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Jerin yankunan birane a cikin Tarayyar Turai

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Jerin yankunan birane a cikin Tarayyar Turai
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Bayanai
Applies to jurisdiction (en) Fassara Tarayyar Turai

Wannan jerin yankunan birane ne a cikin Tarayyar Turai wanda ke da mazauna sama da 500,000 dangane da kididdiga na 2022. Bayanan sun fito ne daga Demographia da Ma'aikatar Tattalin Arziki da Harkokin Jama'a ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya.[1][2] Demographia yana ba da adadi ga yankunan birane (ciki har da ƙungiyoyi ), yayin da alkalumman UN DESA na tashin hankali ne kawai. Don kwatantawa, alkaluman yawan jama'a na Yankin Ƙarfafa (FUA) ta hanyar Eurostat kuma ana bayar da su, duk da haka, waɗannan suna auna manyan yankunan birni.

Muhimman bayanai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Wannan jerin yankunan birane ne, ba jerin yankunan birni ba. Wuraren birni suna da haɗin kai da aka gina gida inda gidaje yawanci ba su wuce mita 200 ba, ban da koguna, wuraren shakatawa, hanyoyi, filayen masana'antu, da sauransu. Babban birni yanki ne na birni tare da kowane biranen tauraron dan adam da ke kewaye da shi da duk wata ƙasa ta noma a tsakanin. Misali a wasu lokuta ana jera Paris tare da mazauna miliyan 12, Stuttgart ana jera su akai-akai tare da mazauna miliyan 2.2, Munich mai miliyan 2 ko sama da haka, da sauransu, yana nuna babban yanki na waɗannan wuraren. Yankunan birni, waɗanda ke nuna ma'anoni masu rikitarwa da yawa (kamar adadin mutanen da ke cikin biranen tauraron dan adam da ke aiki a cikin babban birni), ana iya ƙididdige su daidai ta ofisoshin ƙididdiga kawai, bbaya sun zaɓi ma'anar yankunan birni, yayin da birane. Ana iya ƙididdige yanki ta kowace cibiya ko mutum mai nazarin taswira, hotunan tauraron dan adam da sauran bayanan ƙasa don tantance iyakokin waje na ci gaba da gina gine-gine tare da ɗaya ko fiye da biranen makwabta. Bugu da ƙari kuma, jerin ba su da bambanci tsakanin biranen da ke da tauraron dan adam da yawa da kuma garuruwan da ba su da. Don haka, birane biyu masu kididdigar alƙaluma iri ɗaya ga yankunansu na birane, za su sami daidaito daidai gwargwado a cikin wannan jeri, ko da ɗaya daga cikin biranen biyun zai iya girma da yawa kasancewar shi ne tushen yawan tauraron dan adam.
  • Wannan jerin garuruwa ne, ba jerin garuruwan gudanarwa ba. Misali, jerin majami'u sun ƙunshi yankin biranen Lille-Kortrijk. Lille da Kortrijk sun kasance garuruwa biyu daban-daban, kowanne na wata ƙasa, al'adu da yanki daban-daban. Don jerin manyan biranen Tarayyar Turai ta yawan jama'a, duba Jerin biranen Tarayyar Turai ta yawan jama'a tsakanin iyakokin birni .
  • Nazarin yankunan birane yana da amfani don nazarin yadda birane ke tasowa, wanda kuma za a iya amfani da su don ayyana sufuri, tsare-tsare da manufofin muhalli, don daidaita iyakokin gudanarwa da dai sauransu. A lokaci guda kuma dole ne a yarda da iyakokinsa. Binciken yanki ne kawai kuma yayi watsi da duk wasu abubuwan da ke taimakawa wajen nazarin birni mai aiki. Misali, birane da yawa a cikin Tarayyar Turai, irin su Brussels, sun tanadi bel na kore a bayan gari wanda ke yin tasiri ga girman biranen amma ba "birnin da aka sani ba" saboda yanzu waɗannan bel ɗin kore sun kasance cikin abin da mutane ke ɗauka a matsayin birni mai aiki.

Yankunan birane da mazauna sama da 500,000 (2015-2022)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Rank Urban area Image State Population (2022) (urban areas; Demographia) ESPON Population (Functional Urban Area) Population (agglomerations; UN WUP) FUA population (metropolitan areas; Eurostat) Density
(per km2;
Demographia)
Annual growth
rate (%;


Demographia)
1 Paris Samfuri:FRA 11,060,000 12,998,583 13,855,362 13,114,718 (2019) 3,877 1.83
2 Ruhr

(multiple anchor cities)
Jamus 6,237,000 5,376,000 N/A N/A 2,325
3 Madrid Ispaniya 6,211,000 5,263,000 6,729,254 7,005,286 (2020) 4,551
4 Milan bandiera Italia 5,488,000 7,636,000 3,098,974 4,961,743 (2021) 2,467
5 Barcelona Ispaniya 4,800,000 4,082,000 5,658,319 5,111,749 (2020) 4,477
6 Berlin Jamus 4,012,000 4,016,000 3,863,194 5,342,877 (2020) 2,934
7 Naples bandiera Italia 3,636,000 3,714,000 2,201,789 3,298,730 (2021) 3,527
8 Athens Samfuri:GRE 3,450,000 3,761,000 3,051,899 n/a 5,290
9 Rome bandiera Italia 3,214,000 5,190,000 3,717,956 4,303,821 (2021) 2,808
10 Rotterdam–The Hague

Samfuri:NED 2,881,000 1,904,000 N/A n/a 2,838
11 Lisbon  Portugal 2,727,000 2,591,000 2,884,297 3,015,099 (2021) 2,869
12 Budapest Samfuri:HUN 2,443,000 2,523,000 1,713,903 3,014,944 (2020) 2,450
13 Brussels Samfuri:BEL 2,203,000 2,639,000 2,044,993 2,708,766 (2020) 2,532 0.02[3]
14 Cologne–Bonn

Jamus 2,161,000 3,070,000 N/A n/a 2,772
15 Stockholm  Sweden 2,121,000 2,171,000 1,485,680 2,308,143 (2018) 2,504 0.58[3]
16 Munich Jamus 2,038,000 2,665,000 1,437,900 2,927,716 (2020) 4,231 0.72[3]
17 Hamburg Jamus 2,019,000 2,983,000 1,830,673 3,341,649 (2020) 2,539
18 Frankfurt Jamus 2,002,000 2,764,000 n/a 2,729,562 (2020) 3,031
19 Warsaw  Poland 1,963,000 2,785,000 1,722,310 n/a 3,592
20 Katowice  Poland 1,894,000 3,029,000 N/A n/a 2,602
21 Vienna Samfuri:AUT 1,890,000 2,584,000 1,752,845 n/a 5,614 1.04[3]
22 Bucharest Samfuri:ROM 1,862,000 2,064,000 1,867,724 2,412,530 (2015) 4,522 0.10
23 Amsterdam Samfuri:NED 1,654,000 2,497,000 1,090,772 2,891,907 (2021) 3,397
24 Copenhagen  Denmark 1,649,000 2,350,000 1,268,052 n/a 2,921
25 Turin bandiera Italia 1,494,000 1,601,000 1,764,868 1,722,250 (2021) 3,924 −0.16[3]
26 Lyon Samfuri:FRA 1,471,000 1,669,000 1,608,712 2,280,845 (2019) 3,191 0.50[3]
27 Valencia Ispaniya 1,448,000 1,398,000 1,768,205 (2020) 3,678 0.29[3]
28 Dublin Samfuri:IRE 2,123,000 1,477,000 1,169,371 n/a 3,009 1.14[3]
29 Marseille Samfuri:FRA 1,380,000 1,530,000 1,605,046 1,873,270 (2019) 2,003 0.46[3]
30 Stuttgart Jamus 1,374,000 2,289,000 2,794,558 (2020) 2,883
31 Porto  Portugal 1,355,000 1,245,000 1,299,437 1,280,323 (2021) 1,704
32 Lille Samfuri:FRA, Samfuri:BEL 1,304,000 1,379,000 1,027,178 1,510,079 (2019) 2,468 0.50[3]
33 Helsinki  Finland 1,223,000 1,285,000 1,179,916 1,526,778 (2020) 2,373 0.81[3]
34 Prague Samfuri:CZE 1,183,000 1,669,000 2,156,809 2,203,315 (2017) 3,838 −0.07[3]
35 Seville Ispaniya 1,100,000 1,180,000 1,555,663 (2020) 4,045
36 Antwerp Samfuri:BEL 1,061,000 1,406,000 1,125,878 (2020) 1,579 0.05[3]
37 Toulouse Samfuri:FRA 981,000 832,000 1,454,158 (2019) 1,933 0.72[3]
38 Sofia–Pernik Samfuri:BUL 947,000 3,174,000 N/A 1,547,779 (2020) 4,571 0.78[3]
39 Nice Samfuri:FRA 933,000 1,082,000 615,126 (2019) 2,001 0.52[3]
40 Thessaloniki Samfuri:GRE 881,000 1,052,000 n/a 3,910 0.39[3]
41 Bordeaux Samfuri:FRA 860,000 918,000 1,363,711 (2019) 1,876 0.60[3]
42 Gdańsk–Gdynia (Tricity)  Poland 845,000 993,000 n/a 2,813
43 Łódź  Poland 799,000 1,165,000 n/a 2,755
44 Dresden Jamus 781,000 882,000 1,343,831 (2020) 2,872
45 Palermo bandiera Italia 776,000 861,000 985,924 (2021) 4,406 0.12[3]
46 Bilbao Ispaniya 775,000 947,000 1,048,966 (2020) 5,250
47 Florence bandiera Italia 768,000 645,000 794,219 (2021) 3,370
48 Utrecht Samfuri:NED 732,000 692,000 890,330 (2021) 2,336
49 Catania bandiera Italia 713,000 707,000 640,088 (2021) 2,647
50 Hanover Jamus 689,000 997,000 1,314,935 (2020) 2,375
51 Málaga Ispaniya 686,000 944,000 877,868 (2020) 5,094
52 Bergamo bandiera Italia 681,000 662,000 n/a 2,087
53 Kraków  Poland 678,000 1,236,000 1,725,894 n/a 3,193
54 Poznań  Poland 660,000 919,000 n/a 1,945
55 Nuremberg Jamus 657,000 1,443,000 1,353,032 (2020) 2,788
56 Zaragoza Ispaniya 637,000 639,000 776,669 (2020) 4,315
57 Las Palmas Ispaniya 635,000 640,000 635,919 (2020) 2,954
58 Zagreb Samfuri:HRV 630,000 1,153,255 1,216,497 (2020) 3,379
59 Gothenburg  Sweden 629,000 759,000 1,021,831 (2018) 2,926
60 Wrocław  Poland 624,000 861,000 n/a 2,691
61 Mannheim Jamus 616,000 683,000 n/a 2,734
62 Riga Samfuri:LVA 615,000 1,195,000 931,365 (2020) 2,262
63 Nantes Samfuri:FRA 590,000 708,000 1,011,020 (2019) 2,325
64 Leipzig Jamus 576,000 842,000 1,049,025 (2020) 2,269
65 Bremen Jamus 562,000 1,077,000 1,277,050 (2020) 2,028
66 Vilnius  Lithuania 545,000 680,000 649,000 708,203 (2021) 1,948
67 Genoa bandiera Italia 540,000 694,000 1,500,000 687,196 (2021) 6,950
68 Aachen Jamus 513,000 672,000 557,026 (2020) 1,869
69 Santa Cruz Ispaniya 506,000 520,655 (2020) 4,652
70 Palma Ispaniya 502,000 433,000 709,028 (2020) 3,230

Sauran fitattun yankunan birane[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Urban area Image State ESPON Population (Functional Urban Area) FUA population (metropolitan areas; Eurostat)
Aarhus  Denmark 845,971
Oviedo–Gijón–Avilés Ispaniya 844,000
Alicante–Elche–Elda Ispaniya 793,000
Ostrava Samfuri:CZE 709,768 713,812 (2017)
Bologna bandiera Italia 690,000 785,941 (2021)
Malmö  Sweden 658,050 669,741 (2018)
Grenoble Samfuri:FRA 555,000 717,469 (2019)
Douai-Lens Samfuri:FRA 550,000
Toulon Samfuri:FRA 518,000 573,230 (2019)
Charleroi Samfuri:BEL 489,264
Odense  Denmark 485,672
Granada Ispaniya 440,000 571,447 (2020)
Vigo Ispaniya 413,000 547,151 (2020)
Montpellier Samfuri:FRA 801,595 (2019)
Eindhoven Samfuri:NED 771,263 (2021)
Rennes Samfuri:FRA 755,668 (2019)
Brno Samfuri:CZE 727,759 (2017)
Bari bandiera Italia 727,549 (2021)
Heidelberg Jamus 709,840 (2020)
Rouen Samfuri:FRA 705,627 (2019)
Augsburg Jamus 684,705 (2020)
Bratislava Samfuri:SVK 669,592 (2020)
Kiel Jamus 649,578 (2020)
Murcia Ispaniya 646,099 (2020)
Catania bandiera Italia 640,088 (2021)
Tallinn Samfuri:EST 609,515 (2021)
Ghent Samfuri:BEL 605,956 (2018)
Venice bandiera Italia 552,414 (2021)
Groningen Samfuri:NED 543,707 (2021)
Plovdiv Samfuri:BUL 542,407 (2020)
Padua bandiera Italia 535,922 (2021)
Münster Jamus 535,879 (2020)
Erfurt Jamus 524,565 (2020)
Tours Samfuri:FRA 519,778 (2019)
Verona bandiera Italia 517,271 (2021)
Nancy Samfuri:FRA 510,306 (2019)
Clermont-Ferrand Samfuri:FRA 507,479 (2019)

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

 

  • Jerin garuruwa a cikin Tarayyar Turai ta yawan jama'a tsakanin iyakokin birni
  • Jerin garuruwan Turai ta yawan jama'a tsakanin iyakokin birni
  • Jerin yankunan birane a Turai
  • Jerin yankunan birni a Turai
  • Jerin manyan yankunan birane (yankin birni)
  • Jerin yankunan birane da yawan jama'a
  • Blue Banana
  • Ayaba Golden

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Demographia: World Urban Areas. Archived 30 ga Maris, 2004 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  2. Annual Population of Urban Agglomerations with 300,000 Inhabitants or More in 2014, by Country, 1950-2030 (thousands), World Urbanization Prospects, the 2014 revision, Archived 18 ga Faburairu, 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Retrieved 6 September 2015. Note: List based on estimates for 2015, from 2014.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 United Nations: World Urbanization Prospects Error in Webarchive template: Empty url.

http://www.demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]