Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya

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Infotaula d'esdevenimentRanar Muhalli ta Duniya
Ecologia.jpg
Iri world day (en) Fassara
Validity (en) Fassara 5 ga Yuni, 1973 –
Rana June 5 (en) Fassara
Muhimmin darasi kare muhalli

Yanar gizo worldenvironmentday.global
Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya 2011 a Donetsk, Ukraine

Ana bikin ranar muhalli ta duniya ( WED ) kowace shekara a ranar 5 ga watan Yuni kuma ita ce babbar hanyar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya don ƙarfafa wayar da kan jama'a da daukar matakan kare muhalli . An fara gudanar da shi a cikin shekara ta 1974, ya kasance dandalin wayar da kan jama'a game da al'amuran muhalli kamar gurbatar ruwa, yawan jama'a, dumamar yanayi, ci da kuma laifukan namun daji. Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya dandamali ne na duniya don wayar da kan jama'a, tare da halartar sama da ƙasashe 143 a kowace shekara. Kowace shekara, shirin ya ba da jigo da dandalin tattaunawa don kasuwanci, ƙungiyoyi masu zaman kansu, al'ummomi, gwamnatoci da mashahuran mutane don ba da shawara game da muhalli.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta kafa ranar muhalli ta duniya a cikin shekara ta 1972 a taron Stockholm kan muhallin dan Adam (5-16 Yuni 1972), wanda ya samo asali daga tattaunawa game da hadewar hulɗar ɗan adam da muhalli. Shekaru biyu bayan haka, a cikin shekara ta 1974 an gudanar da AURI na farko tare da taken "Duniya Ɗaya Kaɗai". Ko da yake ana gudanar da bukukuwan ranar Laraba a kowace shekara tun daga shekara ta 1974, a cikin shekara ta 1987 an fara ra'ayin juya tsakiyar waɗannan ayyuka ta hanyar zabar ƙasashe daban-daban.

Garuruwan masu masaukin baki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An gudanar da bukukuwan ranar muhalli ta duniya (kuma za a gudanar da su) a garuruwa kamar haka:

Year Theme Host city
1974 Only one Earth during Expo '74 Spokane, United States
1975 Human Settlements Dhaka, Bangladesh
1976 Water: Vital Resource for Life Ontario, Canada
1977 Ozone Layer Environmental Concern; Lands Loss and Soil Degradation Sylhet, Bangladesh
1978 Development Without Destruction Sylhet, Bangladesh
1979 Only One Future for Our Children – Development Without Destruction Sylhet, Bangladesh
1980 A New Challenge for the New Decade: Development Without Destruction Sylhet, Bangladesh
1981 Ground Water; Toxic Chemicals in Human Food Chains Sylhet, Bangladesh
1982 Ten Years After Stockholm (Renewal of Environmental Concerns) Dhaka, Bangladesh
1983 Managing and Disposing Hazardous Waste: Acid Rain and Energy Sylhet, Bangladesh
1984 Desertification Rajshahi, Bangladesh
1985 Youth: Population and the Environment Islamabad, Pakistan
1986 A Tree for Peace Ontario, Canada
1987 Environment and Shelter: More Than A Roof Nairobi, Kenya
1988 When People Put the Environment First, Development Will Last Bangkok, Thailand
1989 Global Warming; Global Warning Brussels, Belgium
1990 Children and the Environment Mexico City, Mexico
1991 Climate Change. Need for Global Partnership Stockholm, Sweden
1992 Only One Earth, Care and Share Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1993 Poverty and the Environment – Breaking the Vicious Circle Beijing, People's Republic of China
1994 One Earth One Family London, United Kingdom
1995 We the Peoples: United for the Global Environment Pretoria, South Africa
1996 Our Earth, Our Habitat, Our Home Istanbul, Turkey
1997 For Life on Earth Seoul, Republic of Korea
1998 For Life on Earth – Save Our Seas Moscow, Russian Federation
1999 Our Earth – Our Future – Just Save It! Tokyo, Japan
2000 The Environment Millennium – Time to Act Adelaide, Australia
2001 Connect with the World Wide Web of Life Torino, Italy and Havana, Cuba
2002 Give Earth a Chance Shenzhen, People's Republic of China
2003 Water – Two Billion People are Dying for It! Beirut, Lebanon
2004 Wanted! Seas and Oceans – Dead or Alive? Barcelona, Spain
2005 Green Cities – Plan for the Planet! San Francisco, United States
2006 Deserts and Desertification – Don't Desert Drylands! Algiers, Algeria
2007 Melting Ice – a Hot Topic? London, England
2008 Kick The Habit – Towards A Low Carbon Economy Wellington, New Zealand
2009 Your Planet Needs You – Unite to Combat Climate Change Mexico City, Mexico
2010 Many Species. One Planet. One Future Rangpur, Bangladesh
2011 Forests: Nature at your Service Delhi, India
2012 Green Economy: Does it include you? Brasilia, Brazil
2013 Think.Eat.Save. Reduce Your Foodprint Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
2014 Raise your voice, not the sea level Bridgetown, Barbados
2015 Seven Billion Dreams. One Planet. Consume with Care. Rome, Italy
2016 Zero Tolerance for the Illegal Wildlife trade Luanda, Angola
2017 Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator Ottawa, Canada
2018 Beat Plastic Pollution New Delhi, India
2019 Beat Air Pollution China
2020 Time for Nature Colombia
2021 Ecosystem restoration Pakistan
2022 Only One Earth Sweden

Jigogi na shekara-shekara da manyan ayyuka da nasarori[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kusan shekaru biyar da suka wuce, Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya tana wayar da kan jama'a, tallafawa ayyuka, da kuma haifar da sauye-sauye ga muhalli. Anan ga jerin mahimman abubuwan da aka cimma a cikin tarihin WEDs:

2005[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

File:SFWed2005Maddruid.jpg
Madaidaitan banners na WED sun rataye a San Francisco a cikin Mayun shekara ta 2005

Taken ranar muhalli ta duniya ta 2005 shine "Biranen kore" kuma taken shine "Tsarin Duniya!" .

2006[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taken ranar Laraba 2006 shi ne Hamada da Hamada kuma taken shi ne "Kada ku yi hamada bushes".

Taken ya jaddada mahimmancin kare bushes . An gudanar da babban bukukuwan kasa da ƙasa na ranar muhalli ta duniya 2006 a Aljeriya .

2007[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taken ranar Muhalli ta Duniya na 2007 shine "Narke Kan Kankara - Taken Zafi?" A lokacin Shekarar Polar Duniya, WED 2007 ta mayar da hankali kan tasirin da sauyin yanayi ke haifarwa a kan muhallin iyaka da al'ummomi, a kan sauran wuraren da dusar ƙanƙara ta lulluɓe a duniya, da sakamakon tasirin duniya.

An gudanar da babban bikin kasa da kasa na WED 2007 a birnin Tromsø, Norway, wani birni a arewacin Arctic Circle .

Masar ta fitar da tambarin aikawa da sako na ranar muhalli ta duniya ta 2007.

2008[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mai masaukin baki don Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya 2008 ita ce New Zealand, tare da babban bikin ƙasa da ƙasa da aka shirya don Wellington . Taken na 2008 shine " CO <sub id="mwAVc">2</sub>, Kick the Habit! Zuwa Ƙananan Tattalin Arzikin Carbon ." Kasar New Zealand ta kasance ɗaya daga cikin ƙasashen farko da suka yi alƙawarin cimma matsaya na kawar da gurbatar yanayi, kuma za ta mai da hankali kan kula da gandun daji a matsayin wani makami na rage gurbacewar iska .

Lambun Botanic na Chicago ya kasance mai masaukin baki na Arewacin Amurka don Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya a ranar 5 ga Yuni na shekara ta 2008.

2009[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taken ranar RANAR 2009 shine 'Duniyar ku tana Bukatar ku - Haɗa kai don Yaƙar Sauyin Yanayi', kuma an ayyana 'Waƙar Duniya' ta Michael Jackson 'Waƙar Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya'. An gudanar da shi a Mexico.

2010[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

'Nau'i da yawa. Duniya Daya. Gaba ɗaya', shine jigon 2010.

Ya yi bikin bambancin rayuwa a duniya a matsayin wani ɓangare na shekara ta 2010 na shekarar rarrabuwar halittu ta duniya. An gudanar da shi a Rwanda . An shirya dubban ayyuka a duk duniya, tare da tsaftace bakin teku, kide-kide, nune-nunen, bukukuwan fina-finai, abubuwan al'umma da sauransu. Kowace nahiya (sai dai Antarctica ) tana da "birni mai masaukin baki", Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta zabi Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania a matsayin mai masaukin baki ga duk Arewa.

2011[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ranar muhalli ta duniya ta 2011 ta kasance Indiya ce ta karɓi baƙuncin. Wannan ne karo na 1 da Indiya za ta karbi bakuncin wannan rana. Taken na 2011 shine 'Forests – Yanayin A Sabis ɗinku'. An shirya dubban ayyuka a duk duniya, tare da tsaftace bakin teku, kide-kide, nune-nunen, bukukuwan fina-finai, al'amuran al'umma, dashen bishiyoyi da ƙari mai yawa.

2012[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taken Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya ta shekara ta 2012 shine Green Tattalin Arziki.

Taken yana da nufin gayyatar mutane don bincika ayyukansu da salon rayuwarsu kuma su ga yadda manufar "Tsarin Tattalin Arziƙi" ya dace da shi. Kasar da ta karbi bakuncin bikin na bana ita ce Brazil.

2013[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mataki a gaban Ƙofar Brandenburg akan Bikin Muhalli 2011
Ofishin Jakadancin Amurka CG Yee, tare da Magajin Garin Thessaloniki Vassilis Papageorgopoulos, Shugaban Hukumar Thessaloniki Panagiotis Psomiadis, da wasu da dama da ke halartar Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya a bakin ruwa, Hanyar Keke.
Dasa itatuwa a lokacin Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya 2012 a Konso – Habasha

Yaƙin neman zaɓe ya yi la'akari da dumbin almubazzaranci da asarar abinci a kowace shekara, wanda idan aka kiyaye shi, zai saki abinci mai yawa tare da rage sawun carbon gaba ɗaya. Gangamin na da nufin kawo wayar da kan jama'a a kasashen da ke da salon rayuwa da ke haifar da almubazzaranci da abinci. Har ila yau, da nufin ba mutane damar yin zaɓi na gaskiya game da abincin da suke ci don rage tasirin muhalli gaba ɗaya saboda samar da abinci a duniya. Ƙasar da ta karɓi bakuncin bikin na bana ita ce Mongoliya.

2014[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jigon RANAR 2014 ita ce Shekarar Ƙasashen Duniya na Ƙasashen Ci Gaban Ƙananan Tsibirin (SIDS). Ta zabar wannan jigon babban taron Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya ya yi niyya don bayyana ƙalubalen ci gaba da nasarorin SIDS. A cikin shekara ta 2014, Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya ta mayar da hankali kan dumamar yanayi da tasirinta a matakan teku. Taken ranar LARABA 2014 shine "Ka ɗaga muryarka ba matakin teku ba", kamar yadda Barbados ta shirya bukukuwan duniya na bugu na 42 na Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya. Shirin Muhalli na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya nada dan wasan kwaikwayo Ian Somerhalder a matsayin jakadan fatan alheri na WED 2014.

2015[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taken bugu na 2015 na Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya shine "Mafarki Biliyan Bakwai. Duniya Daya. Yi amfani da Kulawa". An dauki taken ne ta hanyar kada kuri'a a shafukan sada zumunta. A Saudi Arabiya, mata 15 sun sake yin amfani da buhunan filastik 2000 don yin zanen bangon bango don tallafawa WED 2015. A Indiya, Narendra Modi ya shuka shukar Kadamb don murnar ranar muhalli ta duniya da wayar da kan Muhalli. Italiya ita ce kasar da ta karbi bakuncin bugu na 43 na WED. An gudanar da bukukuwan a matsayin wani ɓangare na Milan Expo kewaye da jigo: Ciyar da Duniya - Makamashi don Rayuwa.

2016[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An shirya 2016 WED a ƙarƙashin taken "Ku tafi daji don rayuwa". Wannan bugu na WED na nufin ragewa da hana haramtacciyar fataucin namun daji. An zaɓi Angola a matsayin ƙasar da ta karbi bakuncin 2016 WED yayin taron COP21 a Paris.

Ayyuka don ranar muhalli ta duniya a Bhopal, Indiya

2017[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taken na 2017 shine 'Haɗa mutane zuwa yanayi - a cikin birni da ƙasa, daga sanduna zuwa ƙasa'. Ƙasar da ta karbi bakuncin ita ce Kanada.

2018[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taken na 2018 shine "Beat Plastic Pollution". Ƙasar da ta karbi bakuncin ita ce Indiya. Ta hanyar zabar wannan batu, ana fatan mutane za su yi ƙoƙari su canza rayuwarsu ta yau da kullum don rage nauyin gurɓataccen filastik . Ya kamata mutane su kasance masu 'yanci daga dogaro da yawa akan amfani guda ɗaya ko abubuwan da za'a iya zubar dasu, saboda suna da mummunan sakamako na muhalli. Ya kamata mu 'yantar da wurarenmu, namun daji da lafiyarmu daga robobi. Gwamnatin Indiya ta yi alkawarin kawar da duk wani amfani da filastik a Indiya nan da 2022.

2019[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taken na 2019 shine "Beat Air Pollution". Kasar da ta karbi bakuncin ita ce kasar Sin . An zabi wannan batu yayin da gurbacewar iska ke kashe mutane kusan miliyan 7 a duk shekara.

A tsibirin Réunion, Miss Earth 2018 Nguyễn Phương Khánh daga Vietnam ta gabatar da jawabinta a lokacin ranar muhalli ta duniya mai taken "Yadda za a yaki dumamar yanayi ".

2020[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taken na 2020 shine "Lokaci don yanayi", kuma an shirya shi a Colombia tare da haɗin gwiwar Jamus .

Colombia tana daya daga cikin manyan kasashe megadiverse a duniya kuma tana rike da kusan kashi 10% na halittun duniya . Tun da yake wani yanki ne na gandun daji na Amazon, Colombia tana matsayi na farko a cikin nau'in tsuntsaye da nau'in orchid kuma na biyu a cikin tsire-tsire, butterflies, kifi mai ruwa, da masu amphibians.</br>

2021[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ranar 5 ga watan Yuni ne ake bikin ranar muhalli ta duniya. Taken na 2021 shine "Mayar da Tsarin Halitta", kuma Pakistan za ta karbi bakuncin. A wannan taron Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kuma za a kaddamar da Restoration na Ecosystem na shekaru goma. [1]

Wakar Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An rera wakar Duniya da mawaki Abhay K ya rubuta domin murnar Ranar Muhalli ta Duniya.

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl
the most beautiful planet in the universe
all the continents and all the oceans
united we stand as flora and fauna
united we stand as species of one earth
different cultures, beliefs and ways
we are humans, the earth is our home
all the people and the nations of the world
all for one and one for all
united we unfurl the blue marble flag.

An kaddamar da wakar ne a watan Yunin shekarar 2013 a yayin bikin ranar muhalli ta duniya da Kapil Sibal da Shashi Tharoor, ministocin kungiyar hadin gwiwa na Indiya suka yi, a wani taron da majalisar huldar al'adu ta Indiya ta shirya a New Delhi. Ƙungiyar Habitat For Humanity tana tallafawa.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Ranar Arbor
  • Ranar Duniya
  • Ranar Tsaftace Kasa
  • Ranar Tsaftace Ta Duniya
  • Fihirisar labaran muhalli
  • Jerin kwanakin muhalli
  • Jerin zanga-zangar muhalli
  • Taron Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan Muhalli

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 2021 Theme: Ecosystem Restoration Geneva Environment Network, 31 May 2021

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]