Nirmala Venkatesh domin ta tantance halin da ake ciki, kuma a wata hira da ta yi da manema labarai ta ce gidan giyan ba shi da isasshen tsaro don haka ya kamata matan su kare kansu. Venkatesh ya ce, "Idan 'yan matan suna jin ba su yin wani abu ba daidai ba, me yasa suke tsoron fitowa su ba da sanarwa?"[10] A ranar 6 ga Fabrairu, NCW ta ce sun yanke shawarar ba za su karɓi rahoton Venkatesh ba amma ba za su tura wata sabuwar ƙungiya zuwa Mangalore ba. A ranar 27 ga Fabrairu, ofishin Firayim Minista ya amince da cire Nirmala Venkatesh bisa dalilan ladabtarwa.[11]

Rigimar lalata ta Guwahati[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hukumar ta NCW ta sake fuskantar suka bayan cin zarafin wata yarinya ‘yar shekara 17 da wasu gungun maza suka yi a wajen gidan mashaya a Guwahati a ranar 9 ga watan Yulin 2012. An zargi mamban NCW Alka Lamba da fallasa sunan karamar yarinya ga manema labarai, kuma daga baya aka cire ta daga kwamitin binciken, duk da cewa ta kasance mamba a hukumar.[12] A mako mai zuwa, shugabar NCW Mamta Sharma ta yi tsokaci da ke nuna cewa mata "ku yi hankali da yadda kuke yin sutura", wanda ya gayyato sukar da aka yi mata cewa tana da laifi. Rigimar ta sa masu fafutuka suka yi kira da a sake fasalin hukumar.[13][14]

Rikicin fyade da kisan kai a Badaun[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 2021, an sake sukar NCW saboda yin laifin aikata laifin fyade da kisan gilla da aka yi wa wata mata a Badaun, Uttar Pradesh. An aika da tawaga mai mutane biyu daga NCW zuwa wurin da lamarin ya faru domin ganawa da iyalan mamacin da kuma shirya rahoton gano gaskiyar lamarin. Mamba na NCW Chandramukhi Devi, wacce ke cikin tawagar, ta bayyana wa manema labarai cewa, wani ɓangare na laifin faruwar lamarin yana kan wanda aka azabtar, saboda ta zaɓi ziyartar haikalin da yamma. Devi ya ce, "Kada mace ta fita cikin sa'o'i masu ban sha'awa a ƙarƙashin rinjayar wani. Ina tsammanin da ba ta fita da yamma ba, ko kuma ba ta tare da yaro tare da ita ba, da an hana ta.”[15][16] Kalaman dai sun janyo suka sosai a shafukan sada zumunta, da ma wasu shahararrun mutane.[17][18] Bayan sukar jama'a, Devi ta janye kalaman nata.[19]

Shugabanni[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lamba. Suna Hoto Daga Zuwa
1 Jayanti Patnaik J Patnaik.tif</img> 3 February 1992 30 January 1995
2 V. Mohini Giri The President, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam presenting Padma Bhushan to Dr. (Smt.) V. Mohini Giri (Social Activist), at an Investiture Ceremony at Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi on March 23, 2007.jpg</img> 21 July 1995 20 July 1998
3 Vibha Parthasarathy 18 January 1999 17 January 2002
4 Poornima Advani The Chairperson of National Commission for Women Dr. Poornima Advani addressing the Media in Guwahati on January 6, 2005 (1).jpg</img> 25 January 2002 24 January 2005
5 Girija Vyas File:Girija Vyas.jpg</img> 16 February 2005 15 February 2008
6 Girija Vyas 9 April 2008 8 April 2011
7 Mama Sharma[20] 2 August 2011 1 August 2014
8 Lalitha Kumaramangalam The Chairperson, National Commission of Women (NCW), Smt. Lalitha Kumaramangalam delivering the valedictory address at the 5th National Conference of Heads of Prisons of States and UTs on Prison Reforms, in New Delhi.jpg</img> 29 September 2014 28 September 2017
9 Rekha Sharma 7 ga Agusta 2018[21] 6 ga Agusta, 2021
10 Rekha Sharma 7 ga Agusta, 2021[22] Zuwa yau

Hukumar Mata ta Jiha[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ga jerin sunayen kwamitocin mata a matakin jiha

Mataki Jiha Hukumar Mata ta Jihohi
1 Andhra Pradesh Hukumar Mata ta Andhra Pradesh
2 Arunachal Pradesh Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Arunachal Pradesh
3 Assam Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Assam
4 Bihar Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Bihar
5 Chhattisgarh Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Chhattisgarh
6 Goa Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Goa
7 Gujarat Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Gujarat
8 Haryana Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Haryana
9 Himachal Pradesh Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Himachal Pradesh
10 Jammu na Kashmir Hukumar Mata ta Jammu da Kashmir
11 Jharkhand Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Jharkhand
12 Karnataka Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Karnataka
13 Kerala Hukumar Mata ta Kerala
14 Madhya Pradesh Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Madhya Pradesh
15 Maharashtra Hukumar Mace ta Jihar Maharashtra
16 Manipur Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Manipur
17 Meghalaya Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Meghalaya
18 Mizoram Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Mizoram
19 Nagaland Hukumar Mata Nagaland
20 Odisha Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Odisha
21 Punjab Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Punjab
22 Rajasthan Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Rajasthan
22 Sikkim Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Sikkim
23 Tamil Nadu Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Tamil Nadu
24 Telangana Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Telangana
25 Tripura Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Tripura
26 Uttar Pradesh Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Uttar Pradesh
27 Uttarakhand Hukumar Mata ta Jihar Uttarakhand
28 West Bengal Hukumar Mata ta Yammacin Bengal
29 Delhi Delhi Commission for Women
30 Pondicherry Hukumar Matan Puducherry

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "NCW :: About NCW". ncw.nic.in. National Commission for Women. Archived from the original on 16 October 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  2. Act No. 20 of 1990 of Govt. of India
  3. "NCW::Current Commission". Archived from the original on 15 January 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  4. "India Together: A gallery of failures - 19 May 2006". 19 May 2006.
  5. "National Commission for Women :: Publications". Archived from the original on 18 January 2007. Retrieved 5 February 2007.
  6. "NCW rejects proposal to punish women for adultery". The Hindu. 26 December 2006. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "One World.net". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 7 January 2007.
  8. Prakash, Satya, "What constitutes adultery?" Hindustan Times, 25 December 2006, [1]
  9. "Mangalore: Attack on Pub now a National Concern!". Archived from the original on 30 January 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2009.
  10. Roche, Florine (2009-01-30). "Mangalore Pub Attack - National Commission for Women Recommends Punishment Under Article 307". Retrieved 2009-02-06.
  11. "NCW rejects report, blames security lapse for pub attacks". 2009-02-06. Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-06.
  12. "Guwahati molestation case: Chief Minister's office accidentally names victim, then retracts". www.ndtv.com. Archived from the original on 18 August 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  13. "Guwahati molestation: NCW chief Mamta Sharma advises women to dress 'carefully'". 18 June 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  14. "Guwahati molestation: Activists demand NCW restructure". Archived from the original on 19 July 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  15. "NCW Member's Shocker: Badaun Gangrape-Murder Victim Shouldn't Have Gone Out in Evening". News18 (in Turanci). 2021-01-07. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  16. "Incident could have been avoided had woman not gone out in evening: NCW member on UP gangrape". Deccan Herald (in Turanci). 2021-01-07. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  17. "Taapsee Pannu, Urmila Matondkar, Pooja Bhatt slam NCW member's victim-blaming comments about Budaun gang-rape". Hindustan Times (in Turanci). 2021-01-07. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  18. Bureau, ABP News (2021-01-07). "Budaun Gangrape: NCW Member Blames Victim For Going Out In Evening, Irks Controversy". news.abplive.com (in Turanci). Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  19. Scroll Staff. "NCW member shames Budaun gangrape victim for going out alone in evening, withdraws statement later". Scroll.in (in Turanci). Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  20. "Mamta Sharma is NCW chief". The Hindu. New Delhi. 3 August 2011. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  21. "Rekha Sharma Is New National Commission for Women Chairperson". NDTV.com. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  22. "Rekha Sharma Is New National Commission for Women Chairperson". NDTV.com. Retrieved 11 March 2021.

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]