Jump to content

COVID-19 pandemic a Africa

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

Wata yariya tana wanke hannu a lokacin annobar a kasar Ghana
Taswira na nuna yanayin yanda cutar ta barke a kasashen afurika

Annobar cutar covid-19 an tabbatar ya bazu zuwa Afirka a ranar 14 ga Fabrairu 2020, tare da sanar da shari'ar farko da aka tabbatar a Masar.[1][2] An ba da sanarwar shari'ar farko da aka tabbatar a yankin kudu da Sahara a Najeriya a karshen watan Fabrairu 2020. [3] A cikin watanni uku, kwayar cutar ta bazu ko'ina cikin nahiyar, kamar yadda Lesotho, ƙasar Afirka ta ƙarshe da ta tsira daga kamuwa da cutar, ta ba da rahoton shari'ar a ranar 13 ga Mayu 2020.[4][5] Ya zuwa 26 ga Mayu, da alama yawancin ƙasashen Afirka suna fuskantar watsawar al'umma, kodayake iyakancewar gwajin ba ta da iyaka.[6] Yawancin cututtukan da aka gano sun shigo daga Turai da Amurka maimakon daga China inda cutar ta samo asali.[7]

A farkon Yuni 2021, Afirka ta fuskanci guguwar COVID ta uku tare da bullar cutar a ƙasashe 14.[8] Zuwa ranar 4 ga Yuli nahiyar ta yi rikodin fiye da 251,000 sabbin cututtukan Covid, karuwar kashi 20% daga makon da ya gabata da karuwar kashi 12% daga kololuwar Janairu. Fiye da ƙasashe goma sha shida na Afirka, ciki har da Malawi da Senegal, sun sami ci gaba a sabbin lokuta.[9] Hukumar Kiwon Lafiya ta Duniya ta yi mata lakabi da 'Mafi Mutuwar Cutar Kwayar cuta ta Afirka'.[10]

An yi imanin cewa akwai karancin rahoto a ƙasashe da yawa na Afirka waɗanda ba su da ingantaccen tsarin kiwon lafiya .[11] Dangane da nazarin yanayin yanayi na bazara na shekarar 2020 a Juba a Sudan ta Kudu, kasa da kashi 1% na masu kamuwa da cutar sun kamu da cutar.[12]

An sami sabbin bambance -bambancen damuwa game da kwayar cutar a Afirka: a cikin Fabrairu 2020 nau'in Beta a Afirka ta Kudu,[13] kuma a cikin Disamba 2020 bambancin Eta a Najeriya.[14][15]

Kungiyar Tarayyar Afirka ta samu kusan allurar rigakafin COVID-19 miliyan 300 a cikin irin wannan yarjejeniya mafi girma ga Afirka; An sanar da shi a ranar 13 ga Janairu 2021. Wannan ya kasance mai zaman kansa na ƙoƙarin Samun damar COVID-19 na Kayan Aiki (COVAX) da nufin rarraba allurar COVID-19 ga ƙasashe masu ƙarancin kuɗi.[16] Musamman, duk da haka, ana cajin ƙasashen Afirka fiye da ninki biyu na abin da ƙasashen Turai za su biya na wasu alluran rigakafi.[17] Ƙungiyar Bakwai (G-7) ta yi alƙawarin rarraba alluran rigakafin a ranar 19 ga Fabrairu 2021, kodayake ba a bayar da cikakkun bayanai ba.[18] Hadaddiyar Daular Larabawa ta kuma ci gaba a matsayin mai ba da allurar rigakafi ga nahiyar.[19][20]

Duk da wannan ci gaba da aka samu, Afirka ita ce nahiya mafi karancin allurar rigakafi a duniya.[21] A farkon Yuni 2021 Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya ta ba da rahoton cewa jigilar allurar rigakafin COVID-19 ta yi '' kusan dakatarwa '' a Afirka. [22] A ranar 8 ga watan Yuni, hamshakin attajirin nan dan kasar Sudan da Birtaniyya mai suna Mo Ibrahim ya yi kakkausar suka ga al'ummomin kasa da kasa saboda gaza tabbatar da rarraba allurar rigakafin a fadin duniya.[23] Zuwa 8 ga Yuli 2021, kashi 2% na nahiyar ne kawai aka yi wa allurar.[9]

Tarihin gabaɗaya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Zuwa sati na biyu na Yuni 2020, Afirka ta zarce mutane 200,000 gaba ɗaya.[24] Adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar sun karu cikin watan Yuni, inda nahiyar ta dauki kwanaki 98 don yin rikodin cutar 100,000 na farko, da kwanaki 18 don 100,000 na biyu. An ci gaba da hanzarin hanzarin, yayin da shari'o'i suka wuce maki 300,000 da 400,000 a ranar 6 ga Yuli. A ranar 8 ga Yuli 2020, shari'o'in sun wuce rabin miliyan. Rabin shari'o'in 500,000 da aka ruwaito a cikin nahiyar sun fito ne daga Afirka ta Kudu ko Masar.[25] Kasashe goma ne ke da kashi 80% na rahoton da aka ruwaito.[25] Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya ta bayyana fargaba kan yaduwar cutar a Afirka a ranar 20 ga Yuli 2020, inda ta bayyana cewa adadin na Afirka ta Kudu na iya zama sanadiyyar ci gaba da barkewar cutar a duk fadin nahiyar.[26] Adadin ya haura miliyan daya zuwa ranar 6 ga watan Agusta, inda kasashe biyar suka kai sama da kashi 75% na adadin wadanda aka tabbatar: Afirka ta Kudu, Masar, Morocco, Habasha da Najeriya. [27] Lambobin gaskiya na gaskiya sun fi girma fiye da adadin da aka tabbatar, saboda ƙarancin gwajin gwaji a yawancin ƙasashen Afirka.[28] Yawan mace -macen kasashen Afirka, ya yi kadan idan aka kwatanta da Turai saboda karancin shekarun alummominsu.[27] A ranar 21 ga Agusta Cibiyar Kula da Cututtuka da Cututtuka ta Afirka (CDC) ta Afirka ta bayyana "kyakkyawan fata" yayin da adadin sabbin wadanda suka kamu ya ragu, yayin da suka yi gargadi game da rashin gamsuwa.[29] A wasu ƙasashe, adadin masu kamuwa da cutar ya fara ƙaruwa. A ranar 29 ga Oktoba, John Nkengasong, shugaban CDC na Afirka, ya ce: "Lokaci ya yi da za a tunkari igiyar ruwa ta biyu a yanzu."[30]

A ranar 12 ga Nuwamba, CDC na Afirka da Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO) sun ba da rahoton cewa tabbatattun shari'o'in suna ƙaruwa tun daga watan Yuli, musamman a Arewacin Afirka (Tunisia, Morocco da Libya). Yanayin ya daidaita a Afirka ta Kudu da Kenya, yayin da Senegal da Equatorial Guinea ke samun koma baya.[31]

A lokacin bazara na 2021, adadin kararrakin ya karu kuma ya kai kusan 202,000 a mako mako zuwa 27 ga Yuni.[32] Tun daga ranar 13 ga Yuli 2021, 22 daga cikin jihohin Afirka 55 sun ba da rahoton shari'ar bambancin Delta.[32]

Ƙididdiga[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Jimlar tabbatattun shari'o'i ta ƙasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lambobin yau da kullun ga ƙasashen Afirka da suka fi kamuwa da cutar:


Yawan lamura masu aiki ta ƙasa.[33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44]

An tabbatar da shari'o'i ta ƙasa da ƙasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Samfuri:COVID-19 cases in Africa

Summary table of confirmed cases in Africa (as of 30 September 2021)
Country Confirmed cases Active confirmed cases Recoveries Deaths Ref.
South Africa 2,902,672 41,702 2,773,344 87,626 [45]
Morocco 933,071 12,644 906,160 14,267 [45]
Tunisia 707,190 6,358 675,942 24,890 [45]
Ethiopia 345,674 27,286 312,806 5,582 [45]
Libya 340,084 75,859 259,574 4,651 [45]
Egypt 303,783 30,022 256,467 17,294 [45]
Kenya 249,434 2,791 241,520 5,123 [45]
Zambia 209,046 415 204,983 3,648 [45]
Nigeria 205,484 9,301 193,482 2,701 [45]
Algeria 203,359 58,238 139,309 5,812 [45]
Botswana 179,220 2,303 174,549 2,368 [45]
Mozambique 150,662 1,781 146,966 1,915 [45]
Zimbabwe 130,485 3,110 122,759 4,616 [45]
Namibia 127,589 1,112 122,966 3,511 [45]
Ghana 127,482 3,088 123,238 1,156 [45]
Uganda 123,572 24,319 96,097 3,156 [45]
Rwanda 97,517 50,769 45,475 1,273 [45]
Cameroon 92,303 10,411 80,433 1,459 [45]
Senegal 73,775 125 71,792 1,858 [45]
Malawi 61,552 4,288 54,983 2,281 [45]
Ivory Coast 60,138 1,668 57,849 621 [45]
Democratic Republic of the Congo 56,937 24,995 30,858 1,084 [45]
Angola 56,583 7,482 47,564 1,537 [45]
Réunion 53,682 653 52,663 366 [45]
Eswatini 45,924 618 44,086 1,220 [45]
Madagascar 42,898 618 41,322 958 [45]
Sudan 38,263 3,286 32,075 2,902 [45]
Cape Verde 37,576 561 36,676 339 [45]
Mauritania 35,989 628 34,587 774 [45]
Guinea 30,392 1,192 28,822 378 [45]
Gabon 29,515 2,691 26,641 183 [45]
Togo 25,368 2,232 22,908 228 [45]
Benin 23,890 1,738 21,993 159 [45]
Seychelles 21,347 329 20,903 115 [45]
Mayotte 20,274 17,132 2,964 178 [45]
Somalia 19,980 9,346 9,523 1,111 [45]
Burundi 17,728 16,917 773 38 [45]
Mauritius 15,695 13,757 1,854 84 [45]
Mali 15,194 350 14,296 548 [45]
Lesotho 14,395 7,162 6,830 403 [45]
Burkina Faso 14,243 179 13,880 184 [45]
Republic of the Congo 14,244 1,630 12,421 193 [45]
Djibouti 12,705 447 12,091 167 [45]
Central African Republic 11,371 4,412 6,859 100 [45]
South Sudan 11,995 250 11,617 128 [45]
Equatorial Guinea 12,362 1,207 11,008 147 [45]
Gambia 9,934 8 9,588 338 [45]
Eritrea 6,722 45 6,635 42 [45]
Sierra Leone 6,393 1,891 4,381 121 [45]
Guinea-Bissau 6,103 666 5,302 135 [45]
Niger 6,008 53 5,754 201 [45]
Liberia 5,799 55 5,458 286 [45]
Chad 5,038 8 4,856 174 [45]
Comoros 4,141 31 3,963 147 [45]
São Tomé and Principe 3,459 644 2,765 50 [45]
Tanzania 1,367 1,134 183 50 [45]
Western Sahara 10 1 8 1 [45]
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 6 1 6 0 [46][47][48]
Totals 8,357,618 491,938 7,654,803 210,877

Tsarin lokaci ta ƙasa da ƙasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

   An tabbatar da shari'ar farko a kasar a ranar 25 ga Fabrairu. A safiyar ranar 2 ga Maris, Aljeriya ta tabbatar da sabbin shari'o'i biyu na coronavirus, mace da 'yarta.[49] A ranar 3 ga Maris, Aljeriya ta ba da rahoton wasu sabbin cututtukan guda biyu na coronavirus. Sabbin kararrakin guda biyu sun fito ne daga gida daya, uba da 'ya, kuma suna zaune a Faransa.[50] A ranar 4 ga Maris, Ma'aikatar Lafiya ta yi rikodin sabbin maganganu huɗu da aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar coronavirus, duka daga dangi ɗaya, wanda ya kawo jimlar adadin 12 da aka tabbatar.[51][52]

Dangane da ƙirar ƙira ta WHO ta ƙiyasta cewa Aljeriya na fuskantar babban haɗarin yaduwar COVID-19 idan ba a ba da fifikon matakan ɗaukar hoto kamar gano lamba ba.[53]

Angola[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 21 ga Maris, an tabbatar da kararraki biyu na farko a kasar.[54] Tun daga ranar 20 ga Maris, an rufe dukkan iyakokin Angola na tsawon kwanaki 15.[55]

Ya zuwa 18 ga Afrilu 2020, akwai jimillar mutane 19 da aka tabbatar sun mutu, biyu sun mutu sannan 6 sun warke.[56]

Ya zuwa watan Disamba na 2020 jimlar wadanda aka tabbatar sun kai 17,433, inda 10,859 suka warke sannan 405 suka mutu. Akwai kararraki 6,169 masu aiki a karshen watan.[57]

Benin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 16 ga Maris 2020, an tabbatar da shari'ar farko a kasar.[58] Ya zuwa ranar 18 ga Afrilu, akwai jimillar wadanda aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar guda 35, mutum daya ya mutu sannan 18 sun warke.[56]

Adadin wadanda aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar sun kai 3,251 a watan Disamba. Akwai marasa lafiya 3,061 da aka murmure, mutuwar 44, da shari'o'i 146 masu aiki a ƙarshen shekara.[59]

Botswana[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 30 ga Maris, an tabbatar da kararraki uku na farko a Botswana.[60]

Don hana ci gaba da yaɗuwar cutar, gwamnati ta hana taron mutane sama da 50 da shigar mutane daga ƙasashen da ake ganin suna da haɗari.[61][62] za a rufe iyakokin kuma an ba da izinin Jama'ar Botswana su dawo amma dole ne a keɓe su na tsawon kwanaki 14.[63] An kuma rufe dukkan makarantun daga ranar 20 ga Maris.[64]

Burkina Faso[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  A ranar 9 ga Maris 2020, an ba da rahoton bullar cutar guda biyu na farko a kasar a Burkina Faso.[65] A ranar 13 ga Maris, an kuma tabbatar da karar ta uku, mutumin da ya yi mu'amala kai tsaye da kararrakin biyu na farko.[66] Tun daga ranar 14 ga Maris, jimillar mutane bakwai aka tabbatar a kasar. Biyar daga cikin sabbin shari'o'in da aka tabbatar sun yi hulɗa kai tsaye da shari'o'in biyu na farko. Wasaya ɗan ƙasar Ingilishi ne wanda ke aiki a wurin hakar gwal a ƙasar da ya yi hutu a Liverpool kuma ya dawo ranar 10 ga Maris, yana wucewa ta Vancouver da Paris.[67]

As of 18 Afrilu 2020 there were a total of 557 confirmed cases, 35 deaths and 294 recovered cases.[56]

Zuwa karshen watan Disambar 2020, an sami adadin mutane 6,631, sun warke 4,978, 1,569 masu aiki, da mutuwar 84.[68]

Burundi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 31 ga Maris, an tabbatar da kararraki biyu na farko a kasar.[69] Shugaban Burundi, Pierre Nkurunziza, ya mutu yayin barkewar cutar; a hukumance ya mutu sakamakon bugun zuciya, amma ana hasashen cewa wataƙila ya mutu daga COVID-19 tare da danginsa kuma an ba da rahoton sun kamu da cutar.[70]

Kamaru[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 6 ga Maris aka tabbatar da shari'ar farko a Kamaru. [71] Dangane da ƙirar ƙira ta WHO ta ƙiyasta cewa Kamaru na fuskantar babban haɗarin yaduwar COVID-19 idan ba a ba da fifikon matakan ɗaukar abubuwa kamar gano lamba ba.[53]

Kamaru ta ba da rahoton adadin mutane 27,336, shari'o'i 1,993 masu aiki, da jimlar mutuwar 451 a ranar 13 ga Janairu 2021. Wannan shine mutuwar mutane 17 a cikin yawan mutane miliyan daya.[72]

Cape Verde[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 20 ga watan Maris, an tabbatar da shari’ar farko a cikin kasar, mai shekaru 62 daga Burtaniya[73][74]

Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Tsakiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An ba da sanarwar shari'ar farko ta kasar a ranar 14 ga watan Maris, tare da gano mara lafiyar a matsayin tsoho dan kasar Italiya mai shekaru 74 wanda ya koma Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Tsakiya daga Milan, Italiya.[75]

Chadi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 19 ga watan Maris, an tabbatar da shari'ar farko a kasar.[76] Fiye da mutane 4,000 ya zuwa yanzu sun gwada inganci[77]

A matsayin matakin rigakafin, gwamnati ta soke dukkan jiragen da ke shigowa cikin kasar, in ban da na jigilar kaya. [78][79]

Comoros[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A matsayin matakin rigakafin, matafiya masu isowa za a keɓe su na kwanaki 14 da isowa. Don hana yaduwar cutar, gwamnati ta soke dukkan jiragen sama masu shigowa tare da hana manyan taruka.[80] A ranar 15 ga Afrilu 2020, mutumin da ya isa Mayotte daga Comoros ya gwada inganci don COVID-19.[81]

A ranar 30 ga Afrilu, an tabbatar da shari'ar farko a Comoros.[82] A ranar 4 ga watan Mayu, an sanar da mutuwar farko.[83] An gwada mutane 54, kuma an gano lambobin 53.[84]

Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin DRC, Runduna Mai shiga tsakani na rundunar MONUSCO ta dauki matakan inganta tsafta don taimakawa rage yaduwar cutar.

A ranar 10 ga watan Maris, an ba da rahoton shari'ar farko ta COVID-19 a cikin ƙasar.[85] Tun daga Maris 2021, sama da mutane 25,000 sun gwada inganci[86][87] Tun daga 27 ga watan Yuli 2021, an gano bambancin Delta a kashi 76% na samfuran da aka bincika.[88]

Matakan rigakafin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 19 ga wata Maris, Shugaba Félix Tshisekedi ya ba da sanarwar cewa za a dakatar da dukkan jirage.[89] Shugaban ya kafa dokar ta -baci tare da rufe kan iyakoki.[90] An kuma rufe makarantu, mashaya, gidajen abinci, da wuraren ibada.

Jamhuriyar Congo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An ba da sanarwar shari'ar farko ta kasar a ranar 14 ga watan Maris, wani mutum mai shekaru 50 wanda ya koma Jamhuriyar Congo daga Paris, Faransa.[91]

Djibouti[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 18 ga Maris, an tabbatar da shari'ar farko a Djibouti.

Misira[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ma'aikatar lafiya ta Masar ta sanar da shari'ar farko a kasar a filin jirgin saman Alkahira wanda ya shafi wani dan China a ranar 14 ga watan Fabrairu.[92][1] A ranar 6 ga watan Maris, Ma'aikatar Lafiya ta Masar da WHO sun tabbatar da sabbin maganganu 12 na kamuwa da cutar coronavirus.[93] Mutanen da suka kamu da cutar na cikin ma'aikatan Masar da ke cikin jirgin ruwan Nilu Anuket, wanda ke tafiya daga Aswan zuwa Luxor . A ranar 7 ga watan Maris 2020, hukumomin kiwon lafiya sun ba da sanarwar cewa mutane 45 da ke cikin jirgin sun gwada inganci, kuma an sanya jirgin a keɓe a tashar jirgin ruwa a Luxor .[93]

Misira ta ba da rahoton adadin mutane 152,719, 24,045 lokuta masu aiki, da jimillar mutuwar 8,362 a ranar 13 ga watan Janairu 2021. Wannan shine mutuwar mutane 81 a cikin yawan mutane miliyan daya.[94]

A cikin Janairu 2021, dangin wani COVID-19 mai shekaru 62 wanda ya mutu a Babban Asibitin El Husseineya na Masar saboda karancin iskar oxygen ya sanya bidiyon asibitin a Facebook. Bidiyon da ya nuna ma’aikatan lafiya a cikin wahala, suna farfado da wani mutum tare da taimakon injin hura iska ya shiga yanar gizo, yana mai gayyatar hankalin duniya game da gazawar gwamnati wajen magance cutar. Marasa lafiya huɗu sun mutu a wannan ranar kuma sanarwar hukuma da asibitin ta bayar ta ƙarasa da cewa marasa lafiyar sun sha wahala "rikitarwa", suna musanta "wata alaƙa" ta mutuwarsu tare da ƙarancin iskar oxygen. Wani bincike da New York Times ta jagoranta ya gano sabanin haka a cikin abin da bayanan da aka bayar yayin hirar da duka, dangin marasa lafiya, da ma'aikatan lafiya, suka tabbatar da sanadin mutuwar a matsayin rashin iskar oxygen.[95] Masar ta fara yiwa ma'aikatan kiwon lafiya allurar rigakafin cutar a ranar 24 ga Janairu. Likitoci sama da 300 sun mutu.[96]

Equatorial Guinea[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 14 ga watan Maris, an tabbatar da shari’ar farko a kasar.[97]

Eritrea[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 20 ga Maris, an tabbatar da karar farko a Eritrea.[98]

Eswatini[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 14 ga Maris, an tabbatar da shari’ar farko a kasar.[99]

Habasha[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An ba da sanarwar shari'ar farko ta kasar a ranar 13 ga Maris, wanda mutumin Japan ne wanda ya isa kasar a ranar 4 ga Maris daga Burkina Faso.[100] An ba da rahoton ƙarin ƙarin cutar guda uku a ranar 15 ga Maris. Mutanen uku sun yi mu'amala ta kusa da mutumin da aka ba da rahoton cewa ya kamu da cutar a ranar 13 ga Maris. Tun daga wannan lokacin, karin mutane takwas da aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar a ma'aikatar lafiya ga jama'a, wanda ya kawo jimlar zuwa goma sha biyu. Daga cikin mutanen da suka kamu da cutar an ce wata tsohuwa 'yar Habasha' yar shekara tamanin da haihuwa tana da wasu alamun cutar yayin da wasu takwas ke kan hanyar murmurewa kuma suna nuna karancin alamun cutar. A ranar 27 ga Maris, ministan lafiya ya sake fitar da wata sanarwa inda ya bayyana cewa an gano karin wasu mutane hudu yayin da daya ke cikin birnin Adama na jihar Oromia kuma sauran ukun suna Addis Ababa . Haka kuma, Ministan Lafiya ya tabbatar da wasu kararraki uku a ranar 31 ga Maris 2020. Hakanan, washegari an kara wasu kararraki uku. A cikin sanarwar manema labarai da ta gabata, hukumomin gwamnati sun lura cewa an sake gwada shari'ar guda ɗaya kuma an tabbatar da cewa ba ta da kyau kuma an aika biyu daga cikin shari'o'in da aka tabbatar zuwa ƙasarsu (Japan). A jimilce, an tabbatar da shari'o'i ashirin da tara As of 1 Afrilu 2020 . A ranar 3 ga Afrilu 2020 saboda ƙarin gwaje-gwajen da aka yi, an sami ƙarin shari'o'i shida da ke ƙaruwa zuwa talatin da biyar. Gwamnati da al'umma gaba ɗaya suna ɗaukar matakai don dakile ƙarin yaduwar wannan ƙwayar cuta. Daga cikin lamuran guda shida da aka gano akwai mutanen da ba su da tarihin balaguron kwanan nan, wanda hakan ya sanya ya firgita jama'a.[101]

A ranar 4 ga Afrilu, an ba da rahoton ƙarin ƙarin cutar guda uku. Duk kararrakin sun fito ne daga Addis Ababa. Biyu daga cikin marassa lafiyar, ɗan shekara 29 da ɗan Habasha mai shekaru 34, suna da tarihin balaguro zuwa Dubai a ranakun daban-daban. Laifin na uku na mace Habasha ce 'yar shekara 35 da ta zo daga Sweden ranar 3 ga Afrilu. [31] A wannan ranar, an ba da rahoton ƙarin murmurewa, wanda ya ƙaru jimlar adadin waɗanda aka warke zuwa 4.A ranar 5 ga Afrilu, an sami karin wasu sabbin maganganu guda biyar na kwayar cutar. Uku daga cikinsu 'yan Habasha ne. Sauran biyun ‘yan asalin Libya da Eritrea ne. [33]. Akwai jimlar kararraki 43 as of 5 Afrilu 2020 . A ranar 7 ga Afrilu, an gano ƙarin mutane kuma jimillar ta kasance 54. Daga cikin gwaje -gwaje 200+ da aka gudanar a ranar 8 ga Afrilu 2020, an ƙara ƙarin shari'ar zuwa adadin wanda ya sa ya zama 55. Tare da halin da ake ciki a halin yanzu na nuna yaduwar cutar Habasha ta ayyana dokar ta -baci .

Tilahun Woldemichael, wani malamin addinin Orthodox na Habasha wanda aka ce yana da shekara 114, an sallame shi daga asibiti a ranar 25 ga Yuni bayan an yi masa magani da iskar oxygen da dexamethasone don coronavirus. Habasha tana da shari'o'i 5,200 da aka tabbatar.[100]

Habasha ta ba da rahoton adadin mutane 129,455, shari'o'i 12,882 masu aiki, da jimlar mutuwar 2,006 a ranar 13 ga Janairu 2021. Wannan daidai yake da mutuwar 17 a cikin yawan mutane miliyan daya.[72]

Yankunan Faransa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Mayotte[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An ba da rahoton shari'ar farko ta cutar COVID-19 a cikin sashin Faransa na ketare da yankin Mayotte a ranar 13 ga Maris 2020.[102] A ranar 31 ga Maris mutum na farko ya mutu sakamakon COVID-19.[103]

Asibiti ɗaya a Mayotte ya cika da marasa lafiya na COVID-19 a cikin Fabrairu 2021. Sojojin Faransa sun tura ma'aikatan lafiya da wasu gadaje na ICU, amma bai isa ba.[104]

Haɗuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An tabbatar da cewa cutar ta COVID-19 ta isa sashen Faransanci na ketare da yankin Réunion a ranar 11 ga Maris 2020.[105]

Gabon[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An ba da sanarwar shari'ar farko ta kasar a ranar 12 ga Maris, wani dan kasar Gabon mai shekaru 27 wanda ya dawo Gabon daga Faransa kwanaki 4 kafin tabbatar da cutar coronavirus.[106]

Gambiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Gambiya ta ba da rahoton bullar cutar coronavirus ta farko daga wata mata 'yar shekara 20 da ta dawo daga Ingila ranar 17 ga Maris.[107]

Ghana[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ghana ta ba da rahoton kararrakinta biyu na farko a ranar 12 ga Maris. Laifukan biyu mutane ne da suka dawo ƙasar daga Norway da Turkiyya, tare da fara binciken tuntuɓar. [108][109]

A ranar 11 ga Maris, Ministan Kudi, Ken Ofori-Atta, ya yi cedi daidai $ 100 miliyoyin don haɓaka shirye -shiryen shirye -shiryen coronavirus da Ghana.

Ma'aikatar Lafiya ta Ghana ta ba da rahoto a ranar 6 ga Agusta cewa sama da ma'aikatan kiwon lafiya 2,000 ne suka kamu da cutar kuma shida sun mutu.[110]

Ghana ta ba da rahoton adadin mutane 56,981, 1,404 masu aiki, da jimlar mutuwar 341 a ranar 13 ga Janairu 2021. Wannan shine mutuwar mutane 11 a kowace miliyan daya. [111]

Gini[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 13 ga Maris, Guinea ta tabbatar da karar ta ta farko, ma'aikaciyar tawagar Tarayyar Turai a Guinea.[112]

Aminci ya buɗe wani masallaci da ƙarfi a Dubréka a watan Mayu. [113]

Guinea-Bissau[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 25 ga Maris, Guinea-Bissau ta tabbatar da shari'o'in COVID-19 guda biyu na farko, ma’aikacin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya na Congo da kuma dan kasar Indiya.[114]

Ivory Coast[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 11 ga Maris, an tabbatar da shari'ar farko a kasar. [115]

Kasar Ivory Coast ta ba da rahoton kararraki 24,369, shari'o'i 1,373 masu aiki, da mutuwar mutane 140 a ranar 13 ga Janairu 2021. Wannan shine mutuwar mutane biyar a cikin yawan mutane miliyan daya.[116]

Kenya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 12 ga Maris 2020, Shugaba Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta ya tabbatar da shari'ar farko a Kenya.[117]

A ranar 13 ga Maris, an tabbatar da shari'ar farko a Kenya, wata mata da ta fito daga Amurka ta London.[118]

Kenya ta ba da rahoton adadin mutane 98,555, 15,168 masu aiki, da jimlar mutuwar 1,720 a ranar 13 ga Janairu 2021. Wannan shine mutuwar mutane 32 a kowace miliyan daya.[119]

Lesotho[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 13 ga Mayu, an tabbatar da shari'ar farko a Lesotho.[120][121]Kasar ta rubuta mutuwar farko a ranar 9 ga Yuli.

Laberiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 16 ga Maris, an tabbatar da shari'ar farko a Laberiya.[122][123]

An ba da izinin sake buɗe majami'u da masallatai har zuwa 17 ga Mayu. [124]

Libya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 17 ga Maris, don hana yaduwar kwayar cutar, Gwamnatin Yarjejeniyar Kasa da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta amince da ita ta rufe kan iyakokin kasar, ta dakatar da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama na makwanni uku tare da hana ‘yan kasashen waje shiga kasar; makarantu, wuraren shakatawa, masallatai da wuraren taruwar jama'a suma an rufe su. [120]

A ranar 24 ga Maris, an tabbatar da shari'ar farko a Libya. [121]

Libya ta ba da rahoton adadin mutane 106,670, 21,730 masu aiki, da jimlar mutuwar 1,629 a ranar 13 ga Janairu 2021. Wannan shine mutuwar mutane 235 a cikin yawan mutane miliyan daya. [72]

Madagaskar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 20 ga Maris, an tabbatar da kamuwa da cutar guda uku na farko a Madagascar. Duk mata ne.[122] Madagascar tana da adadin 225 da aka tabbatar sun kamu da cutar coronavirus, 98 sun warke, kuma babu mace -macen As of 8 Mayu 2020 .[123]

Madagascar '' maganin '' tushen '' magani '' wanda ake kira COVID-19 Organics ana turawa duk da gargadin da Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya ta yi cewa ba a tabbatar da ingancin sa ba. Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Tsakiya, Jamhuriyar Congo, Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo, Laberiya, da Guinea Bissau duk sun riga sun karɓi dubban allurai na COVID-19 Organics kyauta. [123]

Malawi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 2 ga Afrilu, an tabbatar da kararraki uku na farko a Malawi.[124]

A watan Afrilu 2020 Babbar Kotun Malawi ta ba da umarni na toshe matakan kulle -kullen da gwamnatin Malawi ta sanya. [125] [126] A watan Agustan 2020 gwamnatin Malawi ta ƙaddamar da ƙarin matakan da suka haɗa da sanya abin rufe fuska a wuraren jama'a don dakile yaduwar cutar [127]

Mali[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 25 ga Maris, an tabbatar da kararraki biyu na farko a Mali. [128]

Hana fita waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin Maris 2020, Matshidiso Moeti na Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya ya ce wanke hannu da nesanta jiki na iya zama ƙalubale a wasu wurare a Afirka. An yi tunanin cewa kulle -kullen ba zai yiwu ba, kuma ƙalubalen na iya taɓarɓarewa saboda yawaitar cututtuka kamar zazzabin cizon sauro, AIDS, tarin fuka, da kwalara .[74] Koyaya, ya zuwa watan Mayu, aƙalla ƙasashe 42 na Afirka sun sanya takunkumin rufe fuska ko cikakken tsari.[73] Masu ba da shawara sun ce dabarun da ke kan gwaji na iya ba wa ƙasashen Afirka damar rage kulle -kullen da ke haifar da matsananciyar wahala ga waɗanda ke dogaro da kuɗin da ake samu kowace rana don samun damar ciyar da kansu da danginsu. Bugu da kari, akwai karuwar barazanar yunwa a kasashen Afirka da dama .[129]

An aiwatar da matakan rigakafin da yawa a cikin kasashe daban -daban na Afirka, gami da takunkumin tafiye -tafiye, soke jirgin sama, soke taron,[130] rufe makarantu, da rufe kan iyaka.[131] Masu tasiri na zamantakewa da mashahuran mutane sun haɗu da murya tare da ƙwararrun masana lafiyar jama'a suna roƙon mutane da su yi nesantawar jama'a.[132]

Sauran matakan don ɗauka da iyakance yaduwar cutar sun haɗa da dokar hana fita, kulle -kulle, da tilasta sanya abin rufe fuska .

Kasuwanci na gida[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kasuwannin cikin gida sun tallafa wa ƙoƙarin mayar da martani ta hanyar kuɗi kuma sun fara kera abin rufe fuska da tsabtace hannu.[133]

Kafofin watsa labarun[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An yi babban ƙoƙari don yaƙar ɓarkewar COVID-19 da samar da ingantattun bayanai don tallafawa martanin COVID-19.[134][135] Shirin "tabbatarwa" na kafafen sada zumunta na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya yi amfani da "masu aikin sa kai na bayanai" don taimakawa wajen karyata ikirarin karya game da gwajin allurar rigakafi da warkar da karya.[136] Shirin UNESCO #DontGoViral ya ba da damar dacewa da al'adu, bayanai masu buɗewa cikin yarukan gida. [137] Hukumar sadarwa ta 35-Arewa ta yi hadin gwiwa da COVID-19 Africa Open Data Project don yakar labaran karya ta Telegram da WhatsApp.[138]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

The time allocated for running scripts has expired.

Samfuri:End div col

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  2. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  3. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  4. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  5. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  6. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  7. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  8. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  9. 9.0 9.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  10. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  11. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  12. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  13. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  14. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  15. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  16. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  17. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  18. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  19. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  20. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  21. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  22. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  23. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  24. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  25. 25.0 25.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  26. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  27. 27.0 27.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  28. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  29. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  30. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  31. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  32. 32.0 32.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  33. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  34. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  35. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  36. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  37. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  38. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  39. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  40. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  41. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  42. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  43. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  44. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  45. 45.00 45.01 45.02 45.03 45.04 45.05 45.06 45.07 45.08 45.09 45.10 45.11 45.12 45.13 45.14 45.15 45.16 45.17 45.18 45.19 45.20 45.21 45.22 45.23 45.24 45.25 45.26 45.27 45.28 45.29 45.30 45.31 45.32 45.33 45.34 45.35 45.36 45.37 45.38 45.39 45.40 45.41 45.42 45.43 45.44 45.45 45.46 45.47 45.48 45.49 45.50 45.51 45.52 45.53 45.54 45.55 45.56 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named coronacount
  46. "COVID-19 Response Level Escalated to Level 2 RED – Ascension Island Government".
  47. "COVID-19 Response Level Escalated to Level 2 RED – Ascension Island Government".
  48. "Arriving Passenger Tests Positive for COVID-19".
  49. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  50. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  51. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  52. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  53. 53.0 53.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  54. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  55. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  57. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  58. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  59. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  60. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  61. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  62. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  63. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  64. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  65. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  66. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  67. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  68. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  69. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  70. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  71. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  72. 72.0 72.1 72.2 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  73. 73.0 73.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  74. 74.0 74.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  75. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  76. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  77. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  78. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  79. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  80. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  81. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  82. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  83. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  84. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  85. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  86. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  87. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  88. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  89. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  90. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  91. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  92. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  93. 93.0 93.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  94. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  95. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  96. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  97. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  98. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  99. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  100. 100.0 100.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  101. "COVID-19 Response Level Escalated to Level 2 RED – Ascension Island Government".
  102. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  103. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  104. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  105. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  106. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  107. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  108. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  109. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  110. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  111. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  112. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  113. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  114. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  115. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  116. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  117. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  118. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  119. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  120. 120.0 120.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  121. 121.0 121.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  122. 122.0 122.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  123. 123.0 123.1 123.2 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  124. 124.0 124.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  125. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  126. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  127. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  128. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  129. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  130. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  131. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  132. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  133. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  134. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  135. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  136. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  137. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  138. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.