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Tafkin dutse mai aman wuta

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Tafkin dutse mai aman wuta
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na crater lake (en) Fassara, volcanic landform (en) Fassara da volcanogenic lake (en) Fassara
Bangare na volcanic crater (en) Fassara
Has cause (en) Fassara volcanic activity (en) Fassara
Babban tafkin Dutsen Rinjani, Indonesia
Lake Yeak Laom, Cambodia

Tafkin dutse mai aman wuta wani tafki ne da ke cikin wani rami da aka samu daga fashe-fashe ko kuma rugujewar wuta a lokacin tashin aman wuta .

Samuwar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tafkunan da ke cikin calderas sun cika manyan ramuka da aka samu sakamakon rugujewar wani dutse mai aman wuta a lokacin da wani ya tashi. Tafkunan da ke cikin maars sun cika matsakaitan ramuka inda fashewar ta taso da tarkace a kusa da wata huci.

Tafkuna suna tasowa yayin da aka haifar da baƙin rami, a cikin ramin ramin, ruwa ya cika. Ruwan na iya fitowa daga hazo, zagayawa na ruwa na ƙasa (sau da yawa ruwan zafi mai zafi a yanayin ramukan volcanic) ko narkar da kankara . Matsayinsa yana tashi har sai an kai ma'auni tsakanin adadin ruwan da ke shigowa da fita. Tushen asarar ruwa guda ɗaya ko tare na iya haɗawa da ƙazantar ƙazamin ƙasa, ɓarkewar ƙasa, da kuma, a wurare, ɗigon ƙasa ko ambaliya lokacin da matakin tafkin ya kai mafi ƙasƙanci a gefensa. A irin wannan wurin kuma sirdi, babban ɓangaren tafkin yana ƙunshe ne kawai da dam ɗin dutsen da ke kusa da shi; ci gaba da yabo ta hanyar ko kuma fita daga saman dam din na iya lalata kayan da ke cikinsa, don haka rage matakin tabkin har sai an kafa wani sabon daidaito na kwararar ruwa, zaizayewa, da juriyar dutse. Idan kuma ɓangaren dam ɗin dutsen mai aman wuta ya lalace da sauri ko kuma ya gaza ta hanyar bala'i, abin da ya faru yana haifar da fashewa ko fashe ambaliya. Tare da canje-canje a yanayin muhalli na tsawon lokaci, faruwar irin wannan ambaliya ya zama ruwan dare ga kowane nau'in dam na halitta.

Hoton Landsat na tafkin Toba, Indonesia, babban tafkin dutsen mai aman wuta a duniya

Wani sanannen tafkin rafi, wanda ke da suna iri ɗaya da fasalin yanayin ƙasa, shine tafkin Crater a Oregon . Yana cikin kalandar na Dutsen Mazama . Shine tafki mafi zurfi a Amurka tare da zurfin 594 metres (1,949 ft) . Kogin Crater ana ciyar da shi ne kawai ta hanyar ruwan sama da dusar ƙanƙara, ba tare da shigowa ko fita a saman ba, don haka yana ɗaya daga cikin tafkuna mafi tsabta a duniya.

Dutsen dutse mafi girma a duniya, 6,893-m (22,615-ft) Ojos del Salado a Chile, yana da tafki na dindindin kamar 100 metres (330 ft) a diamita a tsayin 6,390 metres (20,965 ft) a gefen gabas. Wataƙila wannan ita ce tafki mafi girma a kowane irin yanayi a duniya.

Saboda yanayin rashin kwanciyar hankali, wasu tafkunan ramuka suna wanzuwa na ɗan lokaci. Tafkunan Caldera da bambanci na iya zama babba kuma mai dorewa. Misali, tafkin Toba ( Indonesiya ) ya samo asali ne bayan fashewar sa kimanin shekaru 75,000 da suka wuce. A kusa 100 kilometres (62 mi) ta 30 kilometres (19 mi) a tsayi da 505 metres (1,657 ft) zurfi a zurfin zurfinsa, Lake Toba shine mafi girman tafkin rafi a duniya.

Hatsari[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Duk da yake yawancin tafkunan ramuka suna da kyau, kuma suna iya zama masu mutuwa. Iskar gas da ke fitowa daga tafkin Nyos a ( Kamaru ) yana shaƙatar da mutane 1,800 a 1986, kuma tafkunan ramuka irin su Dutsen Ruapehu (New Zealand) suna yawan taimakawa wajen lalata lahar .

Bambance-bambance daga sauran tafkunan volcanic[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wasu idanun ruwa, koda yake samuwarsu yana da alaƙa kai tsaye da ayyukan volcanic, yawanci ana kiransu tafkunan ramuka, gami da:

  • Tafkunan da madatsun ruwa masu aman wuta suka haifar saboda lafa da ke gudana a wajen ginin dutsen mai aman wuta (kamar tafkin Garibaldi a Kanada, Tafkunan Fuji biyar a Japan)
  • Rufe lagoons na atoll (kamar Clipperton lagoon), wanda tsarin samuwarsa shima yana nuna hanyoyin biogeomorphologic na gaba.
  • Tafkunan da aka ci karo da su a kasan magudanan ruwa da ke faruwa a cikin magudanan ruwa masu aman wuta a cikin mahallin dutsen mai aman wuta, amma ba a cikin ginin dutsen mai aman wuta ba (kamar Trou de Fer a tsibirin Réunion ).

Jerin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Afirka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lake Location
Waw an Namus (three small salt lakes in the caldera) Libya
Deriba Caldera Sudan
Meme River Basin lakes (Lake Barombi Koto, Lake Barombi Mbo, Lake Mboandong and Lake Dissoni/Soden) Cameroon
Lake Nachtiga (between Mount Cameroon and the Atlantic coast) Cameroon
Bakossi Mountains: Lake Bermin and Mount Manengouba lakes (lac Mâle and lac Femelle) Cameroon
Adamawa crater lakes (Tison, Mbalang) Cameroon
Oku Volcanic Field, including Lake Nyos, Lake Oku, Lake Monoun, Mount Mbapit crater lake, Lake Awing and the Bambili lakes Cameroon
Dallol (various acid ponds) Ethiopia
Zengena Lake Ethiopia
Enyo Lake (or Haro Dandii, a lake filling a double crater caldera on Mount Dendi) and Lake Wonchi (Badda Rogghie Mountains) Ethiopia
Debre Zeyit crater lakes (Bishoftu, Hora, Bishoftu Guda, Koriftu and seasonal Cheleklaka) Ethiopia
Lake Dembel, Mount Zuqualla Ethiopia
Lake Ara Shetan (Butajiri-Silti Volcanic Field) Ethiopia
O'a Caldera, with Lake Shala and the smaller Chitu water-filled maar Ethiopia
Bilate River Volcanic Field (several water-filled maars) Ethiopia
El Sod (small salt lake), South Omo Valley Ethiopia
Mount Biao, Bioko Island Equatorial Guinea
Lago a Pot, Annobón Island Equatorial Guinea
Lake Assal Djibouti
Kabarole District lakes (including lakes Nyinabulitwa, Nyabikere, Nkuruba, Kifuruka) Uganda
Many crater lakes in the Katwe-Kikorongo and Bunyaruguru (or Kichwambe) volcanic fields, respectively on the North and South sides of the Kazinga Channel (including Lake Katwe in the Queen Elizabeth National Park) Uganda
Muhavura (small crater lake) Rwanda / Uganda
Mount Bisoke Rwanda / Democratic Republic of Congo
Crocodile Lake, Flamingo Lake, Tilapia Lake, on Central Island (Lake Turkana) Kenya
Mount Marsabit (at least two lakes) Kenya
Emuruangogolak (several maar lakes) Kenya
Lake Simbi, Mount Homa Kenya
Lake Sonachi (Crater Lake Game Sanctuary) Kenya
Lake Chala Kenya / Tanzania
Southern Highlands crater lakes (Lake Ngozi, Kiungululu Crater, Masoko Crater) Tanzania
Lakes Magadi and Empakaai (Ngorongoro Conservation Area) Tanzania
Lake Dziani Boundouni, Mohéli Island Comoros
Dziani Dzaha, Petite-Terre Mayotte
Lake Tritriva Madagascar
Nosy Be crater lakes Madagascar
Itasy crater lakes (close to the larger Lake Itasy) Madagascar
Trou aux Cerfs Mauritius
Ganga Talao lake Mauritius
Piton de l'Eau Réunion
Lagoa do Fanal Portugal, Madeira
Laguna de los Ciclos (Charco Verde), El Golfo, Lanzarote Spain, Canary Islands
Pedra de Lume (salt lake in the crater), Sal Island Cape Verde
Queen Mary's Peak (heart-shaped crater lake) Tristan da Cunha

Antarctica da kuma sub-Antarctic tsibiran[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tafki Wuri
Deception Island maare Kashe bakin tekun Antarctic Peninsula
Dutsen Larson Crater Lake, Thule Island Kudancin Sandwich Islands
Ƙananan tafkunan ramuka a saman nau'ikan scoria cones, tsibirin Marion Tsibirin Prince Edward
Bassin du Cratère (wanda ke da alaƙa da teku tun 1780, yanzu 'kusan tafkin raƙuman ruwa'), Saint-Paul Saint-Paul da kuma tsibirin Amsterdam
Lac bleu, Amsterdam Saint-Paul da kuma tsibirin Amsterdam
Grand Cratère, Île de la Possession Tsibirin Crozet

Asiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lake Location
Lake Toba Indonesia, Sumatra
Mount Sibayak Indonesia, Sumatra
Lake Maninjau Indonesia, Sumatra
Lake Asam (Suwoh Caldera) Indonesia, Sumatra
Lake Gunung Tujuh Indonesia, Sumatra
Mount Talang (Talang and Dibawah Lakes) Indonesia, Sumatra
Mount Singgalang (Dewi and Kumbang Lakes) Indonesia, Sumatra
Bukit Daun Indonesia, Sumatra
Mount Kerinci Indonesia, Sumatra
Mount Kaba Indonesia, Sumatra
Mount Dempo Indonesia, Sumatra
Mount Kunyit Indonesia, Sumatra
Mount Sumbing Indonesia, Sumatra
Sorikmarapi Indonesia, Sumatra
Ijen Indonesia, Java
Kawah Putih, Mount Patuha Indonesia, Java
Mount Lamongan (several maare) Indonesia, Java
Kelut (no crater lake anymore after 2007–2008 slow eruptions with hot lava dome, but in 2014 eruption lava dome is thrown away and in rainy season, the crater is initial fill with water) Indonesia, Java
Lake Ngebel, Gunung Wilis Indonesia, Java
Mount Lawu Indonesia, Java
Talagabodas Indonesia, Java
Tengger caldeira (several maar lakes on Semeru summit, seasonnal lake in Bromo crater) Indonesia, Java
The Triangle of Lakes (Ranu Klakah, Ranu Bedali, Ranu Pakis) Indonesia, Java
Mount Galunggung crater lake Indonesia, Java
Merdodo (Dieng Volcanic Complex) Indonesia, Java
Telaga Warna (Dieng Volcanic Complex) Indonesia, Java
Danau Batur, Bali Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands
Lake Segara Anak (Mount Rinjani), Lombok Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands
Tambora (ephemeral lake), Sumbawa Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands
Kelimutu (three crater lakes), Flores Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands
Inielika (several small temporary dark lakes), Flores Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands
Sano Nggoang (the deepest volcanic crater lake in the world with depth of 600 meters), West Manggarai Regency, Flores Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands
Mount Sirung, Pantar Island Indonesia, Lesser Sunda Islands
Kawah Masem, Mount Sempu Indonesia, Sulawesi
Mount Mahawu Indonesia, Sulawesi
Lake Tondano Indonesia, Sulawesi
Mount Klabat Indonesia, Sulawesi
Makian Indonesia, Maluku Islands
Mount Ibu (several small crater lakes), Halmahera Indonesia, Maluku Islands
Todoko-Ranu, Halmahera Indonesia, Maluku Islands
Lake Telaga Paca, Halmahera Indonesia, Maluku Islands
Four crater lakes in the Lower Chindwin volcanic area, including Twin Taung Burma (Myanmar)
Yak Loum Cambodia
Nong Fa Lake Laos
Toroeng Prong Vietnam
Khorgo Uul (at least two lakes) Mongolia
Chaihe scenic spot near Zhalantun (several crater lakes in this volcanic area) China, Inner Mongolia
Longwanqun crater lakes China, Jilin
Heaven Lake (Chonji/Tianchi), Baekdu Mountain North Korea / China, Jilin
White Deer Lake (Baengnokdam), Mulyeongari-Oreum, Muljangori-Oreum South Korea, Jeju Island
Akan caldera lakes (Akan, Mashū, Kussharo) Japan, Hokkaidō
Lake Shikotsu Japan, Hokkaidō
Lake Tōya Japan, Hokkaidō
Lake Kuttara Japan, Hokkaidō
Towada Japan, Honshū
Tazawa (deepest lake in Japan) Japan, Honshū
Mount Zaō (lake Okama) Japan, Honshū
Mount Kusatsu-Shirane (three lakes, including the acidic Yu-gama with sulfur rafts floating on its turquoise surface) Japan, Honshū
Izu-Tobu (Ippeki lake) Japan, Honshū
Lake Haruna Japan, Honshū
Mount Hakone (Lake Ashi) Japan, Honshū
Naruko (Lake Katanuma) Japan, Honshū
Aizu-Bandai-san (various lakes) Japan, Honshū
Mount Iwate Japan, Honshū
Mount Ontake (five crater lakes) Japan, Honshū
Oguni-numa Pond Japan, Honshū
Numazawa-numa lake Japan, Honshū
Hachoike, Mount Amagi Japan, Honshū
Mount Aso (Naka-dake) Japan, Kyūshū
Satsuma Peninsula, Lake Ikeda and Lake Unagi-ike Japan, Kyūshū
Mount Kirishima lakes (including Mi-ike, Oonamino-ike, Rokkannonmi-ike, Byakushi-ike) Japan, Kyūshū
Imuta-ike Japan, Kyūshū
Tairo-ike, Miyake-jima Japan, Izu Islands
Otake, Nakanoshima Japan, Ryukyu Islands
Lake Pinatubo Philippines, Luzon
Taal Lake (caldera-filling) and the crater lake on its island's volcano Philippines, Luzon
Laguna de Bay Philippines, Luzon
Seven Lakes of San Pablo (Bunot, Calibato, Yambo, Pandin, Palakpakin, Muhikap, Sampaloc) Philippines, Luzon
Lake Tikub Philippines, Luzon
Mount Talinis (lakes Balinsasayao, Danao and Kabalin-an, within the Guintabon Caldera), Negros Island Philippines, Visayas
Margaja Valley caldera, Kanlaon Volcano, Negros Island Philippines, Visayas
Lakes Danao and Malagsom, Mahagnao Volcano, Leyte Island Philippines, Visayas
Lake Duminagat, Mount Malindang Philippines, Mindanao
Lake Leonard, Leonard Kniaseff Philippines, Mindanao
Mount Apo Philippines, Mindanao
Lake Maughan, Mount Parker Philippines, Mindanao
Jolo Island, Lakes Seit, Panamao, Timpuak and Sani Crater Philippines, Mindanao, Sulu Archipelago
Lake Khaiyr Russia, Yakutia
Khangar Russia, Kamchatka
Kizimen Russia, Kamchatka
Lake Dalny, Uzon Caldera Russia, Kamchatka
Maly Semyachik Russia, Kamchatka
Bolshoy Semyachik Russia, Kamchatka
Karymsky Lake, Akademia Nauk Russia, Kamchatka
Balshoe and Kraternoe, Ksudach Russia, Kamchatka
Kurile Lake Russia, Kamchatka
Gorely Russia, Kamchatka
Ebeko, Paramushir Island Russia, Kuril Islands
Onekotan Island (Kal'tsevoe Lake in the Tao-Rusyr Caldera and Nemo Lake/Caldera) Russia, Kuril Islands
Ketoy Island Russia, Kuril Islands
Zavaritski Caldera, Simushir Island Russia, Kuril Islands
Rudakov, Urup Island Russia, Kuril Islands
Iturup Island lakes (Medvezhia, Chirip, Grozny Group, Bogatyr Ridge) Russia, Kuril Islands
Sabalan Iran
Nemrut Turkey
Meke Golu (Karapınar Field) Turkey
Lake Acıgöl (bitter lake), also called Lake Nar (pomegranate lake) Turkey
Karagöl (Lake Tantalus), Mount Yamanlar Turkey
Lake Ram Israel
Bir Ali crater Yemen
Zubayr Group Islands (crater lakes on Saba Island and on the new island formed during the 2011–2012 eruption) Yemen

Turai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tafki Wuri
Filin aman wuta na Eifel (inda aka fara kwatanta maare), gami da Laacher See da Daun maars Jamus
Eyjafjallajökull (volcano) Iceland
Keriɗ Iceland
Askja ( Öskjuvatn da Viti tabkuna) Iceland
Krafla Iceland
Lake Bardarlaug Iceland
Grímsvötn (tafkin subglacial a cikin Caldera, yanzu fallasa bayan fashewar 2011 ) Iceland
Tafkuna masu zurfi a cikin yankin Landmannalaugar (Blahylur, Ljotipollur) Iceland
Chaîne des Puys ( Gour de Tazenat, Lac Pavin, Lac de Servière, Lac Chauvet, Lac du Bouchet, Lac d'En-Haut ) Faransa
Lac d'Issarlès Faransa
Tafkunan Lazio ( Albano, Bolsena, Bracciano, Martignano, Nemi, Vico, Mezzano ) Italiya
Lake Avernus (kusa da filayen Phlegraean ) Italiya
Lake Sfânta Ana, Ciomadul volcano Romania
Tafkunan Monticchio (Lago di Monticchio Grande da Lago di Montichhio Piccolo, tafkunan tagwaye) Italiya
Lago Vecchienna Italiya
Lago Specchio di Venere (Venus Mirror Lake) ko Bagno dell'Acqua (lake na hydrothermal a cikin rashin tausayi na calderic) Italiya, Pantelleria
Tafkunan maar na yanayi a cikin Lardin Volcánica de Calatrava (Hoya del Acebuche, Hoya de Cervera) Spain
Lagoa do Caldeirão, Corvo Island Portugal, Azores
Lagoa da Caldeira, Faial Island Portugal, Azores
Lagoas Funda das Lajes, Branca, Comprida, Seca, da Lomba, Rasa, Funda/Negra, Flores Island Portugal, Azores
Caldeira do Enxofre (tafkin karkashin kasa cike da ruwan sulfur mai sanyi), Tsibirin Graciosa Portugal, Azores
Lagoas Seca, da Rosada, Pico Island Portugal, Azores
Lagoa do Pico Pinheiro, São Jorge Island Portugal, Azores
Lagoa das Sete Cidades, do Fogo, das Furnas, Azul, Verde, São Miguel Island Portugal, Azores
Lagoas Negra, do Negro, Terceira Island Portugal, Azores
Dutsen Samsari (kananan tafkuna da yawa a cikin Caldera) Jojiya
Lake Akna, Geghama Mountains Armeniya


Amurka ta Arewa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lake Location
Kasatochi volcano, Kasatochi Island United States, Alaska, Aleutian Islands
Mount Okmok, Umnak Island United States, Alaska, Aleutian Islands
Mount Kanaga, Kanaga Island United States, Alaska, Aleutian Islands
Fenner Lake, Semisopochnoi Island United States, Alaska, Aleutian Islands
Fisher Caldera (several lakes), Unimak Island United States, Alaska, Aleutian Islands
Mount Katmai United States, Alaska
Ukinrek Maars United States, Alaska
Mount Kaguyak United States, Alaska
Mount Martin (intermittent acidic lake) United States, Alaska
Mount Douglas United States, Alaska
Devil Mountain Lakes United States, Alaska
Surprise Lake, Mount Aniakchak United States, Alaska
Mount Emmons United States, Alaska
Mount Spurr United States, Alaska
Mount Chiginagak United States, Alaska
Fiftytwo Ridge (several crater lakes) Canada, British Columbia
Mount Rainier United States, Washington
Battle Ground Lake United States, Washington
Crater Lake United States, Oregon
Blue Lake Crater United States, Oregon
Malheur Maar, Diamond Craters United States, Oregon
Newberry Volcano (twin crater lakes: Paulina Lake and East Lake) United States, Oregon
Teardrop Pool South Sister United States, Oregon
Yellowstone Lake United States, Wyoming
Soda Lakes United States, Nevada
Medicine Lake Volcano United States, California
Mono–Inyo Craters United States, California
Clear Lake United States, California
Shastina (three small crater lakes) United States, California
Zuni Salt Lake (maar) United States, New Mexico
Lago Los Espinos Mexico, Michoacán
La Alberca lake (also known as La Joya or Lago del Sangre) Mexico, Guanajuato
Nevado de Toluca (several lakes) Mexico, State of Mexico
Laguna de Aljojuca Mexico, Puebla
Oriental Basin axalapazcos (maar lakes) Mexico, Puebla / Tlaxcala / Veracruz
Sangangüey Mexico, Nayarit
Santa María del Oro Mexico, Nayarit
El Chichón Mexico, Chiapas
Central America & Caribbean
Lago de Amatitlán Guatemala
Lake Ipala Guatemala
Lago de Atitlán Guatemala
Laguna de Ayarza Guatemala
Laguna de Calderas (Pacaya) Guatemala
Laguna Chicabal Guatemala
Tecuamburro Guatemala
Lago de Coatepeque (Coatepeque Lake) El Salvador
Laguna Verde (Apaneca) El Salvador
Lago de Ilopango (Ilopango Lake) El Salvador
Tecapa volcano (Laguna de Alegría) El Salvador
Chanmico maar (at the foot of the San Salvador volcano) El Salvador
Santa Ana Volcano crater lake El Salvador
Cosigüina Nicaragua
Laguna Asososca, Las Pilas Nicaragua
Lakes within the Monte Galan caldera, close to the Momotombo (Laguna Monte Galan, La Sulfatosa, Agua Dulce, El Cachital, Las Piedras) Nicaragua
Chiltepe peninsula (Apoyeque and Xiloá lagoons) Nicaragua
Managua lagoons (Tiscapa, Asososca, Nejapa) Nicaragua
Masaya lake Nicaragua
Apoyo Lagoon Nicaragua
Zapatera Laguna (Zapatera Island, on Lake Nicaragua) Nicaragua
Maderas (Ometepe Island, on Lake Nicaragua) Nicaragua
Lake Diego de la Haya, Irazú volcano Costa Rica
Rincón de la Vieja Costa Rica
Poás volcano (Laguna Caliente and Laguna Botos) Costa Rica
Cerro Chato Costa Rica
Barva Volcano Costa Rica
Mount Liamuiga crater lake, Saint Kitts Saint Kitts and Nevis
La Grande Soufrière (la Citerne) Guadeloupe
Boiling Lake (Morne Trois Pitons National Park) Dominica
Soufrière Saint Vincent
Grand Etang Lake Grenada
Lac Antoine, Mount Saint Catherine Grenada

Oceania[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tafki Wuri
Crater Lake (Te Wai ā-moe), Dutsen Ruapehu New Zealand, North Island
Lake Taupo New Zealand, North Island
Tafkunan Rotorua, ciki har da Rotorua, Tarawera, Rotomahana, Rotokakahi, Tikitapu, Okareka da Okataina da ƙananan tafkuna daga Waimangu Volcanic Rift Valley (Cibiyar Inferno Crater Lake, Frying Pan Lake, Kudancin Crater Lake) New Zealand, North Island
Lake Pupuke New Zealand, North Island
Mangere Lagoon New Zealand, North Island
Dutsen Tongariro ( Tafkunan Tama, Tafkin Blue da Tafkunan Emerald) New Zealand, North Island
Whakaari / White Island ( Bay of Plenty ), Crater Lake New Zealand, kusa da bakin tekun North Island
Tsibirin Tuhua / Magajin Garin ( Bay of Plenty ), tafkin Aroarotamahine da tafkin Te Paritu New Zealand, kusa da bakin tekun North Island
Tsibirin Raoul ( Lake Blue, Green Lake, Tafkin Rui) New Zealand, Kermadec Islands
Tafkin Dutsen Dutsen Nasara Papua New Guinea, New Guinea
Lake Wisdom, Long Island Papua New Guinea, kusa da bakin tekun New Guinea
Dutsen Balbi Lake Papua New Guinea, Bougainville
Billy Mitchell ne adam wata Papua New Guinea, Bougainville
Loloru (tafkin dutse mai siffar jinjirin watan) Papua New Guinea, Bougainville
Dakataua (tafkin caldera mai siffar takalma) Papua New Guinea, New Biritaniya
Tsibirin Sakar Papua New Guinea, kusa da bakin tekun New Britain
Dutsen Gambier maar complex (ciki har da Blue Lake ) Ostiraliya, South Australia
Atherton Tableland ( Tafkin Euramoo, Lake Kowaneam, Lake Barrine, Dutsen Hypipamee Crater, Crater Lynch, Bromfield Swamp) Ostiraliya, Queensland
Dutsen Le Brun (tafkuna biyu masu tsaka-tsaki) Ostiraliya, Queensland
Leura maar hadaddun ( Purrumbete, Bullen Merri, Gnotuk, Keilambete, Elingamite, Wangoom, Red Rock tabkuna masu tsaka-tsaki) Ostiraliya, Victoria
Tower Hill Ostiraliya, Victoria
Dutsen Eccles Ostiraliya, Victoria
Green Lake, Kapoho Crater, Kīlauea, Big Island , Amurka, Hawai
Tafkin Waiau, kogin Pu'u Waiau cinder cone, Mauna Kea, Big Island, Amurka, Hawai
Kalaupapa crater lake, Molokai Amurka, Hawai
Lake Salt (cika don aikin birni, sai dai kandami a filin wasan golf), Honolulu, Oahu Amurka, Hawai
Rano Kau, Rano Raraku and Rano Aroi (Ma'unga Terevaka ) Chile, Easter Island
Anatahan (tafkin tsaka-tsaki a cikin Caldera) Arewacin Mariana Islands
Lake Te Roto, Tikopia Tsibirin Solomon
Lake Lanoto'o, Upolu Samoa
Vai Lahi da Vai Si'i, Niuafo'ou Tonga
Tofu Tonga
Late (tafkin ephemeral) Tonga
Home Reef (sabuwar tsibiri, tafkunan da aka gani a cikin 2006) Tonga
Tafkunan Lalolao, Lano, Lanutavake, Lanutuli, Lanumaha, Kikila da Alofivai (mai wucewa), Tsibirin Wallis Wallis dan Futuna
Lake Tagimaucia, Taveuni Island Fiji
Lake Letas, Gaua Island Vanuatu
Volcano na Lombenben ( tabkuna Vui, Manaro Ngoru, Manaro Lakua), Tsibirin Aoba Vanuatu

Kudancin Amurka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lake Location
Azufral (Laguna Verde, Laguna Negra, Laguna Cristal) Colombia
Laguna de la Cocha Colombia
Lagunas Verdes, Chiles Volcano Ecuador
Mojanda lakes (Caricocha, Yanacocha and Huarmicocha) Ecuador
Laguna Collanes, El Altar Ecuador
Cuicocha Ecuador
Quilotoa Ecuador
Black Lakes of Jumbura Ecuador
La Cumbre, Fernandina Island (ephemeral lake) Ecuador, Galapagos Islands
Tagus Cove, Isabela Island Ecuador, Galapagos Islands
Lake Arcturus, Genovesa Island Ecuador, Galapagos Islands
Laguna El Juncos, San Cristóbal Island Ecuador, Galapagos Islands
Santiago Island (small salt crater lake) Ecuador, Galapagos Islands
Jayu Quta (also known as Miguel y Alex Tejada or Maracanacito crater) Bolivia
Laguna del Maule Chile
Nevado Ojos del Salado (likely the highest lake in the world) Chile
Licancabur Lake Chile
Chaitén (crater lakes might have disappeared with the 2008–09 eruption) Chile
Aguas Calientes Chile
Acamarachi Chile
Copahue Chile / Argentina
Planchón-Peteroa Chile / Argentina
Laguna Potrok Aike (Pali-Aike Volcanic Field) Argentina
Aracar Argentina
Laguna Diamante, Cerro Galán Argentina

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

 

  • Tasiri tafkin rafi

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]