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Muhammad Abduh

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Muhammad Abduh
2. Grand Mufti of Egypt (en) Fassara

3 ga Yuni, 1899 - 11 ga Yuli, 1905
Hassunah al-Nawawi (en) Fassara - Q12198860 Fassara
mai shari'a

Rayuwa
Haihuwa Shubra Khit (en) Fassara, Beheira Governorate (en) Fassara, Egypt Eyalet (en) Fassara da Daular Usmaniyya, 1849
ƙasa Daular Usmaniyya
Mutuwa Alexandria, 11 ga Yuli, 1905
Yanayin mutuwa  (kidney cancer (en) Fassara)
Karatu
Makaranta Jami'ar Al-Azhar
Harsuna Larabci
Malamai Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (en) Fassara
Ɗalibai
Sana'a
Sana'a masana, Malamin akida, mai shari'a, dan jarida mai ra'ayin kansa, ɗan siyasa, Lauya, marubuci, mai falsafa, journal editor (en) Fassara, ɗan jarida da journal editor (en) Fassara
Employers Jami'ar Al-Azhar
Muhimman ayyuka Tafsīr al-Manār (en) Fassara
Mamba Q6815866 Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Mabiya Sunnah


Muḥammad ‘Abduh, (1849 – 11 Yuli 1905) (kuma ya rubuta Mohammed Abduh, Larabci: [1] malamin addinin ne a musulunci na Masar, alkali, kuma babban Mufti na Masar . [2] Ya kasance babban jigon Larabawa Nahḍa da Zamanin Musulunci a ƙarshen karni na 19 da farkon 20th

Ya fara koyar da daliban da suka ci gaba da karatun boko a jami'ar Al-Azhar tun yana karatu a can. Daga 1877, tare da matsayin ‘alim, ya koyar da dabaru, tauhidi, da’a, da siyasa. Ya kuma zama farfesa na tarihi a Dar al-Ulūm shekara ta gaba, da kuma harshen Larabci da adabi a Madrasat al-Alsun . Abduh gwarzon dan jarida ne kuma ya yi rubuce-rubuce sosai a cikin Al-Manar da Al-Ahram . An nada shi editan littafin Al-Waqa'i' al-Misriyya a shekara ta 1880. Ya kuma rubuta Risālat at-Tawḥīd ( Larabci: رسالة التوحيد‎ </link> ; “Tauhidin Tauhidi” da sharhin Alqur’ani . A takaice ya buga jaridar Pan-Islam mai adawa da mulkin mallaka al-'Urwa al-Wuthqā tare da jagoransa Jamāl ad-Dīn al-Afghani .[3]

Dangantaka da Freemasonry[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tun daga karni na 19, Freemasonry da tsarin kungiyarsa na sirri sun ba da budaddiyar dandalin tattaunawa da musayar ra'ayi tsakanin Masarawa daga bangarori daban-daban na zamantakewa da tattalin arziki a Masar, da kuma tsakanin al'ummomin wasu kasashe daban-daban na musulmi. duniya, galibi waɗanda ke zaune a cikin Daular Ottoman da lardunanta ( Lebanon, Siriya, Cyprus, da Masedonia ). Sun taka muhimmiyar rawa a siyasar kasar Masar ta farko. Sanin yuwuwar tsarinsa na siyasa, al-Afghani ya shiga Freemasons kuma ya ƙarfafa almajiransa su shiga cikinta, ciki har da Abduh[4][5]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Richard Netton, Ian (2008). "'Abduh, Muhammad (1849–1905)". Encyclopedia of Islamic Civilisation and Religion. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-7007-1588-6. .. [Abduh became] a member of the Council of al-Azhar in 1895 and Chief Mufti (Legal Official) in 1899.
  2. E. Campo, Juan (2009). Encyclopedia of Islam. New York: Facts On File. pp. 5–6. ISBN 978-0-8160-5454-1.
  3. Kurzman, Charles, ed. Modernist Islam, 1840-1940: a sourcebook. Oxford University Press, USA, 2002.
  4. Kurzman, Charles, ed. Modernist Islam, 1840-1940: a sourcebook. Oxford University Press, USA, 2002.
  5. Amir, Ahmad N., Abdi O. Shuriye, and Ahmad F. Ismail. "Muhammad Abduh's contributions to modernity." Asian Journal of Management Sciences and Education 1.1 (2012): 163-175.