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Waris Dirie

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Waris Dirie
UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador (en) Fassara

1997 - 2003
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Galkayo (en) Fassara, 21 Oktoba 1965 (58 shekaru)
ƙasa Somaliya
Austriya
Mazauni Gdańsk (en) Fassara
Harshen uwa Harshen Somaliya
Karatu
Harsuna Turanci
Jamusanci
Sana'a
Sana'a model (en) Fassara, Marubuci, marubuci, autobiographer (en) Fassara, Mai kare hakkin mata, ɗan wasan kwaikwayo, goodwill ambassador (en) Fassara, Jarumi da humanitarian (en) Fassara
Tsayi 175 cm
Employers Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya
Muhimman ayyuka Desert Flower (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
IMDb nm0909909

Waris Dirie ( Somali </link> ) (an haife ta 21 Oktoba 1965) abin koyi ne na ƙasar Somaliya, marubuciya, ƴar wasan kwaikwayo kuma mai fafutukar kare hakkin ɗan adam a yaƙin da ake yi da kaciyar mata ( FGM ). Daga 1997 zuwa 2003, ta kasance jakadiyar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta musamman kan yaki da kaciyar mata. A cikin 2002 ta kafa ƙungiyar ta a Vienna, Gidauniyar Furen Fure.

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Dirie a matsayin daya daga cikin yara goma sha biyu a cikin dangin makiyaya a 1965 a yankin Galkacyo . Sunanta na farko, Waris, yana nufin furen hamada . Lokacin da ta kai shekaru biyar, an yi mata kaciya ta hanyar lalata . Tana da shekaru goma sha uku, ta gudu ta cikin jeji zuwa Mogadishu domin ta kubuta daga shirin auren wani dattijo mai shekaru 60. Ta fara zama a wurin tare da 'yan uwa, duk da cewa ba a amince da guduwar ta ba.

Waris Dirie

Daya daga cikin kawunta, wanda a lokacin shi ne jakadan Somaliya a Burtaniya, yana neman kuyanga. Da taimakon goggo ta shawo kan kawun nata ya dauketa aiki ya kaita Landan, inda take aiki a gidan kawun nata akan kudi kadan. Bayan wa'adin kawun nata na shekara hudu, Dirie ya tafi ya zauna a cikin wasu tsare-tsaren gidaje marasa kwanciyar hankali, daga baya ya yi hayan ɗaki a cikin YMCA . Ta sami rayuwarta a matsayin mai tsaftacewa a cikin McDonald's na gida. Ta kuma fara karatun yamma don koyon turanci.

Sana'a[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tana da shekaru 18, mai daukar hoto Mike Goss ya gano Dirie kwatsam, yayin da ta tsaya jiran cajin ta a wajen makarantar 'yarsa. Ta hanyar sa yaran su fassara musu, Mike ya shawo kan Waris ta yi masa abin koyi. Bayan haka, ya taimaka mata ta sami babban fayil tare da samun wakilcinta, kodayake yawancin hukumomin ƙirar ƙira sun yi iƙirarin cewa babu 'kira ga ƙirar baƙi'. Ɗaya daga cikin ayyukanta na farko na ƙirar ƙira shine na Terence Donovan, wanda ya dauki hotonta a 1987 tare da samfurin Naomi Campbell wanda har yanzu ba a san shi ba don taken Pirelli Calendar . Daga can, Dirie ta yin tallan kayan kawa ya tashi, nan da nan ya zama samfurin nasara, yana bayyana a cikin tallace-tallace na manyan samfurori irin su Chanel, Levi's, L'Oréal da Revlon .

A cikin 1987, Dirie ta taka rawa a cikin fim ɗin James Bond The Rayayyun Rana . Ta kuma bayyana a kan titin jiragen sama na London, Milan, Paris da New York City, kuma a cikin mujallu na zamani kamar Elle, Glamour da Vogue . An bi wannan a cikin 1995 da wani shirin shirin BBC mai suna A Nomad in New York game da aikinta na yin tallan kayan kawa.

A cikin 1997, a tsayin aikinta na ƙirar ƙira, Dirie ta yi magana a karon farko tare da Laura Ziv na mujallar mata Marie Claire game da kaciyar mata (FGM) da aka yi mata tun tana ƙarama, tana ɗan shekara biyar tare da ƴan uwanta mata biyu. A wannan shekarar, Dirie ya zama wakilin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya don kawar da FGM. Daga baya ta kai wa mahaifiyarta ziyara a ƙasarsu ta Somaliya. [1] [2]

A cikin 1998, Dirie ta ba da labarin littafinta na farko tare da marubucin marubuci Cathleen Miller : Desert Flower, tarihin tarihin rayuwar da ya ci gaba da zama mafi kyawun siyarwar duniya. Sama da kwafi miliyan 11 an sayar da su a duk duniya zuwa yau, miliyan 3 a Jamus kaɗai. Daga baya ta fitar da wasu littafai masu nasara da suka hada da Desert Dawn, Wasika zuwa ga Mahaifiyata da Yara na Hamada, wanda aka kaddamar da na karshen tare da yakin Turai na yaki da FGM.

Waris Dirie

A cikin 2002, Dirie ta kafa Gidauniyar Desert Flower Foundation a Vienna . Gidauniyar tana tattara kuɗi don wayar da kan jama'a game da matsalar FGM a duniya da kuma taimakawa waɗanda abin ya shafa. A wannan shekarar, ta sami lambar yabo ta adabin Corine .

A cikin 2004, ta sami lambar yabo ta zamantakewa ta Duniya ta Mikhail Gorbachev a Gasar Mata ta Duniya a Hamburg, Jamus. Dirie ya bude taron duniya game da FGM a Nairobi, ya gabatar da jawabin da aka lura sosai, kuma ya buga a karon farko Waris-Dirie Manifesto game da FGM. Shugaban Tarayyar Ostiriya Heinz Fischer ya ba ta lambar yabo ta Romero a madadin kungiyar mazan Katolika ta Austriya.

A shekara ta 2006, ta yi jawabi ga taron ministocin dukan ƙasashe membobin EU a Brussels . Daga nan ne kungiyar Tarayyar Turai ta sanya batun yaki da kaciyar mata a cikin ajandar ta, bayan haka an tsaurara dokoki tare da kaddamar da matakan kariya a kasashen Turai da dama.

A cikin 2007, tashar Larabawa Al Jazeera ta gayyaci Waris Dirie zuwa mashahuran wasan kwaikwayo na Riz Khan . Ta yi magana a karon farko a wata tashar Larabawa a gaban masu kallo sama da miliyan 100 game da batun haramtacciyar "Kaciyar mata".

A cikin 2009, Desert Flower, wani fim mai tsayi da aka gina akan littafin Waris Desert Flower an fito da shi, tare da babbar jarumar Habasha Liya Kebede tana wasa da ita. Sherry Hormann ne ya jagoranci fim din, wanda ya lashe kyautar Oscar Peter Herrmann ne ya shirya shi. Benjamin Herrmann da Waris Dirie sun kasance masu haɗin gwiwa. Ya zuwa yanzu dai an fitar da fim din a kasashe 20 da suka hada da Faransa da Spain da Isra'ila da Girka da Poland da Brazil . A cikin Janairu 2010, ta lashe kyautar Bavarian Film Awards a Munich a cikin "Mafi kyawun Fim". Har ila yau, an zabi shi don lambar yabo ta Fim a Zinariya a cikin "Fitaccen Fim ɗin Fim" a Kyautar Fina-Finan Jamus, kuma ya lashe lambar yabo ta masu sauraro a cikin "Mafi kyawun Fim na Turai" a San Sebastián International Film Festival .

A cikin 2010, Tarayyar Afirka ta nada Dirie Jakadan zaman lafiya da tsaro a Afirka.

Ayyukan jin kai, yakin neman zabe, kyaututtuka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

2002 - yanzu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 2002 Dirie ta kafa gidauniyar Desert Flower Foundation a Vienna, kungiyar da burinta shine kawar da kaciyar mata a duniya. Ayyukan Gidauniyar tana samun kuɗi ne ta hanyar gudummawa.

UA 2009 Dirie ya zama memba na kafa PPR Foundation for Women's Dignity and Rights, ƙungiyar Faransanci mai suna François-Henri Pinault (Shugaba na PPR ) da matarsa, Hollywood actress Salma Hayek . Har ila yau, ta fara gidauniyar Desert Dawn, wanda ke tara kuɗi don makarantu da dakunan shan magani a ƙasarta ta Somalia, kuma tana tallafawa Gidauniyar Zeitz, ƙungiyar da ke mai da hankali kan ci gaba mai dorewa da kiyayewa .

Dirie ta yi kamfen sosai don jawo hankali kan kaciyar mata. A cikin 2010 tare da "Dakatar da FGM Yanzu" tare da haɗin gwiwar hukumar Berlin Heymann Brandt de Gelmini. An ba da wannan yunƙuri lambar yabo ga " Gwamnatin Tarayya ta Jamus mafi kyawun NGO na Social Media.

"Tare don Matan Afirka" ya biyo baya a cikin 2011, haɗin gwiwa tare da hukumar Hamburg Jung von Matt da lakabin wanki Mey.

Bayan ceton Desert Flower Safa daga FGM a cikin 2014, an ƙaddamar da shirin tallafawa "Ajiye Ƙananan Furen Hamada".

Waris Dirie a cikin mutane

A watan Maris na 2019 ya zo yaƙin neman zaɓe mai girma "Ƙarshen FGM" tare da alamar kamfai na Burtaniya Coco de Mer. Dirie ya gabatar da tarin kamfani (a matsayin magajin Pamela fu ) kuma mai daukar hoto Rankin Rankin kuma ya samar da gajeren fim na yakin. An ba da wannan yunƙurin idan lambar yabo ta Social Impact 2019 ta iF International Forum Design mai hedkwata a Hanover kuma an tallafa shi da kuɗin kyauta.


Samfuri:Clarifyl.Ga Dirie hoton da aka yi tare da Rankin a London ya kasance dawowa [bayani da ake buƙata] azaman abin ƙira.[1][2]

Cibiyar Furen Hamada[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Anvu ranar 11 ga Satumba, 2013, Dirie a matsayin majiɓinci ya buɗe cibiyar kiwon lafiya ta farko ta duniya don kulawa da kulawa da waɗanda aka yi wa FGM a Berlin tare da Asibitin Waldfriede a matsayin asibitin haɗin gwiwa na Gidauniyar Furen Fure. Cibiyar Furen Hamada ta sami lambar yabo ta Louise Schroeder ta Jihar Berlin a cikin 2016.

A cikin 2014, Cibiyar Horar da Fitowa ta Desert Flower don likitocin tiyata, likitocin mata, urologists da ma'aikatan jinya an kafa su a Amsterdam tare da Gidauniyar Desert Flower BENELUX.

An kafa Cibiyar Flower Center Scandinavia a cikin 2015 tare da haɗin gwiwar Asibitin Jami'ar Karolinska a Stockholm .

A cikin 2017 Cibiyar Fleur du Desert ta buɗe tare da Fondation Fleur du Desert a cikin m n jjj have already jjnnnuafakar mata a asibitin Delafontaine a Paris Saint-Denis. Shugaban Faransa Emmanuel Macron ya ziyarci Cibiyar Fleur du Desert a cikin Disamba 2017.

Education projects in Sierra Leone[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Buqe u.dbyA cikin 2016 Dirie da ƙungiyar Gidauniyar Desert Flower Foundation sun yanke shawarar mayar da batun "Ilimi a Afirka" abin da ke mayar da hankali kan aikinsu. Ta hanyar daukar nauyin shirin "Ajiye 'yar Hamada" za a iya ceto 'yan mata 1,000 daga FGM a Saliyo.

An sanar da gina makarantu uku na farko na "Desert Flower" a Saliyo a farkon 2019. Gidauniyar Diries Desert Flower Foundation kuma tana gina “Gida mai aminci”, inda wadanda FGM ke fama da su ke samun mafaka da kariya. Akwai kuma ɗakin karatu da cibiyar kwamfuta. Bugu da kari, za a raba kwafin 10,000 na littafin karatu na Waris Dirie mai suna "My Africa - The Journey" tare da akwatunan koyarwa na fure-fure na Desert Flower ga makarantu 34 a Saliyo.

Dirie ta samu kyaututtuka da kyautuka da yawa don ayyukan jin kai da littafai da suka hada da:

  • Woman of the Year Award (1998) by Glamour magazine.
  • Corine Award (2002) of the umbrella association of the German bookselling trade.
  • Women's World Award (2004) from former President of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev.
  • Bishop Óscar Romero Award (2005) by the Catholic Church.
  • Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur (2007) from former President of France, Nicolas Sarkozy.
  • Prix des Générations (2007) by the World Demographic Association.
  • Martin Buber Gold Medal from the Euriade Foundation (2008), founded by Werner Janssen in 1981.
  • Gold medal of the President of the Republic of Italy (2010) for her achievements as a human rights activist.
  • Thomas Dehler Prize (2013) of the Thomas Dehler Foundation, presented by Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger
  • Woman Of The Year Campaigning Award (2013) in London presented by Sacla
  • International Freedom Prize (2014) presented at the House of Lords in London by British Minister Lynne Featherstone
  • Women for Women Award (2017), awarded in Vienna by the magazine "look!
  • Donna dell'Anno (2018) in Italy
  • Million Chances Award (2018) donated by the Fritz Henkel Foundation
  • Sunhak Peace Prize (2019) for her commitment to women's rights, awarded in Seoul.

Kai hari da bacewar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin Maris 2004, Dirie an kai hari a gidanta a Vienna. An tsare wani dan kasar Portugal mai shekaru 26 a gidan yari bayan da ya yi mata birki mai tsawon mil 1,000 a fadin Turai, inda daga karshe ya samu shiga gidanta ta hanyar hawa ta tagar makwabcinsa. “Ta firgita kuma a gigice ta bar shi ya shigo,” in ji kakakin ‘yan sandan. Da alama Dirie ya samu kananan raunuka lokacin da maharin ya jefa ta a kasa. Maharin ya tashi ne a cikin motar haya, amma daga baya ya dawo ya farfasa daya daga cikin tagogin bene na ginin. An kama shi ne lokacin da makwabta suka kira ‘yan sanda [3] kuma daga baya aka ba shi dakatarwar na tsawon watanni biyar. An bayyana cewa wanda ake zargin ya hadu da Dirie watanni shida da suka wuce lokacin da dan uwansa ke aiki a gidanta na baya a Wales. Daga baya ya shiga wannan gidan ya sace mata kayanta. [4]

A wani lamari kuma, a farkon watan Maris na shekara ta 2008, Dirie ta bace tsawon kwanaki uku yayin da take zaune a Brussels. Wani dan sandan Brussels ne ya same ta.

Rayuwa ta sirri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sabanin sanannen imani, Dirie ba shi da alaƙa da ɗan'uwan ɗan ƙasar Somaliya Iman . A cikin littafinta na Desert Flower, Dirie ta bayyana cewa mahaifiyar Iman ta kasance abokantaka sosai tare da inna, dangi wanda ta taɓa zama tare da ita a lokacin da take a Landan.

Tun 2009 Dirie yana zaune a Gdańsk, Poland. Na ɗan lokaci kuma a Vienna. Ita ce mahaifiyar 'ya'ya maza biyu (Aleeke, Leon).

Tun daga Maris 2005, Dirie yana riƙe da ɗan ƙasar Austriya.

Filmography, littattafai da kuma ƙida-kide[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fina-finai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Hasken Rayayyun Rayayyun (1987) - A cikin fim ɗin James Bond na 15, Dirie yana taka Waris Walsh a cikin rawar tallafi.
  • Makiyayi a New York (1995) - shirin BBC game da aikin Waris Dirie.
  • Furen Desert (2009) - wasan kwaikwayo ya dogara ne akan littafin tarihin rayuwa da mai siyarwa.
  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Stelconlim
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Stanoystsloa
  3. "Somalian-born author attacked by stalker", The Guardian, 11 March 2004.
  4. Model's stalker had previous arrests BBC News, March 11, 2004.