Barkewar Covid-19, Rashin Abinci

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

A yayin barkewar COVID-19, rashin abinci ya tsananta a wurare da yawa-a cikin kwata na biyu na 2020 an yi gargadin yunwa da yawa daga baya a cikin shekarar. Dangane da hasashen farko, akwai yuwuwar daruruwan dubunnan mutane su mutu kuma miliyoyin ƙarin suna fuskantar yunwa ba tare da ƙoƙarin haɗin gwiwa don magance matsalolin samar da abinci ba. As of Oktoba 2020 , waɗannan ƙoƙarce-ƙoƙarcen na rage haɗarin yunwa mai yaɗuwa saboda barkewar COVID-19.

Ana fargabar karancin abinci sakamakon koma bayan tattalin arziki na COVID-19 da wasu matakan da aka ɗauka don hana yaduwar COVID-19.[1][2]Bugu da ƙari, ɓarnar 2019–2021,[3] yaƙe -yaƙe da rikice -rikicen siyasa a wasu ƙasashe suma ana ɗaukar su a matsayin abubuwan da ke haifar da yunwa. [4]

A yayin bude taron Majalisar Dinkin Duniya na Gabatar da Tsarin Abinci a Rome, Firayim Ministan Italiya Mario Draghi ya ce "Rikicin kiwon lafiya (COVID-19) ya haifar da matsalar abinci," yana ambaton bayanan da ke nuna cewa rashin abinci mai gina jiki ya zama babban dalilin rashin lafiya. lafiya da mutuwa a duniya.[5]

A cikin watan Satumbar 2020, David Beasley, babban darektan Shirin Abinci na Duniya, ya yi jawabi ga Kwamitin Tsaro na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, inda ya bayyana cewa matakan da kasashen da ke bayar da agaji suka dauka cikin watanni biyar da suka gabata, gami da samar da dala tiriliyan 17.[ana buƙatar hujja] a cikin kuɗaɗen kasafin kuɗi da tallafin babban bankin, dakatar da biyan bashin da IMF da ƙasashen G20 suka kafa don amfanin ƙasashe matalauta, da tallafin masu ba da gudummawa ga shirye -shiryen WFP, sun hana yunwa mai zuwa, ta taimaka wa mutane miliyan 270 cikin haɗarin yunwa. Koyaya, ya yi gargadin cewa, duk da cewa ya hana yunwa mai yawa a cikin ƙasashe matalauta, za a buƙaci ƙarin ayyukan masu ba da gudummawa don hana yunwa a cikin 2021 yayin da barkewar cutar da rikice -rikicen yanki ke ci gaba da raguwa.[6]

Bayan Fage[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fihirisar Yunwa ta Duniya ta 2019 ta Girma

Ciwon fara[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tsarin yanayi na musamman a cikin 2018, gami da ruwan sama mai ƙarfi, ya haifar da haɓaka ƙimar yawan fararen hamada a Tsibirin Larabawa da Kahon Afirka yayin 2019.[7] Farar fara yin yawa wanda daga nan ya ci gaba da lalata amfanin gona, yana rage wadataccen abinci ga dabbobi da mutane. Hukumar Abinci da Aikin Noma da Bankin Duniya sun bayyana cewa kasashe 23 ne cutar ta fara kamawa kuma an kiyasta asarar dalar Amurka biliyan 8.5 na kadarori kadai.[8] An kiyasta kimanin mutane miliyan 24 a yankuna masu alaƙa da ƙarancin abinci a cikin Yuli 2020.[8]

Sabuwar guguwar ta fara yaɗuwa a duk faɗin Afirka a watan Yunin 2020 ita ma ta haifar da fargabar cewa ƙarancin wadata, musamman a ƙasashe kamar Siriya, Yemen, Indiya da Habasha, na iya haɓaka yunwa a yankunansu.[9][10][11][12][13]

Annobar cutar covid-19[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Biyo bayan yaduwar cutar SARS-CoV-2 na coronavirus na duniya, kuma ta haka ne cutar coronavirus cuta ta 2019, gwamnatocin ƙasashe da yawa sun aiwatar da kulle-kullen ƙasa da ƙuntatawa balaguron ƙasa don hana yaduwar cutar.[14] A sakamakon wadannan riƙi shirinsu da tsoro buying, karancin alaka da COVID-19 cutar AIDS da yawa tashi alhãli kuwa taimakon ceto damar da remittances daga high-samun kudin shiga al'ummai fadi. A lokaci guda, da yawa daga cikin matalautan ma’aikata a cikin ƙasashe masu ƙarancin kuɗi da na matsakaita ma sun rasa ayyukansu ko ikon yin noma sakamakon waɗannan kulle-kullen, yayin da yara ba za su iya samun abincin makaranta ba saboda rufe ilimin a duk faɗin duniya.[ana buƙatar hujja]

An tabbatar da 4,906,104 sun mutu kai tsaye daga COVID-19, amma Oxfam ya nuna a cikin rahoton su na Yuli 2020 cewa lokacin da ya haɗa da waɗanda suka mutu sakamakon rashin abinci, wannan adadin ya fi yawa.[15] Oxfam ya yi hasashen a watan Yulin 2020 cewa zuwa ƙarshen shekara "mutane 12,000 a kowace rana na iya mutuwa daga COVID-19 da ke da alaƙa da yunwa",[15] tare da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta bayyana cewa jimillar mutane miliyan 265 ke fuskantar matsanancin rashin abinci-karuwar Mutane miliyan 135 sakamakon barkewar cutar.[16][1]

Shugaban shirin samar da abinci na duniya ya yi gargadin a cikin watan Afrilu na 2020 cewa ba tare da ci gaba da tallafin kuɗi daga ƙasashen yamma ba, mutane miliyan 30 da shirin ke tallafawa suna cikin haɗarin mutuwa sakamakon ƙarancin abinci a 2020.[17][18][19]

A ranar 9 ga watan Yuli, Oxfam ta fitar da wani rahoto da ke nuna fannoni goma na "matsananciyar yunwa" tare da "wuraren da ke fitowa" na yunwa, gami da yankuna a Kudancin Amurka, Afirka, Gabas ta Tsakiya da Kudancin Asiya.[15] A cikin kwata na uku, an sake maimaita damuwar a cikin New York Times kuma duka Shirin Abinci na Duniya da Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya sun buga bayanan lura da tasirin kulle-kullen COVID-19 akan rayuwar rayuwa da amincin abinci, tare da New York Times da ke cewa: "The bala'in da ke bayyana ya kasa yunwa [. . . ] Ana ci gaba da samun abinci a yawancin duniya, kodayake farashin ya hau a ƙasashe da yawa. Ã'a, tare da tattalin arzikin duniya da sa ran kwangilar kusan kashi 5 cikin dari a wannan shekara [...] aruruwan miliyoyin mutane dake fama da wani intensifying rikicin kan yadda za a amince da asali da ake ci bukatun.[20][6][21]

Rikicin makamai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Da dama dauke da makamai rikice-rikice da kuma kawar da crises suna gudana, ciki har da wadanda dangantaka da Yemen yakin basasa, Syria yakin basasa, tayar da kayar baya a Maghreb, Russo-Ukrainian War kuma Afghanistan rikici . Samar da abinci da sufuri ta yankunan da ke fama da tashe -tashen hankula ba shi da kyau, kuma rikice -rikicen makamai da na siyasa yana haifar da manyan matsuguni ciki har da 'yan gudun hijirar yakin basasar Siriya da rikicin' yan gudun hijira na Venezuela . Sakamakon haka, wadannan yankunan sun fi fuskantar barazanar yunwa kuma karancin abinci ya yi yawa.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Rahoton Duniya kan Rikicin Abinci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 21 ga Afrilu, Hukumar Abinci ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yi gargadin cewa ana tsammanin za a yi fama da yunwa "na ma'aunin Littafi Mai Tsarki" a sassa da dama na duniya sakamakon barkewar cutar.[22][23] Sanarwar Rahoton Duniya na 2020 game da Rikicin Abinci ya nuna cewa ƙasashe 55 suna cikin haɗari,[24] tare da David Beasley ya ƙiyasta cewa a cikin mafi munin yanayi "ƙasashe kusan dozin" za su faɗa cikin yunwa.[23][25]</br>

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yi hasashen cewa kasashe membobi masu zuwa za su sami manyan wurare tare da karancin wadataccen abinci wanda aka rarrabe a karkashin "danniya" ( IPC phase 2), "rikicin" ( IPC phase 3), "emergency" (IPC phase 4) ko "m gaggawa "(IPC phase 5) a 2020:[24]

Hakanan yana tayar da faɗakarwa a kusa:[24]

Alamar (*) tana nuna cewa Oxfam tana ɗaukar ƙasar a matsayin "matsananciyar yunwa",[15] kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin rahoton Oxfam na Yuli 2020. Waɗannan muhimman wurare goma na "matsananciyar yunwa" waɗanda ke lissafin kashi 65% na jimlar yawan jama'a da ke fuskantar matsananciyar yunwa (IPC phase 3 ko sama) sun haɗa da Afghanistan, DR Congo, Habasha, Haiti, Sudan ta Kudu, Sudan, Siriya, Venezuela, Yemen da Sahel na Yammacin Afirka (da suka hada da Burkina Faso, Chadi, Mali, Mauritania, Nijar, Najeriya da Senegal).[15][26]Har ila yau, ta lura da "wuraren da ke fitowa" na yunwa, tare da yankunan da ke fama da yunwa, a Brazil, Indiya, Yemen, Afirka ta Kudu da Sahel.[15][26] Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yi “kiran gaggawa” don inganta nazarin bayanai a kasashe da dama wadanda ke iya fuskantar hadari, da suka hada da Congo, Koriya ta Arewa, Eritrea, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Philippines da Sri Lanka,[24]

Tasiri ta yanki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Amurka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Brazil[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  Kungiyar agaji ta Oxfam ta ayyana Brazil a matsayin '' tushen barkewar cutar ''[15] Mutane miliyan 38 a Brazil suna cikin ɓangaren tattalin arziƙin da ba na yau da kullun ba, tare da mafi yawan shiga aikin rashin aikin yi sakamakon kulle -kullen cikin gida.[27] Favelas da yawa sun yanke ƙarancin samar da ruwa ko samar da ruwa yayin bala'in, wanda hakan ke ƙara tsananta damuwar samun abinci da ruwa.[28] A cikin Maris 2020, Majalisar Kasa ta Brazil ta amince da tsarin biyan kuɗi na 600 reais (dalar Amurka 114) ga ma’aikata na yau da kullun. Koyaya, Caritas ya soki wannan, tare da babban daraktan Brazil ya bayyana "yanzu, kawai game da abinci ne".[27]

Haiti[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Oxfam ta ware Haiti a matsayin "matsananciyar yunwa".[15] Haiti ta kasance cikin koma bayan tattalin arziki na shekaru 1.5, tare da farashin shinkafa ya ninka tun shekarar 2019. [29] Raguwar kuɗin da ake aikawa, wanda ya kai kashi 20% na GDP na ƙasar, sakamakon karuwar rashin aikin yi a Amurka da sauran ƙasashen yamma tare ya ƙara tsananta rikicin. Rabin dukkan ayyukan Haiti suna aikin noma, wanda cutar ta yi wa illa. Kafin barkewar cutar, Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta yi hasashen cewa kashi 40% na mutanen Haiti za su dogara da taimakon kasa da kasa don abinci, kuma ana tsammanin wannan adadin zai karu.[29]

Amurka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Samun abinci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]
Lalacewar kantin kayan abinci na Cub Foods da aka samu yayin tarzoma a Minneapolis, Minnesota

Bayan zanga -zangar adawa da cin zarafin 'yan sanda da tashin hankalin jama'a, wasu biranen sun fuskanci karancin abinci. Wannan tashin hankalin na iya hanzarta tashiwar harkokin kasuwanci a wuraren da ake tsammanin yin aiki lafiya.[30] Alal misali, a Chicago 's Kudu Side al'ummomi, akwai' yan zabi ga sayar da kayayyakin lambu kamar yadda mafi Stores rufe domin hana looting.[31] A Minneapolis lokacin da aka fara zanga -zangar adawa da ta'asar 'yan sanda, wasu unguwanni sun ga kwace da barna. Lake Street ta sha wahala daga hamada na abinci tare da kantunan kantin kayan miya kaɗan, kantin magani da sauran mahimman kasuwancin buɗe. Waɗannan batutuwan sun haɗu da kulle -kullen gida, tare da rufe kasuwanni da yawa saboda barkewar cutar.[32]

Masu aikawa da kudi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Amurka ita ce babbar hanyar da ake tura kudi a duniya, kuma kudaden da ake aikawa daga ma’aikata a Amurka zuwa kasashen waje zuwa kasashe masu karamin karfi da matsakaita na da matukar muhimmanci ga tattalin arzikin kasashe masu karba.[33][34] A cikin 2019, aikawa daga Amurka da sauran ƙasashen yamma suna lissafin babban adadin darajar GDP na ƙasa, musamman Tonga (37.6%), Haiti (37.1%), Sudan ta Kudu (34.1%), Kyrgyzstan (29.2%), da Tajikistan (28.2%).[35] Koyaya, Bankin Duniya ya yi hasashen cewa ana sa ran aikawar da ake fitarwa daga ƙasashen waje za ta ragu da kashi 19.7% zuwa dala biliyan 445, wanda ta ce tana wakiltar "asara mai mahimmancin kuɗaɗen rayuwa ga gidaje da yawa masu rauni" wanda ke buƙatar mutane da yawa su tura ajiyar nesa daga ilimi zuwa magance ƙarancin abinci.[36] Wataƙila wannan raguwar kuɗin yana da alaƙa da kulle -kullen da koma bayan tattalin arziƙin ƙasashen yamma, kamar Amurka, wanda ke haɓaka rashin aikin yi kuma yana hana mutane da yawa aikawa da kuɗi ga iyalai a ƙasashensu. Wannan yana iya ƙara ƙarin damuwa a yankunan da ke cikin haɗarin karancin abinci, musamman a cikin ƙasashen da ke fuskantar sauran rikice -rikice.[34]

Venezuela[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Oxfam ta ware Venezuela a matsayin "matsananciyar yunwa".[15] Rikicin siyasa mai tsananin gaske da matsanancin karancin abinci ya haifar da rikicin 'yan gudun hijira mafi girma a Amurka. Duk wadanda ke cikin Venezuela da wadanda ke tserewa zuwa makwabtan kasashe, kamar Colombia da Ecuador, an gano cewa suna cikin hatsarin karancin abinci.[24] Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta gano cewa akalla kashi daya bisa uku na sauran mutanen Venezuela da ba su da isasshen abincin da za su ci da kansu. [37] Waɗannan ƙarancin sun haɓaka tattalin arziƙin ta hanyar faduwar farashin mai sakamakon yaƙin farashin mai na Rasha -Saudi Arabia na 2020.[38] 74% na dangin Venezuelan sun karɓi dabarun magancewa don magance ƙarancin abinci, gami da cin ƙasa da karɓar abinci azaman biyan kuɗi.[37]

Gabashin Afirka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Gabashin Afirka a matsayin shiyya na da matukar rauni saboda cinkoson fararen da suka addabi yankin kwanan nan. Kasashe irin su Habasha, Sudan, Sudan ta Kudu suna fama da matsalar karancin abinci tun lokacin da farawar fararen fararen fararen fararen hula na shekarar 2019-20 ta fara a watan Yunin 2019 kuma su ne wuraren "matsananciyar yunwa".[15] Inaya daga cikin biyar na duk mutanen da ke fama da rashin wadataccen abinci suna zaune a yankin Ƙasashe na Ƙasashe.[39]

Habasha[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kungiyar agaji ta Oxfam ta ayyana Habasha a matsayin "matsananciyar yunwa".[15] Kusa da cunkoso da annoba, Habasha na fuskantar rashin tsaro saboda rikici, matsanancin yanayi da girgizar tattalin arziki mai ɗorewa.[39]

Uganda[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cewar IPC statistics aka buga a watan Oktoba 2020, akwai fiye da 400,000 'yan gudun hijira a Uganda a rikicin yunwa matakan, tare da kara 90,000 fuskantar matsananci yunwa da 135,000 sa samun abinci mai gina jiki yara bukata da gaggawa magani, saboda lockdowns da sauran COVID-related hani da cewa sun yi mummunan tasiri a rayuwar, yayi dai -dai da rage tallafin abinci.[40]

Turai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙasar Ingila[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bankunan abinci a Burtaniya sun ba da rahoton karuwar haɓaka yayin bala'in a cikin 2020, musamman a tsakanin iyalai masu matsakaicin matsakaici a baya, bayan asarar aiki da gibi a cikin tsarin walwala.[41] UNICEF kuma ta raba abinci a Burtaniya a karon farko a tarihin ta na shekaru 70.[42]

Gabas ta Tsakiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Siriya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

'Yan Siriya na fuskantar matsanancin karancin abinci sakamakon yakin basasar Siriya, wanda aka fara a shekarar 2011. Kimanin mutane miliyan 17 a Siriya - sama da kashi 50% na sauran mutanen - ana ɗaukar su da ƙarancin abinci, tare da ƙarin miliyan 2.2 cikin haɗari.[43] 'Yan gudun hijirar yakin basasar Siriya suma suna cikin haɗarin haɗarin rashin wadataccen abinci, inda sansanonin' yan gudun hijira a maƙwabtancin Turkiyya da Lebanon suka nuna cewa Majalisar Dinkin Duniya na cikin haɗarin gaske.[24] A watan Yuni na 2020, taron masu ba da gudummawa na duniya ya tara dalar Amurka biliyan 5.5 don agajin jin kai a Siriya.[43]

Yemen[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yemen na daya daga cikin kasashen da ke fama da karancin abinci a duniya, inda aka kiyasta kimanin yara miliyan 2 da ke kasa da shekaru biyar ke fama da matsananciyar yunwa. An zargi masu tayar da kayar baya da shiga ko toshe abinci ga fararen hula, mai yiwuwa sakamakon karancin albarkatu gaba daya.[44][45] Har ila yau cutar ta fara shafar Yemen da barkewar cutar kwalara tare da cutar COVID-19. Haɗuwar illar waɗannan bala'o'i ya haifar da rikicin jin kai na musamman. Kafin barkewar cutar a cikin shekarar 2019, Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta kiyasta 'yan Yemen miliyan 20 na fama da karancin abinci kuma wasu miliyan 10 na cikin hadarin gaske.[46] Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta nemi dalar Amurka biliyan 2.4 don taimakawa hana yaduwar yunwa a Yaman, inda ake sa ran adadin wadanda suka mutu saboda yunwa zai zarce mutuwar da yaki, kwalara da COVID-19 suka haifar.[47]

Sahel da Yammacin Afirka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kungiyar agaji ta Oxfam ta bayyana a matsayin matsalar yunwa da ta fi saurin girma, da kuma "matsananciyar yunwa", yankin Sahel na Yammacin Afirka yana da mutane miliyan 13.4 da ke buƙatar taimakon abinci na gaggawa.[26] Barkewar cutar ta kara tsananta damuwar rashin abinci da tashin hankali ya haddasa a Maghreb da Sahel da kuma matsanancin yanayin yanayi.[ana buƙatar hujja]

A ranar 23 ga Yuli 2020, Bankin Raya Afirka (ADB), Babban Kwamishinan 'Yan Gudun Hijira na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (UNHCR) da G5 Sahel sun sanya hannu kan yarjejeniya a Geneva, Abidjan da Nouakchott . A karkashin yarjejeniyar, kasashe biyar na yankin Sahel, Burkina Faso, Chadi, Mali, Mauritania da Nijar, za su karɓi dala miliyan 20 don ƙarfafa martanin cutar ta COVID-19.[48]

Kudu maso gabashin Asiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kambodiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A lokacin da Kambodiya ta kulle Phnom Penh a matsayin martani ga barkewar cutar a cikin kasar a watan Afrilu 2021, dubunnan mazauna babban birnin sun ba da rahoton neman agajin abinci na gaggawa, musamman a “jajayen yankunan” inda aka rufe kasuwannin abinci.[49] Gwamnati ta gudanar da rabon abinci yana kokawa don biyan bukatar a cikin birni.[50][51][52]

Kudancin Asiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Afghanistan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kungiyar Oxfam ta nuna Afghanistan a matsayin "matsananciyar yunwa".[15] Daga tsakanin Janairu zuwa Mayu 2020, 'yan Afghanistan 84,600 sun tsere daga gidajensu sakamakon rikicin makamai a yankin, tare da wadannan' yan gudun hijirar da ke cikin mawuyacin hali na karancin abinci. Kusa da wannan, sakamakon barkewar cutar a kasashen makwabta ya haifar da bakin haure na Afganistan da ke komawa gida, tare da kiyasta bakin haure 300,000 da suka tsallaka kan iyaka daga Iran, inda da yawa suka zama marasa aikin yi.[53] Waɗannan baƙin hauren kuma suna cikin haɗari kuma suna da ƙarancin wadataccen abinci. Barkewar cutar ta kuma yi tasiri kan dabaru da bayar da agaji wanda in ba haka ba za a iya kasancewa.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Bangladesh[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  Kafin barkewar cutar, an yi la'akari da Bangladesh a matsayin ƙasa mai ƙarancin wadataccen abinci, tare da mutane miliyan 40 da ake ganin ba su da abinci kuma mutane miliyan 11 suna fama da matsananciyar yunwa.[54] Baya ga wannan, Shirin Abinci na Duniya ya ba da taimako ga 'yan Rohingya 880,000 da ke tserewa daga kisan kare dangi na Rohingya da ke gudana a Myanmar,[54] tare da Firayim Minista Sheikh Hasini ya kiyasta cewa aƙalla' yan gudun hijira miliyan 1.1 suka tsere zuwa Bangladesh.[55] Yawancin waɗannan 'yan gudun hijirar suna dogaro ne da agajin abinci, ruwa, ilimi da mafaka waɗanda bala'in cutar coronavirus da barkewar fari suka jefa su cikin hadari, a cikin ƙasar da tuni ta dogara da taimakon waje ga yawan mutanen da ba su ƙaura ba. Rashin abinci mai gina jiki, tsaftar muhalli da samun ruwan sha mai tsafta matsaloli ne a yawancin waɗannan sansanin.[54] Musamman, Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a cikin Rahotonta na Duniya kan Rikicin Abinci ya keɓe Cox's Bazar inda sansanonin 'yan gudun hijira na gwamnati guda biyu-sansanin' yan gudun hijira na Kutupalong da sansanin 'yan gudun hijira Nayapara.[24]

Indiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yankin marasa galihu na Kolkata a watan Mayu 2020

Oxfam ta bayyana Indiya a matsayin "cibiyar barkewar yunwa".[15] Kimanin yara miliyan 90 waɗanda a koyaushe za su sami abincin makaranta ba za su iya yin hakan ba bayan rufe ilimin a duk Indiya.[56] Ya zama ƙalubale na kayan aiki don isar da abinci, duk da cewa a cikin 2019 Indiya tana da tan miliyan 77.72 a cikin rarar hatsi.[57] TM Isaac Isaac, ministan kudi na Kerala ya bayyana cewa "cikakken ƙarancin" kayan masarufi na iya tasowa.[57] Bangaren da ba na yau da kullun yana wakiltar kashi 81% na ma'aikata a Indiya, tare da yawancin waɗannan ma'aikatan na yau da kullun sun zama marasa aikin yi sakamakon kulle -kullen.[58] Wannan ya sa da yawa sun kasa biyan kudin abinci don ciyar da iyalansu. Dangane da hakan, gwamnatin Indiya ta kafa “sansanonin agaji” don samar da mafaka da abinci ga ma’aikata na yau da kullun da baƙi. Koyaya, yawancin waɗannan sun cika da yawan mutanen da ke buƙatar abinci da mafaka.[58] Samun damar shiga unguwannin marasa galihu don isar da muhimman ayyuka da taimako shima ya kawo cikas ga buƙatun nisantar da jama'a . A cewar The Telegraph, kusan kashi 90% na ma’aikatan Indiya ma’aikata ne na yau da kullun, waɗanda suka sami kansu ba tare da samun kuɗi ba a cikin watanni na kulle -kullen; don mayar da martani gwamnati ta bullo da wani shiri na fan biliyan 200 don samar da abinci kyauta ga 'yan kasar miliyan 800.[59]

Amsar masana'antu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Rahoton Oxfam na Yuli 2020 akan yunwa na coronavirus ya lissafa cewa tsakanin Janairu zuwa Yuli 2020, tafarkin barkewar cutar coronavirus, manyan kamfanonin abinci guda takwas ( The Coca-Cola Company, Danone, General Mills, Kellogg's, Mondelez, Nestlé, PepsiCo da Unilever ) ya bai wa masu hannun jarin dalar Amurka biliyan 18 a cikin ribar, ninki goma na girman ƙimar Majalisar forinkin Duniya don agajin da ake buƙata don rage ƙarancin abinci a yankunan da yunwa ta yi kamari.[15] Da dama daga cikin wadannan kamfanoni, ciki har da Nestle da PepsiCo rubuta tare da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da kuma da dama manoma ' yan kungiya da G20 ga goyon baya a abinci rarraba da kuma wadata abinci, to low albashi al'ummai.[60]

Martanin kasa da kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Na ƙwarai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • {{country data African Union}}: The Union issued a declaration, describing "deep concern" in the continent, urging member states to prioritise farmers and food production as essential services and called upon "UN agencies, multilateral development banks, donor countries and other partners to consider the emergency as urgent and step up and provide financial and other resources to help countries that do not have the resources to adequately respond to this crisis".[16]
  • {{country data European Union}}: The EU supported the release of the Global Report on Food Crises by the UN, and said it was "working to address the root causes of extreme hunger" as part of an "international alliance".[61]
  • [[File:|23px|link=]] worldwide (en) Fassara: Dominique Burgeon, director of the Food and Agriculture Organization called for increased support for poorer and high-risk nations, stating "This is a matter of international solidarity, and humanity, but also a matter of global security... The world community needs to come together. We can avoid food shortages if we are able to support countries across the globe."[62]

Na kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom: Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab announced a £119 million fund to tackle coronavirus and famine, stating "coronavirus and famine threaten millions in some of the world's poorest countries, and give rise to direct problems that affect the UK, including terrorism and migration flows."[63]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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